Flora of Madhya Pradesh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
View of Mixed forests at Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh
View of Mixed forests around Hinglajgarh in Madhya Pradesh

The Flora of Madhya Pradesh province in India, is very rich and diverse. Central, eastern and southern parts of the state are forested, whereas northern and western parts are deficient in forest. Variability in climatic and edaphic conditions brings about significant difference in the forest types and flora of the state. There are four important forest types: Tropical Moist, Tropical Dry, Tropical Thorn, and Subtropical broadleaved Hill forests. Based on composition, there are three important forest formations namely Teak forest, Sal forest and Miscellaneous Forests. Bamboo bearing areas are widely distributed in the state. Following is the list of trees and plants found in Madhya Pradesh:

I. Large Trees[edit]

S .No. Botanical name Local name (Devanagari) Family Photo
1. Acacia arabica, Willd. Babul (बबूल) Leguminosae Babool (Acacia nilotica) flowers at Hodal W IMG 1163.jpg
2. Acacia catechu, Willd. Khair (खैर) Leguminosae Acacia catechu - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-003.jpg
3. Acacia ferruginea, Dc. Safed Khair (सफ़ेद खैर) Leguminosae
4. Acacia leucophloea, Willd. Reunja (रेउन्जा) Leguminosae Acacia leucophloea flowering in Vanasthalipuram, Hyderabad, AP W IMG 9224.jpg
5. Adina cordifolia, Hook. f. Haldu (हल्दू) Rubiaceae Haldina cordifolia (Haldu) in Ananthagiri forest, AP W IMG 9367.jpg
6. Aegle marmelos, Correa. Bel (बेल) Rutaceae Bael (Aegle marmelos) fruit at Narendrapur W IMG 4099.jpg
7. Ailanthus excelsa, Roxb. Maharukh (महारुख) Simarubaceae
8. Albizzia lebbek, Benth. Kala-siris (काला-सिरिस) Leguminosae Starr 080531-4752 Albizia lebbeck.jpg
9. Albizzia odoratissima, Benth. Chichwa (चिचवा) Leguminosae
10. Albizzia procera, Benth. Safed-siris (सफ़ेद-सिरिस) Leguminosae
11. Anogeissus latifolia, Wall. Dhaora (धावड़ा) Combretaceae Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb ex DC) Wall ex Gill.jpg
12. Anogeissus pendula, Edgew, Kardhai (करधई) Combretaceae
13. Azadirachta indica, A. Juss. Neem (नीम) Meliaceae Neem (Azadirachta indica) in Hyderabad W IMG 6976.jpg
14. Bassia latifolia, Roxb. Mahua (महुआ) Sapotaceae
महुआ
15. Bombax malabaricum, DC . Semal (सेमल) Malvaceae Cotton tree at Tsing Yi Island.jpg
16. Boswellia serrata, Roxb. Salai (सलई) Burseraceae Boswellia serrata (Salai) in Kinnarsani WS, AP W2 IMG 5840.jpg
17. Bridelia retusa, Spreng. Kasai (कसई) Euphorbiaceae
18. Butea frondosa, Roxb. Palas (पलास) Leguminosae STS 001 Butea monosperma.jpg
19. Careya arborea, Roxb. Kumbhi (कुंभी) Myrtaceae Careya arborea.jpg
20. Cedrela toona, Roxb. Toon (तून) Meliaceae Starr 020803-0078 Toona ciliata.jpg
21. Chloroxylon swietenia, D.C. Bhirra (भिर्रा) Meliaceae Chloroxylon swietenia W IMG 1326.jpg
22. Cleistanthus collinus, Benth. Garari (गरारी) Euphorbiaceae
Garari at fruiting
23. Cordia myxa, Linn. Lasora (लसोडा) Boraginaceae Cordia myxa MS 1790.jpg
24. Dalbergia latifolia, Roxb. Shisham (शीशम) Leguminosae Dalbe latif 081228-4857 F ckoep.jpg
25. Dalbergia paniculata, Roxb. Dhobin (धोबिन) Leguminosae
26. Dalbergia sissoo, Roxb. Sissoo (सिस्सू) Leguminosae Dalbergia sissoo.jpg
27. Dillenia pentagyna, Roxb. Kalla (कल्ला) Dilleniaceae
28. Diospyros melanoxylon, Roxb. Tendu (तेंदू) Ebenaceae
Diospyros melanoxylon Tendu.jpg
29. Diospyros montana, Roxb . Bistendu (बिसतेंदु) Ebenaceae
30. Diospyros cordifolia, Roxb . Bhaktendu (भाकतेंदू) Ebenaceae
31. Erythrina suberosa, Roxb. Pangra (पांगरा) Leguminosae
32. Eugenia jambolana, Lamk . Jamun (जामुन) Myrtaceae Kalo jaam.JPG
33. Feronia elephantum, Correa. Kaith (कैथ) Rutaceae Limonia acidissima syn Limonia elephantum or Fernonia limonia (wood-apple) in Talakona forest, AP W IMG 8333.jpg
34. Ficus bengalensis, Linn. Bar (बड) Urticaceae Ficus-Benghalensis-Coral-Gables.JPG
35. Ficus glomerata, Roxb. Gular (गुलर) Moraceae Ficus racemosa fructescence.jpg
36. Ficus infectoria, Roxb. Pakar (पाकर) Moraceae
37. Ficus religiosa, Linn. Pipal (पीपल) Moraceae Pipal tree.JPG
38. Garuga pinnata, Roxb. Kekad (केकड़) Burseraceae
39. Gmelina arborea, Roxb. Gamari (गमारी) Verbenaceae Gamhar.jpg
40. Grewia tiliaefolia, VahI. Dhaman (धामन) Tiliaceae
41. Hardwickia binata, Roxb. Anjan (अंजन) Leguminosae
42. Holoptelea integrifolia, Planch. Chirol (चिरोल) Ulmaceae
43. Hymenodictyon excelsum, Wall. Bhonrsal (भोंरसाल) Rubiaceae Hymenodictyon orixense W IMG 2869.jpg
44. Kydia calycina, Roxb. Pula (पूला) Malvaceae
45. Lagerstroemia parviflora, Roxb. Seja (सेजा) Lythraceae
46. Mangifera indica, Linn. Am (आम) Anacardiaceae Mangifera indica. Tropical Brazil.JPG
47. Miliusa velutina, Hook. f. & (डोमसाल) Anonaceae
48. Odina wodier, Roxb. Jhingan (झिंगन) Anacardiaceae
49. Ougeinia dalbcrgioides, Benth. Tinsa (तिनसा) Leguminosae
50. Phyllanthus emblica, Linn. Aonla ( आंवला) Euphorbiaceae Phyllanthus officinalis.jpg
51. Pongamia ग्लाब्र. Venl. Karanj (करंज) Leguminosae
52. Prosopis cineraria, Linn. Chenkur (चेंकुर) Leguminosae Khejri.jpg
53. Prosopis juliflora, DC, Khejra (खेजड़ा) Leguminosae Vilaiti Keekar (Prosopis juliflora) W IMG 6935.jpg
54. Pterocarpus marsupium, Roxb. Bijasal (बीजासाल) Leguminosae Pterocarpus marsupium - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-252.jpg
55. Saccopetalum tomentosum, H F. & Thoms. Kari (कारी) Anonaceae
56. Santalum album, Linn. Chandan (चन्दन) Santalaceae
57. Sapilldus laurifolius, VahI. Ritha (रीठा) Sapindaceae
58. Schleichera trijuga, WiIld. Kusum (कुसुम) Sapindaceae
59. Schrebera swietenioides, Roxb. Mokha (मोखा) Oleaceae
60. Shorea robusta , Gaertn. Sal (साल) Dipterocarpaceae Sal (Shorea robusta)- new leaves with flower buds at Jayanti, Duars W Picture 120.jpg
61 Soymida febrifuga, A. Juss. Rohan (रोहण) Meliaceae
62. Spondias mangifera, Willd. Amra (आमरा) Anacardiaceae Starr 071024-0339 Spondias mombin.jpg
63. Stephegyne parvifolia, Korth. Kaim (कैम) Rubiaceae
64. Sterculia urens, Roxb. Kulu (कुलू) Sterculiaceae
65. Stereospermum chelenoides, DC Padari (पाडरी) Bignoniaceae
66. Stereospermum suaveolens, DC. Padar (पाडर) Bignoniaceae
67. Stereospermum xylocarpum, Benth Wight. Son-Padar (सोन-पाडर) Bignoniaceae
68. Tamarindus indica, Linn. Imli (इमली) Leguminosae Tamarindus indica pods.JPG
69. Tectona grandis, Linn. Sagon (सागोन) Verbenaceae Flower, fruit & leaves (Tectona Grandis) I IMG 8818.jpg
70. Terminalia arjuna, Bedd. Arjun (अर्जुन) Combretaceae Fruit I IMG 9577.jpg
71. Terminalia belerica, Roxb. Bahera (बहेड़ा) Combretaceae Terminalia bellirica.jpg
72. Terminalia chebula, Retz. Harra (हर्रा) Combretaceae
73. Terminalia tomentosa, W &A. Saj (साज) Combretaceae

II. Small Trees[edit]

S .No. Botanical name Local name (devanagari) Family Photo
74. Balanites roxburghii, Plan. Hingot (हिंगोट) Zygophyuaceae Balanites roxburghii1.JPG
75. Bauhinia malabarica, Roxb. Amta (आमटा) Leguminosae
76. Bauhinia purpurea, Linn. Keolar (केवलार) Leguminosae Purple camel's foot (2).JPG
77. Bauhinia racemosa, Lamk. Asta (आष्टा) Leguminosae Bauhinia racemosa (Jhinjheri) flowers & fruits W IMG 7477.jpg
78. Bauhinia retusa, Roxb. Sehra (सेहरा) Leguminosae
79. Bauhinia variegata, Linn. Kachnar (कचनार) Leguminosae Bauhinia variegata flower.jpg
80. Buchanania latifolia, Roxh. Achar (अचार) Anacardiaceae
81. Casearia graveolens, Dalz. Gilchi (गिलची) Samydaceae
82. Casearia tomentosa, Roxh. Tondri (टोंडरी) Samydaceae
83. Cassia fistula, Linn. Amaltas (अमलतास) Leguminosae Konnamaram.JPG
84. Cochlospermum gossypium, DC. Galgal (गलगल) Bixaceae
85. Crateava religiosa, Forst. Barna (बरना) Capparidaceae
86. Dichrostachys cinerea, W. & A. Velati (वेलाटी) Leguminosae
87. Dolichandrone falkata, Seem. Medhsingh (मेढ़सिंघ) Bignoniaceae
88. Elaeodendron glancnnl. Pers. Jamrasi (जमरासी) Celastraceae
89. Ehretia laevis, Roxb. Datranga (दतरंगा) Boraginaceae
90. Euphorbia nivulia, Ham. Sehund (सेहुंड) Euphorbiaceae
91. Euphorbia tiruculli, Linn. Niwarang (निवरंग) Euphorbiaceae
92. Flacourtia indica, (Burm.f.) Merr. Kakai (ककई) Salicaceae Flacourtia indica fruit in Hyderabad W IMG 7482.jpg
93. Gardenia latifolia, Ait. Papra (पापडा) Rubiaceae
94. Gardenia lucida, Ruxb. Dikamali (डिकामाली) Rubiaceae
95. Gardenia turgida, Roxb. Phetra (फेटरा) Rubiaceae
96. Ixora parviflora, Vahl. Lokhandi (लोखंडी) Rubiaceae
97. Limonia acidissima, Linn. Bilsena (बिलसेना) Rutaceae
98. Litsaea sebifera, Pers. Maidalakri (मैदालकड़ी) Lauraceae
99. Mallotus philippinensis, Muell. Roli (रोली) Euphorbiaceae
100. Mimusops hexandra, (Roxb.), Khirni (खिरनी) Sapotaceae
101. Morinda tinctoria, Roxb. Aal (आल) Rubiaceae
102. Murraya exotica, Linn. Madhukamini (मधुकामिनी) Rutaceae
103. Murraya koenigii, Spreg. Mithinim (मीठीनीम) Rutaceae Curry Trees.jpg
104. Randia dumetorum, Lamk. Mainphal (मैनफल) Rubiaceae
105. Randia uliginosa, DC. Katul (काटुल) Rubiaceae
105A. Salvadora oleoides, Dcne . Pilu (पिलू) Salvadoraceae Khabbar (Salvadora oleoides), Hodal (Faridabad, Haryana) I IMG 1194.jpg
106. Semecarpus anacardium, Linn. Bhilma (भिलमा) Anacardiaceae Semecarpus anacardium.jpg
107. Streblus asper. Linn. Majni (मजनी) Moraceae Streblus asper leaves.jpg
108. Strychnos potatorum, Linn. Nirmali (निर्मली) Loganiaceae
109. Vitex peduncularis, Wall. Morpai (मोरपाई) Verbenaceae
110. Wendlandia exserta, DC. Tilwan (तिलवन) Rubiaceae Wendlandia exserta.jpg
111. Wrightia tinctoria, R. Br. Dudhi (दुधी) Apocynaceae Wrightia tinctoria fruit in Hyderabad W IMG 7509.jpg
112. Wrightia tomentosa, R & S. Kalidudhi (कालीदुधी) Apocynaceae
113. Zizyphus jujuba, Lamk. Ber (बेर) Rhamnaceae
114. Zizyphus xylopyra. Willd. Ghont (घोंट) Rhamnaceae

III.Shrubs and Undershrubs[edit]

S .No. Botanical name Local name (devanagari) Family Photo
115. Achyranthes aspera, Linn. Apamarg (अपामार्ग) Amarantaceae
116. Adhatoda vasica, Neer. Adusa (अडूसा) Acanthaceae Justicia adhatoda 1.jpg
117. Alangium lamarckii, Thwaites. Akol (अकोल) Cornaceae
118. Anona squamosa, Linn. Sitaphal (सीताफल) Anonaceae
119. Antidesma diandrum, Roth. Khatua (खटुआ) Euphorbiaceae
120. Antidesma ghaesembilla, Gaertn. Jondharli (जोंधरली) Euphorbiaceae
121. Argemone mexicana, Linn. Siarkanta (सियारकाँटा) Berberidaceae Argemone mexicana flower 2.jpg
122. Calotropis gigantea, R. Br. Aak (आक) Asclepiadaceae Calotropis gigantea 002.jpg
123. Capparis aphylla, Roth. Karil (करील) Capparidaceae Kair.jpg
124. Capparis horrida, Linn. Ulatkanta (उलटकाँटा) Capparidaceae
125. Carissa spinarum, A. DC. Karonda (करोंदा) Apocynaceae Carissa ovata fruit.jpg
126. Cassia auriculata, Linn. Tarwar (तरवर) Leguminosae Ranawara or Avaram- Senna auriculata at Sindhrot near Vadodara, Gujrat Pix 044.jpg
127. Cassia tora, Linn. Panwar (पंवार) Leguminosae
128. Clerodendron infortunatum, Gaertn. Bhant (भांट) Verbenaceae
128A. Clerodendron phlomidis, Linn. Inni (इन्नी) Verbenaceae
129. Colebrookea oppositifolia, Smith. Kalabansa (कालाबांसा) Labiatae
130. Desmodium pulchellum, Benth. Chipti (चिपटी) Leguminosae
131. Dodonoea visocosa, Linn. Kharenta (खरेंटा) Sapindaceae
132 Embelia robusta, Roxb. Baibirang (बायबिरंग) Myrsinaceae
133. Eriolaena hookariana, W. &A., Bhoti (भोटी) Sterculiaceae
134. Eugenia heyneana. Wall. Kath Jamun (कठजामुन) Myrtaceae
135. Euphorbia neriifolia, Linn. Thuar (थूअर) Euphorbiaceae
136. Gymnosporia montana, Lan. Baikal (बेकल) Celastraceae
137. Grewia hirsuta, Vahl. Gursakri (गुड़सकरी) Tiliaceae Starr 980529-4195 Grewia occidentalis.jpg
138. Helicteres isora, Linn. Marorphali (मरोड़फली) Sterculiaceae
139. Holarrhena antidysenterica, Wall. Kurchi (कुरची) Apocynaceae Flower-01-KayEss-1.jpeg
140. Hygrophila spinosa, T. A. Talmakhana (तालमखाना) Acanthaceae Hygrophila schulli (Kolshinda) in Narshapur, AP W3 IMG 0926.jpg
141. Indigofera pulchella, Roxb . Neel (नील) Leguminosae
142. Lantana camara, Linn. Raimunia (रायमुनिया) Verbenaceae Lantana camara flowers (Mindanao, Philippines).jpg
143. Leea macrophylla, Roxb. Hathikand (हाथीकंद) Vitaceae
144. Nyctanthes arbortristis, Linn. Harsingar (हारसिंगार) Verbenaceae Flower & flower buds I IMG 2257.jpg
145. Opuntia dillenii, Hair. Nagphani (नागफनी) Cactaceae Opuntia stricta - Para Hills surburban weed.JPG
146. Petalidium barlerioides, Nees. Indrajata (इन्द्रजटा) Acanthaceae
147. Pogostemon plectranthoides, Desf. Kora (कोरा) Labiatae
148. Salix tetrasperma, Roxb. Bainsa (बैंसा) Salicaceae Indian Willow.jpg
149. Strobilanthes callosus, Nees. Maruadona (मरुआदोना) Acanthaceae Strobilanthes callosus.jpg
150. Tamarix dioica, Roxb. Jhau (झाऊ) Tamaricaceae
151. Tribulus terrestris, Linn. Gokhuru (गोखरू) Zygophyllaceae Starr 030612-0063 Tribulus terrestris.jpg
152. Waltheria indica, Linn. Halduli (हलदुली) Sterculiaceae Starr 060305-6544 Waltheria indica.jpg
153. Woodfordia floribunda, Salist. Dhawai (धवई) Lythraceae
154. Zizyphus rugosa, Lamk. Churna (चूरना) Rhamnaceae
155. Zizyphus rotundifolia, Lamk. Jharberi (झरबेरी) Rhamnaceae

IV. Climbers[edit]

S .No. Botanical name Local name Family
156. Abrus precatorius, Linn. Gunja (गुंजा) Leguminosae
157. Acacia caesia, W. & A. Gurar (गुरार) Leguminosae
158. Acacia pennata, Willd. Raoni (रोनी) Leguminosae
159. Bauhinia vahlii, W. & A. Mahul (माहुल) Leguminosae
160. Butea superba, Roxb. Palasbel (पलासबेल) Leguminosae
161. Caesalpinia bonducella, Flem. Sagargoti (सागरगोटी) Leguminosae
162. Calycopteris floribunda, Lamk. Kukaranj (कुकरांज) Combretaceae
163. Celastrus paniculata, Willd. Malkangni (मालकांगनी) Celastraceae
164. Combretum decandrum, Roxb. Pivarbel (पिवरबेल) Combretaceae
165. Combretum ovalifolium, Roxb. Hathisandan (हाथीसान्दन) Combretaceae
166. Cryptolepis buchanani, R. & S. Nagbel (नागबेल) Asclepiadaceae
167. Cuscuta reflexa, Roxb. Amarbel (अमरबेल) Convolvulaceae
168. Derris scandens, Benth. Tupbel (तुपबेल) Leguminosae
169. Dioscorea dremona, Roxb. Baichandi (बैचांदी) Dioscoreaceae
170. Gloriosa superba, Linn. Agnishikha (अग्निशिखा) Liliaceae
l71. Gymnema sylvestris, R. Br. Gudmar (गुडमार) Asclepiadaceae
172. Ichnocarpus frutescens, Br. Dhimarbel (ढीमर बेल) Apocynaceae
173. Marsdenia tenacissima, W. &A. Chikti (चिकटी) Asclepiadaceae
174. MIillettia auriculata, Baker. Gauj (गौज) Leguminosae.
175. Mucuna pruriens, DC. Kewanch (केवांच) Leguminosae
176. Smilax macrophylla, Roxb. Ramdaton (रामदतोन) Liliaceae
177. Spatholobus roxburghii, Benth. Nasbel (नसबेल) Leguminosae
178. Tinospora cordifolia, Miers. Giloy (गिलोय) Menispermaceae
179. Vallaris heyner, Spreng. Dudhbel (दूधबेल) Apocynaceae
180. Ventilago calyculata, Tul. Keoti (केवटी) Rhamnaceae
181. Ziziphus oenoplia, Mill. Makor (मकोर) Rhamnaceae

V.Grasses[edit]

S .No. Botanical name Local name (devanagari) Family
182. Apluda varia, Hack Phuli (फुली Gramineae
183. Chionachne koenigii, Thw. Karpia (कर्पिया) Gramineae
184. Chrysopgon montanus, Trin Chikua (चिकुआ) Gramineae
185. Coix gigantea, Kon. Garru (गर्रू) Gramineae
186. Cymbopogon martini, Wats. Rusa (रूसा) Gramineae
187. Cynodon daetylon, Pers. Doob (दूब) Gramineae
188. Desmostachya bipinnata, Stapf. Kush (कुश) Gramineae
189. Dichanthuium annulatum, Stapf. Marwel (मारवेल) Gramineae
190. Echinochloa colona, Link. Sama (समा) Gramineae
191. Eragrostis tenella, Link. Bhurbhusi (भुरभुसी) Gramineae
192. Eulaliopsis binata, C. E. Hubb. Sabai (सबई) Gramineae
193. Heteropogon contortus, Beauv. Kusul (कुसल) Gramineae
194. Imperata cylindrica, P. Beauv. Chhir (छीर) Gramineae
195. Ischaemum pilosum, Hack. Kunda (कुंदा) Gramineae
196. Pennisetum hohenackeri, Hochst. Moya (मोया) Gramineae
197. Phragmites karka, Trin. Nal (नाल) Gramineae
198. Saccharum munja, Roxb. Munj (मुंज) Gramineae
199. Saccharum spontaneum, Linn. Kans (कांस) Gramineae
200. Sehima sulcatum, A. Camus. Paonia (पोनिया) Gramineae
201. Themeda quadrivalvis, O. Kuntz. Gunher (गुन्हेर) Gramineae
202. Thysanolaena maxima, O. Kuntz. Phulbuhari (फूलबुहारी) Gramineae
103. Vetiveria zizaniodes, Nash. Khus (खस) Gramineae

Other Plants[edit]

S .No. Botanical name Local name (devanagari ) Family
204. Bambusa arundinacea, Willd. Kanta bans (कांटाबांस) Gramineae
205. Borassus flabellifer, L. Tad (ताड़) Palmae
206. Dendrocalamus strictus, Nees. Bans (बांस) Gramineae
207. Loranthus longiflorus, Desr. Bandha (बंधा) Loranthaceae
208. Phoenix sylvestris. Roxb. Khajur (खजूर) Palmae

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • K.P.Sagreiya and Balwant Singh:Botanical and Standardised Hindi Names of Important and Common Forest Plants of Madhya Pradesh, Gwalior Government Regional Press, 1958.