German submarine U-18 (1935)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-18.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-18
Ordered: 2 February 1935
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 548
Laid down: 10 July 1935
Launched: 7 December 1935
Commissioned: 4 January 1936
Fate: Scuttled 25 August 1944 at Constanţa in the Black Sea[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class & type: IIB
Type: Coastal submarine
Displacement: 279 t (275 long tons) surfaced
328 t (323 long tons) submerged
Length: 42.70 m (140 ft 1 in)
Beam: 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)
Draft: 3.90 m (12 ft 10 in)
Propulsion: 2 × propeller shafts
2 × MWM four-stroke diesel engines, 700 shp (520 kW)
2 × Siemens-Schuckert electric motor, 360 shp (270 kW)
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h) submerged
Range: 1,800 nautical miles (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
35–43 nmi (65–80 km; 40–49 mi) at 4 knots submerged
Test depth: 80 m (260 ft)
Complement: 3 officers, 22 men
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine:
1st U-boat Flotilla
3rd U-boat Flotilla
24th U-boat Flotilla
30th U-boat Flotilla
Identification codes: M 23 452
Commanders: Hans Pauckstadt
Heinz Beduhn
Max-Hermann Bauer
Ernst Mengersen
Hans-Heinz Linder
Ernst Vogelsang
Hans-Achim von Rosenberg-Gruszcynski
Friedrich-Wilhelm Wissmann
Karl Fleige
Hans-Jürgen Bartsch
Rudolf Arendt
Friedrich Baumgärtel
Operations: 14
Victories: Two ships sunk for a total of 1,500 gross register tons (GRT)
One auxiliary warship of 400 GRT sunk
One ship damaged of 7,745 GRT
One warship of 56 tons damaged

German submarine U-18 was a Type IIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. It was laid down 10 July 1935 and commissioned on 4 January 1936. It served in many U-boat flotillas during its service.

Fate[edit]

While a training boat, U-18 sank at 0954 hrs on 20 November 1936 in Lübeck Bay, after a collision with T-156. Eight men died and 12 survived. It was raised on 28 November 1936. It returned to service on 30 September 1937 when it served in the 30th U-boat Flotilla, after being transported overland and via the Danube to the Black Sea.

On 20 August 1944, in a Soviet air raid on the Romanian harbor of Constanţa in the Black Sea, U-18 was damaged and as a result was deemed not seaworthy and was scuttled on the 25th.[3]

The boat was raised by the USSR in late 1944. It was sunk for target practice by the Soviet submarine M-120 on 26 May 1947 off Sevastopol (also sunk that day was the former U-24).

Service history[edit]

Commanders[edit]

  • Hans Pauckstadt, 4 January 1936 – 20 November 1936
  • Kapitänleutnant Heinz Beduhn, 30 September 1937 – 31 October 1937
  • Kptlt. Max-Hermann Bauer, 1 November 1937 – 24 November 1939
  • Oberleutnant zur See Ernst Mengersen (Knights Cross), 24 November 1939 – 2 September 1940
  • Kptlt. Hans-Heinz Linder, 3 September 1940 – 17 December 1940
  • Kptlt. Ernst Vogelsang, 18 December 1940 – 6 May 1941
  • Oblt.z.S. Hans-Achim von Rosenberg-Gruszcynski, 7 May 1941 – 31 May 1942
  • Oblt.z.S. Friedrich-Wilhelm Wissmann, 1 June 1942 – 18 August 1942
  • Oblt.z.S. Karl Fleige (Knights Cross), 3 December 1942 – 25 August 1944
  • Oblt.z.S. Hans-Jürgen Bartsch, 2 May 1944 – 25 May 1944
  • Oblt.z.S. Rudolf Arendt, 25 May 1944 – 7 June 1944
  • Oblt.z.S. Friedrich Baumgärtel, 22 December 1944 – 6 February 1945

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997. p. 215. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, p. 67.
  3. ^ Kemp, p. 215
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

  • "U-18". uboat.net. Retrieved 2007-01-20. 
  • "U-18". U-Boat Operations. Kriegsmarine and U-Boat history, ubootwaffe.net. Retrieved 2007-01-20. [dead link]
  • "U-18". u-boot-archiv.de. Kriegsmarine and U-Boat history, u-boot-archiv.de. Retrieved 2007-02-16. 


Coordinates: 44°12′N 28°41′E / 44.200°N 28.683°E / 44.200; 28.683