German submarine U-344

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Career
Name: U-344
Ordered: 20 January 1941
Builder: Nordseewerke, Emden
Yard number: 216
Laid down: 7 May 1941
Launched: 29 January 1943
Commissioned: 26 March 1943
Fate: Sunk by a British aircraft, August 1944[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(26 March 1943–31 March 1944)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1–17 March 1944)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 June–22 August 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Ulrich Pietsch
(26 March 1943–22 August 1944)
Operations: 20 May–27 May 1944
31 May–8 July 1944
3 August–22 August 1944
Victories: One warship sunk, 1,350 tons

German submarine U-344 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was a member of two wolfpacks.

She was on her third patrol when she was sunk by a British aircraft in August 1944.

She sank one warship.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 7 May 1941 at the Nordseewerke yard at Emden as 'werk' 216, launched on 29 January 1943 and commissioned on 26 March under the command of Kapitänleutnant Ulrich Pietsch.

U-342 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla, for training and the 3rd flotilla for operations from 1 April 1944. She was reassigned to the 11th flotilla on 1 June 1944.

1st patrol[edit]

U-344 had sailed from Kiel in Germany to Flekkefjord (west of Kristiansand) and then Bergen in Norway in April and May 1944, but her first patrol began when she departed Bergen on 20 May and followed the Norwegian coastline. She arrived at Narvik on the 27th.

2nd patrol[edit]

Her second foray involved criss-crossing the Norwegian Sea. At one point she passed east of Jan Mayen Island. She arrived at Bogenbucht (west of Narvik) on 8 July 1944.

3rd patrol and loss[edit]

Having departed Bogenbucht on 3 August 1944, she sank the British sloop HMS Kite in the Barents Sea on the 21st. Of 226 crew, nine men survived the icy water. The next day, a British Fairey Swordfish of 825 Naval Air Squadron from HMS Vindex, dropped a pattern of depth charges on the U-boat.

Fifty men died in the sinking; there were no survivors.[4]

Previously recorded fate[edit]

U-344 was thought to have been sunk on 24 August 1944 in the Barents Sea off the North Cape by British warships: i.e. the sloops HMS Mermaid and Peacock, the frigate HMS Loch Dunvegan and the destroyer Keppel. U-354 was the victim.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Tons Nationality Fate[5]
21 August 1944 HMS Kite 1,350  Royal Navy Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, pp. 214-215.
  2. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-344 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-344 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  4. ^ http://www.u-boot-archiv.de/dieboote/u0344html U-344 at u-boot-archiv.de
  5. ^ "Ships hit by U-344". uboat.net. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
Bibliography

External links[edit]

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