Glasgow (UK Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Glasgow
18321885
Number of members Two (1832–1868)
Three (1868–1885)
Replaced by Blackfriars & Hutchesontown
Bridgeton
Camlachie
College
Central
St Rollox
Tradeston
Created from Clyde Burghs

Glasgow was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1885. It returned two Member of Parliament (MPs) until 1868, and then three from 1868 to 1885. Elections were held using the bloc vote system.

History[edit]

Until 1832, Glasgow had been one of the parliamentary burghs in the Clyde Burghs constituency (also known as "Glasgow Burghs"), which was abolished by the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832. The Act created the new Glasgow constituency with two seats, which was increased to three by the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the constituency was finally divided into seven new single-seat constituencies, with effect from the 1885 general election:

Boundaries[edit]

The boundaries of the constituency, as set out in the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, were-

"From the Point, on the West of the Town, at which the River Kelvin joins the River Clyde, up the River Kelvin to a Point which is distant One hundred and fifty Yards (measured along the River Kelvin) above the Point at which the same is met by the Park Wall which comes down thereto from Woodside Road; thence in a straight Line to a Point on the Great Canal which is distant One hundred Yards (measured along the Great Canal) below Derry Bridge; thence along the Great Canal and the Cut of Junction to the Bridge over the Cut of Junction on the Stirling Road; thence, Eastward, along the Low Garngad Road to a Point which is distant One hundred and fifty Yards (measured along the Low Garngad Road) to the East of the Bridge over the Grimston Burn; thence in a straight Line to a Point on the Road to Edinburgh by Airdrie which is distant One hundred Yards (measured along the said Road to Edinburgh) to the East of the Point at which the same is joined by the Road to Edinburgh through the Village of Westmuir; thence in a straight Line to the Point at which the River Clyde is joined by Harvie's Dyke; thence down the River Clyde to the Point at which the same is joined by the Polmadie Burn; thence up the Polmadie Burn to the Point at which the same is joined by the Little Govan Burn; thence up the Little Govan Burn to the Point at which the same is divided into Two Branches in coming down from Govan Hill; thence in a straight Line to the Eastern Extremity of the Butterbiggins Road; thence along the Butterbiggins Road, and in a Line in continuation of the Direction thereof, to the Kinninghouse Burn; thence in a straight Line to the Sheils Bridge over the Paisley and Androssan Canal; thence in a straight Line to the Point at which the River Clyde is joined by the Plantation Burn; thence down the River Clyde to the Point first described."[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party 3rd Member 3rd Party
1832 James Ewing of Strathleven Liberal James Oswald of Shieldhall Liberal Only two seats
until 1868
1835 Colin Dunlop Liberal
Feb 1836 by-election Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck Liberal
May 1837 by-election John Dennistoun Liberal
Jun 1839 by-election James Oswald of Shieldhall Liberal
1847 John McGregor Liberal Alexander Hastie Liberal
Mar 1857 by-election Walter Buchanan Liberal
1857 Robert Dalglish Liberal
1865 William Graham Liberal
1868 George Anderson Liberal
1874 Sir Charles Cameron Liberal Alexander Whitelaw Conservative
Jul 1879 by-election Charles Clow Tennant Liberal
1880 Robert Tweedie Middleton Liberal
Mar 1885 by-election Thomas Russell Liberal
1885 Constituency abolished by Redistribution of Seats Act

Election results[edit]

By-election 1885: Glasgow: Glasgow[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Russell Unopposed
General Election 1880: Glasgow[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Anderson 24,016
Liberal Sir Charles Cameron 23,658
Liberal Robert Tweedie Middleton 23,360
Conservative William Pearce 11,622
Conservative Sir James Bain 11,071
By-election 1879: Glasgow: Glasgow[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Clow Tennant Unopposed
General Election 1874: Glasgow[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Charles Cameron 18,455
Liberal George Anderson 17,901
Conservative Alexander Whitelaw 14,134
Conservative James Hunter 12,533
Liberal Alexander Crum 7,453
Liberal Hon. Fracis E. Kerr 4,444
Liberal J. C. Bolton 169
General Election 1868: Glasgow[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Dalglish 18,281
Liberal William Graham 18,090
Liberal George Anderson 17,804
Conservative Sir George Islay Campbell, Bt 10,814

References[edit]

  1. ^ Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, Schedule (M).
  2. ^ a b c d Devine, Thomas Martin (1996). Glasgow: 1830 to 1912. Glasgow: Manchester University Press. p. 205. 
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1870