Grant Thornton LLP
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2010)|
|Type||Limited Liability Partnership|
Business Advisory Services
|Founded||1924; present name and components in 1986|
|Headquarters||Chicago, Illinois, United States|
|Key people||Stephen Chipman, CEO|
|Revenue||$1.212 billion USD (10/12/12)|
|Employees||6,214 (including partners as of 12/31/12)|
Grant Thornton LLP is the American member firm of Grant Thornton International, the sixth largest U.S. accounting and advisory organization. According to Vault's Top 50 Accounting Firms for 2013 the firm was ranked second overall, trailing only Ernst & Young.
The member firms of Grant Thornton International comprise a global network of more than 31,000 employees and 2,600 partners in more than 100 countries. Composite revenues of Grant Thornton International member firms were $4.2 billion for the year ended 30 September 2012. Grant Thornton LLP is the organization’s largest, operating out of more than 50 offices with more than 5,000 employees and more than 500 partners. U.S. revenue totaled $1.212 billion in fiscal year 2012 (year ending July 31, 2012).
Headquartered in Chicago, Grant Thornton LLP has three service lines: audit, tax, and advisory services. Specific advisory services and areas of expertise include: Sarbanes-Oxley compliance, mergers and acquisitions advice, tax, and business valuations. Target industries include construction, consumer products, financial services, government contracting, public sector and quasi governmental organizations, health care, not-for-profit, and technology.
In 1924, 26-year-old Alexander Richardson Grant founded Alexander Grant & Co. in Chicago. Grant had been a senior accountant with Ernst & Ernst (now Ernst & Young). He chose to leave the comfort of an established company to pursue his plan for public accounting. Alexander Grant was committed to providing services to mid-sized companies, a commitment the firm still holds today.
When Grant died in 1938, he was just 40 years old. Despite this unexpected loss, Alexander Grant & Co. survived the change in leadership and continued to grow nationally under the guidance of several dynamic and innovative chief executive officers. The 1950s and early 1960s were a time of both explosive growth and centralization for the firm. The national office in Chicago was established and net revenue exceeded $5 million in 1961.
During the mid-1960s, the firm’s leadership decided it was the ideal time to expand internationally. With Wallace E. Olson at the helm, in 1969, Alexander Grant & Co. joined with firms from Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom to establish the organization of Alexander Grant Tansley Witt. This organization operated successfully for 10 years.
By 1980, Alexander Grant & Co. joined with 49 other accounting firms, including Thornton Baker in the UK, a firm with similar qualities, clients, personnel numbers and values, to form a global organization, Grant Thornton International. Following its merger with Denver-based Fox & Co. in 1985, Alexander Grant & Co. became the ninth largest accounting firm in the U.S., behind that era’s cadre of “Big Eight” firms.
In 1986, Alexander Grant & Co. changed its name to Grant Thornton, reflecting its affiliation with the United Kingdom firm Thornton Baker, which also changed its name to Grant Thornton. Today, Grant Thornton LLP is the U.S. member firm of Grant Thornton International Ltd. Grant Thornton International Ltd and its member firms are not a worldwide partnership, as each member firm is a separate and distinct legal entity.
Thought leadership 
Over the past few years, some of the accounting and financial issues on which Grant Thornton LLP has issued statements have included:
Five point plan 
In response to the Enron scandal's effect on the accounting profession, Grant Thornton LLP issued its five point plan to restore public trust. In addition to limiting the services that an auditor could provide to a company, Grant Thornton asked that:
- audit committees ensure that the auditor’s primary responsibility is to the shareholders and that the auditor’s relationship with management is clearly subordinate to such responsibility;
- the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) must amend its rules for proxy disclosures of auditor’s fees;
- a principles-based approach should be adopted for all standards-setting areas: accounting, auditing and independence;
- the AICPA should coordinate a review of the audit methodologies of the major accounting firms of which Grant Thornton is not one.
Documenting of internal controls 
Grant Thornton LLP refused to accept engagements to document their public audit clients’ internal controls (including documenting existing controls), or perform evaluations of existing controls that management uses to support their conclusions regarding the effective design of those controls because they were incapable of doing so.
Grant Thornton believed that while the accounting profession should accept a principles-based versus rules-based approach to accounting that a principles-based approach in adhering to the Sarbanes-Oxley legislation should also occur.
Grant Thornton also has an office dedicated to serving the Federal Government: their Global Public Sector (GPS). One service provided also includes documenting internal controls to ensure federal compliance with The Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Circular A-123 Appendix A.
Stock option expensing 
Grant Thornton was the first accounting firm to support expensing of stock options when they published a comment letter supporting FASB’s conclusions on Share-Based Payment.
404 rollback 
There was pressure to exempt companies under $700 million in revenues from complying with Section 404 of Sarbanes-Oxley. Grant Thornton LLP argued for a level playing field. Although smaller companies were more burdened by implementation costs, the additional oversight would keep them attractive to investors through equal transparency.
8-K rule revision 
In 2006, Grant Thornton LLP urged the SEC to revise 8-K rules to require reasons for all company dismissals of auditors, for all auditor resignations and for all instances in which the auditor chooses not to stand for reappointment. Grant Thornton LLP also asked SEC to require open communications between predecessor and successor audit firms to prevent inconsistencies and sensitive areas from being overlooked.
Lease accounting 
Grant Thornton takes a position that lease accounting rules need to change as investor transparency has been seriously compromised under the current rules. Current rules permit assets (and the related financing liabilities) to be kept off the books, as long as the transaction stays within the bright lines of the rules. A principles-based standard that moves leasing assets and liability onto the balance sheet is more direct and more reality-based.
Grant Thornton LLP Awards 
- Working Mother's 100 Best Companies – In 2012 the firm was named to their Top 10 list and was recognized for the seventh consecutive year as one of the 100 Best Companies for working mothers.
- PINK Magazine’s 2007 top companies for women – Making up this year’s Elite Eight companies for women are American Express Co., Heller Ehrman LLP, Kelly Services, Aflac Inc., FedEx Services, Grant Thornton LLP, Turner Broadcasting System Inc. and Wachovia Corp.
- BusinessWeek's 50 Best Places to Launch a Career – In 2007, ranked number 34 on a list that identifies top employers for recent college graduates. Grant Thornton was joined by three other national accounting firms on the list, and in Chicago, Grant Thornton was ranked as the third best place to launch a career.
- “Companies That Care” 2007 Honor Roll – This distinction recognizes organizations that demonstrate an outstanding and measurable commitment to their communities, both within the workplace and beyond.
- “Best Places to Work” – Grant Thornton local offices named by their local media outlets as best places to work:
- "Strengthening the Commission's Requirements Regarding Auditor Independence". US Securities and Exchange Commission. 13 January 2003. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
- "2012 Working Mother 100 Best Companies". Working Mother (Workingmother.com). December 2011. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
- Burroughs, James (October 2008). "Pink's Top Companies for Women-2008". Pink. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
- Grant Thornton LLP – official website
- Grant Thornton LLP Thinking – thought leadership
- Grant Thornton International – official website