Guide (film)

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Guide
Guide 1965 film poster.jpg
Film poster
Directed by Vijay Anand
Produced by Dev Anand
Narrated by Dev Anand
Waheeda Rehman
Leela Chitnis
Music by S. D. Burman
Cinematography Fali Mistry
Edited by Vijay Anand
Babu Sheikh
Release dates
  • 6 December 1965 (1965-12-06)
India
  • 29 December 1965 (1965-12-29)
USA
Running time 183 minutes
Country India
Language Hindi

Guide is a 1965 Romantic Drama film film starring Dev Anand and Waheeda Rehman. It was directed by Vijay Anand, who also contributed to the screenplay. The film is based on the critically acclaimed novel, The Guide, by R. K. Narayan, and is widely considered to be one of the masterpieces of the Indian film industry.[1]

The film was a box office hit upon release.[2] The movie proved memorable for its award-winning performances by the lead actors and memorable music by S. D. Burman. Time Magazine listed it at Number Four on its list of Best Bollywood Classics.[3]

A 120-minute U.S. version was written by Pearl S. Buck, and directed and produced by Tad Danielewski,[4] The film was screened at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival, 42 years after its release.[5]

Plot[edit]

The movie starts with Raju (Dev Anand) being released from jail. Raju was a freelance guide, who earned his living by taking tourists to historic sites. One day, a wealthy and aging archaeologist, Marco (Kishore Sahu) comes to the city with his young wife Rosie (Waheeda Rehman), the daughter of a courtesan. Marco wants to do some research on the caves outside the city and hires Raju as his guide.

While Marco devotes himself to the discovery of the cave, Raju takes Rosie on a tour and appreciates her dancing ability and innocence. He learns about Rosie's background as a daughter of a prostitute and how Rosie has achieved respectability as the wife of Marco but at a terrible cost. She had to give up her passion of dancing since it was unacceptable to Marco. Meanwhile, Rosie tries to commit suicide by consuming poison. Marco, upon learning of the incident, returns from the caves to see Rosie and is furious with Rosie after seeing her alive. He tells her that her act of committing suicide was a drama, otherwise she would have consumed more sleeping pills so that she could really have died. Upon returning to the caves which were discovered, Rosie learns that Marco is spending time and enjoying the company of a native tribal girl. She is enraged at Marco and both indulge in a serious heated discussion, which concludes with Rosie leaving the caves, and she once again wants to end her life.

Raju calms her down by saying that committing suicide is a sin, and that she should live to pursue her dream. She finally says good-bye to the relation of being the wife of Marco. Now she needs support and a home. Raju gives her shelter. Rosie is considered a prostitute by Raju's community (as classical dancing traditionally was prostitutes' work at royal courts), which leads to many problems, including his mother and her brother insisting that Rosie be kicked out. Raju refuses and his mother leaves him. His friend and driver also falls out with him over Rosie. Raju loses his business and the entire town turns against him. Undeterred by these setbacks, Raju helps Rosie embark on a singing and dancing career and Rosie becomes a star. As she rises as a star, Raju becomes dissolute — gambling and drinking. Marco comes back on the scene. Trying to win Rosie back, he brings flowers and has his agent ask Rosie to release some jewelry which is in a safe deposit box. Raju, a bit jealous, does not want Marco to have any contact with Rosie and forges Rosie's name on the release of the jewels. Meanwhile, Rosie and Raju drift apart due to Rosie's incomprehensible behaviour when she tortures Raju by not obliging him a caring hug even and asks him to leave her room else she says she will have to go out. Before this, they also had a discussion about how a man should live when Rosie remembers Marco and tells Raju that Marco was probably correct when he used to say that a man should not live on a woman's earnings.

Raju retorts by saying that she is under a misunderstanding that she has become a star on her own and it was only because of Raju's efforts that she became famous. Later, Rosie learns of the forgery release. Raju is convicted of forgery, resulting in a two-year sentence. Rosie does not understand why Raju indulged in forgery, when he could have easily asked her for money. It was not money, it was the loving fascination for Rosie which urged Raju not to reveal Marco's visit to Rosie so that she doesn't remember him again and to eliminate the probability of Rosie and Marco's togetherness, if at all, there was any little chance. On the day of his release, his mother and Rosie come to pick him up but they are told that he was released six months ago because of his good behaviour.

Meanwhile, upon his release Raju wanders alone. Despair, poverty, rags, hunger, loneliness engulf him until he finds a wandering group of sadhus (holy men) with whom he spends a night at a derelict temple in a small town.Raju impresses the woman with the logic in taking a husband and she submits, which convinces Bhola that Raju is a swami (holy man). Impressed by this, Bhola spreads the news through the village. Raju is taken as a holy man by the village. Raju assumes the role of village holy man (Swami Ji) and engages in skirmishes with the local pandits.And drama started here. Due to drought Raju was forced to fast for 12 days so that it rains. Meanwhile his mother, friend and Rosie unite with him and patch things up. In the end it rains but Raju dies.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Dev Anand was approached by American director Tad Danielewski and Pearl Buck to be cast in an American film based on a novel by an Indian author. Although Dev Anand had refused, he took up the opportunity for a collaboration when he met Tad again at the 1962 Berlin Film Festival. Somebody suggested The Guide. Dev Anand purchased the book and read it at one go. He called up Pearl who invited him to the United States to discuss the project. With their approval, he called up R. K. Narayan and procured the rights to the book.[6]

The movie was planned to be an Indo-American co-production to be shot simultaneously in Hindi and English. The idea was to film the scenes common to both versions simultaneously. Pearl tutored Waheeda Rehman on her diction for the English part. But because of differences of opinion between the two production teams, Dev Anand postponed the Hindi version, thereby freeing Chetan Anand to direct Haqeeqat which was later highly acclaimed. It also became an opportunity for Vijay Anand who stepped in, as the film proved a landmark for him.[6][7]

The song, Aaj phir jeene ki tamanna hai which was picturised on Waheeda Rehman was shot in the Chittorgarh Fort in Rajasthan.[5] The climax of the film was shot in Limdi town, 90 km from Ahmedabad as it has Bhugaro river which flows only during the monsoon. Chetan Anand was a classmate of erstwhile royals of Limbi, Janaksinhji of Jhala family at Doon School in Dehradun, taught English at Limbi, in 1941.[8] Towards the end of the film, there's a scene where a foreign journalist arrives to interview Raju (Dev's character in the movie) after he becomes an ascetic. Dev wanted a young, good-looking foreigner for the role. So, he asked an associate to get one in five hours! The associate rushed to Ahmedabad. Walking down a road, he spotted a tall, well built foreigner. He went up to him and bluntly asked: ‘Do you have a good-looking wife?’ He glared at him. Realizing his blunder, he clarified that the unit were looking for a foreigner to feature in an Indian movie. The couple agreed, and he drove them back to Limdi for the shoot.[8]

Music[edit]

Guide
Soundtrack album by Sachin Dev Burman
Released 1965 (India)
Recorded 1964
Genre Film soundtrack
Length 38:01
Label The Gramophone Company of India (Private) Limited
Producer Sachin Dev Burman
Sachin Dev Burman chronology
Ziddi
(1964)
Guide
(1965)
Teen Devian
(1965)

The music for this film was composed by Sachin Dev Burman, the songs were written by Shailendra and they were sung by Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar, Manna Dey and Sachin Dev Burman. The soundtrack was listed by Planet Bollywood as number 11 on their list of 100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks.[9]

Song Singer(s) Picturised on
"Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna" Lata Mangeshkar Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Din Dhal Jaaye" Mohammed Rafi Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Gaata Rahe Mera Dil" Kishore Kumar & Lata Mangeshkar Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Kya Se Kya Ho Gaya" Mohammed Rafi Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Piya Tose Naina Laage Re" Lata Mangeshkar Waheeda Rehman
"Saiyaan Beimaan" Lata Mangeshkar Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Tere Mere Sapne" Mohammed Rafi Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Wahan Kaun Hai Tera" Sachin Dev Burman Dev Anand
"He Ram Hamare Ramchandra" Manna Dey & Chorus Dev Anand
"Allah Megh De Paani De" Sachin Dev Burman Dev Anand

Awards[edit]

The film was selected as the Indian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.[10] Guide was also first film to win all four of the major awards (Best Movie, Best Director, Best Actor and Best Actress) at the Filmfare Awards.

Ceremony Award Category Nominee Outcome Note
38th Academy Awards Academy Award India's official submission for Best Foreign Language Film Dev Anand Not Nominated Eighth film submitted by India
National Film Awards 13th National Film Awards Certificate of Merit for the Third Best Feature Film Won
Filmfare Awards 14th Filmfare Awards Best Film Received on behalf of Navketan Films
Best Director Vijay Anand
Best Actor Dev Anand
Best Actress Waheeda Rehman
Best Music Director S.D. Burman Nominated
Best Female Playback Singer Lata Mangeshkar For "Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamana Hai"
Best Dialogue Vijay Anand
Best Cinematographer Fali Mistry Color category

Differences from the novel[edit]

  • In the film, Raju meets a celebrity death surrounded by his near and dear ones and the media with rain ending the drought in the village. However, in the novel, this event is ambiguous with an unclear ending about his death or the end of the drought.
  • In the novel, Raju is shown to woo Rosie, but in the movie, Rosie is already unhappy with her marriage. Upon seeing her husband with another woman, she leaves him and goes to Raju.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "rediff.com - Guide; a human odyssey". 
  2. ^ "BoxOfficeIndia Top Earners 1960-1969 (Figures in Ind Rs)". 
  3. ^ Corliss, Richard (27 October 2010), Guide - 1965 - Best of Bollywood - TIME, Time, retrieved 31 July 2012 
  4. ^ "Tad Danielewski Filmography". Fandango.com. 29 March 1921. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Gitanjali Roy (May 1, 2013). "8 things you didn't know about Guide". NDTV Movies. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Anand, Dev (2007). Romancing with Life - an autobiography. Penguin Viking. pp. 182–184. ISBN 0-670-08124-8. 
  7. ^ Suresh Kohli (Oct 4, 2008). "Blast From The Past: Guide 1965". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved Apr 27, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "'We hunted for a firang for Dev sahab in 5 hrs'". Pune Mirror. December 6, 2011. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  9. ^ "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks Ever - Part 4". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 7 March 2011. 
  10. ^ Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]