Thevar Magan

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Thevar Magan
Thevar Magan Poster.jpg
film poster
Directed by Bharathan
Produced by Kamal Haasan
Chandra Haasan[1]
Written by Kamal Haasan
Starring
Music by Ilaiyaraaja
Cinematography P. C. Sriram
Edited by N. P. Satish
Production
company
Distributed by Raaj Kamal Films International
Release dates 25 October 1992 (India)
8 September 1994 (TIFF)
Running time 145 minutes
Country India
Language
  • Tamil
Box office INR14 crore

Thevar Magan (English: Son of the Thevar) is a 1992 Indian Tamil film produced by, written by and starring Kamal Hassan in the title role. It was directed by Bharathan and also stars Sivaji Ganesan, Nassar, Revathi and Gouthami in pivotal roles. The film score and soundtrack are composed by Ilaiyaraaja. The film was a blockbuster among 1992 Deepavali releases and completed 175-days run at the box office.

India chose this film as its entry for the Best Foreign Language Film for the 65th Academy Awards. The film was screened at the Toronto Film Festival in 1994.[2]

The film won five National Film Awards, including the Best Tamil Film Award, Best Supporting Actress Award (Revathi), and a Special Jury Award (Sivaji Ganesan).

The film was dubbed into Telugu under the title Kshatriya Putrudu. While S. P. Balasubrahmanyam provided dubbing for Kamal Hassan, Kongara Jaggayya provided voice for Sivaji Ganesan. It was later remade into the Hindi film Virasat (1997) by Priyadarshan and in Kannada as Thandege Thakka Maga(2006) by S. Mahendar.

Plot[edit]

Saktivelu (Kamal Haasan) returns home to his father, Periya Thevar’s (Sivaji Ganesan) village in Tamil Nadu, after completing his education in London. Much to his father’s annoyance, he brings his westernized girlfriend (Gautami) with him to meet his family. Periya Thevar is deeply offended since it is tradition that the family elders choose the youngster's spouses. To make things worse, Saktivelu reveals his plans on opening a chain of restaurants in Chennai which saddens Periya Thevar as he wanted his son to help the villagers improve their lifestyle with his level of education.

Periya Thevar is a well respected village chief. His younger half-brother (Kaka Radhakrishnan) and nephew Mayan Thevar (Nassar) hold a huge grudge against him over a falling out. The entire village suffers from a spillover of this longstanding family feud as most of the village and its surrounding areas that fall within its jurisdiction is divided between the brothers. Since Maya Thevar always tries to one up Periya Thevar, it puts them at loggerheads with each other.

Saktivelu spends time in the village with his girlfriend by re-visiting his childhood memories. They come across an old temple which has been closed off on Maya Thevar’s instructions. He insists on entering and his friend and servant Esaki (Vadivelu) breaks open the lock for them to look around. Maya Thevar hears of this and a brutal riot is started among the two village factions. Periya Thevar, in order to quell the situation, contemplates on apologizing to his opponents. Sakthivelu feels it should be him or Esaki who should apologize. When Saktivelu asks for Esaki, he learns that Maya Thevar has amputated Esaki’s hand for opening the temple. In order to prevent further escalation of the situation Saktivelu, with permission from his father, enlists the help of his friends in the government and opens the temple for all legally. Slighted by this, Maya Thevar hires goons to break a dam protecting a part of the village faction that supports Periya Thevar. Although one of the villagers spots one of the goons near the dam, he does not think much of it.

The dam is damaged by explosives used by the goons which results in flooding of half the village. This results in numerous deaths including infants which deeply saddens Saktivelu. He spots the goon who placed the explosives again in the village and gives chase. After capturing, he hands the goon over to the police but the goon does not speak of Maya Thevar's involvement due to fear for his own family's safety.

Later Maya Thevar closes a portion of his land, preventing the public from reaching the main road easily. Sakthivelu and his father invite them for talks at village Panchayat to resolve the standoff due the riots and flooding. In the village panchayat, accusations fly from both sides. With no evidence backing up the truth, Maya Thevar accuses Periya Thevar for orchestrating various attacks on his brother's family. Disrespected and broken, Periya Thevar returns to his home and passes away shortly. Saktivelu takes over his father’s duties as the head of the village.

As time passes, this incident dies down. The villagers express concern to Saktivelu about going around the piece of land belonging to Maya Thevar’s side of the village everyday to work in their farm which causes a much longer travelling time. Saktivelu reasons with the owner of the land to open it up for all villagers to pass so that their long commute is shortened. Although understanding and willing, the land owner (played by Kallapart Natarajan) who actually is Maya Thevar's maternal uncle, is afraid of Maya Thevar’s backlash especially since he has a daughter (Revathi). Saktivelu assuages his fear by arranging marriage between a well-to-do person from his village to the land owner's daughter. Everybody involved happily agrees and the land owner opens up the land for everyone.

On the day of the wedding, the groom runs away, fearing Maya Thevar. The landowner and his daughter are distraught over this claiming that it is a huge disrespect to his family. He opines that even if someone marries his daughter, they have to live in constant fear. Saktivelu then gets permission from the landowner and weds his daughter. Although Saktivelu still has feelings for his girlfriend and his new bride is very shy, they overcome their awkwardness and move on. Soon, his girlfriend returns and learns the truth. Although saddened by the turn of events, she understands the situation and leaves. Saktivelu, too, closes the chapter about his girlfriend and starts his new life with his wife.

Maya Thevar, agitated by the opening of the land, plants a bomb during the village festival. This results in deaths on both sides of the village. Both factions of the village, wanting revenge, go after Maya Thevar and his family. Saktivelu protects the innocent family and helps them get away from the villagers. Appreciative of Saktivelu's efforts to protect them, they give away Maya Thevar's hiding location.

Saktivelu goes to meet Maya Thevar and asks him to surrender to the police before the villagers kill him. Maya Thevar’s rabid hatred for Saktivelu makes him reject his offer of help. Maya Thevar, blaming Saktivelu for all his problems, tries to kill him. In the struggle that follows, Saktivelu accidentally chops off Maya Thevar's head, killing him. Although other villagers are willing to take the blame for Maya Thevar's murder, Saktivelu gives himself up to the police.

Cast[edit]

Awards and honours[edit]

1993 National Film Awards (India)

Award Category Recipient(s) Result
Silver Lotus Award Best Feature Film in Tamil Kamal Hassan as a producer Won
Silver Lotus Award Best Supporting Actress Revathi Won
Silver Lotus Award Best Playback Singer (Female) S. Janaki Won
Silver Lotus Award Best Audiography N. Pandu Rangan Won
Silver Lotus Award Special Jury Award – Actor Sivaji Ganesan Won

Filmfare Awards South

Soundtrack[edit]

The soundtrack features 9 songs composed by Ilaiyaraaja to lyrics written by Vaali. Ilaiyaraaja was a strong contender for the National Film Award for Best Music Direction, which he eventually lost to A. R. Rahman.[a]

Tracklist
No. Title Singer(s) Length
1. "Potri Paadadi Penne"   Ilaiyaraaja, Mano  
2. "Sandhu Pottu"   S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Kamal Hassan 5:05
3. "Potri Paadadi Penne"   Sivaji Ganesan, Shruti Haasan 1:26
4. "Vaanam Thottu Pona"   S. P. Balasubrahmanyam  
5. "Ada Puthiyathu Piranthadhu"   Malaysia Vasudevan  
6. "Inji Idupazhaga"   S. Janaki  
7. "Inji Idupazhagi"   S. Janaki, Kamal Hassan, Minmini  
8. "Manamagale Manamagale"   Swarnalatha, Minmini & Sindhuja 2:13
9. "Masaru Ponnae Varuga"   Minmini, Swarnalatha 3:07

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The award was tied between Ilaiyaraaja and Rahman with 8 votes each before the chairman of the jury Balu Mahendra, a close friend of Ilaiyaraaja decided to vote in favour of Rahman.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Film details from Cinesouth.com
  2. ^ Jain, Ajit (16 September 1994). "27 Indian Films in Toronto Cinema Gala". India Abroad. Retrieved 1 June 2012.  (subscription required)
  3. ^ "Kamal Haasan completes 50 glorious years of filmdom". Thaindian.com. 12 August 2009. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  4. ^ www.revathy.com
  5. ^ Mathai, Kamini (2009). A.R. Rahman: The Musical Storm. Penguin Books India. pp. 99–100. ISBN 978-0-670-08371-8. 

External links[edit]