Guttenberg, New Jersey

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Guttenberg, New Jersey
Town
Town of Guttenberg
Guttenberg highlighted in Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Guttenberg highlighted in Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Guttenberg, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Guttenberg, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′34″N 74°00′16″W / 40.792784°N 74.004572°W / 40.792784; -74.004572Coordinates: 40°47′34″N 74°00′16″W / 40.792784°N 74.004572°W / 40.792784; -74.004572[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hudson
Incorporated March 9, 1859
Government[5]
 • Type Town
 • Mayor Gerald Drasheff (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Alberto Cabrera[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.243 sq mi (0.628 km2)
 • Land 0.196 sq mi (0.507 km2)
 • Water 0.047 sq mi (0.121 km2)  19.24%
Area rank 558th of 566 in state
11th of 12 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 194 ft (59 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9][10]
 • Total 11,176
 • Estimate (2012[11]) 11,356
 • Rank 218th of 566 in state
11th of 12 in county[12]
 • Density 57,116.0/sq mi (22,052.6/km2)
 • Density rank 1st of 566 in state
1st of 12 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07093[13][14]
Area code(s) 201[15]
FIPS code 3401728650[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885235[18][2]
Website www.guttenbergnj.org

Guttenberg /ˈɡʌtənbɜrɡ/ is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 11,176.[7][8][9] Only four blocks wide, Guttenberg is the ninth-smallest municipality in the state[12][19] and the most densely populated incorporated place in the country, with 57,116 people per square mile of land area.[20]

The population increased by 369 (+3.4%) from the 10,807 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,539 (+30.7%) from the 8,268 counted in the 1990 Census.[21] Most of the town's population resides in the Galaxy Towers, a trio of residential skyscrapers overlooking the Hudson River.[22]

Geography[edit]

Guttenberg is located atop the Hudson Palisades, south of Woodcliff and the Racetrack Section in North Bergen and north of West New York. Its western border is Kennedy Boulevard. Bergenline Avenue, the commercial corridor of North Hudson, runs north and south through the town, and is the heart of "Havana on the Hudson".[23][24] Its eastern border is the Hudson River, opposite Manhattan's Upper West Side.

Guttenberg is located at 40°47′34″N 74°00′16″W / 40.792784°N 74.004572°W / 40.792784; -74.004572 (40.792784,-74.004572). According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 0.243 square miles (0.628 km2), of which, 0.196 square miles (0.507 km2) of it is land and 0.047 square miles (0.121 km2) of it (19.24%) is water.[1][2]

History[edit]

Further information: North Bergen
A 2009 sign on Boulevard East advertising the town's 150th anniversary. In the background is one of the three towers of the Galaxy apartments.

Guttenberg was formerly a farm owned by William Cooper, sold in 1853 to a group of New Yorkers, who had formed the Weehawken Land and Ferry Association. Like nearby Union Hill, it was subdivided and lots were sold mostly to Germans. The company ran two ferries, the Hultz and the Flora, which crossed the Hudson from the landings at the foot of Bulls Ferry Road, Pleasant Valley, Fort Lee, and Spring Street in Manhattan.

Guttenberg was formed as a town on March 9, 1859, from portions of North Bergen Township, but remained as a part of the township that was not fully independent. Guttenberg became part of Union Township when it was formed on February 28, 1861, and became fully independent as of April 1, 1878.[25] The city takes its name from Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of movable type.[26]

Galaxy Towers, developed by Prudential Insurance Company, were built in the late 1970s on Boulevard East. The three octagonal skyscrapers rise 415 feet (126 m) and contain 1,075 apartments.[27]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,206
1890 1,927 59.8%
1900 3,825 98.5%
1910 5,647 47.6%
1920 6,726 19.1%
1930 6,535 −2.8%
1940 6,200 −5.1%
1950 5,566 −10.2%
1960 5,118 −8.0%
1970 5,754 12.4%
1980 7,340 27.6%
1990 8,268 12.6%
2000 10,807 30.7%
2010 11,176 3.4%
Est. 2012 11,356 [11] 1.6%
Population sources:
1880-1920[28] 1880-1890[29]
1890-1910[30] 1910-1930[31]
1930-1990[32] 2000[33][34] 2010[7][8][9]
View of the Galaxy Towers from the Hudson River.

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,176 people, 4,473 households, and 2,684 families residing in the town. The population density was 57,116.0 per square mile (22,052.6 /km2). There were 4,839 housing units at an average density of 24,730.2 per square mile (9,548.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 67.44% (7,537) White, 4.80% (537) Black or African American, 0.91% (102) Native American, 7.32% (818) Asian, 0.04% (4) Pacific Islander, 14.25% (1,593) from other races, and 5.23% (585) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 64.83% (7,245) of the population.[7]

There were 4,473 households, of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.12.[7]

In the town, 20.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 34.7% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $49,981 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,219) and the median family income was $53,945 (+/- $9,457). Males had a median income of $50,227 (+/- $8,459) versus $32,089 (+/- $6,483) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $33,239 (+/- $8,416). About 14.8% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.[35]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 10,807 people, 4,493 households, and 2,619 families residing in the town. The population density was 56,012.0 inhabitants per square mile (21,961.1/km2), making it the most densely populated municipality in The United States,with over twice the density of New York City.[36] There were 4,650 housing units at an average density of 24,100.7 per square mile (9,449.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 64.98% White, 3.81% African American, 0.38% Native American, 7.30% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 16.42% from other races, and 7.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 54.33% of the population.[33][34]

There were 4,493 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.13.[33][34]

In the town the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.[33][34]

The median income for a household in the town was $44,515, and the median income for a family was $47,440. Males had a median income of $38,628 versus $33,154 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,931. About 11.1% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.[33][34]

The town is a bedroom community with about 36% of its employed residents working in New York City, including 1,648 of the 4,993 Guttenberg residents in the workforce who commute to employment in Manhattan as of the 2000 Census.[37]

Government[edit]

The town hall of Guttenberg.

Local government[edit]

Guttenberg operates under the Town form of New Jersey municipal government, and is governed by a mayor and a five-member council. Town council members are elected at-large to two-year terms on a staggered basis in partisan elections.[5]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Guttenberg is Gerald Drasheff. Members of the Guttenberg Town Council are Alfonso "Al" Casoarrow, Donna Florio, Monica Fundora, John D. Habermann and Efrain Velez.[38]

Political scandal[edit]

Recent scandals include the convictions of the mayor, David Delle Donna, and his wife, a member of the town planning board, on federal extortion and mail fraud charges, for which they were each sentenced to serve four years in federal prison;[39] a former mayor, Peter LaVilla, who pleaded guilty in 2003 to misappropriating campaign funds and using the money for a private brokerage account; a councilman who resigned after being accused of receiving illegal advances on his salary; and a chief financial officer, who pleaded guilty in 2002 to misappropriation of funds.[40]

Public safety[edit]

North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue is a regional fire department serving communities in northern Hudson County, New Jersey, including North Bergen, Union City, Weehawken and West New York.[41]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Guttenberg is located in the 8th Congressional District[42] and is part of New Jersey's 32nd state legislative district.[8][43][44] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Guttenberg had been in the 33rd state legislative district.[45] Prior to the 2010 Census, Guttenberg had been part of the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[45]

New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York).[46] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[47][48] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[49][50]

The 32nd District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Sacco (D, North Bergen) and in the General Assembly by Angelica M. Jimenez (D, West New York) and Vincent Prieto (D, Secaucus).[51] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[52] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[53]

Hudson County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive and by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, which serves as the county's legislative body. The County Executive is Thomas A. DeGise, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[54] As of 2013, Hudson County's nine Freeholders (with district, municipalities in district and place of residence listed in parentheses) are Doreen McAndrew DiDomenico (District 1, Bayonne and parts of Jersey City; Bayonne),[55] William O'Dea (District 2, parts of Jersey City),[56] Jeffrey Dublin (District 3, parts of Jersey City),[57] Eliu Rivera (District 4, parts of Jersey City),[58] Chairperson Anthony Romano (District 5, Hoboken and parts of Jersey City; Hoboken),[59] Tilo Rivas (District 6, Union City),[60] Vice-Chairperson Jose C. Muñoz (District 7, Guttenberg, Weehawken and West New York; West New York),[61] Chairperson Pro-Tempore Thomas Liggio (District 8, North Bergen, parts of Jersey City and Secaucus; North Bergen)[62] and Albert Cifelli (District 9, East Newark, Harrison, Kearny and parts of Secaucus; Kearny).[63][64] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Barbara A. Netchert, Sheriff Frank X. Schillari and Surrogate Donald DeLeo.[65]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,991 registered voters in Guttenberg, of which 2,997 (60.0%) were registered as Democrats, 376 (7.5%) were registered as Republicans and 1,614 (32.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[66]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 71.6% of the vote here (2,524 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 26.3% (928 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (45 votes), among the 3,526 ballots cast by the town's 5,878 registered voters, for a turnout of 60.0%.[67] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 67.0% of the vote here (2,172 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 31.9% (1,035 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (19 votes), among the 3,241 ballots cast by the town's 5,122 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 63.3.[68]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 70.9% of the vote here (1,341 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 23.6% (447 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 2.4% (46 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (12 votes), among the 1,892 ballots cast by the town's 4,983 registered voters, yielding a 38.0% turnout.[69]

Education[edit]

For Pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade, 1,023 public school students from Guttenberg (as of 2010-11, per the National Center for Education Statistics[70]) attend the Anna L. Klein School as part of the Guttenberg Public School District. The current principal of Anna L. Klein is Pedro Garrido.

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend North Bergen High School in North Bergen, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the North Bergen School District.[71]

Commerce[edit]

Portions of Guttenberg are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[72] The Guttenberg Urban Enterprise Zone covers business in the following areas:[73]

  • Bergenline Avenue – 68th Street to 71st Street
  • Park Avenue – 68th Street to 71st Street
  • 70th Street – Park Avenue to Bergenline Avenue
  • 69th Street – Park Avenue to Boulevard East
  • 69th Street to 71st Street – Boulevard East
  • 70th Street to 71st Street – Broadway

Transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit (NJT) bus service is available to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and Bergen County destinations on the 128, 154, 156, 158, 159, 165, 166, 168 routes. Service north to Fort Lee and the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal is available the 181 and 188 routes. Hudson County local service is provided on the 22, 23, 84/86, 88 and 89 routes.[74] NJT bus lines are augmented by guagua (minibus) service.

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Guttenberg include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Town Directory, Town of Guttenberg. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 145.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Town of Guttenberg, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Guttenberg town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Guttenberg town, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Populations: Hudson County". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 10, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Guttenberg, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 10, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Guttenberg, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 10, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 15, 2012.
  18. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 11, 2012.
  20. ^ Guide to State and Local Census Geography 2011, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 24, 2012.
  21. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 15, 2012.
  22. ^ E. Assata Wright and Stephen LaMarca. "Some of this year's biggest stories: Hurricane, elections, scandals, and teacher tenure made local news this year".[dead link] Year in Review: The Hudson Reporter, December 25, 2011, Page 16. Accessed January 7, 2012. "The Galaxy Towers, a luxury waterfront condominium complex that contains most of the population of Guttenberg, has continually made headlines in 2011."
  23. ^ Trillin, Calvin (June 30, 1975). "US Journal: Observation While Eating Carne Asada on Bergenline Avenue". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2011-01-27. (subscription required)
  24. ^ Gray, Jerry (February 23, 1991). "Hudson County a Harbinger of a New Hispanic Influence". The New York Times. 
  25. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 146. Accessed April 24, 2012.
  26. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 146. 
  27. ^ Rand, Ellen. "NEW JERSEY HOUSING; The Demise of a Luxury Complex", The New York Times, June 8, 1980. Accessed July 15, 2012.
  28. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 10, 2013.
  29. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 15, 2012.
  30. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed July 15, 2012.
  31. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  32. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990 at the Wayback Machine (archived May 2, 2009), Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  33. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Guttenberg town, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  34. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Guttenberg town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 15, 2012.
  35. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Guttenberg town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 15, 2012.
  36. ^ Raghunathan, Abhi. "BRIEFING: CROWDS; IN THE CITIES", The New York Times, May 13, 2001. Accessed October 6, 2007.
  37. ^ "Residence MCD/County to Workplace MCD/County Flows for New Jersey (County Names A - L): 2000 - Sorted by Residence State-County, or State-County-County Subdivision (in 12 states)", United States Census Bureau, released July 25, 2003. Accessed July 23, 2012.
  38. ^ Elected Officials, Town of Guttenberg. Accessed September 10, 2013.
  39. ^ Conte, Michaelangelo. "Guttenberg mayor, wife found guilty of extortion, tax charges", The Jersey Journal, October 25, 2008. Accessed September 10, 2013. "Corrupt former Guttenberg Mayor David Delle Donna and his wife Anna were each sentenced to four years and three months in federal prison yesterday for tax evasion and extorting cash and gifts from a town bar owner in exchange for official favors."
  40. ^ Miller, Johnathan. "F.B.I. Raids on the Mayor Make Him Topic A in a Small Town", The New York Times, February 16, 2007. Accessed October 6, 2007. "In 2003, the former mayor, Peter LaVilla, pleaded guilty to misappropriating campaign funds and using the money for a private brokerage account after an investigation by the United States attorney’s office. In 2002, a councilman accused of receiving illegal advances on his salary resigned, although he was never formally charged. The same year, the town’s chief financial officer pleaded guilty to misappropriation of funds."
  41. ^ About Us. North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  42. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  46. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  47. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  48. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  49. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  50. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  51. ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
  52. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  54. ^ Thomas A. Degise, Hudson County Executive, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  55. ^ Freeholder District 1, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  56. ^ Freeholder District 2, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  57. ^ Freeholder District 3, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  58. ^ Freeholder District 4, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  59. ^ Freeholder District 5, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  60. ^ Freeholder District 6, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  61. ^ Freeholder District 7, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  62. ^ Freeholder District 8, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  63. ^ Freeholder District 9, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  64. ^ Freeholder Biographies, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  65. ^ Directory of Elected Officials, Hudson County Clerk. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  66. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Hudson, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  67. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  68. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  69. ^ 2009 Governor: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  70. ^ Data for the Guttenberg School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 11, 2012.
  71. ^ Staff. "Schools and taxes: Vote on school board, budgets this Tuesday", Hudson Reporter, April 13, 2008. Accessed April 27, 2008. "In tiny Guttenberg, the race is actually more interesting, even though the town only has one school (Anna L. Klein School) and sends its high schoolers to North Bergen High."
  72. ^ Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit at the Wayback Machine (archived January 3, 2010), State of New Jersey. Accessed December 16, 2011.
  73. ^ Guttenberg Urban Enterprise Zone Program, Town of Guttenberg. Accessed March 15, 2007.
  74. ^ Hudson County Bus/rail Connections at the Wayback Machine (archived May 22, 2009), New Jersey Transit. Accessed December 16, 20117.
  75. ^ Video interview. "Steve Carell On Fox 5", MyFoxNY.com, September 18, 2009.

External links[edit]