Harrison, New Jersey

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Harrison, New Jersey
Town
Town of Harrison
Motto: "Beehive of Industry"[1]
Map highlighting Harrison's location within Hudson County. Inset: Hudson County's location within New Jersey.
Map highlighting Harrison's location within Hudson County. Inset: Hudson County's location within New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Harrison, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Harrison, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°44′35″N 74°09′10″W / 40.742957°N 74.152912°W / 40.742957; -74.152912Coordinates: 40°44′35″N 74°09′10″W / 40.742957°N 74.152912°W / 40.742957; -74.152912[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hudson
Incorporated April 13, 1840
Named for William Henry Harrison
Government[7]
 • Type Town
 • Mayor James A. Fife[4] (term ends December 31, 2014; succeeded Raymond J. McDonough who died February 12, 2014)[5]
 • Clerk Paul J. Zarbetski[6]
Area[3]
 • Total 1.319 sq mi (3.416 km2)
 • Land 1.203 sq mi (3.116 km2)
 • Water 0.116 sq mi (0.299 km2)  8.76%
Area rank 468th of 566 in state
9th of 12 in county[3]
Elevation[8] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11][12]
 • Total 13,620
 • Estimate (2012[13]) 13,874
 • Rank 183rd of 566 in state
9th of 12 in county[14]
 • Density 11,319.3/sq mi (4,370.4/km2)
 • Density rank 25th of 566 in state
9th of 12 in county[14]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07029[15][16]
Area code(s) 973[17]
FIPS code 3401730210[18][3][19]
GNIS feature ID 0885245[20][3]
Website www.townofharrison.com

Harrison is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 13,620,[9][10][11][12] reflecting a decline of 804 (-5.6%) from the 14,424 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 999 (+7.4%) from the 13,425 counted in the 1990 Census.[21] The town is a suburb of the nearby city of Newark, New Jersey.

Geography[edit]

Harrison is located at 40°44′35″N 74°09′10″W / 40.742957°N 74.152912°W / 40.742957; -74.152912 (40.742957,-74.152912). According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 1.319 square miles (3.416 km2), of which, 1.203 square miles (3.116 km2) of it is land and 0.116 square miles (0.299 km2) of it (8.76%) is water.[2][3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,344
1860 2,556 90.2%
1870 4,129 61.5%
1880 6,898 67.1%
1890 8,328 20.7%
1900 10,596 27.2%
1910 14,498 36.8%
1920 15,721 8.4%
1930 15,601 −0.8%
1940 14,171 −9.2%
1950 13,490 −4.8%
1960 11,743 −13.0%
1970 11,811 0.6%
1980 12,242 3.6%
1990 13,425 9.7%
2000 14,424 7.4%
2010 13,620 −5.6%
Est. 2012 13,874 [13] 1.9%
Population sources: 1850-1920[22]
1850-1900[23] 1850-1870[24]
1850[25] 1870[26] 1880-1890[27]
1890-1910[28] 1870-1930[29]
1930-1990[30] 2000[31][32] 2010[10][11][12]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,620 people, 4,869 households, and 3,262 families residing in the town. The population density was 11,319.3 per square mile (4,370.4 /km2). There were 5,228 housing units at an average density of 4,344.9 per square mile (1,677.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 58.30% (7,941) White, 2.18% (297) Black or African American, 0.56% (76) Native American, 16.28% (2,217) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 18.48% (2,517) from other races, and 4.19% (570) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 44.18% (6,017) of the population.[10]

There were 4,869 households, of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.23.[10]

In the town, 20.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 35.0% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.0 years. For every 100 females there were 105.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.7 males.[10]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[18] there were 14,424 people, 5,136 households, and 3,636 families residing in the town. The population density was 11,811.1 people per square mile (4,564.9/km2). There were 5,254 housing units at an average density of 4,302.2 per square mile (1,662.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 66.10% White, 0.98% African American, 0.40% Native American, 11.89% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.96% from other races, and 4.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.97% of the population.[31][32]

As of the 2000 Census, 7.22% of Harrison's residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry. This was the fifth-highest percentage of people with Chinese ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[33]

There were 5,136 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.27.[31][32]

In the town the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 36.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.2 males.[31][32]

The median income for a household in the town was $41,350, and the median income for a family was $48,489. Males had a median income of $33,069 versus $26,858 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,490. About 10.1% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.[31][32]

History[edit]

Colonial era - 1840s[edit]

The area that is now Harrison was a part of a charter granted to Captain William Sandford of Barbados. New Barbadoes Neck consisted of 30,000 acres (120 km2) and extended north from Newark Bay to present-day Rutherford, between the Passaic and Hackensack Rivers. Sandford sent his nephew, Major Nathanial Kingsland, to enter into an agreement for the purchase the land from the Unami Native Americans, a branch of the Leni Lenape.[34]

In 1755, the first steam engine in North America was set up at the Schuyler Copper Mine in what is now North Arlington to help drain water from the mine.

A road to the Hudson Waterfront was completed in 1750, named for Douwe's Ferry which it met at its eastern end to cross the Haceknsack River.[35] In 1790 the state legislature decided that "public good would be served by a 64-foot road from Paulus Hook to Newark Couthouse". By 1795, a bridge over the Hackensack 950 feet (290 m) long and another over the Passaic 492 feet (150 m) long (at the site of the Bridge Street Bridge) were built creating an uninterrupted toll road connection.[36] It is now known as the Newark Turnpike.

In 1826, the New Jersey Legislature, changed the name of New Barbadoes Neck to Lodi Township, in Bergen County.[37] Since Lodi was part of Bergen County, matters dealing with the county government and courts had to be taken to Hackensack.

In 1840, the inhabitants of Lodi Township joined with present day Secaucus, Bayonne, Jersey City, Hoboken, Weehawken, and Union City and petitioned for the creation of a new county due to the great distance which the petitioners had to travel to reach the county seat in Hackensack. This appeal resulted in the creation of Hudson County and the first mention of Harrison occurs in the law which was passed on February 22, 1840. Harrison Township was thereby established.[38]

The first committee meeting of the Township of Harrison was held on April 16, 1840, and it is widely accepted that Harrison was named for President William Henry Harrison, who was elected that year.

1850s - present day[edit]

In 1867 General N. N. Halstead succeeded in getting the necessary laws passed in Trenton and in March, Kearny became a separate Township from land that was a part of Harrison, which included East Newark at the time. East Newark later seceded from Kearny, establishing their own Borough.

While campaigning for re-election, President William Howard Taft coined the town's motto, "The Beehive of Industry", which is still used today.[1]

With the town's proximity to rail lines, and a large waterfront, Harrison was favorably situated for trade. Some of the industries which called Harrison home included the Edison Lamp Works, Worthington Pump and Machinery, the RCA Company, the Peter Hauck Brewery, Driver-Harris Company, Crucible Steel Company, Otis Elevator, Hartz Mountain, Remco Industries, Nopco Chemical and Hyatt Roller Bearing.

As the U.S. moved into the 20th century, these facilities played a major role in the development of revolutionary new products for both the private and public sector, peaking during World War II. The small town of about only 14,000 residents had more than 90,000 workers commuting into it on a daily basis.[39] In the 21st century the town is undergoing a transformation from a manufacturing center to a residential and service sector town.[40]

Government[edit]

Local representation[edit]

Town Hall

Harrison is governed under the Town form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a mayor and Town Council comprising eight council members elected on a partisan basis as part of the November general elections. A mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Town Council consists of eight members elected to serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat from each of the four wards up for vote one year, one seat from each of the four wards up the next year and then two years with no elections.[7]

The town is divided into four electoral wards, with each ward represented by two council members, with a total of eight council members on the Town Council. Each ward is divided into three districts (except for the 1st Ward, which has two districts), for a total of 11 electoral districts.

The head of the government is the mayor. The mayor chairs the Town Council and heads the municipal government. The Mayor may both vote on legislation before the Council and veto ordinances. The Mayor's veto can be overruled by ¾ of the Town Council voting to overrule the veto.

Town Council meetings are held on the first Tuesday of the month at 7:00 pm (except in July and August, when no meetings are held, at the call of the chairman), in Council Chambers, which is located on the second floor of the Town Hall at 318 Harrison Avenue. Public Caucus Meetings are held at 6:30 pm.

While serving a term scheduled to end on December 31, 2014, longtime Mayor Raymond McDonough died on February 12, 2014, after suffering a heart attack at town hall.[41] The town council selected former Harrison High School principal James A. Fife to complete the term.[4] Members of the Harrison Town Council are Laurence M. Bennett (D, 2014; Ward 3), Michael Dolaghan (D, 2015; Ward 4), James Doran (D, 2014; Ward 4), Jesus R. Huaranga (D, 2014; Ward 1), Carol Mandaglio (D, 2015; Ward 1), Anselmo Millan (D, 2014; Ward 2), Francisco Nascimento (D, 2015; Ward 3) and Victor Villalta (D, 2015; Ward 2).[42][43][44][45]

Harrison had one of the longest-serving mayors in American history, Frank E. Rodgers, who was first elected in 1946, defeating incumbent Frederick J. Gassert who had served for sixteen years, and served for 48 years, from 1947 to 1995, being elected to 24 two-year terms. He also served one term in the New Jersey State Senate, from 1979 to 1983.[46]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Harrison is located in the 8th Congressional District[47] and is part of New Jersey's 32nd state legislative district.[11][48][49] Prior to the 2010 Census, Harrison had been part of the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[50]

New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York).[51] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[52][53] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[54][55]

The 32nd District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Sacco (D, North Bergen) and in the General Assembly by Angelica M. Jimenez (D, West New York) and Vincent Prieto (D, Secaucus).[56] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[57] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[58]

The Hudson County Executive, elected at-large, is Thomas A. DeGise.[59]Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders District 9, comprising the West Hudson towns of Kearny, Harrison, and East Newark and most of Secaucus,[60] is represented by Albert Cifelli.[61][62]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,454 registered voters in Harrison, of which 3,207 (58.8%) were registered as Democrats, 312 (5.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,934 (35.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[63]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 68.0% of the vote here (2,347 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 30.0% (1,036 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (38 votes), among the 3,453 ballots cast by the town's 5,827 registered voters, for a turnout of 59.3%.[64] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 64.8% of the vote here (2,142 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 34.1% (1,128 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (16 votes), among the 3,306 ballots cast by the town's 5,411 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 61.1.[65]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 69.0% of the vote here (1,542 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 24.8% (554 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 3.9% (87 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (30 votes), among the 2,234 ballots cast by the town's 5,225 registered voters, yielding a 42.8% turnout.[66]

Emergency services[edit]

Police[edit]

Fire Headquarters

The Harrison Police Department was among the many Hudson County agencies that responded to the January 2009 crash of Flight 1549, for which they received accolades from the survivors.[67][68]

Fire[edit]

The Harrison Fire Department operates out of a fire station located at 634 Sussex Street and operates a fire apparatus fleet of three engines, one ladder, and several special, support, and reserve units. Due to cutbacks, the HFD usually is only able to staff one engine with 3 members and 1 ladder with 4 members on duty. The HFD employs 25 firefighters. In April 2013, officials from neighboring municipalities and fire departments expressed their frustration at the stresses placed on their firefighters in covering fires in Harrison.[69]

  • Engine 1(Reserve) 1994 Emergency-One Sentry 1250/750
  • Engine 2(Reserve) 1994 Emergency-One Sentry 1250/750
  • Engine 3 2006 Emergency-One 1500/720/10/30
  • Ladder 1 1991 Duplex/LTI 110' Tillered Aerial
  • ESU/Command 2005 Ford Excursion

EMS[edit]

As of January 1, 2014, Monmouth Ocean Hospital Service Corporation (MONOC) EMS provides 9-1-1 ambulance service to the city of Harrison and nearby East Newark. As part of the agreement, MONOC pays a $1,500 monthly fee for its use of the firehouse on Cleveland Avenue that had previously been used by Kearny Emergency Management Services.[70]

Education[edit]

Washington Middle School
Washington Middle School

The Harrison Public Schools serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade.The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide,[71] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[72][73]

Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[74]) are Lincoln Elementary School[75] (grades Pre-K to 3; 657 students), Hamilton Intermediate School[76] (4-5; 275 students who had previously attended the Lincoln Elementary School Annex), Washington Middle School[77] (6-8; 419) and Harrison High School[78] (9-12; 624).[79][80]

In September 2007, Harrison realigned the grades being housed in each of the school buildings in town. The new Harrison High School located on Hamilton Street between Kingsland and Schuyler Avenues opened to students in grades 9-12. As a result, the old Harrison High School building, located on 1 North 5th Street, was renamed as Washington Middle School. The old Washington Middle School, in turn, located on Hamilton Street between North 2nd and North 3rd Streets, has been renamed Hamilton School and now houses the 4th and 5th grades that formerly used the top floors of Holy Cross School. Holy Cross School has since been vacated by the Harrison Public School district.

The Harrison Public School District is participating in the Interdistrict Public School Choice Program. For the 2005-06. school year parents can request to transfer a child from the Washington School, designated by the State of New Jersey as a Category I School, to another school which is not a Category I School. Since there is only one elementary school in Harrison, parents can request a transfer to the Hoboken Public Schools under the Choice program. A transfer request will depend upon the capacity of the selected Hoboken school.[81]

In 2000, the Harrison High School was used as the location of an open casting call by HBO for the series The Sopranos, which brought 15,000-plus TV star hopefuls to the town, doubling the town's population and bringing traffic to a standstill.[82]

In September 2013, Harrison High School was recognized as a 2013 National Blue Ribbon School by the US Department of Education, one of only 286 in the country.[83][84]

PATH station
Jackson Street Bridge connects Harrison to the Newark Ironbound

Transportation[edit]

The Harrison station on the PATH rapid transit system offers service to Newark, Jersey City, Hoboken and New York City. Built in 1913 and relocated to its present location in 1936, its major reconstruction was approved on March 28, 2012, and is scheduled to run from January 2013 to April 2017.[85]

The Northeast Corridor, built in the 19th Century by the Pennsylvania Railroad and now owned by Amtrak, carries New Jersey Transit trains, and passes through the city on the same alignment as the PATH. There was a stop on the Northeast Corridor in Harrison, but it was eliminated due to the ease of picking up trains in Newark at Penn Station.

Harrison is served by buses operated by several bus companies. New Jersey Transit offers service within New Jersey on the 39, 30, 40 and 43 routes.[86]

By car, Harrison depends on Interstate 280 which runs through town. Westward, I-280 leads to Route 21, the Garden State Parkway, and Interstate 80. Eastward, it leads to Route 7 and the New Jersey Turnpike.

Replacement of Interstate 280's partial access in central Harrison with service roads, a new interchange, and an overpass (to improve access to Harrison Avenue, the PATH station, and Red Bull Arena, and to give north-south passage to local street traffic) is in the planning stages.[87][88]

The closest airport in New Jersey with scheduled passenger service is Newark Liberty International Airport, located 4.8 miles (7.7 km) away in Newark and Elizabeth.

Harrison Waterfront Development Plan[edit]

The Harrison Waterfront Redevelopment Plan invited developers to submit plans that capitalize on the presence of the Harrison PATH Station and the Passaic River within a 275-acre (1.11 km2) area that covers 35% of the whole town. The Plan seeks to unite the developers' proposals with a design theme that includes motifs from Harrison's industrial, cultural, and environmental history as a means of fostering a new identity for Harrison that provides a variety of mixed-use, transit-oriented, pedestrian-scale development that will make Harrison a regional destination.[89][90]

Red Bull Arena[edit]

The waterfront across from Newark has been cleared of industrial buildings and is being redeveloped

After years of delay, Red Bull Arena opened on March 20, 2010, with an exhibition game against the Brazilian club Santos FC.[91] The soccer-specific stadium (SSS) was constructed at a cost of $200 million and has a capacity of approximately 25,000, with a natural grass field, featuring a full wavy translucent European-style roof that covers all of the seats in the stadium but not the pitch.[92] The stadium sits alongside the Passaic River with a view of the Newark skyline, and is accessible via public transportation at the PATH train stop in Harrison.[93] The stadium is owned and operated by Red Bull GmbH.[94]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Harrison include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jones, Richard G. "As Newark Neighbor Moves Toward Rebirth, Some Pains Are Felt", The New York Times, February 21, 2007. Accessed December 15, 2011. "It was a sobering descent from the days when Harrison, which juts into the Passaic River just across from Newark, was the city where the likes of R.C.A., Otis Elevator and Thomas A. Edison helped forge the town’s motto: 'Beehive of Industry.'"
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Harrison picks ex-principal Fife to succeed McDonough as mayor". The Jersey Journal. February 26, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  6. ^ Town Clerk, Town of Harrison. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 142.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Town of Harrison, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "2010 Census Populations: Hudson County", Asbury Park Press. Accessed September 4, 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Harrison town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Harrison town, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  13. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  14. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 12, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Harrison, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 4, 2011.
  16. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  17. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Harrison, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  18. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed November 12, 2012.
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  21. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 12, 2012.
  22. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 26, 2013.
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  24. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 276, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 26, 2013. "Harrison in 1850 contained a population of 1,345; in 1860, 2,556; and in 1870, 2,789." Population for 1870 of 2,789 is incorrect and appears to be duplicated from data for that year for Greenville.
  25. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 139. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 26, 2013.
  26. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 26, 2013.
  27. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 26, 2013.
  28. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed July 26, 2013.
  29. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 710. Accessed December 10, 2011.
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  32. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Harrison town, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 12, 2012.
  33. ^ Chinese Communities, EPodunk. Accessed August 23, 2006.
  34. ^ From the Hackensacks to the Dutch, Lyndhurst Historical Society. Accessed December 15, 2011. "Since Major Kingsland was stationed on Barbados and theshape of the territory he purchased here was a neck of landbetween two rivers, he named his acquisition 'New BarbadoesNeck.' In June 1671, Nathaniel Kingsland sold the southernthird of New Barbadoes Neck (Harrison, East Newark, Kearnyand North Arlington) to William Sanford for 200 pounds."
  35. ^ chronology, Liberty Historic Railway. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  36. ^ Olsen, Kevin K. A Great Conveniency: A Maritime History of the Passaic River, Hackensack River and Newark Bay, American History Imprints, 2008. ISBN 9760975366776.
  37. ^ Bergen County New Jersey Municipalities, Dutch Door Genealogy. Accessed December 15, 2011. "Lodi Township was formed March 2, 1826 from area taken from New Barbadoes Township. In 1840 a part of its area was transferred to Harrison Township in Hudson County."
  38. ^ History of Harrison, Town of Harrison. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  39. ^ Home page, Town of Harrison. Accessed September 26, 2008.
  40. ^ http://www.northjersey.com/news/Harrison_a_town_in_transition_is_backdrop_for_latest_Port_Authority_intrigue.html
  41. ^ Staff. "Harrison Mayor Raymond McDonough dies after suffering massive heart attack at Town Hall", The Jersey Journal, February 12, 2014.
  42. ^ Mayor, Town of Harrison. Accessed February 12, 2014.
  43. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Town of Harrison. Accessed February 12, 2014.
  44. ^ 2011 General Election November 8, 2011 Official Results, Hudson County Clerk, November 14, 2011. Accessed February 12, 2014.
  45. ^ Hudson County, NJ General Election Results November 2, 2010, Hudson County Clerk, November 9, 2010. Accessed February 12, 2014.
  46. ^ Nieves, Evelyn. "OUR TOWNS; 24 Terms Are Enough, Harrison Mayor Decides", The New York Times, March 29, 1994. Accessed January 21, 2008.
  47. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  48. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  49. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  50. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  51. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  52. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  53. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  54. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  55. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  56. ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
  57. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  58. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
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