HMS Queen Elizabeth (R08)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Queen Elizabeth.
HMS Queen Elizabeth in Rosyth Dockyard MOD 45158229.jpg
HMS Queen Elizabeth floats off for the first time in July 2014
Career (UK)
Name: HMS Queen Elizabeth
Namesake: Queen Elizabeth I[citation needed]
Ordered: 20 May 2008
Builder: BAE Systems Surface Ships
Thales Group
Babcock Marine
Cost: £3.1bn[1] (~US$5bn)
Laid down: 7 July 2009 [2]
Launched: 17 July 2014
Sponsored by: Elizabeth II
Christened: 4 July 2014
Commissioned: early 2017 (planned)
Homeport: HMNB Portsmouth
Identification: Pennant number: R08
Deck code: Q
IMO number: 4907892
Motto: Semper Eadem ("Always the Same")
Status: Fitting Out
Badge: HMS Queene Elizabeth ships crest.jpg
General characteristics
Class & type: Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier
Displacement: 65,000 tonnes (64,000 long tons; 72,000 short tons)[3]
Length: 280 m (920 ft)[4]
Beam: 39 metres (waterline)
73 metres overall
Draught: 11 metres[5]
Decks: 16,000 square metres
Speed: 25 knots (46 km/h)
Range: 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km)
Capacity: 1,600[6]
Troops: 250[6]
Complement: 679[7]
Sensors and
processing systems:
Armament: Phalanx CIWS
30 mm guns and mini-guns to counter asymmetric threats.[8][dead link]
Aircraft carried: Tailored air group of up to 40 aircraft:
Aviation facilities: Hangar below deck and two aircraft lifts.

HMS Queen Elizabeth is the lead ship of the Queen Elizabeth-class of aircraft carrier, the largest warship ever built for the Royal Navy and capable of carrying up to forty aircraft. She was named by Queen Elizabeth II on 4 July 2014 and is scheduled to commission in early 2017, with initial operational capability from 2020. Her first Commanding Officer is to be Commodore Jerry Kyd, the former captain of HMS Ark Royal and HMS Illustrious.[9]

Unlike most large carriers she is not fitted with catapults and arrestor wires and is instead designed to operate V/STOL aircraft; her air wing will typically consist of F-35B Lightning II fighter-bombers and Merlin helicopters for airborne early warning and anti-submarine warfare. The design emphasises flexibility, with accommodation for 250 Royal Marines and the ability to support them with attack helicopters and troop transports up to Chinook size and larger. She is the second Royal Navy vessel to bear the name HMS Queen Elizabeth and is to be based at HMNB Portsmouth.[10]

Design and construction[edit]

On 25 July 2007 the then Defence Secretary Des Browne, announced the order for two new carriers.[11] At the time of approval the first carrier was expected to enter service in July 2015 and the budget was £4,085m for two ships.[12] The financial crisis led to a political decision in December 2008 to slow production, delaying Queen Elizabeth until May 2016. This decision alone added £1,560m to the cost.[12] By March 2010 the budget was estimated at £5,900m[12] and in November 2013 the contract was renegotiated with a budget of £6,200m.[13] The in-service date was further extended to 2020 in the Strategic Defence and Security Review in October 2010.[14]

Construction of Queen Elizabeth began in 2009. Her assembly is taking place in the Firth of Forth at Rosyth Dockyard from nine blocks built in six UK shipyards: BAE Systems Surface Ships in Glasgow, Babcock at Appledore, Babcock at Rosyth, A&P Tyne in Hebburn, BAE at Portsmouth and Cammell Laird (flight decks) at Birkenhead.[15][16] Two of the lower main blocks, together weighing more than 6,000 tonnes and forming part of the base of the ship, were assembled and joined into one piece on 30 June 2011.[17] On 16 August 2011, the 8,000-tonne Lower Block 03 of Queen Elizabeth left BAE Systems Surface Ships' Govan shipyard in Glasgow on a large ocean-going barge. Travelling 600 miles (970 km) around the northern coast of Scotland, the block arrived at Rosyth on the evening of 20 August 2011.[18] On the 28 October 2012 an 11,000-tonne section of the carrier began a lengthy journey around the south coast of England (to avoid bad weather) from the shipbuilding hall at Govan, to the Rosyth dockyard; it arrived on 21 November.[19] Her forward island was built at BAE Portsmouth and attached on 14 March 2013; the aft island was attached in June 2013. The ski jump was added in November 2013,[6] leaving just the elevators and radar to be lifted into place.[6] As of September 2013 Queen Elizabeth was 80% complete internally.[7]

Forward island leaves Portsmouth in February 2013

Naming ceremony[edit]

Queen Elizabeth was named at Rosyth on 4 July 2014 by Elizabeth II, who said that the warship "marks a new phase in our naval history". Instead of smashing the traditional bottle of champagne on the hull, she smashed a bottle of whisky from the Bowmore distillery on the Scottish island of Islay.

The ceremony was attended by the Duke of Edinburgh (the Lord High Admiral), Admiral George Zambellas (First Sea Lord), senior naval officers from the United States and France, and by politicians including David Cameron and Gordon Brown (the Prime Minister and his immediate predecessor) and Alex Salmond (First Minister of Scotland).

It also featured a fly-past by the Red Arrows and a second comprising navy, air force and army helicopters. HMS Illustrious was berthed adjacent to the Queen Elizabeth during the ceremony.[20]

The ship was floated out of dry dock on the morning of 17 July 2014.[21]

Future work[edit]

Fitting out will take until the end of 2015[21] and the crew will move aboard in May 2016[6] ahead of sea trials beginning in August 2016[21] and delivery in May 2017.[21] Flight trials with helicopters will begin in 2017 and F-35B flight trials towards the end of 2018.[21] An "operational military capability" will be declared in 2020.[22]

Aircraft[edit]

The two members of the Queen Elizabeth class (her sister ship being HMS Prince of Wales) are each expected to be capable of carrying forty aircraft, a maximum of thirty-six F-35s and four helicopters.[23] The 2010 SDSR anticipated the routine deployment of twelve F-35Bs, but a typical warload will be 24 F-35Bs and some helicopters.[7] These could be a Maritime Force Protection package of nine anti-submarine Merlin HM2 and five Merlin Crowsnest for airborne early warning; alternatively a Littoral Manoeuvre package could include a mix of RAF Chinooks, Army Apaches, Merlin HC4 and Wildcat HM2.[7] As of September 2013 six landing spots are planned, but the deck could be marked out for the operation of ten medium helicopters at once, allowing the lift of a company of 250 troops.[7] The hangars are designed for CH-47 Chinook operations without blade folding and the V-22 Osprey tiltrotor, whilst the aircraft lifts can accommodate two Chinooks with unfolded blades.[24]

Weapons systems[edit]

Defensive weapons include the Phalanx Close-In Weapons System for anti-aircraft and anti-missile defence; also 30mm Automated Small Calibre Guns and Miniguns for use against fast attack craft.[8]

Highly Mechanised Weapon Handling System (HMWHS)[edit]

Incorporated into the first two blocks is a sophisticated handling and deployment system for air weapons, with the aim of achieving a sortie generation rate which is about six times faster than any previous Royal Navy aircraft carrier. The system requires only 50 people and could be operated with as few as 12 in an emergency; it is estimated that 160 would be needed to produce the same efficiency with conventional equipment. The system moves munitions on pallets by means of remotely controlled electric vehicles and lifts.[25]

Affiliations[edit]

HMS Queen Elizabeth in July 2014

Official affiliations[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 56°1′30.59″N 3°26′56.64″W / 56.0251639°N 3.4490667°W / 56.0251639; -3.4490667

References[edit]

  1. ^ As of November 2013 the official project cost for the two carriers is £6.2bn
  2. ^ "Work begins on aircraft carriers". BBC News. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 11 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Harris, Stephen (27 May 2014). "Your questions answered: HMS Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier". The Engineer. 
  4. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Class". Royal Navy. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Future Aircraft Carrier (CVF) MOD website. retrieved 21 May 2008
  6. ^ a b c d e Hargreaves, Richard (December 2013). "Asset management". Navy News. p. 8. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Osborne, Anthony (11 September 2013). "U.K. Royal Navy Widening Scope Of Carrier Use". Aviation Week. 
  8. ^ a b "Queen Elizabeth class: facts and figures". Ministry of Defence. 
  9. ^ "Royal Navy Appoints First Captain of HMS Queen Elizabeth". Royal Navy. 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  10. ^ "Portsmouth Naval Base facts". Royal Navy. Retrieved 11 December 2008. 
  11. ^ "MOD confirms carrier order". BBC News. Retrieved 11 December 2008. 
  12. ^ a b c "Ministry of Defence Major Projects Report 2010 HC489-I" (pdf). House of Commons Defence Committee. 15 October 2010. p. 7 and fig 3. 
  13. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 06 Nov 2013 (pt 0001)". UK Parliament. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  14. ^ "Securing Britain in an Age of Uncertainty: The Strategic Defence and Security Review". HM Government. 19 October 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  15. ^ "Cammell Laird wins £50m Royal Navy warship contract". Liverpool Echo. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  16. ^ Construction begins at Navy's new carriers' Portsmouth base
  17. ^ "Another giant piece of the carrier slots into place". Navy News. 
  18. ^ "Huge carrier block arrives in Rosyth". Navy News. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
  19. ^ Navy News - Gigantic piece of HMS Queen Elizabeth arrives to join the rest of the ship - 12/11/2012
  20. ^ "Queen names new Royal Navy aircraft carrier in Rosyth". BBC News. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c d e Osborne, Tony (17 July 2014). "U.K. Carrier Floated For The First Time". Aviation Week. 
  22. ^ House of Commons Hansard Debates for 10 May 2012, UK Parliament, 10 May 2012 
  23. ^ Adams, Christopher (25 July 2007). "MoD gives nod for aircraft carriers". Financial Times. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  24. ^ Osborne, Anthony (30 August 2013). "U.K. Builds Fleet Of Modernized Chinooks". Aviation Week. 
  25. ^ Downs, David (1 March 2012). "Assembly phase reveals Queen Elizabeth scale". The Engineer. 
  26. ^ Royal Navy "Royal Navy and City of London affirm bonds with new aircraft carrier". Royal Navy. 9 June 2014. 

External links[edit]