Himeji, Hyōgo

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Himeji
姫路市
Core city
Himeji CastleNada Fighting Festival, Engyō-jiCity view from the Castle, Ieshima, Mount Seppiko
Himeji Castle
Nada Fighting Festival, Engyō-ji
City view from the Castle, Ieshima, Mount Seppiko
Flag of Himeji
Flag
Location of Himeji in Hyōgo Prefecture
Location of Himeji in Hyōgo Prefecture
Himeji is located in Japan
Himeji
Himeji
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°49′N 134°41′E / 34.817°N 134.683°E / 34.817; 134.683Coordinates: 34°49′N 134°41′E / 34.817°N 134.683°E / 34.817; 134.683
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Hyōgo Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Toshikatsu Iwami (since April 2003)
Area
 • Total 534.43 km2 (206.34 sq mi)
Population (April 1, 2011)
 • Total 535,945
 • Density 1,002.83/km2 (2,597.3/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Evergreen Oak
- Flower Pecteilis radiata
- Bird White Heron
Address 4-1 Yasuda
670-8501
Phone number 079-221-2111
Website www.city.himeji.lg.jp

Himeji (姫路市 Himeji-shi?) is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan.

As of April 1, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 535,945, with 206,409 households and a population density of 1,002.83 persons per km². The total area is 534.43 km2 (206.34 sq mi).

History[edit]

Himeji has been the center of Harima Province since Nara period. After the Battle of Sekigahara, Ikeda Terumasa received a fief at Harima Province and established the Himeji Domain. He expanded the Himeji Castle and its castle town.

Himeji was the capital of Himeji Prefecture (later Shikama Prefecture) since 1871, but the prefecture was merged into Hyōgo Prefecture in 1876. The city of Himeji was established on April 1, 1889. After the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, the Japanese government reportedly considered moving the nation's capital from Tokyo to Himeji.

On March 27, 2006, the town of Yasutomi (from Shisō District), the town of Kōdera(from Kanzaki District), and the towns of Ieshima and Yumesaki (both from Shikama District) were merged into Himeji.

Air Raid[edit]

During World War II, Himeji was selected as a target by the United States' XXI Bomber Command because it served as an important rail terminal and contained two large military zones. On July 3, 1945 at 4:23 PM (JST), 107 Aircraft took off to bomb Himeji. During the raid, 767 tons of incendiary bombs were dropped on Himeji, destroying 63.3% of the built up areas of the city.[1]

Climate[edit]

Himeji has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Summers are significantly wetter than winters.

Climate data for Himeji, Hyōgo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
9.1
(48.4)
12.2
(54)
18.2
(64.8)
22.7
(72.9)
25.8
(78.4)
29.6
(85.3)
31.5
(88.7)
27.4
(81.3)
22.0
(71.6)
16.6
(61.9)
11.3
(52.3)
19.6
(67.28)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
4.1
(39.4)
7.0
(44.6)
12.9
(55.2)
17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
25.6
(78.1)
26.9
(80.4)
22.7
(72.9)
16.5
(61.7)
10.9
(51.6)
5.7
(42.3)
14.57
(58.24)
Average low °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.9
(35.4)
7.5
(45.5)
12.2
(54)
17.6
(63.7)
22.3
(72.1)
23.0
(73.4)
18.7
(65.7)
11.6
(52.9)
6.0
(42.8)
1.0
(33.8)
10.05
(50.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38.7
(1.524)
51.4
(2.024)
87.2
(3.433)
131.4
(5.173)
140.5
(5.531)
208.9
(8.224)
161.7
(6.366)
100.8
(3.969)
200.2
(7.882)
103.9
(4.091)
61.0
(2.402)
32.3
(1.272)
1,318
(51.891)
Snowfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(2)
 % humidity 70 69 68 69 71 76 78 75 76 74 74 73 72.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.4 129.8 160.8 172.6 197.0 148.1 164.5 198.1 144.0 158.1 143.5 146.1 1,908
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

Points of interest[edit]

Originally a castle town, Himeji is home to the Himeji Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. For over 400 years, Himeji Castle has remained intact, even throughout the extensive bombing of Himeji in World War II and natural disasters such as the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and various typhoons.[3][4][5] Other attractions include the Engyō-ji temple, Mount Seppiko, Himeji Central Park (a safari park), the Himeji City Tegarayama Botanical Garden in Tegarayama Central Park and the Koko-en Garden.

International relations[edit]

Himeji is twinned or has sister city relationships with six international cities and two Japanese cities, as well as a sister castle located in France.[6]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

International[edit]

Japan[edit]

Sister castle[edit]

Notable people from Himeji[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 21st Bomber Command Tactical Mission Report 247, 250, Ocr
  2. ^ "Himeji Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ "A hilltop white heron 400 years old". The Daily Yomiuri. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Himeji Castle starts its renovation in April". Official Tourism Guide for Japan Travel. Retrieved July 1, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Himeji Castle". Japan Atlas. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  6. ^ Sister Cities. City of Himeji. Retrieved August 24, 2008. (Japanese)
  7. ^ "Phoenix Sister Cities". Phoenix Sister Cities. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-08-06. 

External links[edit]