I Feel Fine
|"I Feel Fine"|
|Single by The Beatles|
|B-side||"She's a Woman"|
|Released||23 November 1964 (US)
27 November 1964 (UK)
|Recorded||18 October 1964
EMI Studios, London
|Label||Capitol 5327 (US)
Parlophone R5200 (UK)
|The Beatles singles chronology|
|"I Feel Fine"|
|Single by Sweethearts of the Rodeo|
|from the album One Time, One Night|
|Sweethearts of the Rodeo singles chronology|
"I Feel Fine" is a riff-driven rock song written by John Lennon (credited to Lennon–McCartney) and released in 1964 by the Beatles as the A-side of their eighth British single. The song is notable for being one of the first uses of guitar feedback in popular music. 
Lennon wrote the guitar riff while in the studio recording "Eight Days a Week". "I wrote 'I Feel Fine' around that riff going on in the background", he recalled. "I told them I'd write a song specially for the riff. So they said, 'Yes. You go away and do that', knowing that we'd almost finished the album Beatles for Sale. Anyway, going into the studio one morning, I said to Ringo, 'I've written this song but it's lousy'. But we tried it, complete with riff, and it sounded like an A side, so we decided to release it just like that."
Lennon loved technology, and when the feedback was coincidentally recorded during the I Feel Fine session, liked the sound of it and placed it at the beginning of the song. John Lennon said that the riff was influenced by a riff in "Watch Your Step", a 1961 release written and performed by Bobby Parker and covered by the Beatles in concerts during 1961 and 1962. Paul McCartney said the drums on "I Feel Fine" were inspired by Ray Charles's "What'd I Say".
At the time of the song's recording, the Beatles, having mastered the studio basics, had begun to explore new sources of inspiration in noises previously eliminated as mistakes (such as electronic goofs, twisted tapes, and talkback). "I Feel Fine" marks one of the earliest examples of the use of feedback as a recording effect in popular music. Artists such as the Kinks and the Who had already used feedback live, but Lennon remained proud of the fact that the Beatles were one of the first groups to actually put it on vinyl.
The intro to "I Feel Fine" starts with a single, percussive (yet pure-sounding) feedback note produced by plucking the A string on Lennon's guitar. This was the very first use of feedback preceding a song on a rock record. According to McCartney, "John had a semi-acoustic Gibson guitar. It had a pickup on it so it could be amplified . . . We were just about to walk away to listen to a take when John leaned his guitar against the amp. I can still see him doing it . . . it went, 'Nnnnnnwahhhhh!" And we went, 'What's that? Voodoo!' 'No, it's feedback.' Wow, it's a great sound!' George Martin was there so we said, 'Can we have that on the record?' 'Well, I suppose we could, we could edit it on the front.' It was a found object, an accident caused by leaning the guitar against the amp."
Although it sounded very much like an electric guitar, Lennon actually played it on an acoustic-electric guitar (a Gibson model J-160E), employing the guitar's onboard pickup. The intro riff around a D major chord progresses to a C, then a G, where the G major vocals begin. Just before the coda, Lennon's intro riff (or ostinato), is repeated with a bright sound by George Harrison on electric guitar (a Gretsch Tennessean), followed by the more "electric" sound of John's amped acoustic. 
Two different music videos directed by Joe McGrath were filmed. Both feature various bits of gym equipment. In one, George, Paul and John perform the song while Ringo rides the exercise bike. In the other they are all eating Fish and Chips, while trying to mime to the song.
The single reached the top of the British charts on 12 December of that year, displacing the Rolling Stones' "Little Red Rooster", and remained there for five weeks, and the top of the Billboard Hot 100 in late 1964. The B-side was the #4 hit "She's a Woman".
"I Feel Fine" was the last of six Hot 100 #1 hits in a calendar year, a record at the time, and also the first of six Hot 100 #1 chart toppers in a row (not counting the EP "4 - by the Beatles") by one act, also a record at the time. The subsequent singles were "Eight Days a Week", "Ticket to Ride", "Help!", "Yesterday" and "We Can Work It Out". The latter record was equalled by the Bee Gees in 1979 and surpassed by Whitney Houston in 1988. "I Feel Fine" was also the first Beatles single to be released almost concurrently in the US and the UK. The song has sold 1.41 million copies in the UK.
In the United States, the song was released on their Capitol album Beatles '65, and is presented in a duophonic mix featuring a layer of reverb added by executive Dave Dexter, Jr.. This was on the stereo version of the album. The mono mix- released as a single on Capitol- features an exclusive mix with added reverb and a shorter fade as created by Beatles producer George Martin.
There is also another stereo version that sounds the same, but with whispering at the very beginning which appears on the original release of 1962–1966.
- John Lennon – double tracked lead vocal, lead/rhythm guitar
- Paul McCartney – harmony vocal, bass
- George Harrison – harmony vocal, lead/rhythm guitar
- Ringo Starr – drums
- In 1965, The Ventures covered the song during a live set, found on the 1995 release "Live in Japan '65".
- In 1967, Alma Cogan released a version on her album Alma.
- In 1986, Queen would often play this song's signature riff during their Magic Tour.
- In 1988, Sweethearts of the Rodeo released a Country version as a single.
- In 1998, The Punkles did a Punk version on their first album, The Punkles.
- In 2002, Take That included "I Feel Fine" in their "Beatles Medley".
- In 2003, Curtis Stigers did a ballad version on his album You Inspire Me.
- In 2005, Westlife included the song in their The Number Ones Tour set list.
- In 2005, Les Fradkin released an instrumental version on his album While My Guitar Only Plays.
- "1" Liner Notes by Mark Lewisohn
- RIAA 2009.
- Miles 1997, p. 172.
- Beatles Interview Database 2009.
- MacDonald 2005, p. 36.
- The Beatles, p. 160.
- Babiuk 2002, pp. 146–147.
- Leanord 1993.
- Emerick & Massey 2006, pp. 94–95.
- Wallgren 1982, pp. 38–45.
- Ami Sedghi (4 November 2012). "UK's million-selling singles: the full list". Guardian. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- MacDonald 2005, p. 136.
- Babiuk, Andy (2002). Beatles Gear: All the Fab Four's Instruments, from Stage to Studio (Revised ed.). San Francisco: Backbeat Books. ISBN 0-87930-731-5.
- The Beatles (2000). The Beatles Anthology. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. ISBN 0-8118-2684-8.
- "Beatles For Sale". Beatles Interview Database. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- Emerick, Geoff; Massey, Howard (2006). Here, There and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of the Beatles. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 1-59240-179-1.
- Hal Leonard Publishing Corporation, ed. (1993). The Beatles - Complete Scores. Milwaukee: Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 0-7935-1832-6.
- MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (Second Revised ed.). London: Pimlico (Rand). ISBN 1-84413-828-3.
- Miles, Barry (1997). Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now. New York: Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 0-8050-5249-6.
- "RIAA Gold & Platinum Searchable Database - The Beatles Gold Singles". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- Wallgren, Mark (1982). The Beatles on Record. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-45682-2.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book Of Top 40 Country Hits: 1944-2006, Second edition. Record Research. p. 341.
"Come See About Me" by the Supremes
|Billboard Hot 100 number one single
26 December 1964 (three weeks)
"Come See About Me" by the Supremes
"Little Red Rooster" by the Rolling Stones
|UK number one single
(UK Christmas Number One single)
10 December 1964 (five weeks)
"Yeh Yeh" by Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames