Paperback Writer

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"Paperback Writer"
US single sleeve
Single by The Beatles
B-side "Rain"
Released 30 May 1966 (US)
10 June 1966 (UK)
Format 7"
Recorded 13 & 14 April 1966
EMI Studios, London
Genre Hard rock,[1] power pop,[2] psychedelic rock[3]
Length 2:18 (stereo version)
2:26 (mono single version)
Label Parlophone R5452 (UK)
Capitol 5651 (US)
Writer(s) Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s) George Martin
Certification Gold (RIAA)[4]
The Beatles singles chronology
"We Can Work It Out" /
"Day Tripper"
(UK-1965)

"Nowhere Man"
(US-1966)
"Paperback Writer" / "Rain"
(1966)
"Eleanor Rigby" / "Yellow Submarine"
(1966)

"Paperback Writer" is a 1966 song recorded and released by the Beatles. Written by Paul McCartney and John Lennon[5] (credited to Lennon–McCartney), the song was released as the A-side of their eleventh single. The single went to the number one spot in the United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, West Germany, Australia, New Zealand and Norway. On the US Billboard Hot 100, the song was at number one for two non-consecutive weeks, being interrupted by Frank Sinatra's "Strangers in the Night".

"Paperback Writer" was the last new song by the Beatles to be featured on their final tour in 1966.

Recording[edit]

The track was recorded between 13 and 14 April 1966.

"Paperback Writer" is marked by the boosted bass guitar sound throughout, partly in response to John Lennon demanding to know why the bass on a certain Wilson Pickett record far exceeded the bass on any Beatles records.[6] This changed with the "Paperback Writer" single.

"'Paperback Writer' was the first time the bass sound had been heard in all its excitement," said Beatles' engineer Geoff Emerick in Mark Lewisohn's book The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions. "Paul played a different bass, a Rickenbacker. Then we boosted it further by using a loudspeaker as a microphone. We positioned it directly in front of the bass speaker and the moving diaphragm of the second speaker made the electric current."[6]

The harmonies - “Then I had the idea to do the harmonies and we arranged that in the studio,” Paul continues. George Martin went on record to describe the “contrapuntal statements from the backing voices – no one had really done that before” and admitted that The Beach Boys were “a great inspiration” with regard to this song. With “Sloop John B” just entering the British charts and The Beatles being just given a preview of the entire “Pet Sounds” album, the trademark Beach Boys harmonies were emulated for “Paperback Writer.”[7] The background vocal harmonies at the beginning of the third chorus are provided by Lennon and George Harrison who sing the title of the French nursery rhyme "Frère Jacques". These harmonies occur at a little over one minute into the track.[8]

Emerick stated that the "Paperback Writer" / "Rain" single was cut louder than any other Beatles record up to that time, due to a new piece of equipment used in the mastering process, referred to as "Automatic Transient Overload Control", which was devised by the EMI maintenance department.[9]

Song lyrics[edit]

According to disc jockey Jimmy Savile, McCartney wrote the song in response to a request from an aunt who asked if he could "write a single that wasn't about love."[10][11] Savile said, "With that thought obviously still in his mind, he walked around the room and noticed that Ringo was reading a book. He took one look and announced that he would write a song about a book."[10] In a 2007 interview, McCartney recalled that he started writing the song after reading in the Daily Mail about an aspiring author, possibly Martin Amis.[12] The Daily Mail was Lennon's regular newspaper and copies were in Lennon's Weybridge home when Lennon and McCartney were writing songs.[10]

The song's lyrics are in the form of a letter from an aspiring author addressed to a publisher. The author badly needs a job and has written a paperback book based on a book by a "man named Lear." This is a reference to the Victorian author and artist Edward Lear, who wrote nonsense poems and songs of which Lennon was very fond (though Lear never wrote novels).

Aside from deviating from the subject of love, McCartney had it in mind to write a song with a melody backed by a single, static chord. "John and I would like to do songs with just one note like 'Long Tall Sally.' We got near it in 'The Word.'"[13] McCartney claimed to have barely failed to achieve this goal with "Paperback Writer," as the verse remains on G until the end, at which point it pauses on C. The backing vocals during this section are from the French children's song "Frère Jacques".[14]

Lennon told Hit Parader in 1972 that "Paperback Writer" was primarily written by McCartney: "I think I might have helped with some of the lyrics. Yes, I did. But it was mainly Paul's tune." Lennon also said to Playboy in 1980 "Paperback Writer is son of Day Tripper, but it is Paul's song." ("son of Day Tripper" meaning a rock 'n' roll song with a guitar lick on a fuzzy, loud guitar.)

Promotion[edit]

In Britain, the single was promoted with a photograph depicting the Beatles draped with joints of raw meat and decapitated baby dolls. This same photograph was later used, albeit briefly, as the Yesterday and Today album cover in the USA, and in that capacity it became known as the "butcher cover".[15]

For the American release of the single, the cover depicted the Beatles playing live, but with Lennon and Harrison's images reflected so that it appeared they were playing left-handedly. (See the image at the top of the page).

The promotional film for the song, one of the first of its type, shot amongst ornate garden statuary, was directed by Michael Lindsay-Hogg, who went on to direct the Beatles' final film, the documentary Let It Be.[16]

Personnel[edit]

There is some dispute over who played what on "Paperback Writer". In the November 2005 issue of Guitar Player magazine, Paul McCartney stated that he played the song's famous opening riff on his Epiphone Casino guitar,[17] and photos from the song's session seem to be consistent with this.[citation needed] McCartney is also widely credited for the song's iconic bass line, but photos from the session show George Harrison playing a Burns Nu-Sonic bass, not an electric guitar.[citation needed] Perhaps Harrison recorded a bass line for "Paperback Writer" that was later removed and retracked by McCartney.[citation needed] On page 74 of The Beatles Recording Sessions is a photograph of a session note by Phil McDonald.[6] The note shows that Harrison and Lennon were on guitars and McCartney was on bass.

Personnel per Ian MacDonald[19]

Release[edit]

Country Title[20]
US "Paperback Writer"
b/w "Rain"
  • Label: Capitol 5651
  • Released: 30 May 1966
  • Format: single
UK "Paperback Writer"
b/w "Rain"
  • Label: Parlophone R 5452
  • Released: 10 June 1966
  • Format: single
UK A Collection of Beatles Oldies... but Goldies
  • Label: Parlophone R 5452
  • Released: 9 December 1966
  • Format: LP
US Hey Jude
  • Label: Apple SW-385
  • Released: 26 February 1970
  • Format: LP

"Paperback Writer" appears on subsequent re-releases including 1962–1966 (1973), a re-released single (1976), Past Masters, Volume Two (1988), and 1 (2000). The single was later released part of a Record Store Day reissue in 2010.[21]

Promotional films[edit]

Michael Lindsay-Hogg directed four promotional films for the song shot on 19 and 20 May 1966. On the first day they recorded a colour performance at Abbey Road, for The Ed Sullivan Show, which was shown on 5 June, and two black and white performance clips for British television. These were shown on Ready Steady Go! and Thank Your Lucky Stars on 3 and 25 June, respectively.

On 20 May, another colour film was made at Chiswick House in west London. The Beatles mimed to the song, and they were shown in and around the conservatory in the grounds of the house. The clip was first broadcast in black and white on BBC-TV's Top of the Pops on 2 June.[22] The Beatles made their only live appearance on Top of the Pops to mime to "Paperback Writer" and "Rain". They were introduced by DJ Pete Murray. This session is famous for being wiped by the BBC when they were cleaning tapes for re-use. The session showed how difficult it was for the Beatles to even mime to their later material – they had difficulty in taking their performance seriously.[citation needed]

Cover versions[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Scott Miller, Music: What Happened?, (125 Records, 2010), ISBN 0-615-38196-0, P.39.
  2. ^ John M. Borack, Shake some action: the ultimate power pop guide, (Shake Some Action – PowerPop, 2007), ISBN 0-9797714-0-4, P.175.
  3. ^ DeRogatis, Jim. Turn on Your Mind: Four Decades of Great Psychedelic Rock. p. 48. 
  4. ^ RIAA 2009.
  5. ^ Sheff 2000, p. 179.
  6. ^ a b c Lewisohn 1988, p. 74.
  7. ^ Miles, Barry (October 1997). Paul McCartney: Many Years from Now. Henry Holt & Co. ISBN 0805052488. 
  8. ^ MacDonald 2005, p. 196.
  9. ^ Emerick 2006, p. 117.
  10. ^ a b c Turner 2005, p. 101.
  11. ^ Fontenot 2008.
  12. ^ Colapinto 2007.
  13. ^ Aldridge 1990, p. 24.
  14. ^ Pollack 1993.
  15. ^ Ayoub 2008.
  16. ^ "Shooting the "Paperback Writer" promotional video" at thebeatles.com
  17. ^ "McCartney And His Casino on Cover of Guitar Player". Epiphone.com. 25 October 2005. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  18. ^ Mulhern, Tim (July 1990). "Paul McCartney Interview". Guitar Player. Retrieved 30 May 2013. "Also, it stayed in tune right up the neck; the Hofner had problems when you got right up near the top. So I hardly ever went up there-although some of that stuff in "Paperback Writer" is Hofner, so it did actually stay in tune for that. But it was a little more difficult to work with, being a cheaper instrument. I guess you pay for that precision." 
  19. ^ MacDonald 2005, p. 195.
  20. ^ Lewisohn 1988, pp. 200–201.
  21. ^ Beatles, The – Paperback Writer / Rain (Vinyl) at Discogs
  22. ^ The Beatles Bible 2008.
  23. ^ "Discography". Tbsod.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 

References[edit]

Preceded by
"Strangers in the Night" by Frank Sinatra
UK number-one single
23–30 June 1966
Succeeded by
"Sunny Afternoon" by The Kinks
Preceded by
"Paint It, Black" by The Rolling Stones
Billboard Hot 100 number-one single
25 June 1966
9 July 1966
Succeeded by
"Strangers in the Night" by Frank Sinatra