Intelligence Bureau (Pakistan)

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Intelligence Bureau
State emblem of Pakistan.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1949
Preceding Agency Intelligence Bureau
Jurisdiction Government of Pakistan
Headquarters Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory
Employees Highly Classified
Annual budget Classified
Agency executives Aftab Sultan, PSP, Director-General
Mansoor Khan
Parent agency Chief Executive of Pakistan

Intelligence Bureau (IB) is Pakistan's main domestic/internal intelligence and espionage agency. It functions under direct control of Chief Executive of Pakistan - either Prime Minister or the President. The IB's tasks include counter-intelligence and internal Security matters.

The current Director-General is Aftab Sultan.

National Intelligence Directorate (NID) is formed in 2014 in order to pool intelligence gathered by over 30 Pakistan's intelligence agencies.[1]

Powers[edit]

Although the agency has no formal arrest powers, suspects are often arrested and detained by law enforcement agencies at the request of IB officials. In 1996, the IB was granted control of government censorship programs, controlling information dissemination via mail, wire, or electronic medium.

From 1990s, the agency remained actively involved to curb Sectarian violence in Pakistan. After 9/11, it also played its role as a stakeholder of the Government of Pakistan in the War on Terror. IB has captured a number of high profile terrorists and sectarian militants. Moreover it has been instrumental in efforts to break terrorist networks and organised crime rackets throughout the country especially Karachi through its sophisticated human and technical intelligence apparatus. The agency had also been blamed for its belligerent role in Operation Clean-up at Karachi in 1991-92 and 1994-96.

The IB is considered to be a main tool of the government to pacify opposition elements and is sometimes viewed as a government toppling machine. One case under discussion in the Supreme Court of Pakistan is for the alleged involvement of the agency in destabilising the Punjab Government in 2008.

History[edit]

The existence of IB predates the creation of Pakistan, as it was a part of the pre-war Intelligence Bureau of British India, and the present day IB was created from elements given to Pakistan upon independence. It was initially the main Pakistani Agency, with responsibility for strategic and foreign intelligence, as well as counter-espionage and domestic affairs. Its performance in the 1948 war was however considered less than exemplary[1] due to the fact that the pre-independence Bureau was concerned with internal security matters, and was not set up for foreign intelligence collection. As a result, after the war, a new agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), was created, and it took over the strategic and foreign intelligence roles. This is the supreme agency in Pakistan.

List of martyred IB officers in operational duties[edit]

  1. 1993 - Abdul Latif Baloch
  2. 1994 - Kareem Chaudhry
  3. 1994 - Afzal Rajpoot
  4. 1995 - Haseem ud Din Rana
  5. 1996 - Habibullah
  6. 2000 - Akhtar zaidi Inspector
  7. 2007 - Bait Ullah Khan Mehsud, Assistant Director
  8. 2008 - Nisar Khan, Director
  9. 2008 - Ibrahim
  10. 2008 - Fazl ur Rehman
  11. 2008 - Abdul kabir, Assistant Director
  12. 2009 - Tanveer Raza, Inspector
  13. 2010 - Abdullah Jan Tareen, Inspector
  14. 2010 - Pervaiz Malik, Assistant Director
  15. 2010 - Kashif khan
  16. 2011 - Hassan Raza
  17. 2011 - Alam Khan, Sub Inspector
  18. 2011 - Abdul Razzaq, Inspector
  19. 2011 - Siraj, Deputy Director
  20. 2012 - Qamar Raza, Inspector
  21. 2012 - Bashir Khan, Inspector
  22. 2012 - Arshad Ghayas, Assistant Sub Inspector
  23. 2013 - Muhammad Ali, Sub-Inspector
  24. 2013 - Shakeel Ahmed Awan, Sub Inspector
  25. 2013 - Khawaja Abdul Wahab, Sub Inspector Sargodha
  26. 2014 - Manan Shah, Inspector

List of IB chiefs[edit]

  1. Maj.(R) Masood Shareef - 1996
  2. Col (R) Iqbal Niazi, August 1998-October 1999
  3. Maj Gen (R) Talat Munir, - October 2002
  4. Col (R) Bashir Wali Mohmand, October 2002 - February 2004
  5. Brig (R) Ijaz Shah, February 2004 - March 2008
  6. Tariq Ahmed Lodhi, March 2008-August 2008
  7. Shoaib Suddle, August 2008 - May 2009
  8. Javed Noor, May 2009 - October 2011
  9. Aftab Sultan, October 2011 - July 2012
  10. Akhter Hussain Gorchani, July 2012 -March 2013
  11. Wadood Shah, March 2013 - June 2013
  12. Aftab Sultan, June 2013 – present

Books[edit]

  • Jaffrelot, Christophe. A History of Pakistan and Its Origins. Translated by Gillian Beaumont. New York: Anthem Press, 2002.
  • Jones, Owen Bennett. Pakistan: Eye of the Storm. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002.
  • Ziring, Lawrence. Pakistan in the Twentieth Century: A Political History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Periodicals[edit]

  • Gauhar, Altaf. "How Intelligence Agencies Run Our Politics". The Nation. September 1997: 4.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

IB officer shot dead at Karachi [2] IB officer killed at Peshawar [3] Supreme Court hearing case for involvement of IB in toppling Provincial Government [4]