J. W. Sexton High School

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J. W. Sexton High School
JW Sexton HS - Exterior Full Front.jpg
Location
102 South McPherson Avenue.
Lansing, Michigan

United States
Coordinates 42°43′58.41″N 84°34′32.73″W / 42.7328917°N 84.5757583°W / 42.7328917; -84.5757583
Information
Type Public
Established 1943
School district Lansing School District
Principal Sandra Noecker [1]
Faculty 46.3
Grades 7 to 12 [1]
Enrollment 632 (2010-2011)
Student to teacher ratio 21.2
Color(s) Red, White, Black
Athletics conference MHSAA, Class B
Capital Area Activities Conference
Mascot Big Reds
Website

J. W. Sexton High School is a public school located on the western edge of Lansing, Michigan, United States, in the Lansing School District. The principal is currently Sandra Noecker. The Sexton Big Reds are members of the Capital Area Activities Conference. The school has a fierce rivalry with the Everett Vikings of Everett High School on the south side of the city. In March 2012 the Lansing School District announced that Sexton would house 7-12 grades beginning in the 2012-2013 school year.

The Building and Architecture[edit]

Concept Sketch 1
Concept Sketch 1
J. W. Sexton High School, Concept Sketches

Of the Lansing high schools, J. W. Sexton High School is the most important in terms of architectural innovation. Designed by the architectural firm Warren S. Holmes Company, in its heyday, Architectural Record called Sexton "a flexible school with latest facilities".[2] Original designs were begun in 1939, and the school district allowed the firm to take two years to draw up an economic, yet long lasting design.

Construction[edit]

Conservatory
J. W. Sexton High School, Conservatory, Exterior, 2002

The Warren S. Holmes Co. emphasized that the most important part of the entire project was the planning. The firm spent over a year researching the communities needs and wants to create an appropriate structure. Retired structural engineer and partner of the firm, Howard Hunter, recalled an amusing anecdote. He remembered when the firm was researching what educators wanted in their new school, the biology/taxidermy teacher said he would like a conservatory large enough to house considerably sized animals and maintain an entire ecosystem. This was of course beyond the scope of a high school and was not constructed. However, a bigger than average conservatory was built to satisfy the teacher.[3]

Construction commenced in 1941, prior to the United States involvement in World War II. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December, construction materials were seized by the government for war production. Nevertheless, the Lansing School District sent representatives to Washington D.C. to request materials. After some haggling, the government agreed it was in the country's interests to complete the school. In addition, more funding for construction was procured from the Public Works Administration. With these materials and money, construction progressed over the next two years, and the school was ready for occupation in 1943.

However, because of the war, some designs were changed and delayed. While the auditorium exterior was completed in 1943, the interior was not constructed until 1949, well after the war. Because of financial constraints, a natatorium was not added until 1956. Elaborate roofs were scrapped for simple flat roofs and simple unadorned porcelain fixtures were substituted in place of more elaborate chrome fixtures. After all construction was completed in 1956, the Lansing School District had spent $2,053,494 (about $26,000,000 in today's dollars).

H-Column
Modular "H" column cross-section

Because of a modular system of construction, the school was constructed rather efficiently. One technique was actually created by the Warren S. Holmes Company. It involved using an "H" column for all vertical supports. It consisted of reinforced concrete in the form of an "H", hence the name. These columns were placed every ten feet, and the twelve inch by twelve inch cavities could be used to run conduit, ventilation, and plumbing. All cabinetry, windows, and doors were interchangeable and standardized. According to Architectural Record, each room was planned to be its own complete unit. " 'Each unit 10 by 12 ft.,' report the architects, 'was designed as a complete element within itself, having its own light, both artificial and natural, heating, ventilation, electric wiring, case and cupboard spaces, and in general adapting itself to the same utilitarian manner as a sectional bookcase' ".[4]

Once completed, the school was hailed as having the most modern facilities and innovations. The school has total capacity for 2,056 pupils and includes modern science labs, a home economics lab, a metal shop, a wood shop, a large boiler plant to provide steam heat, several classrooms with stages for dramatics and speech, an auditorium seating 1,783, a cafeteria capacity for 400, and a gymnasium with room for 2,200 spectators.

J. W. Sexton High School, 1944
1944
J. W. Sexton High School, 1944
1943
J. W. Sexton High School, Exterior

The Exterior[edit]

Clock Tower
Clock Tower
Front Detail
Front Detail
J. W. Sexton High School, Exterior, 2002

Sexton High School was not only an engineering marvel, it was a piece of architectural art. The school was designed at the very end of the Art Deco period. Had it been designed just a few years later, it probably would have been in the International Style. The geometric characteristics of the Art Deco style are quite prominent in Sexton's exterior. When one first looks at the building, the eye is immediately drawn to the eight-story clock tower flanking the north end of the building. At the top, the corners have a stepped look, which is common among Art Deco buildings. As the tower grows in height, there are step backs, providing a telescope effect. Below the clock face, narrow glass block windows and chrome spandrels give an extra sense of height to the tower.

This verticality, while no longer as prominent of a feature, can still be seen elsewhere on the school. On the front of building above the main entrance, windows once stretched vertically between the spandrels, but have since been replaced with smaller horizontal windows and the remaining cavity was filled with an insulating stucco material. Between the windows, a band of concrete emblazoned with the schools name extends to the top of the building. Originally, all the windows had a vertical effect, but the replacement has altered its appearance. The change is quite apparent in photos to the right and the left. The new windows drastically decrease the sense of verticality.

Probably the most unique feature of Sexton High is its exterior concrete reliefs by Corrado Parducci [5] and interior decorative tile. On the school's north face, ten educational-based reliefs adorn the side of the auditorium. The sculptures represent art, chivalry, drama, education, geography, labor, law, literature, music, and pioneering. Farther down the wall, a choral group can be seen singing around a piano. Along the sides of the approach to the auditorium, the puppets Punch and Judy can be seen. Additionally, along the two curved exterior walls, the spandrels have more carvings that depict different educational themes.

Exterior Sculptures by Corrado Parducci
Art 
Chivalry 
Drama 
Education 
Geography 
Labor 
Law 
Literature 
Music 
Pioneering 
Punch and Judy 
Choral Scene 
Spandrel Reliefs 
Front Entrance Reliefs 

The Interior[edit]

Inside of the school, there are just as many subtle decorations. Upon entering the main foyer, the viewer steps upon the mosaic tiled Michigan Seal set into the durable terrazzo floor. These patterns are used at major junctions of the building. Outside the auditorium, drama masks are set into the floor. In the sciences wing, test tubes and a balance demonstrate the sciences. Near the foods lab, or home economics room, the pattern shows textiles and food preparation.

Throughout the building decorative tiles are used on the hallways. These tiles were created by the interior designer specifically for Sexton High. To minimize the cost of custom tiles, Warren S. Holmes Co. convinced the tile makers to make the tiles standard stock, with little extra cost to the school district. In fact, Warren S. Holmes Co. used some of the same tiles on other schools later. The variety of tiles is staggering. They represent many different things. Among other tiles, there are Shakespearian characters, mythological creatures, signs of the zodiac, different culture representations, and sports characters.

In general, the interior of Sexton High School is large and bright because of the large number of windows. Upon entering the main chrome doors, the hallway opens up into a spacious curve-walled foyer with benches. All the paneling is made of oak and stained a rather light shade. To the left of the foyer is a social room. Originally, it had inlaid hardwood floors and oak wainscoting. While wainscoting has endured, the hardwood floor has since been covered by a carpet due to years of wear caused by chairs and tables being dragged across it.

Other notable rooms include the auditorium and library. The auditorium is large for a high school building and includes a balcony for more accommodation of students. It is simple, yet elegant. The balcony smoothly curves over the orchestra seats and the colors are simple white walls with red chairs—Sexton's colors. The library is equally attractive. Again, oak is the wood of preference. The circulation desk, built-in bookshelves, and furniture are all made of oak. The floor is made of a vinyl linoleum and includes a decorative pattern. Unfortunately, the floor has been covered with carpeting due to years of wear. However, most of the original furniture has remained.

Interior Mosaics and Tiles
The Great Seal of the State of Michigan 
Comedy and Tragedy 
Chemistry 
Home Economics 
Basketball 
Asian 
Dutch Boy and Girl 
Hamlet 
Native Americans 
Macbeth 
Pices 
Pan and Satyr 
Malvolio 
Sir Andrew & Sir Toby 

Theater Program[edit]

Sexton is one of the only area schools to have an active chapter of the International Thespian Society, troupe #3911.

Notable alumni[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sexton High School Website, Main Page Retrieved on 16 October 2013
  2. ^ "Lansing: J. W. Sexton High School." Architectural Record v. 95. Apr 1944: 84.
  3. ^ November 2002 personal interview with Howard Hunter, retired structural engineer of Warren S. Holmes Company.
  4. ^ "Lansing: J. W. Sexton High School." Architectural Record v. 95. Apr 1944: 86.
  5. ^ Hendry, Fay, L., Balthazar Korab, photographs, Outdoor Sculpture of Lansing, iota press, Okemos, Michigan 1980 p. 73+74