Jalud

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Jalud
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic ﺎﻟﻭﺩ
Jalud is located in the Palestinian territories
Jalud
Jalud
Location of Jalud within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°4′16″N 35°18′47″E / 32.07111°N 35.31306°E / 32.07111; 35.31306Coordinates: 32°4′16″N 35°18′47″E / 32.07111°N 35.31306°E / 32.07111; 35.31306
Governorate Nablus
Government
 • Type Village Council
 • Head of Municipality Abdullah Tawfiq
Area
 • Jurisdiction 16,517 dunams (16.5 km2 or 6.4 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 464

Jalud (Arabic: ﺎﻟﻭﺩ‎) is a Palestinian village in the Nablus Governorate in the northern West Bank. It is approximately 30 kilometers (19 mi) south of Nablus and is situated just east of Qaryut, south of Qusra and northeast of Shilo, an Israeli settlement. Its land area consists of 16,517 dunams (square kilometers), 98 of which constitutes its built-up area.[1] Jalud is encircled by four illegal outposts: Esh Kodesh, Adi Ad, Ahiya and Shvut Rachel.[2]Jalud residents were blocked by both IDF forces and settlers from tending most of their farms from 2001 to 2007. In 2007 permission was given to farm their groves, twice a year for a few days, on condition that prior coordinating arrangements are made with the IDF.[2]

History[edit]

In 1596, Jalud appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being a village in the nahiya of Jabal Qubal in the liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 20 households, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives.[3]

In the 1882 "Survey of Western Palestine", Jalud was described as "a small village on low ground, with olives to the south".[4]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Jalud had a population of 145, all Muslims,[5] while in the 1931 census it had 52 occupied houses and a population of 225, still all Muslim.[6] In 1945 the population had increased to 300 while the total land area was 15,815 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[7] Of this, 457 dunams were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 6,838 for cereals,[8] while 24 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[9]

Present[edit]

In 2007, Jalud's population was 464 according to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). There were 91 non-residential buildings, 94 houses and five business establishments in the village. The average household size was 5.5 persons.[10] According to Jalud's mayor, the village experiences high unemployment and migration due to land confiscation by Israel and sporadic violence from nearby Israeli settlements,[11] which for 10 years has impeded villagers' access to their groves.[12]

  • On 9 February 2011, Israeli settlers from Ahiya, a nearby settlement outpost, attacked Jalud, demanding residents evacuate their houses. Israeli police arrived following clashes between the settlers and Palestinian residents, dispersing the former using tear gas and stun grenades.[11]
  • On October 21, 2011, while international activists and Combatants for Peace assisted the Jalud villagers in reclaiming their harvests, a group of 4 armed and masked men from Esh Kodesh a satellite outpost confronted them yelling that they must get off what the group asserted was outpost land. They then threw a stun grenade and fired in the direction of the harvesters, some of whom were then clubbed. According to the testimony of Israeli eyewitnesses, the IDF and Border Police present did not intervene, other than to fire more tear gas grenades at the harvesters and wounded. A formal complaint was laid. Follow-up checks by the Israeli NGO Yesh Din over several months indicate that a police investigation is "ongoing".[12]
  • On 9 October 2013, Israeli arsonists, apparently from the nearby outposts, intruded into the Jalud elementary school, hurled rocks and damaged 5 cars belonging to the teaching body. They then set fire to the village's olive groves, damaging some 400 trees. A settler website vindicated the attack as a reprisal for the dismantlement of another illegal outpost, Givat Geulat Zion, carried out by the IDF that morning. Three youths from Adi Ad were subsequently arrested on suspicion of involvement, but local Palestinian eyewitnesses have stated that the assailants, some 20, did not appear to be minors.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Land confiscated for settlement protection Qarut and Jalud Villages. Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem. 2006-08-26. Retrieved on 2012-02-21.
  2. ^ a b c Amira Hass, 'Israelis attack school in Palestinian village, torch olive groves,' at Haaretz 10 October, 2013
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 137.
  4. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, vol. 2, p. 386
  5. ^ J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. Table IX. 
  6. ^ E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 62. 
  7. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 60
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 106
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 156
  10. ^ 2007 PCBS census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). 2008. Retrieved on 2012-02-21.
  11. ^ a b Armed settlers attack West Bank village. Ma'an News Agency. 2011-02-09. Retrieved on 2012-02-21.
  12. ^ a b Amira Hass, 'Eight months after bloody olive harvest battle, still no justice in sight,' at Haaretz, 22 August 2012.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]