Joint Base Andrews

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Joint Base Andrews

Joint Base Andrews - Emblem.png

Part of Air Force District of Washington (AFDW) and the United States Navy Reserve
Camp Springs, Prince George's County, Maryland, U.S.
And-vc25-af1-89aw.jpg
Boeing VC-25, widely known as Air Force One when the President is on board, of the 89th Airlift Wing in 2008
And-ea6b-naf.jpg
U.S. Navy EA-6B Prowler of VAQ-209 in 2008
Coordinates 38°48′39″N 076°52′01″W / 38.81083°N 76.86694°W / 38.81083; -76.86694 (Andrews Field)Coordinates: 38°48′39″N 076°52′01″W / 38.81083°N 76.86694°W / 38.81083; -76.86694 (Andrews Field)
Site information
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Site history
Built 1945
In use 2009 – present
Garrison information
Garrison 11th Wing.png 11th Wing
Airfield information
IATA: ADWICAO: KADWFAA LID: ADW
Summary
Elevation AMSL 280 ft / 85 m
Website www.andrews.af.mil
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
01L/19R 9,300 2,835 Concrete
01R/19L 9,755 2,973 Asphalt/Concrete
Sources: official site[1] and FAA[2]
Joint Base Andrews is located in Maryland
Joint Base Andrews
Joint Base Andrews
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Joint Base Andrews, Maryland
Aerial photo 16 May 2010

Joint Base Andrews is a United States military facility located in Prince George's County, Maryland. The facility is under the jurisdiction of the United States Air Force 11th Wing, Air Force District of Washington (AFDW).[3] In 2009, Andrews Air Force Base and Naval Air Facility Washington were merged to form Joint Base Andrews.

The base is named for Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews (1884–1943), former Commanding General of United States Forces in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. The base is widely known for serving as the home base of two Boeing VC-25A aircraft which have the call sign Air Force One while the President of the United States is on board.[4]

For statistical purposes the base is delineated as a census-designated place by the U.S. Census Bureau. As of the 2010 census, the resident population was 2,973.[5]

Overview[edit]

The host unit at Andrews is the 11th Wing (11 WG), assigned to the Air Force District of Washington. A non-flying wing, the 11 WG is responsible for maintaining emergency reaction rotary-wing airlift and other National Capital Region contingency response capabilities critical to national security, and for organizing, training, equipping and deploying combat-ready forces for Air and Space Expeditionary Forces (AEFs). The 11th WG commander is Colonel Kenneth R. Rizer.[6] The Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Anthony Brinkley.[7]

Units[edit]

The following units are based at Andrews:

The 11th Wing is responsible for maintaining emergency reaction rotary-wing airlift and other National Capital Region contingency response capabilities critical to national security, and for organizing, training, equipping and deploying combat-ready forces for Air and Space Expeditionary Forces (AEFs). The wing also provides installation security, services and airfield management to support the President, Vice President, other U.S. senior leaders and more than 50 tenant organizations and federal agencies.
The 89th Airlift Wing is responsible for worldwide special air mission airlift, logistics and communications support for the President, Vice President and other U.S. senior leaders. Air Force One is assigned to the 89th AW.
The Air Force District of Washington (AFDW) is composed of two wings, one group and two Ceremonial Elements. The 11th Wing and the 79th Medical Wing at Joint Base Andrews. Also under AFDW is the Air Force Operations Group (AFOG) at the Pentagon and the 844th Communications Group. The Air Force Operations Group is the principal operational entity of the Air Staff in support of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force. The 79th Medical Wing and 844th Communications Group both have specialized missions where they will be the single Air Force voice in the National Capital Region (NCR) for their respective fields of expertise. The 11th Wing will fulfill duties as the host base organization of Andrews while also supporting AFDW requirements. Through the U.S. Air Force Band and the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard, the 11th Wing also provides ceremonial and musical support throughout the National Capital Region and worldwide.
The 79th Medical Wing is the Air Force's single medical voice for planning and implementing Air Force and joint medical solutions within the National Capital Region (NCR). Activated on May 10, 2006, it is the largest wing within the Air Force District of Washington and only the second medical wing in the Air Force.
  • Tenant Units
457th Airlift Squadron
113th Wing (Air National Guard / Air Combat Command-gained and Air Mobility Command-gained)
459th Air Refueling Wing (Air Force Reserve Command / Air Mobility Command-gained)
744th Communications Squadron
Air National Guard Readiness Center
District of Columbia Air National Guard
Army Jet Detachment
Civil Air Patrol – Andrews Composite Squadron
Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 1 (Navy Reserve)
Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 48 (Navy Reserve)
Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 53 (Navy Reserve)
National Guard Bureau
Naval Air Facility Washington D.C.
Naval Communications Security Material Systems
Maryland State Police Aviation Division (Medevac Helicopter)
Federal Aviation Administration

Aircraft assigned[edit]

History[edit]

Aerial view of the Andrews flight line in May 2004.

On 1 October 2010, following the recommendations of Base Realignment and Closure, 2005, the Air Force completed the merge of the 11th Wing and the 316th at Joint Base Andrews. The 11th Wing became the host base organization for Joint Base Andrews.[8][9][10]

Major commands to which assigned[edit]

Major units assigned[edit]

Geography[edit]

Joint Base Andrews is located at 38°48′13″N 76°52′17″W / 38.80361°N 76.87139°W / 38.80361; -76.87139 (38.803490, -76.871508),[11] a few miles southeast of Washington, D.C. near the town of Morningside. It is delineated as a census-designated place by the United States Census Bureau. The CDP has a total area of 6.9 square miles (18.0 km2), of which 6.9 square miles (17.9 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.51%, is water.[12]

There are two runways on the base; the western runway is 11,300 feet (3,400 m) in length, and the eastern runway is 11,700 feet (3,600 m) in length. The minor third runway between them at the top of the picture (above the cross-base roadway) is now closed, and the small T-shaped runway at the bottom right of the opening picture was closed and demolished by 2008. [13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 6,418
1980 10,064 56.8%
1990 10,228 1.6%
2000 7,925 −22.5%
2010 2,973 −62.5%
source:[5][14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 7,925 people, 1,932 households, and 1,864 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,158.9 people per square mile (447.3/km²). There were 2,133 housing units at an average density of 311.9 sq mi (120.4/km²). The racial makeup of the base was 65.3% White, 22.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.7% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.7% of the population.

There were 1,932 households out of which 75.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 86.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3.5% were non-families. 3.2% of all households were made up of individuals, none of whom was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.39 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the CDP the population is spread out with 35.0% under the age of 18, 16.3% from 18 to 24, 44.9% from 25 to 44, 3.6% from 45 to 64, and 0.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 119.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.0 males.

The median income for a household in the base was $44,310, and the median income for a family was $42,866. Males had a median income of $27,070 versus $27,308 for females. The per capita income for the base was $16,520. About 2.6% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including of the total population, 2.8% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]