José Luis Chilavert
Chilavert in 1985, while playing for
Argentinian side San Lorenzo.
|Full name||José Luis Félix Chilavert González|
|Date of birth||27 July 1965|
|Place of birth||Luque, Paraguay|
|Height||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
José Luis Félix Chilavert González (born 27 July 1965 in Luque, Departamento Central) is a Paraguayan former football player who played as a goalkeeper for Sportivo Luqueño, Guaraní, San Lorenzo de Almagro, Real Zaragoza, Vélez Sarsfield, RC Strasbourg, Peñarol and the Paraguay national football team.
Chilavert was a three-time IFFHS World's Best Goalkeeper award winner. Outside of his goalkeeping position, Chilavert was also known for his skills as a free kick specialist, and often took penalties. He scored 67 goals in his professional career, many of them crucial, including eight in international matches. Four of his international goals were scored during Paraguay's qualification for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Chilavert is the 2nd highest goalscoring goalkeeper of all time, surpassed only by Brazilian keeper Rogerio Ceni, and is the only goalkeeper to score a hat-trick. Chilavert was also known for his eccentricity and at times fiery temper, which brought him his fair share of controversies; most notorious among them was his being sent off in 1997 for brawling with Colombian striker Faustino Asprilla. He was nicknamed "El Buldog" ("the Bulldog") and often wore a cartoon bulldog on his goalkeeper jersey.
Chilavert appeared for the Paraguay national football team 74 times, scoring 8 goals, from 1989 to 2003, representing the team at 5 major tournaments. Chilavert appeared for Paraguay at two FIFA World Cup tournaments (1998 and 2002), where he served as captain on both occasions, and appeared in three Copa América tournaments (1991, 1993 and 1997). Chilavert was also included in the 1998 FIFA World Cup Team of the Tournament.
He later moved to Spain, where he played for Real Zaragoza. He then returned to Argentina, where he played with Vélez Sársfield, helping them win the Primera División four times, as well as the Copa Libertadores and the Intercontinental Cup, both in 1994. In 1999, he became the first goalkeeper known to score a hat-trick in the history of football, while playing for Vélez against Ferro Carril Oeste, scoring all three goals through penalties. He also scored a free-kick from behind the half-way line against River Plate.
Chilavert was voted World Goalkeeper of the Year by the IFFHS in 1995, 1997, and 1998. He scored in the 1998 World Cup qualification campaign. He participated in the 1998 World Cup, where he became the first goalkeeper ever to take a direct free kick in the World Cup finals (almost scoring), against Bulgaria. With two clean sheets in the first round, he helped take Paraguay to the round of sixteen, where the team lost to France on a golden goal scored by Laurent Blanc. Chilavert had made boasts about being the Cup's best goalkeeper before the tournament, and after the tournament, FIFA indeed named Chilavert on the tournament All Star Squad for his performances, alongside French goalkeeper Fabien Barthez.
After a 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification game, he spat on Brazil's Roberto Carlos, an action which caused FIFA to give him a four-match suspension (later reduced to three) which forced him to watch the first game, against South Africa, of the 2002 World Cup from the stands. Chilavert accused Roberto Carlos of racism and obscene gestures during the match. Chilavert later claimed that Roberto Carlos came up to him after the match and said "Indian, we have won 2–0, you are a disaster". He also justified his action by saying he had been provoked by the Brazilians who had called him the weakest link of Paraguay before the match, and also claimed the match was like a war and that Brazil should return land to Paraguay lost in the War of the Triple Alliance in the 19th century.
Before the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Paraguay manager Cesare Maldini had faced criticism in Paraguay but Chilavert defended Maldini respecting him for his experience. He also expressed great confidence in the ability of the Paraguayan team and downplayed his role to the whole team. During the World Cup, Chilavert made an error against Spain on Morientes's 2–1 goal as Paraguay lost 3–1. Chilavert almost redeemed himself later on with a good free kick attempt, but the shot was saved by Casillas. Before the match, Chilavert had vowed to score against Spain if Paraguay got a free kick 'within range'. Before the last match in the group stage, Paraguay had to beat Slovenia and Spain beating South Africa with a combined margin of three goals, for Paraguay to go through to the last 16. The match started badly for Paraguay, with Carlos Paredes sent off in the 21st minute, and continued with Milenko Ačimovič taking the lead for the Slovenians right before half-time. But Paraguay – inspired by substitutes Nelson Cuevas and Jorge Campos – recovered to defeat Slovenia 3–1; scoring three times in the last 25 minutes, and when Spain also defeated South Africa 3–2, that victory meant that Paraguay was through to the next round where they would play Germany. In their second round match against Germany, despite several saves from Chilavert, Paraguay lost 1–0, courtesy of a late Oliver Neuville goal.
In total, Chilavert earned 74 international caps for Paraguay and achieved a goalkeeper-record of eight international goals. He retired from international football in 2003.
|Chilavert – goals for Paraguay|
|1.||27 August 1989||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Colombia||2–1||2–1||1990 World Cup qualifier|
|2.||15 August 1993||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Peru||2–0||2–1||1994 World Cup qualifier|
|3.||1 September 1996||Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires, Argentina||Argentina||1–1||1–1||1998 World Cup qualifier|
|4.||17 June 1997||Estadio Félix Capriles, Cochabamba, Bolivia||Argentina||0–1||1–1||1997 Copa América|
|5.||7 October 2000||Estadio El Campín, Bogotá, Colombia||Colombia||0–2||0–2||2002 World Cup qualifier|
|6.||15 November 2000||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Peru||5–1||5–1||2002 World Cup qualifier|
|7.||5 September 2001||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Bolivia||3–1||5–1||2002 World Cup qualifier|
|8.||7 October 2001||Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asunción, Paraguay||Argentina||1–0||2–2||2002 World Cup qualifier|
Retirement and post-career
Chilavert announced his retirement from all football in December 2003, but decided to come out of retirement to return to Vélez. Chilavert had just won the Uruguayan league with Peñarol when he initially retired. He finally retired permanently in 2004, playing his last match, a farewell testimonial, on November 11 of that year – fittingly, he scored a goal.
|Club performance||League||Cup||Other[nb 1]||Continental[nb 2]||Total|
|Paraguay||League||Cup||League Cup||South America||Total|
|1982||Sportivo Luqueño||Primera División||30||0||–||–||–||30||0|
|Argentina||League||Cup||League Cup||South America||Total|
|1985||San Lorenzo||Primera División||10||0||–||–||–||10||0|
|Spain||League||Copa del Rey||Copa de la Liga||Europe||Total|
|1988–89||Real Zaragoza||La Liga||37||0||2||0||–||–||39||0|
|1991–92||Vélez Sarsfield||Primera División||221||0||–||–||–||22||0|
|France||League||Coupe de France||Coupe de la Ligue||Europe||Total|
|Uruguay||League||Cup||League Cup||South America||Total|
|Argentina||League||Cup||League Cup||South America||Total|
|2003–04||Vélez Sarsfield||Primera División||0||0||–||–||6||0||6||0|
1Includes four 1993 Copa Libertadores playoff (liguilla) matches.
2Includes one Championship Playoff match.
- Also played 1 (2001) Trophée des champions match.
|Paraguay national team|
- "They said it: Jose Luis Chilavert". FIFA.com. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert scores hat trick to boost Velez Sarsfield". Sports Illustrated. Time Inc. 1999-11-29. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
- "Top 10 Most Eccentric World Cup Goalkeepers". Goal.com. 26 January 2010.
- ""Bulldog" Chilavert growls in French backyard". Indian Express. 27 June 1998. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Flamboyant Chilavert still Paraguay's biggest star". Sports Illustrated. 25 April 2002. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Bulldog breed". When Saturday Comes. March 1997. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Chilavert at the treble". The Guardian. 30 November 1999. Retrieved 13 March.
- "José Luis Chilavert: I will try to score in Germany". FIFA. 21 January 2003. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "BULGARIA 0, PARAGUAY 0". CNN Sports Illustrated. 12 June 1998. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "France sinks Paraguay with golden goal". CNN Sports Illustrated. 23 September 1998. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Flamboyant Chilavert still Paraguay's biggest star". CNN Sports Illustrated. 25 April 2002.
- "FIFA's All-Star Team". The Washington Post (Associated Press) 10 July 1998.
- "Blatter praises Owen, Chilavert". CNN Sports Illustrated. 11 July 1998. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- Paraguay Player Profiles. CNN Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert accuses Roberto Carlos of racism". The Guardian. 23 August 2001. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert backs Maldini". BBC Sport. 26 April 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert: It's not all about me". BBC Sport. 11 April 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Spain 3-1 Paraguay; Spain reach last 16". BBC Sport. 7 June 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert vows to score against Spain". BBC Sport. 14 May 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Slovenia 1–3 Paraguay; Paraguay snatch vital win". BBC Sport. 12 June 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert proud of Paraguay". BBC Sport. 12 June 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Germany 1-0 Paraguay; Germany edge out Paraguay". BBC Sport. 15 June 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "José Luis Chilavert: Football misses me". FIFA. 24 November 2005. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Chilavert scores in emotional farewell". Eurosport.com (Reuters). 15 November 2004.
- "Chilavert gets suspended jail term". ESPN Soccernet (Reuters). 9 July 2005.
- "Chilavert". National Football Teams. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Chilavert career stats". Football Database.eu. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Chilavert Argentinian stats". Futbolxxi.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Chilavert Spanish stats". BDFutbol.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Chilavert French stats" (in French). LFP. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "La hora luqueña con Chilavert" (in Spanish). Diario ABC Color. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "José Luis Félix Chilavert – International Appearances". RSSSF. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to José Luis Chilavert.|
- José Luis Chilavert – FIFA competition record
- IFFHS' World's Best Goalkeeper of the Year at RSSSF
- The World's most successful goalscoring Goalkeepers of all time at IFFHS