Later Yan

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Later Yan (後燕)

384–409
 

 

Capital Zhongshan (386-397)
Longcheng (397-409)
Political structure Empire
Emperor
 -  384-396 Murong Chui
 -  396-398 Murong Bao
 -  398 Lan Han
 -  398-401 Murong Sheng
 -  401-407 Murong Xi
 -  407-409 Murong Yun
History
 -  Established 384
 -  Establishment of Zhongshan as capital 8 February 386[1][2]
 -  Murong Chui's claim of imperial title 15 February 386[2][3]
 -  Evacuation of Zhongshan 27 April 397[4][5]
 -  Murong Xi's death 16 September 407[6][7]
 -  Disestablished 6 November 409[8][9] 409

The Later Yan (simplified Chinese: 后燕; traditional Chinese: 後燕; pinyin: Hòuyàn; 384-407 or 409) was a MurongXianbei state, located in modern-day northeast China, during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.

All rulers of the Later Yan declared themselves "emperors".

Rulers of the Later Yan[edit]

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family name and given name
Shizu (世祖 Shìzǔ) Wucheng (武成 Wǔchéng) 慕容垂 Mùróng Chuí 384-396 Yanwang (燕王 Yànwáng) 384-386
Jianxing (建興 Jiànxīng) 386-396
Liezong (烈宗 Lièzōng) Huimin (惠愍 Huìmǐn) 慕容寶 Mùróng Bǎo 396-398 Yongkang (永康 Yǒngkāng) 396-398
Unknown Unknown 蘭汗/兰汗 Lán Hàn 398 Qinglong (青龍/青龙 Qīnglóng) 398
Zhongzong (中宗 Zhōngzōng) Zhaowu (昭武 Zhāowǔ) 慕容盛 Mùróng Shèng 398-401 Jianping (建平 Jiànpíng) 398
Changle (長樂 Chánglè) 399-401
Unknown Zhaowen (昭文 Zhaowén) 慕容熙 Mùróng Xī 401-407 Guangshi (光始 Guāngshǐ) 401-406
Jianshi (建始 Jiànshǐ) 407
Unknown Huiyi (惠懿 Huìyì) 慕容雲/慕容云 Mùróng Yún1
or 高雲/高云 Gāo Yún1
407-409 Zhengshi (正始 Zhèngshǐ) 407-409
1 The family name of Gao Yun was changed to Murong when he was adopted by the royal family. If Gao Yun was counted as a ruler of the Later Yan, the state would end in 409. It ended in 407 otherwise.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2&dyna=%AAF%AE%CA&king=%A7%B5%AAZ%AB%D2&reign=%A4%D3%A4%B8&yy=10&ycanzi=&mm=12&dd=&dcanzi=%A4%FE%A5%D3
  2. ^ a b Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 106.
  3. ^ http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2&dyna=%AAF%AE%CA&king=%A7%B5%AAZ%AB%D2&reign=%A4%D3%A4%B8&yy=11&ycanzi=&mm=1&dd=1&dcanzi=
  4. ^ http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2&dyna=%AAF%AE%CA&king=%A6w%AB%D2&reign=%B6%A9%A6w&yy=1&ycanzi=&mm=3&dd=&dcanzi=%A4%D0%A4l
  5. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 109.
  6. ^ http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2&dyna=%AAF%AE%CA&king=%A6w%AB%D2&reign=%B8q%BA%B3&yy=3&ycanzi=&mm=7&dd=&dcanzi=%A4%FE%B1G
  7. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 114.
  8. ^ http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype=2&dyna=%AAF%AE%CA&king=%A6w%AB%D2&reign=%B8q%BA%B3&yy=5&ycanzi=&mm=10&dd=&dcanzi=%A5%B3%A8%B0
  9. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 115.