Le Vésinet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Le Vésinet
Le Pecq01.jpg
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Coordinates: 48°53′32″N 2°07′59″E / 48.8923°N 2.1331°E / 48.8923; 2.1331Coordinates: 48°53′32″N 2°07′59″E / 48.8923°N 2.1331°E / 48.8923; 2.1331
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Yvelines
Arrondissement Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Canton Le Vésinet
Intercommunality Boucle de la Seine
Area1 5.0 km2 (1.9 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 16,459
 • Density 3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 78650 / 78110
Elevation 26–47 m (85–154 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Le Vésinet (pronounced: [lə ve.zi.nɛ]) is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris, 16.4 km (10.2 mi) from the center of Paris.

Le Vésinet is one of the wealthiest suburbs of Paris, known for its wooded avenues, mansions and lakes. It contains many public gardens designed by French landscape gardener Paul de Lavenne Comte Choulot.

History[edit]

The commune of Le Vésinet was created on 31 May 1875 by detaching a part of the territory of Chatou and merging it with a part of the territory of Croissy-sur-Seine and a part of the territory of Le Pecq.

Geography[edit]

Le Vésinet is located in a bend of the Seine, but has no access to the river. It is 19 km west of Paris and 4 km east of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. The surrounding communes are Chatou on the east, Croissy-sur-Seine on the south, Le Pecq on the west, and Montesson on the north.

The terrain is an alluvial plain ranging from 28 meters near Le Pecq to 45 meters in altitude at the end of the Route de Montesson, with a gentle slope from northeast to southwest.

The commune is entirely urbanized, principally with single-family dwellings. Green space comprises 20 percent of the territory. There are a number of lakes: the lac Supérieur, the lac Inférieur, the lac de la Station, the lac de Croissy, and the Grand lac (with a large central island, l'Île des Ibis) also called Lac des Ibis.. These lakes are linked by nearly 4 km of artificial streams called les Petites Rivières.

Parc des Ibis

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1872 2,285 —    
1876 2,465 +7.9%
1881 3,329 +35.1%
1886 4,460 +34.0%
1891 4,342 −2.6%
1896 4,895 +12.7%
1901 5,414 +10.6%
1906 5,680 +4.9%
1911 6,353 +11.8%
1921 7,610 +19.8%
1926 9,405 +23.6%
1931 11,222 +19.3%
1936 11,712 +4.4%
1946 13,020 +11.2%
1954 15,665 +20.3%
1962 17,964 +14.7%
1968 18,459 +2.8%
1975 17,986 −2.6%
1982 17,272 −4.0%
1990 15,945 −7.7%
1999 15,928 −0.1%
2006 16,419 +3.1%
2009 16,159 −1.6%
Sainte-Marguerite
Rose Palace
Wood Cottage
Villa Olivia
Sainte-Pauline

International relations[edit]

Le Vésinet is twinned as a sister city with the following:

Former Twin cities[edit]

Sights[edit]

Le Vésinet was the first "ville-parc" to be built in France.[2] It has many green spaces, lakes, and lavish mansions.

The following are notable buildings:

  • L'hôpital du Vésinet (72 avenue de la Princesse), built by Eugène Laval in 1859
  • Sainte-Marguerite (place de l'Eglise), built by Louis-Auguste Boileau from 1862 to 1865, the first non-industrial building in France built of concrete
  • Villa Berthe ou La Hublotière (72 route de Montesson), built by Hector Guimard in 1896.
  • Rose Palace (12 rue Diderot), built on the model of the Grand Trianon in Versailles by Arthur Schweitzer about 1900
  • Wood Cottage (122 boulevard des Etats-Unis), classified as a historic monument in 2000. Built in 1864 by Tricotel, a landscaping firm.
  • Villa Olivia (12 avenue Rembrandt) built by Pierre-Joseph Olive
  • Sainte-Pauline, built in 1905

Since 1997, Le Vésinet has received the ultimate distinction of four flowers in the national competition for villes fleuris.

Transport[edit]

Le Vésinet is served by two stations on Paris RER line A: Le Vésinet – Centre and Le Vésinet – Le Pecq.

See also[edit]

References[edit]