Lidder Valley

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Coordinates: 33°46′35″N 75°12′48″E / 33.77639°N 75.21333°E / 33.77639; 75.21333

Lidder Valley
Liddar Valley
Valley
Pahalgam Valley.jpg
The Lidder Valley at Pahalgam
Country India
State Jammu and Kashmir
Region Kashmir Division
District Anantnag
Municipality Pahalgam
Borders on Sind Valley (North)
Kashmir Valley (West)
River Lidder River
Highest point
 - location Aru
 - elevation 7,940 ft (2,420 m)
 - coordinates 34°5′25″N 75°15′44″E / 34.09028°N 75.26222°E / 34.09028; 75.26222
Lowest point
 - location Seer Hamdan
 - elevation 5,413 ft (1,650 m)
 - coordinates 33°46′35″N 75°12′48″E / 33.77639°N 75.21333°E / 33.77639; 75.21333
Length 25 mi (40 km)
Width 3 mi (5 km)
Population 6,066[1] (2001)
Easiest access NH 1A

The Lidder Valley or Liddar Valley[2] in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India, is a Himalayan sub-valley that forms the northeastern corner of the Vale of Kashmir. [3] The Lidder River flows down the valley. The entrance to the valley lies seven km northeast from Anantnag town and 62 km southeast from Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a 40-km-long gorge valley[4] with an average width of 3 km.

Geography[edit]

The Lidder Valley is situated within the jurisdiction of Pahalgam tehsil, of Anantnag district. It is bordered by Kashmir Valley to the west, and Sind Valley to the north,[5] and covers a length of 40 km. It has a maximum width of five km. The Lidder basin is surrounded on the south and southeast by the Pir Panjal Range, on the north by the Sind Valley and on the northeast by the Zaskar Range. The Lidder drainage basin has an area of 1134 km2.[6] It is formed by the flow of the Lidder River which flows within a Y-shaped valley, upstream of Pahagam the river diverges into the East Lidder and the West Lidder. The East Lidder of which reaches eastwards from Pahalgam up past Chandanwari and flows from east to west starting in the area of Sheshnag Lake and the Shisram Glacier.[2] The West Lidder originates from the Kolhoi Glacier[4][7] and runs through green coniferous forests through many alpine meadows. The Lidder Valley provides fresh water supply to other districts and irrigation for agriculture. The Lidder River flows through the entire valley passing several natural landmarks and tourist spots, including Aru, Pahalgam, Betab Valley, and Akad. The main towns in the Lidder Valley are Mandlan, Laripora, Phraslun, Ashmuqam and Seer Hamdan.[8]

Geology[edit]

Horse riding at Pahalgam

The Lidder Valley formed over millions of years as the Lidder River cut into the Himalayan Mountains. Today, the river continues to deposit sheets of sand in the lower areas of Anantnag.[9] Gradual erosive processes have washed away bordering forests and created deep gorges at many places.

The Lidder Valley at Aru, Jammu and Kashmir

Ecology[edit]

The Lidder Valley has many glacier-fed streams, and the tributaries of the Lidder River are home to different types of trout.[10] The valley is the natural habitat of the Himalayan black bear. The Himalayan brown bear, musk deer, snow leopard and hangul have also been spotted in the Aru and Lidderwat areas, which are close to Dachigam National Park.[11][8]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ a b Kaul, Manmohan N., Glacial and Fluvial Geomorphology of Western Himalaya, South Asia Books, 1990, p. 23, ISBN 978-8170222446
  3. ^ Parmanand Parashar (2004). Kashmir The Paradise Of Asia. Sarup & Sons, 2004. p. 97–. ISBN 9788176255189. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  4. ^ a b M.S. Kohli (1983). The Himalayas: Play Ground of the Gods Trekking Climbling Adventure. Indus Publishing, 1983. p. 45–. ISBN 9788173871078. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  5. ^ Subodh Kapoor (2002). The Indian Encyclopaedia: Gautami Ganga -Himmat Bahadur. Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd, 2002. p. 178–. ISBN 9788177552669. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Kanth, T.A., Aijaz Ahmad Shah and Zahoor ul Hassan; Geomorphologic Character & Receding Trend of Kolahoi Glacier in Kashmir Himalaya, Recent Research in Science and Technology 2011, 3(9): 68-73, ISSN: 2076-5061
  7. ^ N. Ahmed and N. H. Hashimi (1974). "Glacial History of Kolahoi Glacier, Kashmir, India". Journal of Glaciology 13 (68). Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  8. ^ a b "Pahalgam". anantnag.gov. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  9. ^ Sir Walter Roper Lawrence (1895). The Valley of Kashmir. Asian Educational Services, 1895. p. 47–. ISBN 9788120616301. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  10. ^ R.B.Singh (1990). Environmental geography. Heritage Publishers, 1990. p. 230–. ISBN 9788170260622. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  11. ^ Trevor Drieberg (1978). Jammu and Kashmir: a tourist guide. Vikas Pub. House, 1978. p. –. ISBN 9780706905755. Retrieved 20 June 2012.