Awantipora

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Awantipora
अवन्तिपुर
city
Awantipora is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Awantipora
Awantipora
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 33°55′N 75°01′E / 33.92°N 75.02°E / 33.92; 75.02Coordinates: 33°55′N 75°01′E / 33.92°N 75.02°E / 33.92; 75.02
Country  India
State Jammu & Kashmir
District Pulwama
Elevation 1,582 m (5,190 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 6,250
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Sex ratio /
Website pulwama.nic.in

Awantipora or Awantipur (Urdu: اونتپورا‎, Hindi: अवन्तिपुर} is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is situated mid-way between Anantnag and Srinagar cities on National Highway 1A or NH 1A.

Ancient temples[edit]

Awantipora has a number of ancient Hindu temples built by King Awanti Varman (AD 855- 883) when he chose the site as his capital. Awantipora is hub of Tractor industry in kashmir.

Avantishwar temple located at Jawbrari in the centre of a courtyard surrounded by a colonnaded peristyle is dedicated to Siva on the banks of the River Jhelum (Vitasta). Less than a kilometre away is Avantiswamin temple dedicated to Vishnu. The Vaikunta Vishnu illustrated as frontispiece is said to be found in this temple. The two temples are quite similar structurally. The walls of the entrance are ornamented with sculptured reliefs both internally and externally.

The ruins of temples constructed by Lalitaditya, the Brahmin emperor of Kashmir, are also located in Awantipora.

The temples are located at 33°55′24″N 75°00′46″E / 33.9232602°N 75.012846°E / 33.9232602; 75.012846 and 33°55′41″N 75°00′16″E / 33.9279606°N 75.0045311°E / 33.9279606; 75.0045311. They are protected and maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Ultras[edit]

As of 2014, militants opposed to Indian sovereignty, known as "ultras" (extremists), continued to operate in the area padgampora near Awantipora.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Awantipora had a population of 6,250. Males constitute 59% of the population and females 41%. Awantipora has an average literacy rate of 48%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 78% of the males and 22% of females literate. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Air Force Station, Awantipur[edit]

Indian Air Force Station, Awantipur, is situated near Awantipora at Malangpora about 5 km from Pulwama town.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Press Trust of India (PTI) (7 January 2014). "Militants, Army troopers exchange fire in Pulwama, none hurt". Times of India. Archived from the original on 7 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.