List of Dakar Rally fatal accidents

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of Dakar Rally fatal accidents, which consists of all the competitors who have died during a Dakar Rally event, given its notoriety for its incidents between competitors and spectators.

In its thirty five editions, over seventy people have died competing in the rally, including twenty seven competitors. Figures vary from source to source as organisers rarely record or report on African and Latin American spectators and innocent bystanders deaths, therefore, no official figures are available and the names of the victims are usually not given.[1]

Much of the criticism came after the 1988 race, when three Africans were killed in collisions with vehicles involved in the race, PANA, a Dakar-based news agency, wrote that the deaths were "insignificant for the [race's] organizers".

Causes of death can vary as it is a long distance rally, these can range from commonly accidents between vehicles and person to being caught up in conflicts between forces, which have happened twice in its history.

In all, of all deaths involving occupants of a vehicle have five of them have been cars and three lorries. Motorcycles make up the majority with fourteen fatalities. All but three are and relating to accidents, two of these are caused by events unrelated to the event itself (conflict between the military and rebel forces) and another caused by pulmonary edema, largely due to miscommunication of the organisers.

List of fatal accidents involving competitors[edit]

No Name Date Place Stage Vehicle Type
1 France Patrice Dodin January ? 1979 Agadez, Niger AgadezTahoua Yamaha 500 Motorcycle
Dodin, a French expatriate in Africa, lost control of his Yamaha while adjusting his helmet and fell approaching the start of the stage Agadez-Tahoua, hitting his head on a stone, sustaining a skull fracture. He was transferred to a hospital in Paris where he later died.[2][3][4][5][6]
2 Netherlands Bert Oosterhuis January 7, 1982 Ecker, Algeria Quatre CheminsTit Yamaha XT570 Motorcycle
Oosterhuis, former road racing champion in his native country, was killed in the section from Bordj Omar Driss to Tit, in territory of Algeria. He was 41 years of age.[5][7][8]
3 France Jean-Noël Pineau January 14, 1983 Léo, Haute Volta In-GallKorhogo Yamaha XT 550 Motorcycle
In his fourth rally, Team Yamaha-France rider Pineau was killed a section of tarmac near Léo when he collided with a military vehicle. His best finish was 3rd overall.[5][9]
4 Japan Yasuko Keneko January 2, 1986 Sète, France Versailles—-Sète Honda 500 Motorcycle
In his second start in the Dakar Rally, a non-entrant Peugeot 205 crashed against the motorcycle of Keneko at 1:30 a.m. of Thursday, 2 January 1986, about 8 km before the harbour of Sète, killing him instantly. The unnamed driver of the car was believed to have driven under the influence of alcohol. He was 41 years of age.[5][10]
5 Italy Giampaolo Marinoni January 24, 1986 Dakar, Senegal Saint LouisDakar Cagiva Elefant 650 Motorcycle
Marinoni, a test rider of production motorcycles for Cagiva and in his second rally, fell within 40 km from the finish line at the final stage of the rally. He managed to reach the finish line in thirteenth place amongst 131 starters and 29 finishers of riders. Initially Marinoni did not feel that one of the brake levers of his Lucky Explorer-Cagiva had hurt his liver during the fall. He later arrived to be treated for his injuries in a hospital in Dakar, he succumbed to an infection two days later.[11]
6 France Jean-Claude Huger January 17, 1988 Nampalari TombouctouBamako BMW RT100 Motorcycle
Huger, whilst scouting the course after a grueling speed trial, lost control of his BMW RT100 and crashed into a ditch near Nampala, blinking his head against a rock, sustaining cranial trauma and lapsing into a coma. Huger, a member of the escort for the President of the Republic of France and motorcyclist of the Gendarmerie Nationale, was airlifted to a clinic in Paris; he succumbed to his injuries two days later without regaining consciousness.[12][13][14]
7 Netherlands Kees van Loevezijn January 9, 1988 Djado, Niger DjadoAgadez DAF FAV3600 95X2 Truck
Theo van de Rijt, acting as the driver, with his Dutch compatriot Kees van Loevezijn, who was also an engineer for DAF Trucks with Scots Chris Ross, were in their factory-entered DAF when their truck, class winner of the previous year, hit a sand dune at about 180 km/h at 20 km from the start of a 414-mile leg and somersaulted several times, disintegrating the truck in the process. Van Loevezijn, who was at the right side of the cabin, was thrown out of the truck, instantly killing him. Van de Rijt and Ross, who was seriously injured in the accident, were taken to a hospital in Agadez, then were later airlifted to the Netherlands where they eventually recovered. DAF withdrew its team from the rally and later, in a bid to distance itself from the rally and its dangerous nature, decided to terminate all motorsport activities, selling all the trucks and the spare parts to Jan De Rooy's team (who was the other factory driver). De Rooy too never returned to the rally until 2002, returning at the age of 58 for a one-off appearance.[5][13][14][15]
8 France Patrick Canado January 9, 1988 Arlit, Niger DjadoAgadez Range Rover Automobile
During the seventh stage Djado-Agadez of the rally, in a large desert road, the Range Rover of French team René Boubet and Patrick Canado and the Mercedes-Benz 280 of Italian team Klaus Seppi and Ambrogio Azzuffi collided at full speed some 25 km from the start of Arlit. Boubet's car, as it had steering problems, suddenly swerved into the other car and rolled several times. Co-driver Canado was thrown out of the car and was killed instantly; Boubet was seriously injured.[5][13][14][16]
9 France François Picquot January 3, 1991  ?, Libya Ghadames—Idri Nissan Terrano Automobile
During the second stage of the rally, Jacques Houssat, at the wheel of a truck Perlini P105, crashed into the Nissan Patrol of Henri De Roissard and François Picquot. The latter sustained head injuries and broken pelvis; he was airlifted to a hospital in France, where he later succumbed to his injuries. Houssat was eventually the winner of the truck category.[17]
10 France Charles Cabannes January 13, 1991 In Kadeouane, Mali Tombouctou—Néma Mercedes-Benz Truck
Cabannes, a support truck driver for the Citroën factory team, was shot dead by rebels at the side of the road in the small village of In Kadeouane during the 8th stage of the rally. His co-driver Joel Guyomarch had a superficial wound. The killing was not claimed by any rebel organization in the following days but was believed to be related with the conflict between the Malian army and Touareg rebels. Organisers cancelled the following two rounds on schedule and the Malian army escorted the competitors while passing through the country. After the incident, team Nissan-Spain withdrew from the race.[5][14][18][19]
11 France Laurent Le Bourgeois December 27, 1991 Sabha, Libya Sirte—Sabha Land Rover Defender Automobile
France Jean-Marie Sounillac
Land Rover Defender of Laurent Le Bourgeois and Jean-Marie Sounillac was an assistance vehicle for Jean-Louis Schlesser's prototype buggy "Le Duc de Bourgoigne". It overturned several times in the Libyan desert of Sabah just a few kilometers before the end of the fifth stage of the rally. The impact of the crash caused the roll-bar of the car to collapse and both the occupants were crushed and killed at the scene.[5][20]
13 FranceGilles Lalay January 7, 1992 Lumonbo, Congo Francaville—Pointe-Noire Yamaha-Byrd YZE750T Motorcycle
Two hours after the end of the Francaville-Pointe Noire stage in Congo, 1989 winner Lalay, who finished fourth on the stage, was en route to the bivouac, when he was struck head-on by a Toyota belonging to the medical-assistance of the event organisers TSO (Thierry Sabine Organization). Lalay was taken to hospital at Lumonbo, where he succumbed to his injuries some hours later.[5][21]
14 Belgium Michel Sansen January 4, 1994 Nouakchott, Mauritania NouakchottDakar BMW Motorcycle
During the 8th stage, Sansen on his fifth start of the rally, running at speed on asphalt, suddenly lost control over a strip of sand, causing him to fall off, killing himself instantly. His nephew Jean-Philippe Miglotte, on another BMW, later immediately withdrew from the event following his uncle's death.[5][22][23]
15 France Laurent Gueguen January 3, 1996 Forum El Hassam, Morocco El Hassan—Smara Mercedes-Benz Truck
Whilst attempting to completing 5th stage, Gueguen driving a Mercedes-Benz truck, support vehicle for the Citroën team, got caught up in a conflict between the Moroccan army and the Polisario Front rebels. Following the stage in a desert track some 400 meters out of the signed path, it struck an abandoned Moroccan army land mine, causing it to explode, overturn and burst into flames from the impact, killing him instantly. Gueguen's co-drivers, Pascal Laudenot and Vincent Bauden were able to escape from the wreckage, while Gueguen who was driving at the moment of the accident, was not as fortunate.[5][14][19][24]
16 France Jean-Pierre Leduc January 5, 1997 Tambacounda, Mali TambacoundaKayes KTM Motorcycle
French amateur rider Jean-Pierre Leduc, on his debut rally, fell off and was killed instantly, after riding for 247 km of the second-stage rally.[5][25][26]
17 Belgium Daniel Vergnes January 8, 2002 Aleg, Mauritania AtârTidjikja Toyota Land Cruiser Automobile
During the 11th stage, the Toyota was entered in the rally as back-up car, rolled off a treacherous stretch of desert road en route to the stage finish in Tidjikja, throwing out Vergnes, the mechanic of the Toyota Trophy team, he died hours later. His three team mates, Briton Sheona Dorson-King, Belgium's Christophe Van Rief and France's Benoit Agoyer, were all taken to hospital in Nouakchott. It is not know who was driving the car when the accident occurred.[5][27]
18 France Bruno Cauvy January 11, 2003  ?, Libya Zilla—Sarir Toyota Land Cruiser Automobile
165 miles into the stage between Zilla and Sarir, the Toyota of Daniel Nebot and Bruno Cauvy rolled over at high speed. The medical helicopter reached the overturned vehicle half an hour later; by then the co-driver Cauvy, who was on his debut rally, had died from his injuries, Nebot escaped with a few injuries.[1][14][26][28][29][30]
19 Spain José Manuel Pérez January 6, 2005 Zouérat—Tichit KTM 660R Motorcycle
Perez, in his fourth rally, sustained injuries to his stomach when he fell off his bike before the first checkpoint of the seventh stage from Zouérat to Tichit in Mauritania. He was immediately treated by the medical teams of the rally, who transferred him to the bivouac in Zouérat by helicopter. During an emergency procedure, he had his spleen, part of the liver and one kidney removed. He was later transferred to the Clinique du Cap in Dakar, Senegal, but his condition continued to worsen. He was airlifted to a hospital in Alicante, Spain, where he was put on intensive care and died a few hours later, within three days of his accident.[1][5][14][31]
20 Italy Fabrizio Meoni January 11, 2005 AtârKiffa KTM 660R Motorcycle
Meoni, winner of the rally in 2001 and 2002, crashed a few minutes after the first checkpoint during the 11th stage rally, breaking his neck. A witness to the crash, fellow rider David Fretigne, signaled for medical attention. By the time a medical helicopter arrived, they were unable to revive him; his cause of death was heart failure.

As grieving riders were unable to continue racing the next day, organisers cancelled the twelfth stage for all motorcyclists out of respect of Meoni.

This rally was his 13th and was to become his last even if he was alive, he held the lead until losing it on the previous leg to the eventual winner, Cyril Despres.[1][5][14][32][33]

21 Australia Andy Caldecott January 9, 2006 Ouassane, Mauritania NouakchottKiffa KTM 660R Motorcycle
Caldecott, standing in for injured Spaniard Jordi Duran to ride in the factory KTM team, was killed instantly when he crashed half way through a stage between Nouakchott and Kiffa in Mauritania. His best finish was sixth in the previous year.[14][34][35][36]
22 South Africa Elmer Symons January 9, 2007 Boumaine Dades, Morocco Er RachidiaOuarzazate KTM 660R Motorcycle
Symons had participated in the 2005 and 2006 rally as a support mechanic and was making his debut as a rider. He crashed his privateer KTM and died at the scene 142 km into the fourth stage. The emergency helicopter arrived within 8 minutes of his emergency alert beacon triggering, but was unable to do anything other than record his death. He was in 18th place for motorcycles overall, and led the Marathon class after the previous stage. Symons is the rally's 49th fatality.[14][37][38][39][40][41]
23 France Éric Aubijoux January 20, 2007 Dakar, Senegal TambacoundaDakar Yamaha 450WRF Motorcycle
During the 14th and penultimate stage Tambacounda and Dakar, Aubijoux, in his sixth rally, suffered a massive heart attack just about 15 km from the finish-line of Dakar, Senegal. He fell down and died on the spot. Initially it was thought that this was due to heart failure,[42] however after investigation the cause of death was determined to be the result of an accident.[43][44] To add further confusion, his bike was revealed to be undamaged and was believed to had pulled over feeling unwell and then collapsed due to a seizure. He never regained consciousness and died at the scene. He was declared 18th position overall. It was later suggested that Aubijoux died of internal injuries sustained in a crash earlier that day while competing in the 14th stage of the race.[14][45][46][47]
24 France Pascal Terry January 4, 2009 Cuchillo Cò, La Pampa, Argentina Santa Rosa de la PampaPuerto Madryn Yamaha 450WRF Motorcycle
At the second stage of the rally, Terry, in his debut rally, ran out of fuel and sent out an emergency signal to organisers. It was believed that the organisers was misinformed that Terry reported back to the Dakar caravan at the end of the stage, therefore the search was abandoned, but it turned out to be his brother, also a competitor, who was in the camp. Terry went missing for three days, where he was found dead fifty metres from his motorcycle. His cause of death was pulmonary edema, it was believed that he likely died late Sunday evening or early Monday morning and his life could have been saved had the search operation gotten underway.[14][48][49][50][51]
25 Argentina Jorge Andrés Martínez Boero January 1, 2012 Mar del Plata, Argentina Mar del Plata-Santa Rosa de la Pampa Beta RR 450 Modele 2011 Motorcycle
He died following a crash on the opening day.
26 France Thomas Bourgin January 11, 2013 Andes, Chile Calama-Salta KTM Motorcycle
Bourgin, was killed in a road accident with a Chilean police car whilst travelling to the start of the day's stage.[52]
27 Belgium Eric Palante January 10, 2014 Northern Argentina Chilecito-Salta Motorcycle
Officials found Palante's body after he failed to finish the stage.[53]

List of fatal accidents involving non-competitors[edit]

No Name Date Place Stage Vehicle Type
Italy Andrea Carisi January 6, 1981 In Salah, Algeria Fiat Campagnola Automobile
Italy Giuseppe De Tommaso
Italy Franco Druetta
Commerce agent, Journalist, Technician[54]
France Ursula Zentsch January ? 1982 Markala, Mali Temaouine—Gao Mercedes-Benz Truck
Journalist[55]
Mali Unknown January ? 1982 Mali n/a n/a
Passer-by[56]
Burkina Faso Unknown January ? 1984 Haute Volta n/a n/a
Spectator[57]
Niger Unknown January ? 1985 Niger n/a n/a
Spectator[58]
France Philippe Beau January ? 1985  ?, Mauritania TichitKiffa Helicopter
Pilot[59]
Switzerland François-Xavier Bagnoud January 14, 1986 Gourma Rharous, Mali NiameyGourma Eurocopter Ecureuil Helicopter
France Jean-Paul Lefur
France Nathalie Odent
France Thierry Sabine
France Daniel Balavoine
Pilot, Radio engineer, Journalist[1][5][13][14][60]
France Henri Mouren January 1987 Kiffa, Mauritania Tidjikja—Atar Automobile
Support crew[61]
Finland Kaj Salminen January 9, 1990 Markala, Mali Tidjika—Kayes Automobile
Journalist[55]
Mali Baye Sibi January 18, 1988 Kitta, Mali BamakoKayes n/a n/a
Pedestrian[1][13][14][62]
Mauritania Unknown January 21, 1988 Mauritania NouakchottRichard Toll n/a n/a
Mauritania Unknown
Spectator[14][63]
Senegal Unknown January 22, 1988 Dakar, Senegal Richard TollDakar n/a n/a
Spectator[14][64]
Chad Unknown January 2, 1992 Rig Rig, Chad N'DjamenaSarh n/a n/a
Chad Unknown
Spectator[65]
Spain Tomás Urpí January 1, 1996 OujdaEr Rachidia Automobile
Spectator[66]
Guinea Unknown January 12, 1996 Ecker, Algeria KayesLabé n/a n/a
Pedestrian[67]
Mauritania Unknown January 12, 1998 Nouakchott, Mauritania Displacement n/a n/a
Mauritania Unknown
Mauritania Unknown
Mauritania Unknown
Mauritania Unknown
Bus passenger[68]
Burkina Faso Unknown January ? 1999 Burkina Faso NioroBobo-Dioulasso n/a n/a
Policeman[69]
France Unknown December 28, 2001 ChâteaurouxNarbonne n/a Automobile
Passer-by[70]
Senegal Unknown January 11, 2005 ChâteaurouxNarbonne n/a Automobile
During the displacement stage of the assistance trucks to the finish-line in Senegal territory about 160 km from Dakar, a 5-year-old Senegalese girl escaped the clutches of her parents and ran onto the main road in the path of a service lorry, where she was crushed beneath the wheels.[14][71]
Guinea Boubacar Diallo January 12, 2006 Kourahoye, Labé, Guinea LabéTambacounda n/a n/a
Diallo, a 10-year-old boy from the Guinean village of Kourahoye, watched the rally with his parents when he was struck by a car that was one of its competitors when he attempted to cross the road. He was transported by helicopter to Labe when he died.[14][72][73][74]
Senegal Mohamed N'Daw January 14, 2006 Kaffrine, Senegal TambacoundaDakar n/a n/a
N'Daw was hit by a rally car driven by Maris Saukans of Latvia in the late morning on the RN1 road at the 200 km point of the penultimate stage between Tambacounda and Dakar. He was twelve years of age, Saukans later withdrew from the rally. Rally organisers decided that the final round would not be timed due to the incidents in the final few days that marred the rally.[14][75][76][77][78]
Chile Roberto de la Cruz Vera Hernández January 9, 2009 Pejerreyes, Ovalle, Chile displacement n/a Automobile
Peru Freddy Arucutipa Torres
During a displacement stage, a non-competing support truck of Argentinean Marcelo Fabián Sánchez, carrying tyres for the competitors, lost control and struck head-on into a car at route D-43 which joins La Serena and Ovalle, killing two of its passengers instantly. The other two occupants of the car was taken into a hospital in Ovalle for treatments. Sanchez was detained for further questioning.[60][79][80][81]
Argentina Natalia Sonia Gallardo January 2, 2010 Rio Cuarto, Argentina ColónCórdoba n/a n/a
During the first stage of the rally, 28-year-old Natalia Gallardo was killed after she and a group of spectators were involved in an incident with the Desert Warrior 4x4 of Mirco Schultis and Ulrich Leardi, which had veered off course near the town of Rio Cuarto, some 800 km (500 mi) from Buenos Aires. Four other fans were injured, two of which were transferred to Córdoba for further treatment.[82]
Argentina Marcelo Reales January 13, 2011 Catamarca, Argentina Chilecito-San Juán Toyota Hilux Car
In the stage 11, the Toyota Hilux of Eduardo Amor was out-of-control and crashed with 42-years-old Marcelo Reales' car.[83]
Argentina Luis and Tomás Soldavini (Father and son) January 2, 2012 Orense, Argentina Santa Rosa-San Rafael n/a Light plane
In the stage 2, Their aircraft crashed while they were watching the race from the air. Luis was 37 and his son 11 years old.[84]
Peru Two Peruvian spectators January 11, 2013 Tacna, Peru - Taxi Automobile
Two Peruvian spectators were killed in a head-on collision road traffic accident between a Land Rover Defender support team vehicle and two taxis.[85]
Argentina Agustin Ignacio Mina January 10, 2014 Northern Argentina -
Argentina Daniel Eduardo Ambrosio January 10, 2014 Northern Argentina -
Mina, a motorsports journalist, along with Ambrosio, had their vehicle overturned while driving.[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gallagher, Brendan (2009-01-09). "Dakar Rally's dance with death provides biggest thrill of all". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  2. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  3. ^ "20 ans de Dakar". Dakar.com. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  4. ^ "Cauvy engrosa la lista de fallecidos en el Dakar - Motor". Elmundo.es. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "/ Automobile: Tutte le vittime della Dakar Una lunga scia di sangue". Repubblica.it. 2005-01-11. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  6. ^ Sébastien LOURSEAU. "Patrice DODIN - YAMAHA 500 XT n°78 - Paris Dakar 1979". Dakardantan.com. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  7. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  8. ^ "20 ans de Dakar". Dakar.com. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  9. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  10. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  11. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  12. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Brown, Robert Carlton (1988-02-01). "Disastrous days in the desert". CNN Sports Illustrated 68 (5): 20(4). 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Dakar Rally Death Toll". autoevolution. 2009-07-27. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  15. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  16. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  17. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  18. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  19. ^ a b (AFP) – Jan 4, 2008 (2008-01-04). "AFP: Dakar Rally chiefs refuse to sound death knell". Afp.google.com. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  20. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  21. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  22. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org (1994-01-04). "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  23. ^ "Alison estate sues helicopter company". Ocala Star-Banner. Jan 6, 1994. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  24. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  25. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  26. ^ a b "French driver killed in Paris-Dakar Rally". Usatoday.Com. 2003-01-12. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  27. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  28. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  29. ^ "Article: French Driver Dies in Paris-Dakar Rally - AP Online | HighBeam Research - FREE trial". Highbeam.com. 2003-01-11. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  30. ^ "Rallying: Cauvy death overshadows rally". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2003-01-12. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  31. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  32. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  33. ^ Rider Meoni killed on Dakar Rally CNN Sport January 12, 2005
  34. ^ Australian rider dies during Dakar Rally
  35. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  36. ^ "Aussie rider dies in Dakar Rally". BBC News. 2006-01-09. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  37. ^ Elizalde, Pablo. Schlesser wins stage on tragic day, Autosport.com, January 9, 2007
  38. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  39. ^ "Symons dies after crash". eurosport.co.uk. Retrieved 2007-01-09. 
  40. ^ "Dakar rider Elmer Symons dies on fourth stage - Motorcycle news : General news". Visordown. 2007-01-09. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  41. ^ "News channel". Motorsport.com. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  42. ^ Rider dies as Dakar nears finish BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 February 2007.
  43. ^ Confusion over Dakar rider death BBC Sport. Retrieved 31 January 2007.
  44. ^ Dakar 2007 - Bike death a road accident Yahoo!-Eurosport. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
  45. ^ "autosport.com". autosport.com. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  46. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  47. ^ "Dakar hit by second death on eve of finish". London: The Guardian. 2007-01-20. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  48. ^ "Dakar rider cause of death confirmed - Motor Sports". Fox Sports. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  49. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  50. ^ Gallagher, Brendan (2009-01-08). "Dakar rider Pascal Terry 'could have been saved'". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  51. ^ Gallagher, Brendan (2009-01-07). "French rider Pascal Terry found dead in Dakar Rally". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  52. ^ "Thomas Bourgin Dead: French Motorcyclist Killed At Dakar Rally After Collision With Police Car". huffingtonpost.com. 11 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  53. ^ a b Associated Press (10 January 2014). "Belgian Rider Eric Palante Dies In Dakar Rally". Fox Sports. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  54. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  55. ^ a b The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  56. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org (1992-01-08). "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  57. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org (1984-08-04). "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  58. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org (1992-01-07). "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  59. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org (1997-01-09). "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  60. ^ a b The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  61. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  62. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  63. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  64. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  65. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  66. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org (1996-01-01). "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  67. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  68. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  69. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  70. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org (2001-12-28). "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  71. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org (2005-01-11). "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  72. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  73. ^ "Motori » Dakar, muore un bambino E' stato investito da un'auto". Repubblica.it. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  74. ^ "Boy killed by Dakar Rally car: News24: xArchive: Sport: MoreSport". News24. 2006-01-13. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  75. ^ The Motorsport Memorial Team, info@motorsportmemorial.org. "Motorsport Memorial". Motorsport Memorial. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  76. ^ "Second boy dies during Dakar". motoring.co.za. 2006-01-14. Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  77. ^ "Euromilhões Dakar". Dakar.com. 2006-01-14. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  78. ^ "sport » Dakar, ancora una tragedia muore un altro bambino". Repubblica.it. 2006-01-14. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  79. ^ "RTÉ Sport: Tragedy strikes Dakar once more". Rte.ie. 2009-01-10. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  80. ^ "Formalizan a chofer del Dakar por cuasidelito de homicidio". Emol.com. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  81. ^ "Dakar support truck crash kills two - Dakar". Fox Sports. 2009-01-10. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  82. ^ "Spectator dies as new tragedy hits Dakar Rally". Eurosport (Groupe TF1; Agence France-Presse). 2010-01-02. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  83. ^ "Man dies in collision with Dakar Rally competitor's car". usatoday.com. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  84. ^ "Father, son flying over Dakar rally die in plane crash". seprin.com. 3 January 2012. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  85. ^ "Dakar Rally tragedy: Two spectators dead and three Brits seriously injured in convoy crash". 10 January 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2013.