List of European regions with alternative names

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Most regions and provinces of Europe have alternative names in different languages. Some regions have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alternative names for all major European regions, provinces, and territories. It also includes some lesser regions that are important because of their location or history.

This article does not offer any opinion about what the "original", "official", "real", or "correct" name of any region is or was. Regions are (mostly) listed alphabetically by their current best-known name in English, which does not necessarily match the title of the corresponding article. The English version is followed by variants in other languages, in alphabetical order by name, and then by any historical variants and former names.

Foreign names that are the same as their English equivalents may be listed.

A[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Aargau Aargou (Swiss German), Argobia (Aragonese), Argovia (Franco-Provençal, Galician, Italian, Latin, Romanian, Romansh, Sicilian, Spanish, variant in English), Argòvia (Catalan, Occitan), Argóvia (Portuguese), Argovie (French), Argovio (Esperanto), Argovja (Maltese), Argowia (Polish)
Abruzzo Abbruzzu (Sicilian), Abruç (Occitan), Abrucai (Lithuanian), Abruco (Latvian), Abruços (Catalan), Abruss (Piedmontese), Abrútsi (Icelandic), Abruz (Breton), Abruzes (Franco-Provençal), Abruzja (Polish), Abruzo (Esperanto), Abruzos (Aragonese, Portuguese, Spanish), Abruzso (Venetian), Abruzzen (Dutch, German), Abruzzes (French), Abruzzi or Abruzzo (Italian, Maltese, Romanian), Abruzzu (Corsican), Aprutium (Latin), Aprytion - Απρύτιον (Greek)
Achaea Acaia' (Catalan, Galician, Italian, Lombard), Acaya (Spanish), Achaea (Dutch, English, Latin), Achaia (German, Swedish), an Acháia (Irish), Achaïe (French), Achaja (Polish), Achája (Slovak), Аhaja (Croatian, Slovene), Ahaya (Turkish), Aĥeo (Esperanto), Akaja (Maltese),Akhaia (Finnish, Bokmål Norwegian, Winaray), Akhaía (Nynorsk Norwegian), Akhaïa - Αχαΐα (Greek), Akhaya (Indonesian), Ахайя (Russian), Ахая (Ukrainian)
Aetolia an Aetóil (Irish), Aetolia (Latin, Welsh), Aetolië (Dutch), Aitolía - Αιτωλία (Greek), Aitolia (Indonesian, Norwegian), Aitólia (Slovak), Aitólie (Czech), Aitolien (Swedish), Ätolien (German), Etolia (Basque, Italian, Polish, Spanish), Etólia (Portuguese), Etòlia (Catalan), Étolie (French), Etolija (Croatian, Lithuanian, Slovene), Etolja (Maltese) Етолия (Bulgarian), Этолия (Russian), أيتوليا (Arabic), Էտոլիա (Armenian)
Åland Ahvenamaa (Estonian), Ahvenanmaa (Finnish), Aland (Basque, Maltese, Wolof), Åland (Swedish) Åland or Ålandsøerne (Danish), Àland (Catalan), Áland (Faroese), Ålánda (Northern Sami), Alandai (Lithuanian), Alandia (Latin, Spanish), Alândia (Portuguese), Ålandinseln (German), Alando (Esperanto, Ido), Ålandseilanden (Dutch, Dutch Low Saxon), Álandseyjar or Áland (Icelandic), Ālandu salas (Latvian), Ålandy (Czech, Slovak), Oileáin Åland (Irish), Wyspy Alandzkie (Polish)
Algarve Algarbia (Latin), Algarve (Italian, Latvian, Maltese, Portuguese, Spanish), Algarvė (Lithuanian), الغرب (Arabic)
Allgäu Algovia (Italian, Romanian, Spanish), Algòvia (Catalan), Algovja (Maltese) Allgäu (Dutch, German, Hungarian)
Alsace Alisatia (Latin), Alsace (Danish, Estonian, French), Alsace or Alsass (Swedish), Alsàcia (Catalan), Alsácia (Portuguese), Alsacia (Romanian, Spanish), an Alsáis (Irish), Alsasko (Czech), Alsatía - Αλσατία (Greek), Alsazia (Italian), Alsazja (Maltese), Alzacija (Slovene), Alzacja (Polish), Alzas (Serbian), Elsass (Estonian alternate, Finnish, German, Alsatian, variant in Danish and Swedish), Elsaß (German, before 1996), Elzas (Afrikaans, Breton, Croatian, Dutch), Elzasa (Latvian), Elzasas (Lithuanian), Elzász (Hungarian)
Andalusia Andalousie (French), Andalucía (Spanish), an Andalúis (Irish), Andalusia (Catalan, Finnish, Italian, variant in Romanian), Andalusija (Maltese), Andaloezië or Andalusië (Dutch), Al-Andalus - الأندلس (Arabic, meaning the whole Spain), Andalusie (Czech), Andalusien (Danish, German, Swedish), Andaluusia (Estonian), Andaluzia (Portuguese, Romanian), Andalúzia (Hungarian), Andaluzie (Czech), Andalūzija (Latvian, Lithuanian), Andaluzija (Serbian, Slovene), Andaluzja (Polish), Endülüs (Turkish), Vandalitia (Latin), Vandalysia - Βανδαλυσία (Greek)
Ångermanland Angermània (Catalan), Angermânia (Portuguese), Ångermanland (Estonian, Swedish), Angermannia (Latin)
Angria Angaria (English), Angrie (French), Engern (German), Aggria - Αγγρία (Greek)
Anhalt Anhalt (Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Low Saxon, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish), Anhaltas (Lithuanian), Anhaltsko (Czech), Anholt (Afrikaans)
Anjou Andegawenia (Polish), Anjou (Catalan, Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Portuguese, Romanian), Angiò (Italian), Anġò (Maltese), Anžuj (Serbian)
Appenzell Àpenzel (Catalan), Appenzell (Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Maltese, Romanian), Appenzello (Italian)
Apulia Apulía - Απουλία (Greek), Apulia (Hungarian, Finnish, Latin, Polish, Romanian, Spanish), Apúlia (variant in Catalan, Portuguese), Apulie (Czech), Apulië (Dutch), Apulien (Danish, German, Swedish), Apūlija (Latvian), Apulija (Lithuanian, Slovene), Apuulia (Estonian), Pouille (variant in French [rare]), Pouilles (French), Puglia (Italian, Romanian), Puglie (variant in Italian), Pulja (Maltese), Pulla (Catalan)
Aquitaine an Acatáin (Irish), Akitania (Basque), Akvitaania (Estonian), Akvitania (Finnish), Akvitánia (Hungarian), Akvitánie (Czech), Akvitanien or Aquitaine (Danish, Swedish), Akvitanija (Croatian, Lithuanian, Slovene), Akvitānija (Latvian), Akwitania (Polish), Akwitanja (Maltese), Aquitaine (French), Aquitania (Interlingua, Italian, Latin, Occitan, Romanian, Spanish), Aquitània (Catalan), Aquitânia (Portuguese), Aquitanië (Dutch), Aquitanien (German), Ghienna (variant in Italian), Guienne or Guyenne (variant in English and French), Gujenna (variant in Polish), Gujeno (variant in Esperanto), Guyena (variant in Spanish), Akouitania - Ακουιτανία (Greek)
Aragon Aragão (Portuguese), Aragó (Catalan), Aragon (Dutch, French, Occitan, Romanian), Aragón (Aragonese, Estonian, Spanish), Aragona (Italian, Latvian, Maltese), Aragonas (Lithuanian), Aragonia (Finnish, Polish), Aragonía - Αραγωνία (Greek), Aragónia (Hungarian), Aragonie (Czech) Aragonien (Danish, German, Swedish), Aragonija (Slovene), Aragun (Arabic), Araùna (Sicilian), Ragona (old Italian)
Arcadia Arcadia (English, Interlingua, Italian, Latin, Lombard, Romanian, Spanish, Vietnamese, Welsh), Arcádia (Portuguese), Arcàdia (Catlan), Arcadie (French), an Arcáid (Irish), Arkaadia (Estonian), Arkadia (Basque, Breton, Finnish, Indonesian, Slovak), Arkadía - Αρκαδία (Greek), Arkádie (Czech), Arkadien (Danish, German, Luxemburgish, Swedish), Arkadija (Croatian, Lithuanian), Arkadio (Esperanto), Arkadja (Maltese), Arkadya (Turkish), Аркадия (Russian), Аркадія (Ukrainian), Արկադիա (Armenian)
Ardennes Ardenas (Portuguese, Spanish), Årdene (Walloon), Les Ardenes (Catalan), Ardeni (Croatian, Romanian, Slovene), Ardenne (Italian), Ardennek (Hungarian), Ardennen (Dutch, German), Ardennerna (Swedish), Ardennerne (Danish), Ardennes (French), Ardennid (Estonian), Ardény (Czech), Ardeny (Polish)
Artois Artesië (Dutch), Artois (French, Italian, Romanian) Artésia (Portuguese)
Asturias Asturia (Finnish, Polish), Astúrias (Portuguese), Asturias (Romanian, Spanish), Asturië (Dutch), Asturie (Italian, Czech), Asturien (Danish, German, Swedish), Asturies (Asturian, French), Astúries (Catalan), Asturii (variant in Romanian), Astūrija (Latvian, Lithuanian), Asturija (Slovene), Asturja (Maltese), Astuuria (Estonian), Astyria - Αστυρία (Greek), Asztúria (Hungarian)
Attica an Ataic (Irish), Àtica (Catalan), Ática (Portuguese, Spanish), Atika (Estonian, Latvian, Slovene), Attica (Dutch, Latin, Italian, Romanian), Attika (Czech, Danish, Dutch alternate, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Maltese, Swedish, Turkish), Attikí - Αττική (Greek), Attique (French), Attyka (Polish)
Auvergne Alvérni - Αλβέρνη (Greek), Alvèrnia (Catalan), Alvernia (Italian), Alvernja (Maltese), Arvernia (Latin), Auvergne (Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish), Auvèrnha (Occitan), Auvernya (variant in Catalan), Auvernia (Spanish), Auvérnia (Portuguese), Owernia (Polish)

B[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Bačka Bačka - Бачка (Serbian), Bácska (Hungarian), Backa (Dutch, Italian), Bačka (Croatian, Estonian, Latvian, Romanian), Bakka (Maltese) Batschka (German)
Baden Bade (French), Baden (Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Low Saxon, Maltese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish), Baden - Баден (Russian, Serbian), Badenas (Lithuanian), Bādene (Latvian), Badenia (Polish), Bádensko (Czech), Vádhi - Βάδη (Greek)
Baden-Württemberg Bade-Wurtemberg (French), Baden-Virtemberg - Баден-Виртемберг (Serbian), Baden-Vyurtemberg - Баден-Вюртемберг (Russian), Baden-Wuerttemberg (Portuguese variant), Baden-Wúrtemberch (Frisian), Baden-Wurtemberg (Catalan, Spanish), Baden-Wurttemberg (Romanian, variant in English), Baden-Württemberg (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Italian, Low Saxon, Maltese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Slovene, Swedish), Bādene-Virtemberga (Latvian), Badenia-Wirtembergia (Polish), Bádensko-Würtembersko (Czech), Badenas-Viurtembergas (Lithuanian), Bade-Vurtemberga (Portuguese variant), Vádhi-Vytemvérghi - Βάδη-Βυτεμβέργη (Greek)
Banat Banat (Romanian, Serbian Latin, Catalan, Croatian, German, Maltese, Polish), Банат (Serbian Cyrillic), Banát (Czech, Slovak), Bánság (Hungarian), Banaat (Dutch, Estonian), Banat or Banatet (Danish, Swedish), Banat or Baanaatti (Finnish), Banato (Italian), Vanáton - Βανάτον (Greek)
Baranya Baranya (Hungarian, Estonian), Baranja (Croatian, Maltese, Serbian Latin, Slovene), Барања (Serbian Cyrillic), Baraņa (Latvian), Varonia - Βαρωνεια (Greek)
Basilicata Basilicata (Catalan, Dutch, Estonian, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Finnish), Basilicata or Basilikata (German), Basilicate (French), Bazilikata (Latvian), Bażilikata (Maltese), Lucania (former Italian, Latin), Lucània (former Catalan), Lucanie (former French), Lukania (former Polish), Lukanien (former German), Vasilikáta-Lefkanía - Βασιλικατα-Λευκανία (Greek)
Basque Country Auskalerik (Lojban), Bask (Turkish variant), Baska lando (variant in Esperanto), Baskenland (Dutch, German), Baskaralandið (Faroese), Baskerlandet (Danish), Baskicko (Czech), Baskien (Swedish), Baskija (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Baskimaa (Estonian, Finnish), Baskonia (Polish), Bask Ülkesi (Turkish), Basku zeme (Latvian), Basukukoku - バスク国 (Japanese), Baszkföld (Hungarian), Euscadi (learned variant in Catalan), Euskadi or Euskal Herria (Basque), Euskadi (Bân-lâm, Breton), Eŭskio (Esperanto), Gwlad y Basg (Welsh), Kraj Basków (Polish), Paesi Baschi (Italian), País Basc or Bascònia (Catalan, Occitan), País Basco (Portuguese), País Vasco or Vascongadas (Spanish), País Vascu (Asturian), il-Pajjiżi Baski (Maltese), Pays basque (French), Ţara Bascilor (Romanian), An Tìr Basgach (Scots Gaelic), Tír na mBascach (Irish), Vaskonía - Βασκονία (Greek), Vasconia (Latin)
Note: The Basque Country is partitioned between two states: Spain and France, and the name is sometimes used exclusively for the Spanish part.
Bavaria Bæjaraland (Icelandic), Baieri (Estonian), Baiern (German until 1825), Baijeri (Finnish), Baijern (German until 1825), Baioaria (Medieval Latin), Bajorország (Hungarian), Bavaria (Latin, Romanian), Bavario (Esperanto), Bavarja (Maltese), Bavarska (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Baviera (Catalan, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Bavière (French), Bavorsko (Czech, Slovak), Bavyera (Turkish), Bawaria (Polish), Bawaryah - בוואריה (Hebrew), Bayern (Danish, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Swedish), Beieren (Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian), Bavarija - Бавария (Bulgarian, Russian), Bavārija (Latvian), Bavarija (Lithuanian), Bavariya - Баварія (Ukrainian), Bavire (Walloon), an Bhaváir (Irish), Vavaría - Βαβαρία (Greek)
Bessarabia Basarabia (Moldovan, Romanian), Bessarabija - Бессарабія (Ukrainian), Besarabia (Polish, Spanish), Besarābija (Latvian), Bessaràbia (Catalan), Bessarábia (Portuguese), Besarabya (Turkish), Bessaraabia (Estonian), Bessarabeye (Walloon), Bessarabia (Italian, Finnish), Bessarabija - Бессарабия (Russian), Bessarabië (Dutch), Bessarabien (Danish, German, Swedish), Bessarabie (French), Bessarabja (Maltese), Besarábie (Czech), Besarabija (Lithuanian, Serbian), Bessarabija - Бесарабия (Bulgarian), Besszarábia (Hungarian), an Bheasaráib (Irish), Vessaravía - Βεσσαραβία (Greek)
Bihor Bihor (Romanian, Estonian), Bihar (Hungarian)
Blekinge Blechingia (Latin), Blekinge (Danish, Estonian, Hungarian, Latvian, Swedish)
Boeotia Beocia (Spanish), Beòcia (Catalan), Beócia, (variant in Hungarian, Portuguese), Beocja (Polish), Beotië (variant in Dutch), Beoţia (Romanian), Béotie (French), Beotien (variant in Swedish), Beozia (Italian), Beozja (Maltese), Boeotia (Latin), Boeotië (Dutch), Boijotija (Latvian, Lithuanian), Boiootia (Estonian), Boiotia (Finnish), Boiótia (Hungarian), Boiotien (Swedish), Bøotien (Danish), Böotien (German), an Bhéóitia (Irish), Viotía - Βοιωτία (Greek)
Bohemia Čechy (Czech, Estonian, Slovak), Bæheimur (Icelandic), an Bhoihéim (Irish), Boemia (Italian, Romanian), Boémia (Portuguese), Boêmia (Brazilian Portuguese), Boemja (Maltese), Bohême (French), Bohemen (Dutch), Bohemia or Boiohaemum (Latin), Bohemia (Spanish), Bohèmia (Catalan), Bohémia (old Hungarian variant), Bohēmija (Latvian), Bohemija (Lithuanian), Bohemya (Turkish), Bøhmen (Danish, Norwegian), Böhmen (German, Swedish), Böömi (Finnish), Böömimaa (Estonian alternate), Čehija - Чехия / Bogemija - Богемия (Russian), Češka (Croatian, Slovene), Cseh föld (variant in Hungarian), Csehország (Hungarian), Czechy (Polish), Pihm - פיהם (Yiddish), Voimía - Βοημία (Greek)
Bohuslän Bahusia (Latin), Bohus Len(Danish), Båhuslen or Baahuslen (Norwegian), Bohuslän (Estonian, Swedish)
Brabant Brabân (Frisian), Brabancja (Polish), Brabant (Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Maltese, Romanian, Swedish), Brabante (Italian, Latvian, Portuguese, Spanish), Brabantsko (Czech), Braibant (Walloon), Vravándhi - Βραβάνδη (Greek)
Brandenburg Brandebourg (French), Brandeburg (Catalan), Brandeburgo (Italian, Spanish), Brandemburgo (Portuguese, variant in Spanish), Brandenborg (variant in Danish), Brandenburch (Frisian), Brandenburg (Afrikaans, variant in Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish), Brandenburga (Latvian), Brandenburgas (Lithuanian), Brandenburgia (Polish), Brandenburgu (Maltese), Bramborska (Sorbian), Braniborsko (Czech), Brannenborg (Low Saxon), Vradhemvourghon - Βραδεμβουργον (Greek)
Brittany Aremorica or Armorica (Classical Latin), Armòrica (learned variant in Catalan), Armorikí-Vretáni - Αρμορική-Βρετάνη (Greek), Bertaèyn (Gallo), an Bhriotáin (Irish), Breizh (Breton), Bretagna (Italian), Bretagne (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Swedish), Bretaň (Czech), Bretaņa (Latvian), Bretaña (Spanish), Bretanha (Portuguese), Bretania (Polish, Romanian), Bretanija (Slovene), Bretanja (Croatian, Serbian), Bretanya (Catalan, Turkish), Bretonija (Croatian), Bretonio or Bretonujo (Esperanto), Britannia minor (Medieval Latin), Brittanja (Maltese), Burtaegne (Walloon), Llydaw (Welsh)
Bukovina Bukovyna - Буковина (Ukrainian), Bucovina (Romanian, Catalan, Italian, Portuguese), Ţara de Sus (older Romanian), Boekowina (Dutch), Buchenland (older German), Bucovine (French), Bukovina (Czech, Finnish, Hungarian, Latvian, Maltese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish), Bukovina - Буковина (Russian), Bukoviina (Estonian), Bukowina (German, Polish)
Burgenland Burgenland (German, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, Hungarian, Italian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish), Burgenlandas (Lithuanian), Burgenlande (Latvian), Burgenlândia (Portuguese variant), Burgenlandsko (Czech), Burguenland (Catalan), Gradiščanska (Slovene), Gradišće (Croatian), Őrvidék, Felsőőrvidék or Várvidék (Hungarian variants)
Burgundy an Bhurgúin (Irish), Borgogna (Italian), Borgoña (Spanish), Borgonha (Portuguese), Borgònha (Occitan), Borgonja (Maltese), Borgonya (Catalan), Bourgondië (Dutch), Bourgogne (French), Burgonya (Turkish), Burgund (Danish, German, Swedish), Burgundia (Estonian, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian), Burgundija (Croatian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Serbian, Slovene), Burgundiya - Бургундия (Russian), Burgundsko (Czech), Burgundia (Latin) Burgundi (Finnish), Bwrgwyn (Welsh), Vourghoundhía - Βουργουνδία (Greek)
Burzenland Ţara Bârsei (Romanian), Burzenland (German), Barcaság (Hungarian), Burcenlande (Latvian)

C[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Calabria Bruttium (Latin), Calabre (French), Calabria (Estonian, Finnish, Italian, Latin, Romanian, Spanish), Calábria (Portuguese), Calàbria (Catalan), Calabrië (Dutch), Calabrien (Danish), Kalaabria (Estonian alternate), Kalabria (Faroese, Polish), Kalábria (Hungarian), Kalábrie (Czech), Kalabrien (German, Swedish), Kalabrija (Croatian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Serbian, Slovene), Kalavría - Καλαβρία (Greek)
Campania Campania (Estonian, Italian, Latin, Romanian, Spanish), Campânia (Portuguese), Campània (Catalan), Campanië (Dutch), Campanie (French), Campanien (Danish), Kampanía - Καμπανία (Greek), Kampania (Polish), Kampanien (German, Swedish), Kampanija (Lithuanian), Kampanja (Maltese)
Cantabria Cantabria (Irish, Italian, Latin, Romanian, Spanish), Cantàbria (Catalan, Scots Gaelic), Cantábria (Portuguese), Cantabrië (Dutch), Cantabrie (French), Cantabrien (Danish), Kantaabria (Estonian), Kantabria (Basque, Faroese, Finnish, Polish, Turkish), Kantábria (Hungarian), Kantábrie (Czech), Kantabrien (German, Swedish), Kantabrija (Croatian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Serbian, Slovene), Kantavría - Κανταβρία (Greek)
Carinthia Carantania or Carinthia (Latin), Carinthie (French), Caríntia (Catalan, Portuguese), Carintia (Romanian, Spanish), Carinzia (Italian), Karinthía - Καρινθία (Greek), Karinthië (Dutch), Karintia (Hungarian), Karintija (Latvian, Lithuanian), Karinzja (Maltese), Kärnten (Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Swedish), Karyntia (Polish), Koroška (Slovene), Korotan (historical variant in Slovene), Koruška (Croatian, Serbian), Korutany (Czech)
Carnia Carnia (Italian), Cjargne (Friulian), Karnien (German)
Carniola Carniola (Catalan, Italian, Latin, Romanian), Carniole (French), Krain (Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Swedish), Kraina (Polish), Krajna (Hungarian), Kranjska (Croatian, Estonian, Slovene), Kraňsko (Czech)
Castile Castela (Portuguese), Castella (Catalan), Castiglia (Italian), Castilia (Romanian), Castilien (Danish), Castilla (Spanish), Castille (French), an Chaistíl (Irish), Kastiilia (Estonian), Kastilia (Finnish), Kastilie / Kastilsko (Czech), Kastilië (Dutch), Kastilien (German, Swedish), Kastīlija (Latvian), Kastilija (Lithuanian, Slovene), Kastilja (Croatian, Maltese, Serbian), Kastilli - Καστιλλη (Greek), Kastilya (Turkish), Kastylia (Polish), Kasztília (Hungarian)
Catalonia Catalogna (Italian), Catalogne (French, Walloon), Catalonha (Occitan), Catalonia (Romanian), Catalonië (Dutch), Catalonien (Danish), Cataluña (Spanish), Catalunha (Portuguese), Catalunya (Catalan), an Chatalóin (Irish), Katalánsko (Czech), Katalonía - Καταλωνία (Greek), Katalónia (Hungarian), Katalonia (Breton, Finnish, Polish), Katalonien (German, Swedish), Katalonija (Croatian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Serbian, Slovene), Katalonja (Maltese), Katalonya (Turkish), Kataloonia (Estonian), Katalunio (Esperanto)
Champagne Champagne (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Romanian, Swedish), Champanhe (Portuguese), Champaña (Spanish), Kampáni - Καμπάνη (Greek), Šampaņa (Latvian), Šampanė (Lithuanian), Šampanija (Slovene), Sciampagna (old Italian), Szampania (Polish), Tchampagne (Walloon), Xampanja (Maltese) Xampanya (Catalan)
Chechnya an tSeisnia (Irish), Ċeċnija (Maltese) Tchétchénie (French), Txetxènia (Catalan), Chechnya - Чечня (Russian)
Chełmno Land Culmerland (variant in German), Culmland (variant in English), Kulmerland (Dutch, German, Hungarian), Ziemia Chełmińska (Polish)
Chod region Chodenland (German), Chodovia (Latin), Chod region (English), Chodsko (Czech), Ziemia Chodzka (Polish)
Cerdanya Cerdanya (Catalan), Cerdagne (French) (see also French Cerdagne), Cerdaña (Spanish), Cerdanha (Portuguese)
Cornwall Kernow (Cornish), Cernyw (Welsh), Corn na Breataine (Irish), Cornouailles (French), Cornovaglia (Italian), Cornualha (Portuguese), Cornualla (Catalan), Cornualles (variant in Catalan, Spanish), Cornwall (Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish), Kernev-Veur (Breton), Kornouálli - Κορνουάλλη (Greek), Kornvalo (Esperanto), Kornvol (Serbian), Kornvola (Latvian), Kornwalia (Polish), Kornwall (variant in German)
Corsica an Chorsaic (Irish), Corsica (Corsican, Dutch, Italian, Latin, Romanian), Corse (French), Còrsega (Catalan), Córsega (Portuguese), Córcega (Spanish), Korsika - Корсика (Bulgarian), Korsika (Breton, Czech, Danish, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, German, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Swedish, Turkish), Korsikí - Κορσική (Greek), Korsyka (Polish), Korzika (Croatian, Hungarian, Serbian, Slovene), Korsikujo or Korsikio (Esperanto)
Courland Courlande (French), Couronia or Curonia (variants in English), Curlanda (variant in Catalan, Romanian), Curlandia (Italian), Curlàndia (Catalan), Curlândia (Portuguese), Koerland (Dutch), Kuramaa (Estonian), Kurland (Danish, Faroese, German, Hungarian, Swedish, variant in English), Kúrland (Icelandic), Kurlandia (Polish), Kuronsko (Czech), Kurzeme (Latvian), Kuurinmaa (Finnish), Kuršas (Lithuanian)
Crete Candia (former Italian), an Chréit (Irish), Creta (Catalan, Italian, Latin, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Welsh), Crète (French), Girit (Turkish), Kandia (former Turkish), Kreeta (Estonian, Finnish), Kréta (Czech, Slovak, Hungarian), Kreta (Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Faroese, German, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Slovene, Swedish), Krēta (Latvian), Krétim - כרתים (Hebrew), Krit (Serbian), Kríti - Κρήτη (Greek)
Crimea an Chrimé (Irish), Crimea (Catalan, Italian), Crimeea (Romanian), Criméia (Portuguese), Crimée (French), Crimêye (Walloon), Kırım (Turkish), Krim (Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Faroese, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Serbian, Swedish, Slovene), Krim - קרים (Yiddish), Krima (Latvian), Kriméa - Κριμέα (Greek), Krimea (Maltese), Krimeo (Esperanto), Krimm (Estonian), Krym (Polish, Czech), Krim - Крым (Russian), Krym - Крим (Ukrainian), Krymas (Lithuanian), Qırım (Crimean Tatar, Tatar)
Cumbria Cumbria (Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Italian, Latin, Romanian, Swedish), Cúmbria (Catalan, Portuguese), Cumbrie (French), Cumbrien (variant in Swedish), Cwmry (Cumbric), Kumbrija (Latvian, Maltese), Kumbrio (Esperanto)
Czechia Čeahkka (Northern Saami), Cechia (Italian), Cechia / Czechia (variants in Latin), Cecland (Anglo-Saxon), Cehia (Romanian), Čehija (Latvian), Čehija - Чэхія (Belarusian), Čehija - Чexия (Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian), Čehija - Чexiя (Ukrainian), Čehija - Чexиja (Macedonian), Ĉeĥio (Esperanto), Çehiya (Crimean Tatar), Čehmastor - Чехмастор (Moksha), Ċeka (Maltese), Çekia (Albanian), Čekija (Lithuanian), Çekıstan (Dimli), Çekiye (Turkish), Češka (Croatian, Serbian, Slovenian), Češka - Чeшкa (Serbian), Čěska (Sorbian), Česko (Czech, Slovak), Češ'sko - Чєшьско (Old Church Slavonic), Çexiya (Azerbaijani), Chequia (Portuguese, Spanish), Chexiya (Uzbek), Csehország (Hungarian), Czechy (Polish), Czeskô (Kashubian), Kekkia (Faeroese), Seicia (Irish), Tchequia (Brazilian Portuguese), Tchéquie (French), Tékkland (Icelandic), Tjeckien (Swedish), Tjekkiet (Danish), Tschechia (Romansh), Tschechei (Luxembourgish, Yiddish, variant in German), Tschecherei (Pennsylvania German), Tschechien (German), Tsechía - Τσεχία (Greek), Tšehhi (Estonian), Tšekki (Finnish), Tshecia (Welsh), Tsjechië (Dutch), Tsjekkia (Norwegian), Txekia (Basque), Txèquia (Catalan), Tzechia (Latin)

D[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Dalecarlia Dalarna (Czech, Danish, Dutch, variant in English, Estonian, Portuguese, Swedish), Dālarna (Latvian), Dalecarlia (English, Italian, Latin), Dalécarlie (French), Dalekarlien (German), Taalainmaa (Finnish)
Dalsland Dalia (Latin), Dália (Portuguese), Dalie(French), Dalsland (Danish, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Swedish), Dālslande (Latvian)
Dalmatia Dalmacija (Croatian, Slovene), Dalmaatsia (Estonian), Dalmacia (Spanish), Dalmàcia (Catalan), Dalmácia (Hungarian, Portuguese, Slovak), Dalmácie (Czech), Dalmācija (Latvian), Dalmacija - Далмација (Serbian), Dalmacja (Polish), Dalmaçya (Turkish), an Dalmáit (Irish), Dalmatia (Finnish, Latin), Dalmatie (French), Dalmatië (Dutch), Dalmátország (Hungarian alternate), Dalmatien (Danish, German, Swedish), Dalmaţia (Romanian), Dalmazia (Italian), Dalmazja (Maltese), Dhalmatía - Δαλματία (Greek)
Dauphiné Daufinat (Occitan), Dauphiné (Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish), Dauphiné or Delfinado (Portuguese), Delfinado (Spanish), Delfinat (Catalan, Maltese, Polish), Delfinato (Italian), Dhelfináton - Δελφινατον (Greek)
Dobruja Dhovroutsá - Δοβρουτσά (Greek), Dobroedzja (Dutch), Dobrogea (Finnish, Romanian, Swedish), Dobroudja (French), Dobruca (Turkish), Dobrudja (Catalan, variant in English), Dobrudscha (German), Dobrudža (Croatian, Czech, Estonian, Latvian, Slovene), Dobrudža - Добруџа (Serbian), Dobrudża (Polish), Dobrudža - Добруджа (Bulgarian), Dobrudzsa (Hungarian), Dobrugia (Italian), Dobruja (Portuguese, Spanish)
Drenthe Drende (Catalan), Drente (Latvian, Portuguese), Drenthe (Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, German), Drinte (Frisian)

E[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Emilia-Romagna Aemilia and Romania (Latin), Emilia-Romagna (Danish, Dutch, German, Hungarian, Italian, Romanian), Emilia Romagna (Estonian), Emilia-Romaña (Spanish), Emília-Romanha (Portuguese), Emilía-Románia - Εμιλια-Ρωμανια (Greek), Emilia-Romania (Polish), Emília-Romanya (Catalan), Émilie-Romagne (French), Emīlija-Romaņa (Latvian), Emilja-Romanja (Maltese)
England Angel'shchyna - Ангельшчына (Belarusian variant), Anghiltèra (Piedmontese), Anglaterra (Aragonese, Catalan, Interlingua), Anglatèrra (Occitan), Angletè (Haitian Creole), Angleterre (French), Angli - Англи (Chuvash), Anglia (Albanian, Aromanian, Hungarian, Ido, Latin, Polish, Romanian), Anglía - Αγγλία (Greek), Anglicko (Slovak), Anglie (Czech, Friulian), Angliétèrre (Norman), Anglija (Latvian, Lithuanian, Slovenian), Anglija - Англија (Macedonian), Anglio or Anglujo (Esperanto), Anglis - Англис (Ossetian), Angliya (Uzbek), Angliya - Англия (Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Tatar), Angliya - Англія (Belarusian, Ukrainian), Änglound (Saterland Frisian), Anh (Vietnamese), Bro-Saoz (Breton), Engalterra (Rumantsch Grischun), Engelaand (Dutch Low Saxon), Engeland (Afrikaans, Dutch), Engelane (Sesotho), Engelska (Lower Sorbian), Englaland (Anglo-Saxon), England (Alemannic, Austro-Bavarian, Danish, German, Icelandic, Low German, Luxembourgish, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tsonga), Englánda (Saami), Englanti (Finnish), Engleska (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbo-Croat), Engleska - Енглеска (Serbian), Eng-tē (Min Nan), Iengeland (West Flemish), Ilẹ̀gẹ̀ẹ́sì (Yoruba), Ingalaterra (Basque, Extremaduran), Ingarangi (Maori), Ingelân (Frisian), Ingeland (Limburgish), Ingɛlandi (Lingala), INgesi (Xhosa), Ing-geullaendeu - 잉글랜드 (Korean), Inggréh (Acèh), Inggris (Indonesian, Javanese, Sundanese), Inghiltera (Venetian), Inghiltèra (Lombard), Inghilterra (Italian, Sardinian), Inghiltæra (Ligurian), INgilandi (Zulu), ʻIngilani (Tongan), Ingilîstan (Kurdish), Ingilterra (Maltese), İngiltere (Turkish), İngiltərə (Azerbaijani), Inglan (Tok Pisin), Ingland (Pitcairn Creole, Scots, Low German), Inglatera (Cebuano, Chavacano, Papiamento, Tagalog), Inglaterra (Asturian, Galician, Kapampangan, Portuguese, Spanish, Tetum, Waray-Waray), Inglatlālpan (Nahuatl), Inglishin Tangghch - Инглишин Таңһч (Kalmyk), Inglismaa (Estonian), Inglüsmaa (Võro), Ingriis (Somalian), Ingurando - イングランド (Japanese), Ingyaterra (Guaraní), Inlatirra (Quechua), Jendźelska (Upper Sorbian), Linglän (Volapük), Lloegr (Welsh), Ngilandi (Swazi), Nglaterra (Sicilian), Ngreterra (Neapolitan), Ngyiresi (Akan), Ongland (Faroese), Onglėjė (Samogitian), Pow Sows (Cornish), Sasainn (Scottish Gaelic), Sasana (Irish), Sostyn (Manx), Uingereza (Swahili), Yīnggélán - 英格兰 (Mandarin Chinese), Yngland (Silesian)
Epirus Çamërië / Çamëria (Albanian), Epeiros (Finnish), Epir (Croatian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Turkish), Epīra (Latvian), Épire (French), Epiro (Italian, Esperanto), Épiro (Spanish, Portuguese), Èpir (Catalan), Epirosz (Hungarian), Epiru (Maltese), Epirus (Danish, Dutch, German, Latin, Swedish), Ípeiros (Estonian), Ípiros - Ήπειρος (Greek)
Euboea Eğriboz (Turkish), Eubea (Catalan, Italian, Polish), Eubée (French), Eubeea (Romanian), Eubéia (Portuguese), Eubeja (Croatian), Euböa (German), Euboea (Dutch, Latin), Euboia (Estonian, Swedish, Finnish), Évia (Hungarian), Évvia - Ευβοια (Greek), Negroponte (former Italian)

F[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Faroe Islands Føroyar (Faroese), Færeyjar (Icelandic), Færøyane (Norwegian nynorsk), Færøyene (Norwegian bokmål), Færøerne (Danish), Fääri saared (Estonian), Färöarna (Swedish), Faeröer (Dutch), Faroe Adaları (Turkish), Färöer (German), Faerské ostrovy (Czech, Slovak), Farēru salas or Fēru salas (Latvian), Farerų salos (Lithuanian), Färsaaret (Finnish), Farska Ostrva (Serbian), Feróes Nisoi - Φερόες Νησοι (Greek), Ferooj (Esperanto), Feröer-szigetek (Hungarian), Ferski otoki (Slovene), na h-Eileanan Fàrach (Scots Gaelic), il-Gżejjer Faroe (Maltese), Îles Féroé (French), Ilhas Faroés or Ilhas Feroé or Ilhas Féroes (Portuguese), Illes Fèroe (Catalan), Insulele Faroe (Romanian), Islas Feroe (Spanish), Isole Fær Øer (Italian), Farski otoci (informal Croatian), na Scigirí (variant in Irish), Oileáin Fharó (Irish), Ovčji otoci (official Croatian, rarely used), Schafsinseln (German), Wyspy Owcze (Polish)
Finland Proper Dienvidrietumsomija (Latvian), Egentliga Finland (Swedish), Egentlige Finland (Danish), Finlande propre (French), Finlandia Meridionalis (Latin), Finlândia Própria or Finlândia do Sudoeste (Portuguese), Päris-Soome (Estonian), Varsinais-Suomi (Finnish)
Finnmark Finmarka (Latvian), Finnmark (Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish), Finnmarken (Danish), Finnmárku (Sami), Finnmörk (Icelandic), Ruija (Finnish)
Flanders Fiandra or Fiandre (Italian), Fjandra (Maltese), Flamandhía - Φλαμανδία (Greek), Flaman Ovası (Turkish), Flámsko (Slovak), Flande (Walloon), Flanderi (Finnish), Flandern (Danish, German, Swedish), Flandes (Catalan, Spanish), Flandra (Romanian), Flandre or Flandres (French), Flandres (Portuguese), Flandrez (Breton), Flandria (Estonian, Hungarian, Latin, Polish), Flandrija (Croatian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Serbian), Flandrio or Flandrujo (Esperanto), Flandry (Czech), Flandrys (Welsh), Flandur or Flæmingjaland (Icelandic), Flóndras (Irish), Vlaanderen (Dutch)
Note: several languages have a plural form and a singular form, with different geographical scope
Franche-Comté Franca Contea (Italian), Franc-Comtat (Catalan), Franche-Comté (Estonian, French, Romanian), Franco-Condado (Portuguese), Franco Condado (Spanish), Freigrafschaft Burgund (German until the 17th century), Burgundia (Medieval Latin)
Franconia an Fhrancóin (Irish), Frankonía - Φραγκωνία (Greek), Franačka (Croatian), Franconia (Italian, Latin, Romanian, Spanish), Francónia (Portuguese), Francònia (Catalan), Francônia (Brazilian Portuguese), Franconie (French), Frangimaa (Estonian), Franken (Danish, Finnish), Franken or Frankenland (Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Frankföld (Hungarian), Frankonia (Polish), Frankonija (Latvian), Frankonja (Maltese), Franky (Czech)
Friesland an Fhreaslainn (Irish), Friesland (Dutch, English, German, Indonesian, Norwegian, Swedish), Friisimaa (Estonian), Friisinmaa (Finnish), Frísaland (Faroese), Frise (French), Frísia (Catalan, Portuguese), Frisía - Φρισία (Greek), Frisia (Italian, Latin, Spanish), Frisia or Frislanda (Romansh), Frísko (Czech), Frisland (Danish), Frislandiya - Фрисландия (Russian), Frislando (Esperanto), Frízföld (Hungarian), Frizia (Romanian), Frizija (Croatian), Frīzlande (Latvian), Frizya (Turkish), Fryslân (Frisian), Fryzja (Polish)
Friuli Forum Iulii, Foroiulium or Forum Iulium (Latin), Friaul (German, Hungarian), Frioul (French), Frioulía - Φριουλία (Greek), Friül (Catalan), Friûl (Friulian), Friul (Spanish, variant in Romanian), Friuli (Dutch, Estonian, Italian, Latvian, Maltese, Polish, Romanian), Friúlia (Portuguese), Furlanija (Croatian, Slovene), Furlánsko (Czech)
Funen Fyn (Danish, Estonian, Norwegian, Swedish, Esperanto, Finnish, Hungarian, Portuguese, Romanian), Fjón (Faroese, Icelandic), Funen (Dutch), Fünen (German), Fionia (Italian, Polish, Spanish, variant in Romanian), Fiònia (Catalan), Fionie (French)

G[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Galicia (Central Europe) Gácsország (variant in Hungarian), Galicia (Hungarian, Latin), Galicia (Spanish), Galícia (Portuguese), Galicië (Dutch), Galicie (French), Galicija (Croatian, Slovene), Galicja (Polish), Galiçya (Turkish), Galiitsia (Estonian), Galiţia (Romanian), Galitsia (Finnish), Galitsiya - Галиция (Russian), Galitsyen - גאַליציען (Yiddish), Galítzia (Catalan), Galizia (Italian), Galizien (Danish, German, Swedish), Galizja (Maltese), an Ghailís (Irish), Halič (Czech), Halici (variant in Romanian), Halics (variant in Hungarian), Halychyna - Галичина (Ukrainian), Puna-Venäjä (historical Finnish)
Galicia (Spain) Gallaecia (Latin), Galice (French), Galícia (Catalan), Galicia (Estonian, Finnish, Galician, Hungarian, variant in Romanian, Spanish), Galicie (Czech), Galicië (Dutch), Galicien (Danish, German, Swedish), Galicija (Serbian), Galicja or Galisja (Polish), Galiçya (Turkish), Galiţia (Romanian), Galiza (alternative Galician name, Portuguese), Galizia (Italian), Galizja (Maltese), Gal·lècia (old Catalan), an Ghailís (Irish), Ghallikía - Γαλλικία (Greek)
Gascony Gascogne (French, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Swedish, variant in Romanian), Gasconha (Occitan, Portuguese), Gasconia (Romanian), Gasconya and Gascunya (Catalan), Gascuña (Spanish), Gasgwyn (Welsh), Gaskonia (Polish), Gaskonja (Serbian), Gaskonya (Turkish), an Ghascóin (Irish), Guascogna (Italian), Gaskoňsko (Czech), Ghaskonía - Γασκονία (Greek), Vasconia (Latin)
Gelderland Gelderlân (Frisian), Gelderland (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Swedish), Gelre (historical Dutch), Gheldria (Italian), Guelders or Gueldres (alternative English name), Güelda or Güeldes (Catalan), Gueldre (French), Güeldres (Spanish), Guéldria (Portuguese), Geldria (Polish)
Gästrikland Gästrikland (Estonian, Swedish), Gestricia (Latin), Gestricie (French), Gestriklanti (Finnish), Gestrekaland (Old West Norse)
Götaland Gautlönd or Gautaland (Icelandic), Götaland (Dutch, Estonian, French, Hungarian, Swedish), Götamaa (Estonian alternate), Gothia (Latin), Göötanmaa (Finnish), Geatland (variant in English), Götland (German), Gotlandia (Polish), Gotlàndia and Gòtia (Catalan)
Gotland Gotland (Danish, Dutch, Faroese, French, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish, Turkish), Gotlanda (Catalan), Gotlandas (Lithuanian), Gotlandia (Latin, Polish), Gotlanti (Finnish), Gutland (Gutnish), Ojamaa (Estonian)
Graubünden Graubünden (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish, variant in English), Grauwbunderland (former Dutch), Grigioni (Italian), Grischun (Romansh), Grisões (Portuguese), Grisons or els Grisons (Catalan), Grisons (French), Grisones (Spanish), Grizono (Esperanto), Gryzonia (Polish)
Greater Poland Gran Polonja (Maltese) Grande Polonia or Posnania (Italian), Grande-Pologne (French), Grande Polônia (Portuguese), Gran-Polònia (Catalan), Great Poland (variant in English), Groot-Polen (Dutch), Großpolen (German), Megháli Polonía - Μεγάλη Πολωνία (Greek), Nagy-Lengyelország (Hungarian), an Pholainn Mhór (Irish), Polonia Maior (Latin), Polonia Mare (Romanian), Storpolen (Danish, Swedish), Wielkopolska (Polish), Velkopolsko (Czech), Suur-Poola (Estonian), Suur-Puola (Finnish)
Groningen Groningen (Dutch, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish), Groningue (French), Groninga (Catalan, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Grinslân (Frisian), Grönnen / Grunnen / Grunn'n (Gronings)

H[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Hainaut Hainaut (Danish, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian), Henegavsko (Czech), Henegouwen (Dutch), Hennegau (German), Henao (old Spanish), Hinnot (Walloon)
Halland Chalandhía - Χαλανδία (Greek), Halland (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, Hungarian, Swedish), Hallandia (Latin), Hallanti (Finnish)
Hälsingland Hälsingland (Dutch, Estonian, Swedish), Helsingia (Latin), Helsingland (French), Helsinglanti (Finnish), Helsingjaland (Old West Norse)
Hanakia Gana - Гана (Russian), Hana (Croatian, Polish, Serbian), Haná (Czech, Slovak), Hana - Гана (Ukrainian), Hana - Хана (Serbian), Hanácko (variant in Czech), Hanac'ko - Ганацько (variant Ukrainian), Hanakei (variant in German), Hanakia (English, Latin), Hanakien (variant in German), Hanakio (Esperanto), Hanaquie (French), Haná region (variant in English), Hanna (Dutch, German)
Härjedalen Härjedalen (Estonian, Swedish), Herdalia (Latin), Herdalie (French), Herjedalen (Danish, Norwegian), Herjeådalen (Trøndersk, IOW the regional name), Herjárdalr (Old West Norse), Härjedaelie (Sami)
Herzegovina Erzeghovíni - Ερζεγοβίνη (Greek), Erzegovina (Italian), an Heirseagaivéin (Irish), Hercegovina (Albanian, Bosnian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Croatian, Czech, Hungarian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish), Hercegovina - Герцеговина (Belarusian, Russian), Hercegovina - Херцеговина (Bulgarian, Serbian), Hercegovino (Esperanto), Hercegowina (Polish), Herdzegovine (Walloon), Hersegovina (Faroese), Hersegóvína (Icelandic), Hersek (Turkish), Herţegovina (Romanian), Hertsegofina (Welsh), Hertsegoviina (Estonian), Hertsegovina (Finnish), Herzegovina (Basque, Latin, Portuguese, Spanish), Ħerżegovina (Maltese), Herzégovine (French), Herzegowina (German)
Hesse Assia (Italian), Éssi - Έσση (Greek), Hesensko (Czech), Hessa (Romanian), Hessen (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Irish, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Slovene, Swedish, variant in Romanian, Turkish), Hesse (French, Portuguese, Spanish), Hesja (Polish)
Hiiumaa Dagø (Danish), Dagö (German, Swedish), Dago (Polish, historical), Hiidenmaa (Finnish), Hiiu (Estonian alternate), Hiiumaa (Dutch, Estonian, French, Hungarian, Romanian), Hiuma (modern Polish)
Holland Batavia (Latin variant), Belanda (Indonesian, Malay), Holland (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Faroese, German, Icelandic, Swedish), Holanda (Albanian, Catalan, Portuguese, Spanish), Holandia (Polish), Holandija (Serbian, Slovene), Holandsko (Czech, Slovak), Hollân (Frisian), Hollanda (Turkish), Hollande (French), Hollandia (Hungarian, Latin), Hollanti (Finnish), an Òlaind (Scots Gaelic), Olanda (Italian, Maltese, Romanian), Olandija (Lithuanian), an Ollainn (Irish), Ollanda (Romansh), Ollandhía - Ολλανδία (Greek)

Note: Holland is a former county and region comprising two modern provinces of the Netherlands, although the name is often used to refer to the whole Dutch realm. Holland is also a former kingdom (1806–1810) comprising approximately the territory of the modern Netherlands

Holstein Holsetaland (Icelandic), Holstein (Afrikaans, Croatian, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish), Holsteen (Low Saxon), Holsten (Danish), Holštýnsko (Czech), Holsztyn (Polish)

I[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Île-de-France Franciae insula (Latin), Île-de-France (Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Italian, Romanian, Swedish), Ilha-de-França (Portuguese), Isla de Francia (Spanish), Illa de França (Catalan)
Ingria Ingeri (Estonian), Ingerimaa (Estonian alternate), Ingermanland (Danish, German, Swedish), Ingermanlandia - Ингерманландия (Russian), Ingria (Italian, Latin, Romanian), Íngria (Portuguese), Ingrie (French), Inkeri (Finnish, Ingrian)
Istria Histria (Latin), Istra (Croatian, Estonian, Serbian, Slovene), Ístria (Catalan, Portuguese), Istria (Estonian alternate, Finnish, Italian, Polish, Romanian), Istría - Ιστρία (Greek), Istrië (Dutch), Istrie (French, Czech), Istrien (Danish, German, Swedish), Isztria (Hungarian)

J[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Jämtland Iempterland (French), Jamtaland (Icelandic, Old West Norse), Jämtland (Dutch, Estonian, German, Swedish), Jämtlanti (Finnish), Jemtia (Latin), Jemtland (Danish, Norwegian), Jamtland/Jamplann (Normalized/Traditional Jamtlandic), Jiemhte (Sami)
Jura Giura (Italian), Jura (Czech, Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Irish, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Turkish)
Jutland an Iútlainn (Irish), Iutlanda (Romanian), Jótland (Icelandic), Jutland (Afrikaans, Dutch, French, Italian, Turkish), Jútland (Faroese), Jütland (German, Hungarian), Jutlandia (Polish, Spanish), Jutlândia (Portuguese), Jutsko (Czech), Jüütimaa (Estonian), Jylland (Danish, Norwegian, Swedish), Jyllanti (Finnish)

K[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Kainuu Kainuu (Estonian, Finnish), Kajanaland (Swedish)
Karelia Carelia (Italian, Romanian), Carèlia (Catalan), Carélia (Portuguese), Carélie (French), an Chairéil (Irish), Karelen (Danish, Swedish), Karélia (Hungarian), Karelia (Latin, Polish), Kareliâ - Карелия (Russian), Karelië (Afrikaans, Dutch), Karélie (Czech), Karelien (German), Karelija (Croatian), Karelja (Maltese), Karelya (Turkish), Karjala (Estonian, Finnish, Karelian)
Kashubia Cachoubie (French), Caixúbia (Catalan), Cashubia[1] (variant in English), Cassubia (Latin, Italian,[2] Spanish[2]), an Chaisiúibia (Irish), Kaschubei or Kaschubien[2] (German), Kasjoebië (Afrikaans, Dutch), Kasjubia (Norwegian), Kasjubien (Swedish), Kasubia (Hungarian, Finnish[2]), Kaşubia (Romanian), Kašubija - Кашубия[2] (Russian), Kašubija[2] (Slovene), Kašubsko (Czech), Kašuubia[2] (Estonian alternate), Kaszëbë or Kaszëbskô (Kashubian), Kaszuby[2] (Estonian, Polish)
Kola Kola (Dutch, French, German, Romanian), Kolahalvøen (Danish), Kolahalvön (Swedish), Kola yarımadası (Turkish), Kol'skij poluostrov - Кольский полуостров (Russian), Koola (Estonian), Kuola (Finnish)
Kosovo an Chosaiv (Irish), Kosova (Turkish), Kosovë or Kosova (Albanian), Kosovo i Metohija - Косово и Метохија (Serbian), Kosovo (Estonian, Finnish, German, Maltese), Kosovo or Kosova (Faroese), Kosovo or Kossovo (French), Kosovo or Cosovo (Portuguese), Kosowo (Polish), Kossowo-Metochien or Kosowo-Metochien (German until 1974), Rigómező or Koszovó (Hungarian)
Kuyavia Cuiavia (Italian, Latin, variant in English), Cujávia (Portuguese), Cujavie (French), Kujaavia (Estonian alternate), Kujavia (Finnish, Hungarian), Kujawien (German), Kujawy (Estonian, Polish)

L[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Lachia Lachei (German), Lachija - Лахия (Russian), Lašsko (Czech, Slovak), Laszczyzna (Polish)
Languedoc Languedoc (Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish), Langwedocja (Polish), Lengadòc (Occitan), Lenguadoc (Old Spanish), Linguadoca (Italian), Llenguadoc (Catalan), Llinguadoc (Leonese)
Lapland Finnmark (Norwegian), Lapimaa (Estonian), an Laplainn (Irish), Lapland (Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch), Laponia (Latin, Polish, Romanian, Spanish), Lapònia (Catalan), Lapónia (Portuguese), Lapônia (Brazilian Portuguese), Laponie (French), Laponija (Serbian), Laponsko (Czech), Laponya (Turkish), Lappföld (Hungarian), Lappi (Finnish), Lappland or Sámaland (Faroese), Lappland (German, Swedish), Lapponia (Italian), Lapponja (Maltese), Llaponia (Leonese), Sápmi (Sami)
Laponia (Finland & Sweden) Finnmark (Norwegian, older Swedish), Lapimaa (Estonian), Lapland (Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch), Lapònia (Catalan), Laponia (Latin, Polish, Romanian, Spanish), Lapónia (Portuguese), Lapônia (Brazilian Portuguese), Laponie (French), Laponija (Serbian), Laponska (Slovene), Laponsko (Czech), Laponya (Turkish), Lappföld (Hungarian), Lappi (Finnish), Lappland (Faroese, German, Swedish), Lapponia (Italian), Lapponja (Maltese), Sápmi (Sami)
Latgalia Latgale (Estonian, French, Latvian), Łatgalia (Polish), Latgallia (variant in English, Finnish), Letgallen (Danish), Lettgallen (Swedish), Letgallia (Italian)
Latium Laci (Catalan), Lacij (Croatian), Lácio (Portuguese), Lacio (Spanish), Lacjum (Polish), Latium (Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Latin, variant in Romanian), Lazio (Estonian, Italian, Romanian, variant in English), Lazio or Latina (Finnish), Lazjo (Maltese)
León Leão (Portuguese), Leon (Maltese, Polish, Romanian), León (Danish, Estonian, French, Finnish, Hungarian, Spanish), Lleó (Catalan), Lleón (Asturian), Llión (Leonese)
Lesser Poland Kis-Lengyelország (Hungarian), Kleinpolen (German), Klein-Polen (Dutch), Lillepolen (Danish), Little Poland (variant in English), Małopolska (Polish), Malopolsko (Czech), Pequena Polônia (Portuguese), Petite-Pologne (French), Piccola Polonia (Italian), an Pholainn Bheag (Irish), Polonia Micǎ (Romanian), Polonia Minor (Latin), Polonja Minuri (Maltese), Vähä-Puola (Finnish), Väike-Poola (Estonian)
Liguria Liguria (Italian, Finnish, Hungarian, Latin, Polish, Romanian, Spanish), Ligúria (Catalan, Portuguese), Ligurië (Afrikaans, Dutch), Ligurie (French), Ligurien (German, Swedish), Ligurija (Croatian, Slovene), Ligurja (Maltese), Ligursko (Czech), Liguuria (Estonian), Lliguria (Leonese)
Limburg Limbourg (French), Limburch (Frisian), Limburg (Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Irish, Romanian, Serbian, Swedish), Limburgia (Polish), Limburgo (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
Limousin Lemosin (Occitan), Lemosín (Spanish), Limosino (Italian), Limousin (Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish), Llemosí (Catalan)
Livonia Inflantia (variant in English and Polish), Inflanty (Polish), Liivimaa (Estonian), Liivinmaa (Finnish), Liflândiâ - Лифляндия (Russian), Lijfland (Dutch), an Liovóin (Irish), Livland (Danish, German, Swedish), Livonia (Italian, Latin, Romanian), Livònia (Catalan), Livónia (Hungarian), Livônia (Portuguese), Livonie (French), Livonija (Latvian), Livonja (Maltese), Livonsko (Czech), Liwonia (former Polish variant), Llivoña (Leonese), Lyfland (Afrikaans)
Lombardy Langbarðaland (Icelandic), Langobardia (Latin), Llombardia (Catalan), an Lombaird (Irish), Lombardei (German), Lombardia (Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak), Lombardía (Spanish), Lombardie (French, Czech), Lombardiet (Danish, Swedish), Lombardija (Croatian, Maltese, Serbian, Slovene), Lombardije (Dutch), Lombardiya (Turkish), Lombardye (Afrikaans)
Lorraine Llorena (Leonese), Lorena (Croatian, Catalan, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Slovene), an Lorráin (Irish), Lorraine (Danish, Estonian, Finnish, French, Swedish), Lotaringia (Latin, variant in Romanian), Lotaringiya - Лотарингия (Bulgarian), Lotaryngia (Polish), Lotharinge (Afrikaans), Lotharingen (Dutch), Lotharingia (Hungarian), Lothringen (German, variant in Finnish, Danish and Swedish), Lotring (Estonian alternate), Lotrinsko (Czech)
Lower Austria Ala-Itävalta (Finnish), Alam-Austria (Estonian), Alsó-Ausztria (Hungarian), Aşağı Avusturya (Turkish), Austria Inferioară or Austria de Jos (Romanian), Awstrija ta' Isfel (Maltese), Baixa Áustria (Portuguese), Baixa Àustria (Catalan), Baja Austria (Spanish), Bassa Austria (Italian), Basse-Autriche (French), Dolna Austria (Polish), Dolní Rakousy (Czech), Donja Austrija (Croatian), Neder-Oostenrijk (Dutch), Neder-Oostenryk (Afrikaans), Niederösterreich (Danish, German, Swedish), an Ostair Íochtarach (Irish), Spodnja Avstrija (Slovene), Žemutinė Austrija (Lithuanian)
Lower Saxony Ala-Saksi (Finnish) Alam-Saksi (Estonian), Alsó-Szászország (Hungarian), Aşağı Saksonya (Turkish), Baja Sajonia (Spanish), Bassa Sassonia (Italian), Baixa Saxònia (Catalan), Baixa Saxónia (Portuguese), Baixa Saxônia (Brazilian Portuguese), Baixo Saxe (Portuguese variant), Basse-Saxe (French), Dolna Saksonia (Polish), Dolní Sasko (Czech), Donja Saksonija (Bosnian, Serbian), Donja Saska (Croatian), Neddersassen (Low Saxon), Nedersaksen (Dutch, Frisian), Neder-Sakse (Afrikaans), Niedersachsen (Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Sassonja ta' Isfel (Maltese), Saxonia Inferioară or Saxonia de Jos (Romanian), Spodnja Saška (Slovene) Neðra-Saxland (Icelandic), an tSacsain Íochtarach (Irish)

M[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Macedonia Macédoine (French), Macedonia (Italian, Latin, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Welsh), Macedònia (Catalan), Macedónia (Hungarian (for country), Portuguese), Macedonië (Dutch), Maċedonja (Maltese), Macedónsko (Slovak), Makedonia (Finnish), Makedonía - Μακεδονία (Greek), Makedónia (Faroese, Hungarian [for Greek region]), Makedonie (Czech), Makedonien (Danish, Swedish, German [referring to ancient Macedonia]), Maķedonija (Latvian), Makedonija (Lithuanian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovene), Makedonya (Turkish), Makedoonia (Estonian), Mazedonien (German), an Mhacadóin (Irish)
Mačva Mačva - Мачва (Serbian), Macsó (Hungarian)
Maramureş Maramureş (Romanian), Máramaros (Hungarian), Maramures (Estonian), Marmatie (French), Marmarosz (Polish)
Marches Las Marcas (Spanish), Marche (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish), Marches (French), Marke (Maltese), Marken (Dutch variant, German)
Masovia Masoovia (Estonian), Masovia (Italian, Finnish), Masovia / Mazovia (Latin), Masovien (Swedish), Masowien (German), Mazóvia (Hungarian), Mazovia (Romanian, Spanish, variant in English), Mazovie (French), Mazovija (Lithuanian), Mazovijsko (Slovenian), Mazovjecko (Croatian), Mazovsko (Czech, Slovak), Mazowsze (Polish), an Mhasóiv (Irish)
Masuria Masuren or Masurenland (German), Masuria (Italian, Latin, Finnish), Masurien (Swedish), Masuuria (Estonian), Mazuria (Hungarian, Romanian), Mazurië (Dutch), Mazurie (French), Mozūrija (Lithuanian), Mazury (Polish)
Mecklenburg Mecklembourg (French), Mecklemburgo (Portuguese, Spanish), Mecklenburg (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish), Mecklenbursko (Slovak), Meclenburgo (Italian), Mekelborg (Low Saxon), Meklemburgia (Polish), Meklenburch (Frisian), Meklenburgo (Esperanto), Meklenbursko (Czech)
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Mecklembourg-Poméranie antérieure or Mecklembourg-Poméranie-Occidentale (French), Mecklemburgo-Pomerania Anterior (Spanish), Mecklenburg-Voorpommeren (Afrikaans), Mecklenburg-Voorpommeren or Mecklenburg-Voor-Pommeren (Dutch), Mecklenburg-Elő-Pomeránia (Hungarian), Mecklenburg-Hither Pomerania (variant in English), Mecklenburg-Pomerania Inferioară (or Anterioară) (Romanian), Mecklenburg-Pomorjansko (Slovene), Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Mecklenburg-Voorpommeren (Dutch), Meclenburgo-Pomerania Anteriore (Italian), Mecklenbursko-Predpomoransko (Slovak), Mekelborg-Vörpommern (Low Saxon), Meklemburgia-Pomorze Przednie (Polish), Meklenburch-Foarpommeren (Frisian), Meklenburgo-Antaŭpomerio (Esperanto), Meklenbursko-Přední Pomořansko (Czech), Mecklenburg-Etu-Pommeri (Finnish)
Medelpad Medelpad (Estonian, French, Swedish), Medelpadia (Latin)
Metohija Métochie (French), Metochien (German), Metohia (Romanian, variant in English), Metohija (Estonian), Metohija - Метохија (Serbian), Rrafsh i Dukagjinit (Albanian)
Moldavia Boğdan (former Turkish), an Mholdáiv (Irish), Moldaavia (Estonian alternate), Moldau (German), Moldavia (Basque, Italian, Spanish), Moldàvia (Catalan), Moldávia (Portuguese), Moldavië (Dutch), Moldavie (French), Moldavien (Danish, Swedish), Moldavija (Croatian, Lithuanian, Serbian, Slovene), Moldavja (Maltese), Moldavsko (Czech, Slovak), Moldavya (Turkish), Mołdawia (Polish), Moldhavía - Μολδαβία (Greek), Moldova (Estonian, Finnish, Romanian, variant in Swedish), Moldva (Hungarian)
Montferrat Monferrat (Maltese), Monferrato (Italian, Polish, Spanish), Monfrà (Piedmontese), Montferrat (Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish)
Moravia Määri (Finnish), Määrimaa (Estonian alternate), Mæhren (Danish), Mähren (German, Norwegian, Swedish, variant in Danish), an Mhoráiv (Irish), Moraavia (Estonian alternate), Morava (Czech, Estonian, Slovak), Moravia (Italian, Latin, Romanian, Spanish), Morávia (Portuguese), Moravië (Dutch), Moravie (French), Moravija - Моравия (Russian), Moravja (Maltese), Morawy (Polish), Morvaország (Hungarian), Moravska (Croatian, Slovene)
Moravian Slovakia Mährische Slowakei (German), Mähriska Slovakien (Swedish), Moravska Slovačka (Serbian), Moravs'ka Slovaččyna - Моравська Словаччина (Ukrainian), Moravskaja Slovakija - Моравская Словакия (Russian), Moravské Slovensko (variant in Czech), Morawska Słowacja (Polish), Slovácko (Czech, Slovak), Slovac'ko - Словацько (variant Ukrainian), an tSlóvaic Morávach (Irish)
Moravian Wallachia Mährische Walachei (German), Moravs'ka Vološčyna - Моравська Волощина (Ukrainian), Moravskaja Valachija - Моравская Валахия (Russian), Moravské Valašsko (variant in Czech and in Slovak), Morawska Wołoszczyzna (Polish), Valacchia morava (Italian), an Valáic Morávach (Irish), Valaquie morave (French), Valašsko (Czech, Slovak), Vlahia moravă (Romanian), Vološs'ko - Волошсько (variant Ukrainian)

N[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Navarre Nabarra (popular variant in Basque), Nafarroa (official Basque), Navara (Macedonian), Navarra (Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Gascon, German, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Czech), Navarre (French), Nawarra (Polish)
Närke Närke (Estonian, Swedish), Nericia (Latin), Néricie (French), Nerike (oldert variant in Swedish)
Nidwalden Nidvaldo (Italian), Nidwald (French), Nidwalden (Danish, Estonian, German, Swedish), Sutsilvania (Romansh)
Normandy an Normainn (Irish), Normandí (Icelandic), Normandia (Catalan, Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian), Normandía (Spanish), Normandië (Dutch), Normandie (Czech, French, German), Normandiet (Danish, Swedish), Normandija (Croatian, Maltese, Slovene), Normandiya (Turkish)
North Rhine Észak-Rajna (Hungarian), Nadrenia Północna (Polish), Noardryn (Frisian), Noord-Rijnland (Dutch), Noordryn (Afrikaans), Nord Reno / Renania settentrionale(Italian), Nordrhein (Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Swedish), Põhja-Rein (Estonian alternate), Renania del Norte (Spanish), Renania de Nord (Romanian), Renânia do Norte (Portuguese), Rhénanie-du-Nord (French), Severno Porenje (Slovene), Severní Porýní (Czech), Sjeverno Porajnje (Croatian), Tuaisceart na Réine (Irish)
North Rhine-Westphalia Észak-Rajna-Vesztfália (Hungarian), Nadrenia Północna-Westfalia (Polish), Noardryn-Westfalen (Frisian), Kuzey Ren-Vestfalya (Turkish), Noord-Rijnland-Westfalen or Noordrijn-Westfalen (Dutch), Noordryn-Wesfalen (Afrikaans), Nord Reno-Westfalia / Renania settentrionale-Vestfalia(Italian), Nordrhein-Westfalen (Danish, Estonian, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Swedish), Põhja-Rein-Vestfaal (Estonian alternate), Renania del Norte-Westfalia (Spanish), Renania de Nord-Westfalia (Romanian), Renània del Nord-Westfàlia (Catalan), Renânia do Norte-Vestfália (Portuguese), Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie (French), Severno Porenje-Vestfalija (Slovene), Severní Porýní-Vestfálsko (Czech), Sjeverno Porajnje-Zapadna Falačka (Croatian), Tuaisceart na Réine agus an Viostfáil (Irish)
Northern Ireland

Amihanan nga Irlanda (Waray-Waray), Bắc Ireland (Vietnamese), Báe̤k Ái-ī-làng (Min Dong), Bakurê Îrlandê (Kurdish), Chinchay Ilanda (Quechua), Çурçĕр Ирланди (Chuvash), Èirinn a Tuath (Scottish Gaelic), Észak-Írország (Hungarian), Gogledd Iwerddon (Welsh), Hibernia Septentrionalis (Latin), Ilann dinò (Haitian), Ipar Irlanda (Basque), Ireland Utara (Malay), Írẹ́lándì Apáàríwá (Yoruba), Irlanda d'o Norte (Aragonese), Irlanda dal Nord (Romansh), Irlanda de Nord (Romanian), Irlanda del Nord (Catalan, Interlingua, Italian, Venetian), Irlanda del Nòrd (Occitan, Piedmontese), Irlanda del Norte (Asturian, Spanish, Ilokano), Irlanda del Norti (Extremaduran), Irlanda do Nòrd (Ligurian), Irlanda do Norte (Portuguese, Galician), Irlanda Norte (Tetum), Irlanda ta' Fuq (Maltese), Irlanda Veriore (Albanian), İrlandaya Zımey (Zazaki), Irlande du Nord (French, Norman), Irlandí ya Nola (Lingala), Irlandia Kalér (Sundanese), Irlandia Lor (Javanese), Irlandia Północna (Polish), Irlandia Utara (Indonesian), Irlanna dû Nord (Sicilian), Kahilagaang Irlanda (Tagalog), Kuzey İrlanda (Turkish), Nerin Hwoaie (Manx), Noard-Ierlân (West Frisian), Noord-Ierlaand (Dutch Low Saxon), Noord-Ierland (Afrikaans, Dutch, Zeelandic), Nord-Irland (Norwegian), Nord-Irlando (Esperanto, Ido), Nordirland (Bavarian, Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish), Norður-Írland (Icelandic), Norðurírland (Faroese), Nordutno Irland (Romani), Northren Ireland (Scots), Norzhiwerzhon (Breton), Noten Aialan (Tok Pisin), Pak Éire (Min Nan), Pódpołnocna Irska (Lower Sorbian), Põhja-Iirimaa (Estonian), Pohjois-Irlanti (Finnish), Severna Irska (Slovenian), Severné Írsko (Slovak), Severní Irsko (Czech), Sewjerna Irska (Upper Sorbian), Šiaurės Airija (Lithuanian), Şimali İrlandiya (Azerbaijani), Sjeverna Irska (Bosnian, Croatian), Tuaisceart Éireann (Irish), Waqooyiga Ayrland (Somali), Wordhen Gledh (Cornish), Ziemeļīrija (Latvian), Βόρεια Ιρλανδία (Greek), Ар Гәәлгүдин Таңһч (Kalmyk), Ирландияи Шимолӣ (Tajik), Паўночная Ірландыя (Belarusian), Північна Ірландія (Ukrainian), Северна Ирландия (Bulgarian), Северна Ирска (Macedonian, Serbian), Северная Ирландия (Russian), Төньяк Ирландия (Tatar), Умард Ирланд (Mongolian), Цæгат Ирланди (Ossetian), ჩრდილოეთი ირლანდია (Georgian), Հյուսիսային Իռլանդիա (Armenian), צפון אירלאנד (Yiddish), צפון אירלנד (Hebrew), أيرلندا الشمالية (Arabic), اتلا آئرلینڈ (Western Panjabi), ايرلاندا الشماليه (Egyptian Arabic), ایرلند شمالی (Persian), شمالی آئرلینڈ (Urdu),

Northumbria Norðan-Hymbria (Anglo-Saxon), Norðymbraland (Icelandic), Northumbria (Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Latin, Romanian), Northúmbria (Catalan), Northumbrie (French), Northumbrien (German), Nortumbair (Irish), Nortumbria (Italian, Polish), Nortúmbria (Portuguese)
Nösnerland Naszód (Hungarian), Năsăud (Romanian alternate), Nösnerland (German), Ţara Năsăudului (Romanian)

O[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Obwalden Obvaldo (Italian), Obwald (French), Obwalden (Dutch, Estonian, German, Swedish), Sursilvania (Romansh)
Öland Elandas (Lithuanian), Oelande (French), Oelandia (Latin), Öland (Estonian, Swedish), Øland (Danish), Olandia (Polish), Öölanti (Finnish)
Orava Arva (Latin), Árva (Hungarian), Arwa (German), Orava (Estonian, Romanian, Slovak), Orawa (Polish)
Ostrobothnia Bothnia Orientalis or Ostrobothnia (Latin), Botnie-Orientale (French), Österbotten (Swedish), Pohjanmaa (Estonian, Finnish)
Östergötland Gothie orientale (French), Östergötland (Swedish), Östergötland (Estonian), Ostrogothia or Gothia Orientalis (Latin), Itä-Götanmaa (Finnish)
Overijssel Oaveriesel (local Dutch Low Saxon dialects [Sallands and Twents]), Oerisel (Frisian), Overijssel (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Swedish)

P[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Palatinate Falcko or Falc (Czech), Palatinado (Portuguese, Spanish), Palatinat (Catalan, French, Romanian), Palatinato (Italian), Palatynat (Polish), Palts (Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian), Palz (Low Saxon), Pfalz (Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Slovene, Swedish), an Phalaitíneacht (Irish)
Peloponnese Mora (Turkish), More (Albanian), Morea (older English, older Italian), Moréas - Μωρέας / Moriás - Μωριάς (variants in Greek), Morée (older French), Peloponeso (Portuguese), Peloponeso or Morea (Spanish), Peloponès (Catalan), Peloponez (Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene), Peloponnes (Danish, German), Péloponnèse (French), Peloponneso (Italian), Peloponnesos (Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Swedish), Peloponnesus (Latin), Peloponnészosz (Hungarian), Peloponneżu (Maltese), Pelopónnisos - Πελοπόννησος (Greek), an Pheilipinéis (Irish)
Picardy an Phiocaird (Irish), Picårdeye (Walloon), Picardia (Catalan, Finnish, Portuguese, Romanian), Picardía (Spanish), Picardiet (Danish), Picardië (Dutch), Picardie (Estonian, French, Swedish, variant in English and German), Piccardia (Italian), Pikardia (Estonian alternate, Polish), Pikardie (Czech, German), Pikardien (variant in Swedish), Pikardija (Croatian)
Piedmont Pedemontium (Latin), Piamonte (Spanish), Piemont (Piedmontese, Occitan, Catalan, Czech, German, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian), Piëmont (Dutch), Piémont (French), Piemonte (Danish, Estonian, Finnish, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish), Píodmant (Irish), Pijemont (Croatian), Pjemonte (Maltese)
Podlaskie Padlyašša - Падляшша (Belarusian), Podlaasia (Estonian), Podlachia (Italian, Latin), Podlachie or Podlaquie (French), Podlachien (German), Podlasia (Finnish), Podlasie (Hungarian, Polish), Podlasien (Danish, Swedish), Podlasko or Podlasze (older Polish names)
Podolia Podillya - Поділля (Ukrainian), Podole (Polish), Podolia (Italian, Romanian), Podólia (Hungarian), Podolië (Dutch), Podolie (French), Podolien (Danish, German, Swedish), Podolya (Turkish), Podoolia (Estonian)
Poitou Pictaviensis (Latin), Poatev (Brezhoneg), Poetou (Poitevin), Poitou (Dutch, French, German, Italian, Norvegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Welsh), Puatu (Lithuanian), Puatú - Пуату́ (Russian)
Polesie Palyes'sye [Palesse] - Палесьсе (Belarusian), Polesia (Finnish, Romanian, variant in English), Polesië (Dutch), Polésie (French), Polesie (Polish), Polesien (Danish, German, Swedish), Polesje (Estonian), Poleszje (Hungarian), Poles'ye - Полесье (Russian), Polezya (Turkish), Poliessia (Italian), Poliezia (variant in Romanian), Polissya - Полісся (Ukrainian)
Pomerania an Phomaráin (Irish), Pomerania (Italian, Romanian, Spanish), Pomerania or Pomorania (Latin), Pomerània (Catalan), Pomeránia (Hungarian), Pomerânia (Portuguese), Poméranie (French), Pomeransko (Croatian), Pomeranya (Turkish), Pomerio (Esperanto), Pommeren (Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian), Pommeri (Finnish), Pommern (Danish, German, Low Saxon, Icelandic, Swedish), Pommeri (Estonian), Pomoransko (Slovak), Pomořansko or Pomořany (Czech), Pomorjansko (Slovene), Pòmòrskô (Kashubian), Pomorze (Polish), Pòmòrze (Pomeranian)
Pomerelia Pomorze Gdańskie or Pomorze Wschodnie (Polish), Pòrénkòwô Pòmòrskô (Kashubian), Pommerellen (Danish, Dutch, German, Swedish), Kleinpommern (German variant), Pomoří (Czech), Pomérelia (Hungarian), Pomerélia (Portuguese), Pomerellia (Italian, Romanian), Pomérélie or Pomérelie (French), Pomerelia (Spanish, Welsh), Pomerèlia (Catalan), Väike-Pommeri (Estonian)
Prekmurje Prekmurje (Croatian, Slovene), Transmuraland (variant in English), Muravidék (Hungarian), Übermurgebiet or Murland (German)
Provence Probenza (Aragonese), Prouvènço (Provençal), Provänce (Kölsch), Provansa (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Provença (Catalan, Occitan, Portuguese), Provence (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish), Provensálsko (Czech), Provenza (Italian, Maltese, Spanish, Asturian, Galego), Provenţa (variant in Romanian), Province (Walloons), Provincia (Latin), Prowansja (Polish), Pruvenza (Sicilian)
Prussia Borussia or Prussia (Latin), an Phrúis (Irish), Poroszország (Hungarian), Prajzsko (Silesian), Preisi (Estonian alternate), Preisimaa (Estonian), Preußen (German), Preussen (Swiss German, Danish, Swedish), Preussi (Finnish), Prøjsen (older Danish variant), Pruisen (Dutch), Prusia (Romanian, Spanish), Prūsija (Lithuanian), Prusija (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Prusko (Czech), Prusse (French), Prûsse (Walloon), Prussia (Italian), Prússia (Catalan, Portuguese), Prussland (Faroese), Prússland (Icelandic), Prussja (Maltese), Prusujo or Prusio (Esperanto), Prusy (Polish), Prusya (Turkish), Prwsia (Welsh)

R[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Rhineland Dúiche na Réine (Irish), Nadrenia (Polish), Porenje (Slovene), Porýní (Czech), Porýnie (Slovak), Rajna-vidék (Hungarian), Reinimaa (Estonian), Rejnlando (Esperanto), Renaneye (Walloon), Renània (Catalan), Renania (Italian, Romanian, Spanish), Renânia (Portuguese), y Rheindir (Welsh), Rheinland (Croatian, Danish, Estonian alternate, Finnish, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Romanian), Rhénanie (French), Rhenlandet (Swedish), Rhinlandet (variant in Danish), Rijnland (Dutch), Rínarlönd (Icelandic), Rynlân (Frisian), Rynland (Afrikaans), Tír na Réine (Irish)
Rhineland-Palatinate Nadrenia-Palatynat (Polish), Porenje-Pfalz (Slovene), Porýní-Falcko (Czech), Rajna-vidék-Pfalz (Hungarian), Reinimaa-Pfalz (Estonian alternate), Renaneye-Palatinat (Walloon), Renânia-Palatinado (Portuguese), Renania-Palatinado (Spanish), Renania-Palatinat (Romanian), Renània-Palatinat (Catalan), Renania-Palatinato (Italian), Rheinland-Palz (Low Saxon), Rheinland-Pfalz (Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Rhénanie-Palatinat (French), Rijnland-Palts (Dutch), Rynlân-Palts (Frisian), Rynland-Palts (Afrikaans), Tír na Réine agus an Phalaitíneacht (Irish)
Rhodes Rhodes (French), Rhodos (Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Slovak, Swedish), Rhodus (Latin), Rod (Croatian), Rodas (Galician, Spanish), Ródas (Irish), Rodes (Catalan, Portuguese), Rodi (Italian, Maltese), Rodos (Dutch variant, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Turkish), Ródhos (Greek), Ródosz (Hungarian)
Romagna Romagna (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Romanian, Swedish), Romagne (French), Romaña (Spanish), Romanha (Portuguese), Romanya (Catalan, Turkish), Romania (Polish, Latin), Romanja (Maltese)
Roussillon Rosellón (Spanish), Rosselló (Catalan), Rossiglione (Italian), Rossilhão (Portuguese), Roussillon (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish)
Ruhr district Ruhr district (English), Ruhrgebiet (German), Ruhrområdet (Swedish)
Rumelia Rumeli (Turkish), Rumelija (Bosnian, Croatian, Slovene), Rumelija - Румелија (Serbian, Macedonian), Rumeliya - Румелия (Bulgarian), Rumelia (Albanian, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish), Rumèlia (Catalan), Rumélia (Hungarian, Portuguese), Rumelien (Danish, German, Swedish), Roumélie (French), Roemelië (Dutch, Afrikaans), Roúmeli - Ρούμελη or Romylía - Ρωμυλία (Greek)
Ruthenia Rus' - Русь (Russian, Ukrainian), an Rúitéin (Irish), Ruś (Polish), Rus (Czech, Slovak, Swedish), Ruteenia (variant in Estonian), Rutenia (Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish), Rutènia (Catalan), Ruténia (Hungarian, Portuguese), Rutênia (Brazilian Portuguese), Rutenija (Croatian), Rutenya (Turkish), Ruthenia (Latin), Ruthénie (French), Ruthenien (Danish, German, Swedish), Vene (Estonian)

S[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Saaremaa Øsel (Danish), Ösel (German, Swedish), Ozylia (former Polish), Saare (Estonian alternate), Saaremaa (Dutch, Estonian, Hungarian), Saarenmaa (Finnish), Sāmsala (Latvian), Sarema (Lithuanian, Polish)
Saarland Posarje (Slovene), Saar (Finnish, variant in Romanian), Saara (Polish), Saarimaa (Estonian), Saarlân (Frisian), Saarland (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, German, Icelandic, Italian, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Saar-vidék (Hungarian), Sar (Serbian), Sarre (French, Portuguese, Spanish), Sársko (Czech), an tSárlainn (Irish)
Samland (disambiguation) Sambia (Finnish, Latin, Polish), Sambie (French), Sambija (Estonian), Samland (Danish, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish), Semlyand (Russian)
Samogitia Samogitia (Latin), Samogitië (Dutch), Samogitie (French), Samogitien (Danish, German, Swedish), Samogizia (Italian), Schamaiten (German), Žemaitija (Estonian, Finnish, Lithuanian), Żmudź (Polish)
Samos Sámos (Estonian), Sisam (Turkish)
Sandžak Sandžak (Serbian Latin, Montenegrin Latin, Bosnian) - Санџак (Serbian and Montenegrin Cyrillic), Sancak (Turkish), Sandjak (Danish, Dutch, French), Sandschak (German), Sandżak (Polish), Sangeac (Romanian), Sangiaccato (Italian); Sandschak von Novi Pazar (former German name), Sangiaccato di Novipazar (former Italian name), Szandzsák (Hungarian)
Sardinia Cerdeña (Spanish), Ichnusa (Phoenician), Sandalyon or Sardo (Classical Greek), Sardaigne (French), Sardegna (Italian), Sardenha (Portuguese), Sardenja (Maltese), Sardenya (Catalan), Sardigna/Sardinna/Sardinnia (Sardinian), Sardiinia (Estonian), Sardinia (Finnish, Latin, Romanian), Sardínia (Slovak), Sardínie (Czech), Sardinië (Dutch), Sardinien (Danish, German, Swedish), Sardinija (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Sardinya (Turkish), Sardynia (Polish), Szardínia (Hungarian), an tSairdín (Irish)
Satakunta Satakunta (Estonian, Finnish, French), Satakunda (Swedish), Finlandia Septentrionalis (Latin)
Savonia Savo (Estonian, Finnish), Savolax (Swedish), Savolaks (Danish), Savonia (Latin, Romanian), Savônia (Portuguese), Savonie (French)
Savoy Sabaudia (Polish), Sabaudia or Sapaudia (Latin), Saboia (Catalan), Sabóia (Portuguese), Saboya (Spanish), Saváí (Irish), Savoia or Savoja (Italian, Maltese), Savoia (Catalan, Estonian, Romanian), Savoie (Dutch, French), Savoiji (Finnish), Savoj (Serbian), Savoja (Croatian), Savojen (Swedish), Savojo (Esperanto), Savojsko (Czech, Slovak), Savooien (variant in Dutch), Szavoja (Hungarian), Savoyen (Danish, German)
Saxony Sachsen (Danish, Estonian alternate, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Sacse (Walloon), Sajonia (Spanish), Saksen (Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian, variant in Danish and Norwegian), Saksi (Estonian alternate, Finnish), Saksimaa (Estonian), Saksonia (Polish), Saksonija (Bosnian, Lithuanian, Serbian), Saksonya (Turkish), Saska (Croatian), Saška (Slovene), Sasko (Czech, Slovak), Sassen (Low Saxon), Sassonia (Italian), Sassonja (Maltese), Saxe (French), Saxe or Saxónia (Portuguese), Saxland (Icelandic), Saxonia (Latin, Romanian), Saxònia (Catalan), Saxônia (Brazilian Portuguese), Szászország (Hungarian), an tSacsain / an Allshacsain (Irish)
Saxony-Anhalt Sachsen-Anhalt (German, Danish, Estonian alternate, Norwegian, Swedish, Croatian), Sajonia-Anhalt (Spanish), Saksen-Anhalt (Dutch, Frisian), Saksen-Anholt (Afrikaans), Saksi-Anhalt (Estonian, Finnish), Saksonia-Anhalt (Polish), Saška-Anhalt (Slovene), Sasko-Anhaltsko (Czech), Sassen-Anhalt (Low Saxon), Sassonia-Anhalt (Italian), Sassonja-Anhalt (Maltese), Saxe-Anhalt (French), Saxónia-Anhalt (Portuguese), Saxonia-Anhalt (Romanian), Saxônia-Anhalt (Brazilian Portuguese), Szász-Anhalt (Hungarian), an tSacsain-Anhalt (Irish)
Scania Escania (Spanish), Escània (Catalan), Escânia (Portuguese), Scania (English, Italian, Latin, Romanian), Scanie (French), Schonen (German), Skåne (Czech, Danish, Estonian, Norwegian, Slovak, Swedish), Skáni (Faroese), Skania (Polish), Skanio (Esperanto), Skánn (Icelandic), Skoone (Finnish)
Schleswig Schleswig (German, Croatian, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish), Šlesvicko (Czech), Sleeswijk (Dutch), Sleeswyk (Afrikaans, Frisian), Slesvig (Catalan, Danish, variant in Swedish), Slesvik (variant in Norwegian), Slésvík (Iccelandic) Šlezvig (Serbian), Szlezwik (Polish)
Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein (German, Croatian, Danish variant, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish), Šlesvicko-Holštýnsko (Czech), Sleeswijk-Holstein (Dutch), Sleeswyk-Holstein (Afrikaans, Frisian), Slesvig-Holstein (variant in Swedish), Sleswig-Holsteen (Low Saxon), Slesvig-Holsten (Danish), Slesvig-Holstein (Catalan), Šlezvig-Holštajn (Serbian), Szlezwik-Holsztyn (Polish), Slésvík-Holtsetaland (Icelandic)
Schwyz Schwyz (German, Dutch, Estonian, Hungarian, Romanian), Schwytz (French, Finnish), Svitto (Italian), Sviz (Romansh)
Scotland Alba (Scottish Gaelic), Albain (Irish), Alban (Cornish), Albania (Latin variant), Bro-Skos (Breton), Caledonia (Latin variant), Écosse (French), Êcosse (Norman), Ekòs (Haitian Creole), Ekósi (Lingala), Escocia (Aragonese, Asturian, Galician, Spanish, Waray-Waray), Escócia (Extremaduran, Portuguese), Escòcia (Catalan, Occitan), Escôsse (Walloon), Escotlālpan (Nahuatl), Eskosya (Tagalog), Eskozia (Basque), IsiKotilandi (Zulu), İskoçya (Turkish), Iskusya (Quechua), Koterana (Maori), Nalbin (Manx), Schotlaand (Dutch Low Saxon), Schotland (Dutch), Schottland (Alemannic, Austro-Bavarian, German, Low German, Luxembourgish), Scossia (Ligurian), Scòssia (Piedmontese), Scotia (Interlingua, Latin), Scoția (Romanian), Scotland (Anglo-Saxon, Malay, Scots, Vietnamese, Yoruba), Scotlandia (Aromanian), Scot-tē (Min Nan), Scozia (Italian, Lombard, Romantsch, Venetian), Scozzia (Sicilian), Seukoteullaendeu - 스코틀랜드 (Korean), Shatlandyya - Шатландыя (Belarusian), Shatlyandyya - Шатляндыя (Belarusian variant), Shkotska - Шкотска (Macedonian, Serbian), Shotland - Шотланд (Mongolian), Shotlandi - Шотланди (Chuvash, Ossetian), Shotlandiya - Шотландия (Bulgarian, Karachay-Balkar, Russian, Tajik, Tatar), Shotlandiya - Шотландія (Ukrainian), Shotlandiye (Uyghur), Sikoshilandi (Swazi) Sjotland (Limburgish), Skocia (Albanian), Skócia (Hungarian), Skotän (Volapük), Skotia (Ido, Novial), Skotía - Σκωτία (Greek), Skotishin Tangghch - Скотишин Таңһч (Kalmyk), Skotija (Latvian), Škotija (Lithuanian), Skotlan (Tok Pisin), Skotlân (Frisian), Skotland (Afrikaans, Danish, Faroese, Icelandic, Kurdish), Skotlandia (Indonesian, Javanese), Skotlando (Esperanto), Skotlanti (Finnish), Skotlund (Pitcairn Creole), Škotska (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbo-Croat, Slovenian), Skotsko (Czech), Škótsko (Slovak), Skottland (Norwegian, Swedish), Škuotėjė (Samogitian), Sotimaa (Võro), Šotimaa (Estonian), Šotiska (Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian), Şotlandiya (Azerbaijani), Sūgélán - 蘇格蘭 (Mandarin Chinese), Sû-kak-làn (Hakka Chinese), Sukottorando - スコットランド (Japanese), Szkocja (Polish), Szkòckô (Kashubian), Szkocyjo (Silesian), Uskoti (Swahili), Yr Alban (Welsh)
Selonia Felföld (Hungarian), Selija (Estonian, Latvian), Selonia (Finnish, Italian, Latin, Romanian), Sélonie (French)
Semigalia Semgallen (Danish, German, Swedish), Semigalia (Polish), Sémigalle (French), Semigallia (Italian, variant in English, Finnish alternate), Zemgale (Estonian, Latvian), Zemgallia (Finnish), Žiemgala (Lithuanian)
Sicily Sicile (French), Sicilia (Italian, Latin, Romanian, Spanish), Sicília (Catalan, Portuguese), Sicílie (Czech), Sicilië (Dutch), Sicilien (Danish, Swedish), Sicilija (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Sicilya (Turkish), Sikiley (Icelandic), Sisilia (Finnish), Sitsiilia (Estonian), Sizilien (German), Sqallija (Maltese), Sycylia (Polish), Szicília (Hungarian), an tSicil (Irish)
Silesia Schlesien (Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Sileesia (Estonian), Silesia (Latin, Spanish), Silèsia (Catalan), Silésia (Portuguese), Silésie (French), Silezia (Romanian), Silezië (Dutch), Silezya (Turkish), Śląsk (Polish), Sleesia (Finnish), Slesia (Faroese, Italian), Slesien (variant in Danish), Šleska (Croatian), Šlezija (Serbian, Slovene), Slezsko (Czech), Sliezsko (Slovak), Ślonsk or Ślunsk (Silesian), Szilézia (Hungarian), an tSiléis (Irish)
Slavonia Slavonija (Croatian, Serbian Latin, Slovene), Eslavònia (Catalan), Eslavônia (Portuguese), Slavonia (Italian, Latin, Romanian, Finnish), Slavonië (Dutch), Slavonie (Czech, French), Slavonien (Danish, Swedish, variant in German), Slavonja (Maltese), Slavónsko (Slovak), Slavonya (Turkish), Slavoonia (Estonian), Slawonia (Polish), Slawonien (German), Szlavónia (Hungarian), an tSlavóin (Irish)
Småland Småland (Danish, Estonian, French, Swedish), Smalandia (Latin, Polish), Smálönd (Icelandic), Smoolanti (Finnish)
Södermanland Södermanland (Estonian, French, Swedish), Södermanlanti (Finnish), Sudermannia (Latin), Suðurmannaland (Icelandic)
South Tyrol Südtirol (German, Ladin), Alt Adis (variant in Friulian), Alto Adidže / Alto Adige (Estonian, Italian), Alto Adigio / Tirol del Sur (Spanish), Dél-Tirol (Hungarian), Dienvidtirole (Latvian), Etelä-Tiroli (Finnish), Górna Adyga / Południowy Tyrol (Polish), Güney Tirol (Turkish), Haut-Adige / Tyrol du Sud (French), Jižní Tyrolsko (Czech), Jižní Tyroly (variant in Czech), Južna Tirolska (Slovene), Južni Tirol (Croatian, Serbian), Lõuna-Tirool (Estonian alternate), Oberetsch (variant in German [once used by Italian government]), Sud Tirôl (Friulian), Alto Adige / Sudtirolo / Sud Tirolo / Tirolo Meridionale / Tirolo del Sud (variants in Italian), Sydtyrol (Danish), Sydtyrolen (Swedish), an Tioróil Theas (Irish), Tirol dal Sid (Romansh), Tirol Meridional (Portuguese), Tirolul de Sud (Romanian), Tirolum Meridionale (Latin), Upper Adige (additional variant in English), Zuid-Tirol (Dutch)
Spiš Scepusium (Latin), Spiš (Czech, Estonian, Slovak), Spisz (Polish), Szepes (Hungarian), Zips (French, German)
Styria Estiria (Spanish), Estíria (Catalan, Portuguese), Stájerország (Hungarian), Štajerska (Croatian, Slovene), Steiermark (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Romanian, Swedish), Stiermarken (Dutch), Stiria (Italian), Štirija (Lithuanian), Styria (Polish, Finnish alternate), Styrie (French), Štýrsko (Czech), Ştiria (variant in Romanian)
Sudetenland Kraj Sudetów (Polish), pohraniční území (variant in Czech), pohraničné územie (variant in Slovak), Région des Sudètes (French), Sudeettimaa (Finnish), Sudetendeutschland, Sudetengebiet, Sudetengebiete (variants in German), Sudetenland (English, Dutch, German, variant in Irish, Norwegian, variant in Swedish), Sudetenland - Судетенланд (variant in Russian, variant in Ukrainian), Sudeterlandet (Danish), Sudeti (Italian), Sudetia (Latin), Sudetio (Esperanto), Sudetlandet (Swedish), Sudets (Catalan), Sudetskaja oblast' - Судетская область (Russian), Sudetska oblast - Судетска област (Bulgarian), Sudets'ka oblast' - Судетська область (Ukrainian), Sudetsko (variant in Czech),Sudety (Czech, variant in Polish, Slovak), an Suidéit (variant in Irish), Szudétavidék (Hungarian)
Svalbard Oileánra Svalbard (Irish), Huippuvuoret or Spetsbergen (Finnish), Teravmäed (Estonian), Spetsbergen (Swedish), Spitsbergen (English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Norwegian), Spitzbergák (Hungarian), Spitzbergen (German), Svalbard (Catalan, Danish, Estonian, French, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Welsh), Svalbarð (Faroese, Icelandic), Svalbardo (Esperanto), Szpicbergen (Polish)
Svealand Sueonia (Latin), Svealand (Danish, Estonian, French, Swedish), Sveanmaa (Finnish)
Swabia Schwaben or Schwabenland (German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish), Souabe (French), Suábia (Portuguese), Suabia (Spanish), Suebia (Latin, variant in Romanian), Svaabia (Finnish), Švaabimaa (Estonian), Svábföld (Hungarian), Švabska (Slovene), Švábsko (Czech, Slovak), Švapska (Croatian, Serbian), Svevia (Italian), Svevja (Maltese) Szwabia (Polish), Şvabia (Romanian), an tSuáib (Irish), Zwaben (Dutch)
Syrmia Srem - Срем (Serbian), Srijem (Croatian), Sirmia (Italian, Spanish), Sírmia (Portuguese), Srem (Dutch, Estonian, Romanian), Srem / Syrmia (Polish), Srem - Срем / Srim - Срім / Srym - Срим (Ukrainian), Sriem (Slovak), Srim - Срим (Pannonian Rusyn), Syrmia (Finnish, Latin), Syrmie (French), Syrmien (German), Szerém or Szerémség (Hungarian)
Szeklerland Pays des Sicules (French), Sekejskij kraj - Секейский край (Russian), Sekelistan (Turkish), Seklerlandet (Swedish), Sikulsko (Czech), Székely Country (English alternate), Székelyföld (Hungarian), Szeklerland (German), Ţinutul Secuiesc (Romanian)

T[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Tavastia Häme (Estonian, Finnish), Tavastia (Latin), Tavastie (French), Tavastland (Danish, Swedish)
Thessaly An Teasáil (Irish), Tesalia (Polish, Romanian), Tesalija (Croatian, Serbian), Tesalya (Turkish), Tessaalia (Estonian), Tessaglia (Italian), Tessália (Portuguese), Tessalja (Maltese), Tesszália (Hungarian), Thessalía - Θεσσαλία (Greek), Thessalië (Dutch), Thessalie (French), Thessalien (Danish, German, Swedish), Thesálie (Czech), Thessalia (Latin, Finnish)
Thrace Thrace (French), Thracia (Latin), Thracië (Dutch), Thrákie (Czech), Thrakien (Danish, German, Swedish), Traakia (Estonian, Finnish), Tràcia (Catalan), Tracia (Italian, Romanian), Trácia (Portuguese), Trácia or Trácko (Slovak), Traċja (Maltese), Tracja (Polish), An Tráicia (Irish), Trákia (Hungarian), Thráki - Θράκη(Greek),Þrakía (Icelandic), Trakija (Croatian, Serbian), Trakiya - Тракия (Bulgarian), Trakya (Turkish), Teraqia - תראקיה (Hebrew)
Thurgau Thurgau (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Swedish), Thurgovia (Latin), Thurgovie (French), Turgovia (Italian, Romanian, Romansh)
Thuringia Durynsko (Czech), Thouringhía - Θουριγγία (Greek), Thuringe (French), Thuringen (Afrikaans), Thüringen (Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Swedish), Tiringija (Serbian), Turindje (Walloon), Túringen (Frisian), Turíngia (Catalan, Portuguese), Türingia (Hungarian), Turingia (Italian, Romanian, Spanish), Turingija (Slovene), Turyngia (Polish), Tüüringi (Estonian), Þýringaland (Icelandic)
Ticino Tessin (French, German, Hungarian, Romansh, Swedish), Ticino (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Italian, Romanian)
Touraine Touraine (Danish, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian), Turena (Catalan), Turenia (Polish, Romanian), Turenna (Italian)
Transylvania Ardeal (variant in Romanian), Chiskarpattya - Чискарпаття (Ukrainian), Erdel (variant in Turkish), Erdelj (archaic variant in Croatina), Erdély (Hungarian), Sedmigradsko - Седмиградско (variant in Bulgarian), Sedmogradska (variant in Croatian), Sedmograška (variant in Slovene), Sedmihradsko (Czech), Sedmogradsko - Седмоградско (variant in Bulgarian), Sedmohradsko (Slovak), Siebenbürgen (German), Siedmiogród (Polish), Transilvaania (Estonian), Transilvaneye (variant in Walloon), Transilvania (Finnish, Italian, Romanian, Spanish), Transilvània (Catalan), Transilvânia (Portuguese), Transilvanija (Croatian, Slovene), Transilvanija - Трансилванија (Serbian), Erdelj - Ердељ (archaic Serbian), Transilvanija - Трансилвания (variant in Bulgarian), Transilvaniya (variant in Romani), Transilvanja (Maltese), Transsilvania (Latin), Transsilvanien (variant in Danish and German), Transsylvanien (Danish, Swedish), Transsylvanië (Dutch), Transylvania (variant in mediaeval Latin), Transylvánia (variant in Slovak), Transylvanie (French), Transylvánie (variant in Czech), Transylwania (variant in Polish), Transilvanya (Turkish), Urdul (variant in Turkish), an Trasalváin (Irish), Zevenburgen (variant in Dutch), Zibnbergn - זיבנבערגן (Yiddish), Zivenbork (Walloon)
Trentino Trentin (Dolomite Ladin, French), Trentino (Danish, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Maltese, Romanian), Tridentsko (Czech), Trydent (Polish), Welschtirol (Deutsch)
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Trentin-Adesc Aut / Trentin-Alter Ades / Trentin-Südtirol (Ladin), Trentin Haut Adige (French), Trentino-Alto Adige (Italian), Trentino-Alto Adigio (Spanish), Trentino-Südtirol (German), Trentino-Sudtirolo (variant in Italian), Trentino-South Tyrol (English), Autonome Region Trient-Südtirol (German), Trentino-Tioróil Theas (Irish)
Tuscany Toscana (Catalan, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish), Toscane (Dutch, French), Toscània (old Catalan), Toskana (Croatian, German, Maltese, Serbian, Turkish), Toskania (Polish), Toskánsko (Czech, Slovak), Toszkána (Hungarian), An Tuscáin (Irish), Tuscia (Latin)
Tyrol An Tioróil (Irish), Tirol (Catalan, Croatian, Dutch, German, Hungarian, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Turkish), Tiroli (Finnish), Tirolis (Lithuanian), Tirolo (Italian, Esperanto), Tirolska (Slovene), Tirool (Estonian), Tyrol (Danish, French, Polish), Tyrolen (Swedish), Tyrolsko (Czech, Slovak), Tyroly (variant in Czech)

U[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Ulster Olster (Azerbijani), Olstera (Latvian), Alsteris (Lithuanian), Ълстър (Bulgarian), Ulad (Breton), Uladh (Scottish Gaelic), Ulaidh (Irish), Ulley (Manx), Ultonia (Latin), 얼스터 (Korean), Ольстер (Ossetian, Ukrainian)
Umbria Ombrie (French), Umbria (Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Italian, Latin, Polish, Romanian), Úmbria (Catalan, Portuguese), Umbrien (Danish, German, Swedish), Umbrija (Maltese, Serbian)
Uppland Uplandia (Latin), Upland (variant in English), Uplanti (Finnish), Uppland (Estonian, French, German, Swedish)
Upper Austria Alta Austria (Italian, Leonese, Spanish), Alta Áustria (Portuguese), Aukštutinė Austrija (Lithuanian), Austria de Sus or Austria Superioară (Romanian), Awstrija ta' Fuq (Maltese), Felső-Ausztria (Hungarian), Gornja Austrija (Croatian, Serbian), Górna Austria (Polish), Haute-Autriche (French), Horní Rakousy (Czech), Oberösterreich (Danish, German, Swedish), Opper-Oostenrijk (Dutch), an Ostair Uachtarach (Irish), Ülem-Austria (Estonian), Ylä-Itävalta (Finnish), Yukarı Avusturya (Turkish), Zgornja Avstrija (Slovene)
Uusimaa Newland (variant in English), Nyland (Danish, Swedish), Nylandia (Latin, Polish), Uusimaa (Estonia, Finnish)

V[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Valais Valais (Danish, Estonian, Finnish, French, Romanian, Swedish), Valezo (Esperanto), Vallese (Italian), Wallis (Dutch, German, variant in Danish and Swedish)
Valtellina Valtellina (Italian), Veltlin (German, Hungarian), Veltline (French), Vuclina (Romansh)
Värmland Värmland (Danish, Estonian, French, Hungarian, Swedish), Vermaland (Icelandic), Vermlanti (Finnish), Wermelandia (Latin)
Västmanland Västmanland (Swedish), Vestmanlanti (Finnish), Vestmannaland (Icelandic), Westmannia (Latin)
Västerbotten Bothnia Occidentalis or Westrobothnia (Latin), Botnie-Occidentale (French), Länsipohja (Finnish), Västerbotten (Swedish and most other languages), West Bothnia (variant in English)
Västergötland Gothie occidentale (France), Länsi-Götanmaa (Finnish), Västergötland (Estonian, Swedish), Vesüda-Götläniän (Volapük), Westgeatland (Anglo-Saxon), Westrogothia or Gothia Occidentalis (Latin)
Vaud Vad (Romansh), Vaud (Estonian, French, Hungarian, Italian, Romanian, Swedish), Waadt (Dutch, German)
Vendée Vandea (Italian), Vandeea (Romanian), Vendée (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Irish, Swedish, variant in Romanian), Vendeo (Esperanto), Wandea (Polish)
Veneto Vènet (Catalan), Vénétie (French), Veneto (Estonian, Italian, Maltese, Romanian, Finnish), Véneto (Spanish), Vêneto (Portuguese), Venezia Euganea (variant in Italian, no longer used), Venetien (Danish, Swedish), Wenecja or Wenecja Euganejska (Polish), Benátsko (Czech), Venetia (Latin), Benečija (Slovene)
Vojvodina Vojvodina - Војводина (Serbian), Vojvodstvo - Војводство or Vojvodovina - Војводовина (variants in Serbian), Vajdaság (Hungarian), Voievodina (variant in Romanian), Voivodina (Italian, Portuguese, Romanian), Voïvodine (French), Vojvodina (Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, German, Maltese, Slovak, Swedish), Vojvodina - Войводина (Rusyn), Voyvodina (Turkish), Wojwodina (Polish), Woiwodina (former German), an Vóvaidín (Irish)
Volhynia Velyn' - Велынь (old Russian variant), Volhínia (Hungarian), Volhynie (French), Volhynien (Danish), Volin - װאָלין (Yiddish), Volinia (Italian, Romanian), Volõõnia (Estonian), Volyn' - Волинь (Ukrainian), Volyn' - Волинь (Russian), Volynia (variant in English), Volynie (variant in French), Volynien (Swedish), Wolhynië (Dutch), Wolhynien (German), Wołyń (Polish), Wolynien (variant in German), Volyně (Czech)
Vorpommern Antaŭpomerio (Esperanto), Antepomerania (variant in Spanish), Elő-Pomeránia (Hungarian), Foarpommeren (Frisian), Forpommern (variant in Danish), Hither Pomerania / Nearer Pomerania / Upper Pomerania (variants in English), Pomerania Anterior (Spanish), Pomerania Anteriore (Italian), Poméranie antérieure (French), Pomerania Inferioară / Anterioară (Romanian), Pomerania Inferior (Latin), Pomorze Przednie / Przedpomorze (Polish), Přední Pomořansko (Czech), Predpomoransko (Slovak), Przédnô Pòmòrskô (Kashubian), Voorpommeren (Afrikaans), Voorpommeren or Voor-Pommeren (Dutch), Vorpommern (Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Vörpommern (Low Saxon), Yukarı Pomeranya (Turkish); Swedish Pomerania (former name 1641-1815)
Vosges Vogesen (German), Vogeserna (Swedish), Vogeserne (Danish), Vogézek (Hungarian), Vogezen (Dutch), Vogezi (Croatian), Vogézy (Czech), Vosgi (Italian, Romanian), Vosges (French, Portuguese), Vosgos (Spanish, variant in Portuguese), Wasgenwald (former German), Wogezy (Polish)

W[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Wallachia Eflak (Turkish), Havasalföld (Hungarian), Ţara Românească (Romanian), Valacchia (Italian), Valachie (French), Valachija - Валахия (Russian), Valahia (variant in Romanian), an Valáic (Irish), Valakia (Finnish), Valakiet (Danish, Swedish), Valakkja (Maltese), Valaquia (Spanish), Valàquia (Catalan), Valáquia (Portuguese), Valašsko (Czech), Vallahhia (Estonian), Vlachía - Βλαχία (Greek), Влашко (Macedonian), Vlaška (Croatian, Serbian), Volekhay - װאָלעכײַ (Yiddish), Vološčyna - Волощина (Ukrainian), Walachei (German), Walachia (variant in English), Walachije (Dutch), Wołoszczyzna (Polish)
Wales an Bhreatain Bheag (Irish), Cymru (Welsh), Gales (Spanish), Galler (Turkish), Galles (Italian), Kembre (Breton), Kimrujo (Esperanto), País de Gales (Portuguese), Pays de Galles (French), Ţara Galilor (Romanian)
Wallonia Vallonia (Finnish, Italian, Norwegian), Vallonien (Danish, Swedish), Vallonja (Maltese), Valloonia (Estonian), an Vallúin (Irish), Valonia (Romanian), Valònia (Catalan), Valónia (Portuguese), Valônia (Brazilian Portuguese), Valonija (Croatian), Valonio (Esperanto), Valonsko (Czech), Wallonföld (Hungarian), Walonia (Polish), Wallonië (Dutch), Wallonie (French), Wallonien (German), Walonreye (Walloon)
Warmia Ermland (Swedish), Ermland or Ermeland (French, German), Varmia or Warmia (Latin), Varmie (Czech), Warmia (Polish)
Western Pomerania Bagpommern (variant in Danish), Lääne-Pommeri (Estonian), Länsi-Pommern (Finnish), Nyugat-Pomeránia (Hungarian), Okcidenta Pomerio (Esperanto), Pomerania Occidental (Spanish), Pomerânia Ocidental (Portuguese), Pomerania Occidentală (Romanian), Pomerania Occidentale (Italian), Pomerania Occidentalis (Latin), Poméranie occidentale (French), Pomorze Zachodnie (Polish), Vestpommern (Danish), Vorpommern (German, Swedish), West-Pommeren (Dutch), Zahodnopomorjansko (Slovenian), Zapadnopomeransko (Croatian), Západopomoransko (Slovak)
Westphalia Vestfaal (Estonian alternate), Vestfalia (Italian variant), Vestfália (Portuguese), Vestfalija (Croatian, Lithuanian, Serbian, Slovene), Vestfalio (Esperanto), Vestfálsko (Czech), Vesztfália (Hungarian), an Viostfáil (Irish), Wesfalen (Afrikaans), Westfalen (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Frisian, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Swedish), Westfaleye (Walloon), Westfalia (Finnish, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish), Westfàlia (Catalan), Westphalie (French), Zapadna Falačka (Croatian)
Württemberg Virtemberg - Виртемберг (Serbian), Vurtemberga (Portuguese variant), Vytemvérghi - Βυτεμβέργη (Greek), Wirtembergia (Polish), Wirtenberg (medieval German), Wuerttemberg (Portuguese), Wúrtemberch (Frisian), Wurtemberg (Catalan, French, Spanish), Würtembersko (Czech), Württemberg (Croatian, Estonian, German, Swedish), Wurttemberg (Romanian, variant in English)

Z[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Zealand (Denmark) Sæland (Faroese), Seeland (Dutch, French, German), Selandia (Spanish), Sjaelland (Basque, Turkish), Sjáland (Icelandic), Sjælland (Catalan, Czech, Danish, Hungarian, Indonesian, Norwegian), Själland (Swedish), Själlanti (Finnish), an tSéalainn (Irish), Zeland (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian), Zelanda (Italian), Zelandia (Polish), Zelândia (Portuguese), Zelandija (Lithuanian)
Zeeland (Netherlands) Batavia (Latin), Celandia (Galician), Seelân (Frisian), Seeland (German), Seelanti (Finnish), Zeelaand (Dutch Low Saxon), Zeeland (Danish, standard Dutch, English variant, Estonian, Finnish variant, Hungarian, Swedish), Zêeland (West Flemish), Zeêland (Zealandic), Zeelanda (Romanian), Zelanda (Catalan, Italian, Spanish, Turkish), Zélande (French), Zelandia (Polish), Zelândia (Portuguese), Zéland (Czech), Zelando (Esperanto), Zieland (Limburgian)
Žitný ostrov Csallóköz (Hungarian), Grosse Schüttinsel (German), Rye Island (English variant), Wyspa Żytnia (Polish)
Zug Tsoug (Franco-Provençal), Tugium (Latin), Zoug (French), Zug (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Swedish), Zugo (Esperanto, Italian, Venetian)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Agata Grabowska and Pawel Ladykowski. "The Change of the Cashubian Identity before Entering the EU" IES Proceedings. 1.1 (November 2002). p. 1.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h KNAB, the Place Names Database of EKI

External links[edit]

wiktionary:de:Verzeichnis:Liste alternativer Städtenamen