List of alternative country names

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Most countries of the world have alternative names. Some countries have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alternative names and initialisms for all nations, countries and sovereign states, in English and any predominant or official languages of the country in question.

Countries are listed alphabetically by their description, the most common name or term that is politically neutral and unambiguous. This may be followed by a note as to the status of the description used.

A[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
 Albania Republic of Albania (official, English), Shqipëria (common, Albanian) Republika e Shqipërisë (official, Albanian)
 Algeria
(common, English)
People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (official, English), al-Jazā’ir (common, Arabic), al Jumhuriyya al Jazaa'iriyya ad-Dīmuqrāţiyya ash Sha'biyya (official, Arabic)
 Argentina
(common, English)
Argentine Republic (official, English), la Argentina (colloquial, Spanish), the Argentine (archaic, English), Argentine Nation (official and legally preferred, English), United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (official, English), Argentine Confederation (official, English)
 Armenia
(common, English)
Hayastan (transliterated Armenian, original: Հայաստան)
 Australia
(common, English)
Commonwealth of Australia (official, English), New Holland (former name, English)
 Austria
(common, English)
Republic of Austria (official, English), Republik Österreich (official, German), Österreich (common, German)

B[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
 Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh (common name, meaning the country of Bengal),
গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônôprôjatôntri Bangladesh (long official name in Bengali), People's Republic of Bangladesh (long official name in English),

বাংলা Bangla (alternative name meaning the geographical land of Bengal), বঙ্গ Bônggô (Bongo, historical name for geographical area of Bengal),
গঙ্গাঋদ্ধি Gônggarriddhi (ancient name for Bengal region), Bengal Presidency (former political name),
পূর্ববঙ্গ Purbô Bônggô/East Bengal (former political name), পূর্ব পাকিস্তান Purbô Pakistan/East Pakistan (former political name).

 Belarus Republic of Belarus (official, English), Gudija (Lithuanian), Byelorussia (former name), White Russia (outdated)
 Belize British Honduras (former, English)
 Benin Dahomey (former name), Republic of Benin (official, English), République du Bénin (official, French)
 Botswana Bechuanaland (former, English), Republic of Botswana (official, English)
 Brazil Pindorama (native, pre-colonization, Tupi-Guaraní), Terra de Santa Cruz (early Portuguese colonization), Ilha de Vera Cruz (former, Portuguese), Empire of Brazil (former, English), United States of Brazil (former, English), Federative Republic of Brazil (official, English), Terra di Papaga (former, Italian)
 Burkina Faso
(official, English and French)
Upper Volta (former name, English), Haute-Volta (former name, French), Bourkina-Fasso (unofficial French form in the first few days after the 1984 change from Upper Volta until the government clarified the official spelling)

C[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
 Cambodia
(common, English)
Kingdom of Cambodia (official, English), Royaume du Cambodge (official, French), Kampuchea (former officially-sanctioned common name in the English language and transliteration from Khmer language), Khmer Republic (former official), Democratic Kampuchea (former official), People's Republic of Kampuchea (former official), State of Cambodia (former official)
 Canada
(official, English and French)
Dominion of Canada (historical long form, English), Dominion du Canada (historical long form, French), Acadia (French colony), Francisca (as labeled on an old map)
 Central African Republic
(official, English)
Oubangui-Chari (former, French), Ubangi-Shari (English), République Centrafricaine (official, French), Empire Centrafricain (former official, French), Central African Empire (English)
 Chile
(official, English)
Chilli (Aymara), Chili (Quechua), Reyno de Chile (colonial Spanish), Capitania general de Chile (colonial Spanish)
 China
(common, English)
People's Republic of China (official) 中华人民共和国, PRC (initialism), China 中国 (common, ambiguous), Communist China (colloquial, mainly used by Western countries), Red China (colloquial, mainly derogatory), 中共 (colloquial and mainly derogatory, mainly used by the ROC with a cognate used in Vietnam), Mainland China/中国大陆/中国內地 (colloquial, refers to the area that the PRC Government administers since the end of the Chinese Civil War), New China/新中国 (colloquial, pro-Communist), Shenzhou/神州, Ch'in Empire, Cathay (obsolete, now mainly used poetically), Zhongguo is the name for China in Chinese language.
 Democratic Republic of Congo
(official, English)
Zaire (former official name, 1971 to 1997; still occasionally used to distinguish it from Republic of the Congo), DRC (initialism), Congo Kinshasa (used in contrast to "Congo Brazzaville"), Belgian Congo (former name during Belgian colonization, 1908 to 1960, English), Congo belge (former name, French), Congo Free State (former name, 1885 to 1908), Republic of the Congo (former name, 1960 to 1964, during which time both Congos had identical official names)
 Republic of Congo
(official, English)
Congo (common), Congo Brazzaville (used in contrast to "Congo Kinshasa"), French Congo (former name during French colonization, 1880 to 1910, English)
 Croatia
(official, English)
Hrvatska (official, Croatian; also in Serbian, Bosnian and Montenegrin), Hrvaška (Slovenian)
 Czech Republic
(official, English)
Česká republika (official, Czech, Slovak), Česko (common, Czech, Slovak), Czechia (English), Bohemia (former, English)

D[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Djibouti
(common)
French Territory of the Afars and the Issas, French Somaliland, Obock Territory (former names, English), Territoire français des Afars et des Issas, Côte française des Somalis, Territoire d'Obock (former names, French), Republic of Djibouti (official, English), République de Djibouti (official, French)
Denmark
(common, English)
Danmark (common, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian)

E[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Egypt
(common)
Miṣr (formal shortened, Arabic), Meṣr (common, Arabic), Aegyptus (former, Latin), Kīmi (Coptic)
Estonia
(common)
Eesti (common, Estonian), Viru (poetic, Estonian), Viro (common, Finnish), Estland (common, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Dutch), Maarjamaa (Terra Mariana poetic, Estonian), Igaunija (common, Latvian)
Ethiopia
(common)
Abyssinia (former), Habeshastan (Turkish), Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (official, English), Ethiopië (common, Dutch), Al-Habasha (Arabic)

F[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Finland
(common, English and Swedish)
Republic of Finland (official, English), Suomi (common, Finnish), Suomen tasavalta (official, Finnish), Republiken Finland (official, Swedish), Soome (common, Estonian)
France
(common, English and French)
French Republic (official, English), République Française (official, French), L'Hexagone (often journalistic, colloquial French), Gaul (former name, English), Gaule (former name, French)

G[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Georgia
(official, English)
Iberia (former, English, East Georgia), Colchis (former, English, West Georgia), Iveria (usually used as Christian name), Republic of Georgia (former, before the 1995 Constitution), Sakartvelo (in their own language)
Germany
(common, English)
Federal Republic of Germany (official, English), Deutschland (common, German), Bundesrepublik Deutschland (official, German; formerly meant only West Germany), Duitsland (common, Dutch) BRD (German initialism), East Germany, German Democratic Republic, GDR, Deutsche Demokratische Republik or DDR. In Romance languages Germany is referred to by varieties of Alemannia and in Slavic languages variants of Nemacia. Some languages use pars pro toto names like Bavaria or Saxony or the former Prussia.
Greece
(official English description)
Hellas (official and common name), Ελλάδα ("Hellada" common name in Greek), Ελλάς ("Hellas" official description in Greek), Hellenic Republic (official name of Greek state, English)
Guinea-Bissau
(common, English)
Portuguese Guinea (former, English), Republic of Guinea-Bissau (official, English), Guiné-Bissao (archaic, Portuguese), Guinea (shorthand, used when context clearly distinguishes Guinea-Bissau from the neighboring Republic of Guinea)

H[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Hungary
(official, English)
Magyarország (official, Hungarian)

I[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Iceland
Iceland (official English name), Republic of Iceland (official English description), Ísland (official Icelandic name), Lýðveldið Ísland (official Icelandic description), Fold (poetic name), Thule (Latin name, also poetic), Frón, Ísafold (both poetic)
India
Bhārat (official name in Hindi), Bhārat Gaṇarājya (official long form in Hindi), Republic of India (official long form in English), Union of India, Hindustan (unofficial name in Hindi/Urdu), (Al-)Hind (name in Arabic/Persian/Urdu), Aryavarta (name in Sanskrit)
Indonesia
Nusantara (dating back from Hindu era), Insulinde (from the Colonial era), Indunesia (suggestion for Dutch East Indies' modern name), Indonesië (common, Dutch)
Iran
Persia was coined by ancient Greeks referring to Iran, which has always been the local name. Use of the Greek name continued in the west until 1932, when upon Iran's request, the local name of Iran became the internationally legal name, replacing Persia. Though both still remain in use today, outside of legal sphere. Fars in Arabic.
Iraq
Mesopotamia (former name)
Ireland
Éire (official Irish name), Ireland (official English name), Irish Free State (1922–1937), Poblacht na hÉireann (official Irish description), Republic of Ireland (official English description), Saorstát Éireann (Irish 1922-1937), Erin, Banba, Fodla (three poetic names), Hibernia (Latin name, also poetic)
Israel
State of Israel (official English name), מדינת ישראל (Medinat Yisra'el) (official Hebrew name), دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Dawlat Isra'il) (official Arabic name), the Jewish State (unofficial), the Hebrew State (unofficial), the Holy Land (ארץ הקודש) / Eretz Yisrael (ארץ ישראל) (Bible)
Italy
Repubblica Italiana (official Italian name), Italia (common, Italian), Ausonia, Esperia, Enotria, Tirrenia (poetic names)
Ivory Coast
(common, English)
Côte d'Ivoire (common, French and official, English), the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire has asked that the French name be used in all languages

J[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Jamaica
Xamayca (Spanish version of Taino name)
Japan
Nippon (日本?) (official name in Japanese), Nihon (alternate, more common reading of 日本 in Japanese), Yamato (大和?) or 倭 (historic, ancient Japan), Ōyashima (大八洲?) (meaning the country of eight great islands, historic), Cipangu/Zipangu or Gipangu (appeared in The Travels of Marco Polo in the 13th century)
Jordan
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (official, English)

K[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Kazakhstan
(common, English)
Republic of Kazakhstan (official English long name), Kazakhstan (English passport short name), Republic of Kazakhstan (English passport long name), Қазақстан (official Kazakh short name), Қазақстан Республикасы (official Kazakh long name), Qazaqstan (Kazakh short name in Latin script), Alash / Алаш / Alaş (former name, also poetic)
Kenya
(conventional short form)
Republic of Kenya (official, English), Jamhuri ya Kenya (official, Swahili), British East Africa Protectorate (former name when held in ‘protectorate’ status prior to becoming a colony starting in the 1880s until 1920), Kenya Colony (former name during British colonization, from the 1920 until 1963)
North Korea
(common, English)
Democratic People's Republic of Korea (official, English), D.P.R.K., DPRK (initialism, English), Choson Minjujuui Inmin Konghwaguk (조선민주주의인민공화국) (official, Korean), Cho-son (조선) (colloquial, Korean), Korea (conventional short form)
South Korea
(common, English)
Republic of Korea (official, English), R.O.K., ROK (initialism, English), Dae-han-min-guk (대한민국) (official, Korean), Han-guk (한국) (colloquial, Korean), Korea (conventional short form)

L[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Latvia
(common, English)
Latvija (common, Latvian), lettland (German), letland (Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian)
Lesotho
(common, English)
Basutoland (former, English), Kingdom of Lesotho (official, English)
Lithuania
(common, English)
Lietuva (common, Lithuanian), Литва (Litva) (common, Russian)

M[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Malawi
(common)
Nyasaland (former, English), Republic of Malawi (official, English)
Malaysia
(official)
Persekutuan Malaysia (official long form, Malay), Federation of Malaysia (official long form, English), Malaya, Sabah and Sarawak (former, English names of the various components), Tanah Melayu or Malay Land (former, Malay), 马来西亚/ Mǎláixīyà (common, Mandarin), மலேசியா/ Malesiya (common, Tamil)
Mauritania
(common)
Islamic Republic of Mauritania (official, English), République Islamique de Mauritanie (official, French)
Mexico
(shortened form)
United Mexican States (official), Estados Unidos Mexicanos (official, Spanish), México (Spanish short form), República Mexicana (Only heard in Mexico, colloquial, Spanish), Méjico (Spanish variant), MEX (initialism), MX (initialism), Aztlán, Aztlān (Spanish, Nahuatl)
Republic of Macedonia
(official)
Македонија (official Macedonian), Macedonia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, FYROM, Paeonia (Latin name, poetic), Vardar Banovina (former Yugoslav province)
Moldova Republic of Moldova (official), Republica Moldova (official, Moldovan), Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (former Soviet name, English), Република Советикэ Сочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ (former Soviet name, Moldovan), Bessarabia, Bassarabia(historic name, still used by irredentists), Boğdan ('Land of Voyvoda I. Bogdan', former common and official name during Ottoman Empire, Turkish)
Montenegro
(official, English and other languages)
Crna Gora (official, Montenegrin, Serbian and Croatian), Mali i Zi (official, Albanian)
Myanmar Republic of the Union of Myanmar (official), Burma (colloquial)

N[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Netherlands[1]
(official, English)
Kingdom of the Netherlands (official, English), Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (official, Dutch), Nederland (Dutch), Holland (pars pro toto, English, Dutch and other languages), Batavia (former and poetic, English, Dutch and other languages)
New Zealand
(official, English)
Aotearoa (official, Maori), Realm of New Zealand (official English name including Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, and Ross Dependency), Dominion of New Zealand (former official, English)
Norway
(common, English)
Norge (common, Norwegian Bokmål, Danish, Swedish), Noreg (common, Norwegian Nynorsk), Kingdom of Norway (official, English), Kongeriket Norge (official, Norwegian Bokmål), Kongeriket Noreg (official, Norwegian Nynorsk)
Nepal
(common, English)
संघिय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल saṃghiya lokatāntrika gaṇatantra nepāla (official, Nepalese), Federal Democratic Republic Of Nepal (official, English)

P[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Pakistan
(common, English)
Islamic Republic of Pakistan (official and constitutional, English), Federation of Pakistan (alternate official name, English), Dominion of Pakistan (historic official name, English), West Pakistan (common and later official name for the area now covering Pakistan, used when discussing the polity before the secession of Bangladesh), (unofficial historical names) Sindhustan and Indosyncthia
Palau
(common, English)
Republic of Palau (official, English), Belau (common, Palauan; was also sometimes used by English speakers who supported Palauan independence before it was gained in 1994)
Peru
(common, English)
Republic of Peru (official, English), República del Perú (official, Spanish), Perú (common, Spanish), Peruvian Republic (former official name, English), República Peruana (former official name, Spanish)
Poland
(common, English)
Republic of Poland (official, English), Rzeczpospolita Polska (official, Polish), Polska (common, Polish), RP (often journalistic, Polish), People's Republic of Poland (former Communist name, English), Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa (former Communist name, Polish), Rzeczpospolita (historic common name, Polish), Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (historic official name, English), Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów (historic official name, Polish), United Commonwealth of the Two Nations (historic official name, English)
Portugal Portuguese Republic (official, English), Lusitania (official, Latin), Galaico-Portuguese nation and Portucale from the Gallaeci tribe (Celtic Gale and Roman-Celtic Portus Cale) and Galician-Portuguese (ethnic term derived from the original language); Ophiussa also spelled Ophiusa (the ancient Greek name of what is now the Portuguese territory. It means Land of Serpents); Portugalensis patrie, Portugalensium patrie and Portugaliae by King Afonso I, Regno Portugalensium and Portugalis (Latin, Medieval); Portugalliae et Algarbiae, Portugalliae, Lusitaniae (Latin); Purtugall (Middle Ages); Burtughāl is the word for Portugal and orange in Arabic (Portuguese influence and expansion); Portingall or Portingal (common classical English and other late medieval Germanic languages); Ocidental Praia Lusitana (Western Lusitanian Beach) and Pátria Lusitana (Lusitanian Fatherland) from the national poem Os Lusíadas and from all epic poetry and chronicles of the Late Middle Ages and Renaissance. Luxitania and Portugraal (Port of Grail) in Esotericism and metaphysical literature.
Philippines
(common, English)
Repúblika ng Pilipinas (official, Filipino), Republic of the Philippines (official, English), Pilipinas (common, many local languages; corruption of the Spanish, Filipinas), Filipinas (common Spanish and other local languages, contraction of following), Las Islas Filipinas (named after Philip II of Spain, historical, Spanish; originally corruption of the following), Las Islas Felipenas (historical, by Ruy Lopez de Villalobos), Pinás (colloquial), PH (official initialism, changed from RP to avoid confusion with Poland; see above), Philippine Islands (historic; official name under American control; also used colloquially, English), Filipina (common, Malay), Haríng Bayang Katagalugan ("Sovereign Tagalog Nation", historical, by Andrés Bonifacio), Islas de San Lazaro ("Isles of Saint Lazarus", historical, by Ferdinand Magellan),
Puerto Rico
(common, English and Spanish)
Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico (official, Spanish), Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (official, English), Porto Rico (archaic, English), Associated Free State of Puerto Rico (non-official literal translation to English of the official Spanish name), Borikén, Borinquen, or Borinken (former Taíno name also used colloquially and among nationalists)

R[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Russia Russian Federation (official English description), Российская Федерация (official Russian), Russia, (official and common name, ambiguous, English), Россия (old Russian Rossiya, modern Russian Rassiya) (common, Russian), RF (initialism), Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (former name), RSFSR (former name initialism), Rus (poetic or obsolete name, ambiguous), Great Russia (obsolete name)
Romania România (official, Romanian), Rumania or Roumania (archaic, English), Kingdom of Romania (name under monarchy, English), Regatul României (name under monarchy, Romanian), Romanian People's Republic (former Communist name, English), Republica Populară Romînă (former Communist name, Romanian), Socialist Republic of Romania (former Communist name, English), Republica Socialistă România (former Communist name, Romanian)
Rwanda Republic of Rwanda (official, English), République du Rwanda (official, French), Repubulika y'u Rwanda (official, Kinyarwanda), "Pays des mille collines" (poetic, French), Ruanda (former colonial name)

S[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Saint Kitts and Nevis Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis (co-official, English), Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis (co-official, English), Saint Christopher and Nevis (alternate short-form, English), Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla (former official, English), Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla (former common, English), Saint Kitts or Saint Christopher (shorthand, English), Liamuiga and Oualie (former indigenous names of the islands of Saint Kitts and Nevis, respectively)
Saudi Arabia
(common, English)
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (official, English), KSA (initialism), Saudia (former in English, common in Arabic) Al-Mamlaka al-Arabiyya as-Saudiyya (official name in Arabic)
Serbia
(common, English)
Republic of Serbia (official, English), Servia (archaic, English), Srbija (common, Serbian), Republika Srbija (official, Serbian), Serbia and Montenegro (former common, English), Yugoslavia (former common, English)
Singapore
(common, English)
Republic of Singapore (official, English), Singapura (common, Malay), Sinhapura (Sanskrit, i.e., Land of Lions), Xīnjiāpō/新加坡 (common, Chinese), Ciŋkappūr/சிங்கப்பூர் (common, Tamil), Pulau Ujong (historical, ancient), Shōnan-tō/昭南島 (former, Japanese occupation), little red dot (colloquial; originally derogatory)
South Africa
(common, English)
Azania, Mzansi (Xhosa, for South), Suid-Afrika (official, Afrikaans), Zuid-Afrika (former official, Dutch)
Spain España (common, Spanish), Reino de España (official, Spanish), Espanya (common, Catalan), Espainia (common, Euskera), Spanish State (former name, also used now with political nuances), la piel de toro (Spanish) / la pell de brau (Catalan) ("the bull hide", metaphoric name after the shape of the Iberian Peninsula), Las Batuecas (derogatory name in the works of Mariano José de Larra)
Sri Lanka
(common, Sanskrit, English)
Ceylon (former, English), Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (official, English)/இலங்கை சனநாயக சோசலிசக் குடியரசு(official,Tamil), Heladiva (Land of Sinhalese) (former, Sinhala), Ratnadeepa (Island of Gems) (former, Sinhala), elangai/இலங்கை (common, Tamil), Taprobane (one of the medieval names of Sri Lanka)
Sudan Republic of the Sudan (official, English), The Sudan (alternate English), Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (colonial name, English), Mahdist State (former English unofficial), Nubia (ancient name, also poetic)
Suriname
(common, English)
Dutch Guiana (former, English), Netherlands Guiana (former official, English), Republic of Suriname (official, English), Republiek Suriname (official, Dutch), Surinam (English name until 1978)
Sweden
(common, English)
Sverige (common, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian), Konungariket Sverige (official, Swedish), Kingdom of Sweden (official, English), Svea Rike (possibly former/poetical, Swedish), Thule (Latin name, also poetic), Svitjod (Old Norse)
Switzerland
(common, English)
Swiss Confederation (official, English), Schweiz (common, German, Danish, Swedish), Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (official, German), Suisse (common, French), Confédération suisse (official, French), Svizzera (common, Italian), Confederazione Svizzera (official, Italian), Svizra (common, Romansh), Confederaziun Svizra (official, Romansh), Confoederatio Helvetica, Helvetia (Latin, sometimes used officially), CH (initialism)

T[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Taiwan
Republic of China (official, English), 中華民國 (official, Chinese), 臺灣 (common, Chinese), ROC (initialism), Chinese Taipei/中華台北 (international designation), Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu/台灣、澎湖、金門及馬祖個別關稅領域 (international designation), Taipei, China (designation used by China to imply that Taiwan is part of China), Taiwan, Province of China (UN designation), Nationalist China (obsolete), Free China (obsolete, pro-Nationalist), Formosa (former, English)
Tanzania
(common, English)
United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (former, English), United Republic of Tanzania (official, English). Deutsch-Ostafrika, together with Ruanda and Urundi (= German East Africa, colonial name until 1918). The country is named after Tanganyika, its mainland part, and the Zanzibar islands off its east coast.
Thailand
Siam (former name), Kingdom of Thailand (official, English)
Transnistria
Pridnestrovie (official shortform name), Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublica (official, longform)
Trinidad and Tobago (common, English)
Iere (poetic, "Land of the Hummingbird," believed to be derived from Arawak), Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (official, English), Trinbago (informal, English)
Tunisia
تونس(official, Arabic)(common, French, English)
Tunisia (official shortform name), Republic of Tunisia (official, longform), الجمهورية التونسية, (official, Arabic)
Turkey
Republic of Turkey (official, English), Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (official, Turkish), Asia Minor (geographical, English), Anatolia (geographical, English), Ottoman Empire (former, English), Turkish Empire (former unofficial, English), Porte or Sublime Porte (English descriptions of the former Ottoman state)
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (short- and long-form name, English and Tuvaluan), Ellice Islands (colonial name, English)

U[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
United States
(shortened form)
United States of America (official), America (colloquial and also former name originally), the States (colloquial), US, U.S., USA, Usa, U.S.A., U.S.A (initialism), Columbia (Latin, poetic), Freedonia, Appalachia, Alleghany (names proposed after American Revolutionary War), United States (short form), Usonia (used by James Duff Law and popularized by Frank Lloyd Wright), Usono (Esperanto; name based on "United States of North America.)
United Kingdom
(shortened form)
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (official, English), Britain (colloquial), Great Britain (colloquial), UK, U.K. (initialism), United Kingdom (short form), Albion (poetic, Latin), Perfidious Albion if you are an old enemy of this country (mainly humorous today), Anglia (poetic, Latin, refers specifically to England), Alba (Scottish, Gaelic-refers specifically to Scotland), Caledonia (poetic, Latin-refers specifically to Scotland), Cymru (official, Welsh-refers specifically to Wales), Ulster (colloquial, refers specifically to Northern Ireland)
United Arab Emirates
(shortened form)
United Arab Emirates (English), Trucial States (English, prior to 1971), Al Emirat al Arabbiya al Muttahida (official, Arabic) UAE, U.A.E. (English initialism)

V[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Vanuatu
(common)
New Hebrides (former name under British and French condominium rule from 1906–1980, Niuhebridis (Bislama), Nouvelles Hebrides (former official name in French), République de Vanuatu (French), Ripablik blong Vanuatu (Bislama), Vanuatri (jocular name used in humour)[citation needed]
Vietnam
(common)
An Nam (former name in other foreign languages), Champa (historical kingdom), Đại Việt (historical kingdom), Giao Chỉ (former Chinese province or vassal kingdom),French Indochina (former name under French colonization when united with Laos and Cambodia, English), Lĩnh Nam (poetic name), Socialist Republic of Vietnam (official, English), parted in North Vietnam (Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and South Vietnam (Republic of Vietnam) from 1954 to 1975, Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam (official, Vietnamese), Việt Nam (short form, Vietnamese), SRV, S.R.V., VN, V.N. (English initialism)

Z[edit]

Description Other name(s) or older name(s)
Zambia
(common)
Northern Rhodesia (former, English), Republic of Zambia (official, English)
Zimbabwe
(common)
Rhodesia or Republic of Rhodesia (former names, English), Republic of Zimbabwe (official, English), Southern Rhodesia (former, English)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This entry is about the country the Netherlands, one of four countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. "Netherlands" is also a common name for the Kingdom.