List of French Open men's singles champions
|French Open Men's Singles Champions|
|Venue||Stade Roland Garros|
|Governing body||Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT)|
Open Era: 1968
|Surface||Alternate between sand and clay (1891–1907)
Clay (red) (1908–Present)
|Prize money||€1,250,000 (2012)|
|Trophy||Coupe des Mousquetaires|
|8: Max Decugis
4: Henri Cochet (internationals)
titles Amateur Era
|4: Paul Aymé
2: Frank Parker
Nicola Pietrangeli (Internationals)
titles Open Era
|4: Björn Borg
|Current champion||Rafael Nadal
The French Open,[a][b] known in France as the Internationaux de France, is an annual tennis tournament created in 1891 and now (since 1928) played on outdoor red clay courts at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France. Until 1897, the men's singles event was the only one to be held at the French Open. The tournament is played during two weeks in late May and early June, and has been chronologically the second of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the year since 1987. The event was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of World War I and was held unofficially under German occupation from 1941 to 1944 during World War II. The national body that organizes this event is the Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT).
The courts of Île de Puteaux (on Sand) and the Racing Club de France (on Clay) alternated hosting the event until 1908. It went to Bordeaux for a year 1909 (on Clay) before returning solely to the Racing Club de France in 1910. It continued there until 1924 and for one last time in 1926. In 1925 and 1927 it was played at the Stade Français before the competition was moved in 1928 to the newly built Stade Roland Garros, where it has been played since. The tournament was reserved for members of French tennis clubs until the first edition open to international players took place in 1925. From 1941 to 1944, the Vichy regime requisitioned the site and held a Tournoi de France, an open tournament for French amateur and professional players, won twice by Bernard Destremau and three times by Yvon Petra. Those editions are not counted by the FFT in the tournament's history.
The men's singles rules have undergone several changes since the first edition. The event has always been contested in a knockout format. Records show matches were played as the best-of-three sets format until 1902 or 1903, and as the best-of-five sets afterwards, except from 1973 to 1975, when early rounds were played as the best-of-three sets. The tie-break was introduced in 1973 for the first four sets.
The men's champion receives a miniature replica of the silver-gilt Coupe des Mousquetaires, named after The Four Musketeers of French tennis: Jean Borotra, Jacques Brugnon, Henri Cochet, and René Lacoste. In 2012, the winner received prize money of €1,150,000.
In the French National Championships, Max Decugis (1903–1904, 1907–1909, 1912–1914) holds the record for most men's singles titles with eight victories; however, all his titles came when the tournament was reserved to members of French tennis clubs and French nationals. The record for most consecutive titles during the club-members-only era is four by Paul Aymé (1897–1900).
In the French International Championships, which was after the tournament was opened to international competitors but before the open era began, Cochet (1926, 1928, 1930, and 1932) holds the record for most titles, at four. The most consecutive titles during that period is two by four players: Frank Parker (1948–1949), Jaroslav Drobný (1951–1952), Tony Trabert (1954–1955), and Nicola Pietrangeli (1959–1960).
Since the inclusion of the professional tennis players, Rafael Nadal (2005–2008, 2010–2012) has won the most French Open titles, seven. Bjorn Borg (1978–1981) and Rafael Nadal (2005–2008) share the open era record for most consecutive titles with four.
The men's singles was won without losing a set during the open era in 1973 by Ilie Năstase, 1978 and 1980 by Borg, and 2008 and 2010 by Nadal.
|French club members only event, which was called the French National Championship †|
|Disputed champions: Not considered a champion by the slam ††[f] See Tournoi de France|
French Championships 
French Open 
Multiple champions 
|Competitions prior to 1925 opened only to French tennis club members and French nationals|
Champions by country 
|Country||Amateur Era||Open Era||All-time||First title||Last title|
|United States (USA)||7||4||11||1938||1999|
|Great Britain (GBR)||2||0||2||1891||1935|
See also 
- a Known as the Championnats de France (1891–1924) then as the Championnats internationaux de France (1925–1967) during the Amateur Era.
- b The tournament entered the Open era with the 1968 edition, allowing professional players to compete alongside amateurs.
- c Each year is linked to an article about that particular event's draw with the exception of the pre-1925 years and 1951.
- d The dash means that the result or score is unknown because there are no available sources for this information Pre-1914.
- e The tournament was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of World War I.
- f The tournament was not officially held from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II. The champions listed are disputed, but are listed by a few sources, which means they are not included in the statistics charts because the tournament does not consider them champions. They are listed here as a historical note.
- g Set score in parentheses indicates a tiebreaker score.
- h Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992), does not include the totals of Czech Republic (CZE, 1992–present) and Slovakia (SVK, 1992–present).
- i One win by a player from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922), plus one win by a player from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present).
- "Guide du Tournoi / Histoire". roland-garros.com (in French). IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2009-07-07.[dead link]
- "Tournament profile - Roland Garros". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
- "Past Winners and Draws". fft.fr. Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
- "Event Info / History / Past Winners 1891 - 2011". rolandgarros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 10-07-2012.
- Lewis, Gabrielle (2002-05-23). "French Open history". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- "Event Guide / History / Record Breakers". roland-garros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
- "Merellio dits Meller : The Silverthsmith of Sport". mellerio.fr. Merellio dits Meller. Retrieved 2009-06-24. Click on the "More information on the Coupe des Mousquetaires" link.
- "Event Info / Prize Money". rolandgarros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 10-07-2012.
- The Encyclopedia Of Tennis: 100 Years Of Great Players And Events; by Max Robertson and Jack Kramer. 1974 edition, page 375. Source for finalists and scores
- "French Open Men's Singles". Grand Slam History. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
- "Superb Soderling Sends Nadal Crashing Out". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour. 2009-05-31. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
- "French Open Singles Champions". USA Today. 10-06-2001. Retrieved 10-07-2012.
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