List of biographies of Muhammad

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Muhammad
Muhammad

This is a chronological listing of biographies of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, ranging from the earliest traditional writers to modern times. The focus is on historical and academic-quality works that refer directly to the primary sources.

Earliest biographers[edit]

The following is a list of the earliest known Hadith collectors who specialized in collecting Sīra and Maghāzī reports.

7th and early 8th century (1st century of Hijra)[edit]

  • Saʿīd ibn Saʿd ibn ʿUbāda al-Khazrajī, another young companion, his writings have survived in the Musnad of Ibn Hanbal and Abī ʿIwāna, and the Tārīkh of al-Tabari.[1]
  • ʿUrwa ibn al-Zubayr (d. 713). He wrote letters replying to inquiries of the Umayyad caliphs, Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan and al-Walid I, involving questions about certain events that happened in the time of the Prophet. Since Abd al-Malik did not appreciate the maghāzī literature, these letters were not written in story form. He is not known to have written any books on the subject.[2] He was a grandson of Abu Bakr and the younger brother of Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr.
  • Abū Fiḍāla ʿAbd Allāh ibn Kaʿb ibn Mālik al-Anṣārī (d. 97 AH), his traditions were mentioned in Ibn Ishaq and al-Tabari.[1]
  • ʿĀmir ibn Sharāḥīl al-Shaʿbī (d. 103 AH), his traditions were transmitted through Abu Isḥāq al-Subaiʿī, Saʿīd ibn Masrūq al-Thawrī, al-Aʿmash, Qatāda, Mujālid ibn Saʿīd, and others.[1]

8th and early 9th century (2nd century of Hijra)[edit]

  • Al-Qāsim ibn Muḥammad ibn Abī Bakr (d. 107 AH), another grandson of Abu Bakr. His traditions are mainly found in Tabari, Al-Balathuri, and al-Waqidi.[1]
  • Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī (d. c. 737), a central figure in sīra literature, who collected both ahadith and akhbār. His akhbār also contain chains of transmissions, or isnad. He was sponsored by the Umayyad court and asked to write two books, one on genealogy and another on maghāzī. The first was canceled and the one about maghāzī is either not extant or has never been written.[2]
  • Musa ibn ʿUqba, a student of al-Zuhrī, wrote Kitāb al-Maghāzī, a notebook used to teach his students; now lost. Some of his traditions have been preserved, although their attribution to him is disputed.[2]
  • Abū Ishāq al-Fazarī (d. 186) wrote Kitāb al-Siyar.[3]

Others (710 CE - 921 CE)[edit]

  • Ya'qub bin Utba Ibn Mughira Ibn Al-Akhnas Ibn Shuraiq Al-Thaqafi
  • Abu Ma'shar Najih Al-Madani.
  • Ali ibn mujahid Al razi Al kindi.
  • Al-Bakka'iِِArabic [البكائي] was a disciple of Ibn Ishaq and teacher of Ibn Hisham and thus forms a very important link in Sira between two great scholars.
  • Abdul Malik Ibn Hisham, his work incorporated the text of Ibn Ishaq; he was a pupil of Al-Bakkaa'i.
  • Salama ibn Al-Fadl Al-Abrash Al-Ansari, pupil of Ibn Ishaq.
  • Al-Waqidi, whose surviving works "Kitab alTarikh wa al-Maghazi" (Book of History and Campaigns) and Futuh al-Sham have been published.
  • Abu Isa Muhammad Al-Tirmidhi wrote compilations of Shamaail (Characteristics of Muhammad)
  • Ibn Sa'd wrote the 8-volume work called Tabaqat or The Book of the Major Classes; he was also a pupil of Al-Waqidi.
  • Imam al-Bayhaqi, wrote Dala'il al-Nabuwwa (Proof of Prophethood).
  • Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari wrote the well-known work History of the Prophets and Kings, whose earlier books include the life of Muhammad, which cite Ibn Ishaq.
  • Abu Sa`d al-Naysaburi wrote Sharaf al-Mustafa
  • Abu Nu`aym wrote Dala'il al-Nubuwwa
  • Al-Asbahani wrote Dala'il al-Nubuwwa
  • Al-Baghawi wrote al-Anwar fi Shama'il al-Nabi al-Mukhtar
  • Faryabi wrote Dala'il al-Nubuwwa

Later writers and biographies (1100 CE- 1517 CE)[edit]

Modern biographies (1800 AD – Present)[edit]

  • Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib wrote Nobider Kahini (the most reliable collection in Bangla, based on the Glorious Quran and authentic Hadeeth).
  • Dr. Mohamed Hesham Yousef wrote The beloved book series.
  • Ahmad ibn Zayni Dahlan al-Shafi`i al-Makki (Shaykh-ul-Islam) wrote Sirah al-Nabi.
  • Sayyid Muhammad `Alawi al-Maliki al-Makki wrote Muhammad Rasulallah.
  • Prof Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri wrote Sirah al-Rasul (14 volumes, largest collection in Urdu).
  • Anwarullah Haidarabadi wrote Anwar-e-Ahmadi.
  • Al-Sayyid Muhammad `Uthman al-Mirghani wrote Fath al-Rasul.
  • Muhammad Rida wrote Muhammad Rasulallah.
  • As'ad Muhammad Sa`id al-Sagharji wrote Muhammad Rasulallah.
  • Yusuf al-Nabhani wrote Fada'il al-Muhammadiyya, al-Anwar al-Muhammadiyya and Shawahid al-Haqq.
  • Muhammad Yasin al-Fadani al-Makki wrote Hashiyya al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya.
  • Pir Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari wrote Ziya al-Nabi.
  • Shibli Nomani, wrote his famous 5 volume book Sirat-un-Nabi in Urdu with the help of his disciple Syed Sulaiman Nadvi.The book was translated in English by M. Tayyib Bakhsh Budayuni:ISBN 978-81-7151-282-9.
  • Muhammad Husayn Haykal,wrote The Life of Muhammad in Arabic, 1933; with English translation by Isma'il Raji A. al-Faruqi.
  • Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, wrote Muhammad The Ideal Prophet and Muhammad The Prophet Of Peace translated by Rauf Luther.
  • N Tawheedi, wrote A Glance At The Life Of The Holy Prophet Of Islam .
  • Mohammad Amin, wrote A Spark From The Dynamo Of Prophethood .
  • Mohammed Marmaduke Pickthall, wrote Al-Amin A Life-Sketch Of The Prophet Muhammad
  • Syed M. Nadvi,wrote An Easy History Of The Prophet Of Islam.
  • Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi, wrote Muhammad-ur-Rasoolullah in 4 volumes.
  • Abdul Hameed Siddiqui,wrote Life Of Muhammad .
  • Dr Muhammad Shamsul Haque, wrote Life Of Prophet Muhammad The Final Messenger
  • Fazal-ur-Rahman Ansari wrote 3 books namely, Muhammad As A Military Leader ; Muhammad Encyclopedia Of Seerah and Muhammad Blessing For Mankind. These books were given by the then government of Pakistan to diplomatic visitors to Pakistan.
  • Zahir Ahmed Muhammad,wrote the Glimpses Of The Prophet's Life & Times.
  • Abu Bakr Siraj Ad-Din a.k.a. Martin Lings, wrote Muhammad : His Life Based on the Earliest Sources (1983), Islamic Texts Society, ISBN 978-0-04-297042-4
  • Osman Kartal, wrote The Prophet's Scribe(2009), Athena Press, ISBN 978-1-84748-629-5
  • Ali Musa Raza, wrote Muhammad In The Qur'an.
  • Seyyed Hossein Nasr, wrote Muhammad Man Of Allah.
  • Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi, wrote Muhammad Rasulullah .
  • Muhammad Iqbal,wrote Muhammad The Beloved Prophet.
  • Naeem Siddiqui ,wrote Muhammad The Benefactor Of Humanity.
  • Dr M.H. Durrani,wrote two books namely Muhammad The Biblical Prophet and The Holy Prophet Muhammad.
  • Dr Majid Ali Khan,wrote Muhammad The Final Messenger.
  • Ahmed Deedat,wrote Muhammad the Greatest and Muhammad the Natural Successor to Christ.
  • Jamal Badawi, wrote Muhammad A Blessing For Mankind,a Short Biography and Commentary.
  • Mustafa Ahmad al-Zarqa,wrote Muhammad The Perfect Model For Humanity.
  • Wahiduddin Khan,wrote Muhammad The Prophet Of Revolution.
  • Syed Iqbal Zaheer,wrote Muhammad The Unlettered Prophet Who Changed The World.
  • Abdur Rahman Lutz,wrote Muhammad Upon Whom Be Peace.
  • Syed Athar Husain, wrote Prophet Muhammad & His Mission.
  • Dr Sheikh Mohammad Iqbal (Kashmir), wrote The Life and Mission of Muhammad (SAW) (1st Volume out of five of The History of Islam and Muslims).
  • Fethullah Gulen,wrote Prophet Muhammad As Commander and Prophet Muhammad The Infinite Light.
  • Kais al-Kalby, wrote Prophet Muhammad The Last Messenger In The Bible.
  • Mufti Shafi,wrote Seerat Khaatmul-Ambiyaa – Life Of Rasulullah translated by Abbas Zuber Ali.
  • Dr Mohamed Abdulla Pasha,wrote Sixth Century & Beyond – The Prophet & His Times.
  • Zakaria Bashier,wrote Sunshine At Madinah: Studies In Life Of Prophet and The Makkan Crucible.
  • Dr Ata Mohy-ud-din, wrote The Arabian Prophet.
  • Fakir Syed Waheeduddin,wrote The Benefactor & The Rightly-Guided.
  • Mustafa as-Sibaa'ie,wrote The Life of Prophet Muhammad – Highlights and Lessons.
  • Muhammad Bashiruddin Mahmood, wrote The First & The Last – Muhammad.
  • Abdul Majeed,wrote The Last Prophet & His Message
  • Mohammad Yusuf,wrote The Last Prophet Of Islam .
  • Muhammad Abdul Rauf, wrote The Life & Teaching Of The Prophet Muhammad.
  • Syed Ameer Ali, wrote The Life & Teachings Of Mohammad .
  • Tahia Al-Ismail,wrote The Life Of Muhammad – Based On Earliest Sources.
  • Sarwar Saulat, wrote The Life Of The Prophet.
  • Abdal Rahman Azzam,wrote The Life Of The Prophet Muhammad.
  • Muhammad Al-Kidari,wrote The Light Of Certitude.
  • Muhammad Hamidullah,wrote 4 books on Sira Muhammad Rasulullah: A concise survey of the life and work of the founder of Islam ; The prophet of Islam: Prophet of migration ; The Prophet's establishing a state and his succession ; Battlefields of the Prophet Muhammad.
  • Ayatullah Jafar Subhani,wrote The Message – The Holy Prophet Of Allah.
  • Khalifa Abdul Hakim, wrote The Prophet & His Message.
  • Syed Abdul Wahab, wrote The Shadowless Prophet Of Islam.
  • Muhammad Abdul Hai,wrote Uswai Rasool-e-Akram (Life & Teachings Of Prophet).
  • Safdar Hosain,wrote Who Was Muhammad?.
  • K.L. Gauba, wrote The Prophet of the Desert. (1962)
  • Allama Syed Saadat Ali Qadri, wrote Jaan-e-Aalam – Soul of the worlds. (2006)
  • Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri,wrote Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum (The Sealed Nectar).
  • Ali al-Sallabi, wrote The Noble Life of the Prophet (3 Vol.). (2005)
  • Mahdi Rizqullah Ahmad,wrote The Prophet of Islam in the Light of the Original Sources: An Analytical Study.
  • Muhammad Mohar Ali,wrote Sirat al-Nabi and the Orientalists – with special reference to the writings of William Muir, D.S. Margoliouth and W. Montgomery Watt.
  • Khalid Masud, wrote Hayat e Rasul e Ummi in Urdu (translated as: The Unlettered Prophet by Saadia Malik)[4]
  • Maulana Wahiduddin Khan wrote Prophet of Revolution
  • Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhab Najdi wrote Mukhtasar Sirah al-Rasul.
  • Karen Armstrong,wrote Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet (1991), and Muhammad: A Prophet for Our Time (2006).
  • Allama Azad Subhani(1897-1964) wrote Tazkeratul Muhammadi.
  • Lesley Hazelton wrote "The First Muslim - The story of Muhammad" (2013) <Riverhead Books></Published by the Penguin group>
  • Mohammad Reza Sarshar wrote That Which That Orphan Saw


See also[edit]

External links[edit]

The Life of Muhammad on Google Books

The Sealed Nectar on Google Books

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i M. R. Ahmad (1992). Al-sīra al-nabawiyya fī ḍawʾ al-maṣādir al-aṣliyya: dirāsa taḥlīliyya (1st ed.). Riyadh: King Saud University. pp. 20–34. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Raven, Wim (2006). "Sīra and the Qurʾān". Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān. Brill Academic Publishers. pp. 29–49. 
  3. ^ Published from Lebanon, Beirut: Mu'assasa al-Risāla, 1987.
  4. ^ Preamble to the book