Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri

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Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
محمد طاہر القادری
Dsc08066-official-photo.jpg
Founder Minhaj-ul-Quran International
Incumbent
Assumed office
October 1981
Personal details
Born Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadrii
(1951-02-19) 19 February 1951 (age 63)
Jhang, Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani, Canadian[1][2]
Alma mater University of the Punjab
Occupation scholar, politician
Religion Islam
Website www.tahir-ul-qadri.com

Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Urdu: محمد طاہر القادری‎) (born 19 February 1951) is a Pakistani politician, former law professor and Sufi Islamic scholar.[3][4] He was a former professor of international constitutional law at the University of the Punjab.[5] Qadri is also the founding chairman of Minhaj-ul-Quran International.

Early years[edit]

Qadri learned from a number of classical authorities in Islamic sciences, including Abu al-Barakat Ahmad al-Qadri al-Alwari.[citation needed]

Qadri studied law at the University of the Punjab in Lahore, where he graduated with an LLB in 1974, gaining a Gold Medal for his academic performances.[6] Following a period of legal practice as an advocate, he taught law at the University of the Punjab from 1978 to 1983 and then gained his PhD[7] in Islamic Law (Punishments in Islam, their Classification and Philosophy) in 1986 from the same university; his supervisors were Bashir Ahmad Siddiqui (‘Ulum al-Islamiyya) and Javaid Iqbal.[8][9] He was appointed as a professor of law at the University of Punjab, where he taught British, US and Islamic constitutional law.[citation needed]

Political career[edit]

On 25 May 1989, Qadri founded a political party, Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT). This party aims to introduce the culture of democracy, promote economic stability, and improve the state of human rights, justice, and women's roles in Pakistan. The PAT also aims to remove corruption from Pakistani politics. Its official website contains its formal manifesto.[10] In 1990, Qadri participated in the national election. In 1991, PAT and TNFJ (Tehreek-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafria A shia political group), now known as Tehreek-e-Jafria,[11] introduced the idea of political working relationship. From 1989 to 1993, Qadri continuously worked as an opposition leader.[12]

He was also elected as a Member of the National Assembly for his constituency. On 29 November 2004, Qadri announced his resignation as a Member of the National Assembly.[13] Qadri views an Islamic state as a Muslim-majority country which respects freedom, the rule of law, global human rights (including religious freedom), social welfare, women's rights and the rights of minorities.[14] He also claims that the Constitution of Medina "declared the state of Madinah as a political unit". He also mentions that the Constitution declared the "indivisible composition of the Muslim nation (Ummah)".[15] With respect to the Constitution of Medina, Qadri says: "This was the constitution, which provided the guarantee of fundamental human rights in our history." He believes that "a constitution is a man-made law and by no means it can be declared superior to a God-made law."[15]

Controversy[edit]

Qadri apparently made contradictory statements regarding his role in the making of Pakistan's blasphemy Law. In an Urdu-language speech he said: "I would like to lift the veil that this blasphemy law ... it was I who had this law made, that no matter who commits blasphemy, whether Muslim or Non-Muslim, man or woman, Christian or Jew, whoever commits blasphemy should be killed like a dog!" Yet in another video he says: "Whatever the Law of blasphemy is, is not applicable on non Muslims, is not applicable on Jews, Christians, and any other non-Muslims. I was never a part of shaping this law in the parliament made by Zia-ul-Haq.".[16][17][18][19][20] After the disclosure of this apparent contradiction in the Danish Media, the Integration and social affairs minister, Karen Hækkerup, pulled out of a conference on religious radicalism after she discovered that Qadri helped to fashion Pakistan’s anti-blasphemy law. She said she would not share a stage with a controversial Muslim scholar who helped to create that law.[21]

Long March[edit]

In December 2012, after living for seven years in Toronto, Canada, Qadri returned to Pakistan and initiated a political campaign which called for a "democratic revolution"[this quote needs a citation] through electoral reforms. Qadri called for a "million-men" march in Islamabad to protest against the government's corruption.[22] On 14 January 2013, crowds marched down the city's main avenue. Thousands of people pledged to sit-in until their demands were met.[23] When he started the long march from Lahore about 15,000 people were with him.[24] He told the rally in front of parliament: "There is no Parliament; there is a group of looters, thieves and dacoits [bandits] ... Our lawmakers are the lawbreakers."[25] After four days of sit-in, the Government and Qadri signed an agreement called the Islamabad Long March Declaration, which promises electoral reforms and increased political transparency.[26] Although Qadri called for a "million-men" march, the estimated total present for the sit-in in Islamabad was 25,000 according to the government.[24]

Critics have charged that the protests were a ploy by the Pakistan Armed Forces to delay elections and weaken the influence of the civilian government, citing Qadri's close ties to the military, dual nationality and foreign sources of funding.[27][28] Lawyers for the Supreme Court of Pakistan claimed that Qadri's demands are unfeasible because they conflict with the Constitution of Pakistan.[29] The Tribune reported on 17 February 2013, that Qadri seemed to have capitulated on most of his demands in the Islamabad Long March Declaration.[30]

Founding of Minhaj-ul-Quran[edit]

Qadri at the Peace for Humanity Conference, 24 September 2011

Qadri founded a Sufism-based organisation, Minhaj-ul-Quran International, in October 1981 and has subsequently expanded it nationally and internationally.[31] In 1987, the headquarters of Minhaj-ul-Quran, based in Lahore, Pakistan, was inaugurated by Sufi saint Tahir Allauddin, who is regarded as the organisation's spiritual founder.[32] The organisation aims to promote religious moderation, effective and sound education, inter-faith dialogue and harmony, and a moderate interpretation of Islam employing methods of Sufism.[33] Over the past thirty years, the organisation has reportedly expanded to over ninety countries.[citation needed] During its March 2011 session, the United Nations Economic and Social Council granted special consultative status to Minhaj-ul-Quran International.[34][35] Qadri also founded the Minhaj University in Lahore, of which he heads the Board of Governors, as well as an international relief charity, Minhaj Welfare Foundation.[36]

Noteworthy events[edit]

In 2006, Qadri attended the Muslims of Europe Conference in Istanbul, Turkey to discuss identity, citizenship, challenges and opportunities for European Muslims.[37] Also in 2006, he attended several gatherings around the world in which he delivered his lectures on the topic of "Islam on Peace, Integration and Human Rights".[38]

On 2 March 2010, Qadri issued a 600-page Fatwa on Terrorism, which is an "absolute" scholarly refutation of all terrorism without "any excuses or pretexts." He said that "Terrorism is terrorism, violence is violence and it has no place in Islamic teaching and no justification can be provided for it"[39]

Qadri at a news conference in London explaining the Fatwa on Terrorism.

The fatwa gained widespread media attention and he appeared on various international media outlets. On Frost Over The World he told David Frost that the "he wanted to take Islam back from the terrorists".[40] The US State Department declared the fatwa to be a significant publication which takes back Islam from terrorists.[41] Qadri told the American Foreign Policy magazine: "I am trying to bring [the terrorists] back towards humanism. This is a jihad against brutality, to bring them back towards normality. This is an intellectual jihad."[42]

In August 2010 Qadri held an anti-terrorism camp for Muslim youth at the University of Warwick with the aim of tackling extremism in the UK.[43] He organised the camp under the auspices of Minhaj-ul-Quran UK.[44][45]

He has been invited to deliver his lectures by several organisations.[46][47] [48][49][50][51][52] For example, Qadri spoke at the World Economic Forum in January 2011 alongside Imran Khan.[53]

In July 2011, he gave a lecture on the issues of terrorism and integration at the Parliament of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia where he was invited by the member of the NSW Legislative Council, Shaoquett Moselmane MLC.[54][55] Qadri also made appearances on Australian media, where he discussed Islam, terrorism and possible troop withdrawals from Afghanistan.[56][57] On 24 September 2011, Minhaj-ul-Quran convened the "Peace for Humanity Conference" at Wembley Arena in London where Tahir-ul-Qadri and the assembled speakers issued a declaration of peace on behalf of religious representatives of several faiths, scholars, politicians, and 12,000 participants present from various countries. This conference was endorsed by, or received supportive messages from, the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar University, Ban Ki-Moon (Secretary General of the United Nations), Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu (Secretary General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), David Cameron (British Prime Minister), Nick Clegg (British Deputy Prime Minister), Rowan Williams (Archbishop of Canterbury) and others.[58][59] On 30 November 2011, Qadri delivered a lecture at the "Peaceful Future of Afghanistan" conference in Istanbul, Turkey which was organised by the Center for World Religions, Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution of George Mason University together with Marmara University and was attended by more than 120 Afghan leaders.[60][61]

On 22 February 2012, Qadri visited Delhi for a four-week tour of India.[62][63][64] Qadri delivered a message of peace and said: "Terrorism has no place in Islam", while addressing the fatwa book launch in Delhi.[65] People gathered to listen to Qadri along with government officials in Gujarat.[64][66][67] Qadri also urged the Pakistani and Indian governments to reduce their defence expenditures and instead spend money on the welfare of poor people.[68] He also visited Ajmer, where he was given a large reception, at which he gave a lecture on Sufism.[69][70]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canadian authorities summon Qadri for violating oath". The Express Tribune. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Shibu Thomas (15 March 2012). "Preacher’s visit to city: High court seeks security details". The Times of India. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Tahir Qadri lecture for international Sufi conference
  4. ^ "Tahir-ul-Qadri is a Sufi Muslim"
  5. ^ "PUNISHMENTS IN ISLAM THEIR CLASSIFICATION & PHILOSOPHY - Pakistan Research Repository". Eprints.hec.gov.pk. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  6. ^ Indian News link
  7. ^ Ph.D in Islamic Law Higher Education Commission
  8. ^ Qadri, http://youtube.com/watch?v=EsUdM6GcJbY
  9. ^ "Muhammad Tahir-Ul-Qadri". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  10. ^ Manifesto of Pakistan Awami Tehreek
  11. ^ Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqa-e-Jafria
  12. ^ working plan for interest free banking
  13. ^ Qadri sends 41-page resignation to speaker
  14. ^ "Islam and Politics". Mediamonitors.net. Retrieved 2013-04-13. 
  15. ^ a b The Constitution of Madina
  16. ^ Copenhagen Post, September 6, 2012
  17. ^ http://beforeitsnews.com/opinion-conservative/2012/09/denmark-integration-minister-pulls-out-of-anti-radicalization-conference-refuses-to-appear-with-radical-muslim-scholar-2476148.html
  18. ^ http://www.themuslimtimes.org/2012/09/countries/pakistan/tahir-ul-qadri-what-a-contradictory-statements
  19. ^ http://www.lfpress.com/2013/01/18/tahir-ul-qadri-says-one-thing-in-english-another-in-urdu
  20. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/ewsi/en/news/newsdetail.cfm?ID_ITEMS=34187
  21. ^ http://cphpost.dk/news/minister-cancels-appearance-at-anti-radicalism-conference.2632.html
  22. ^ "Pakistani city prepares for cleric's march". 3 News NZ. 14 January 2013. 
  23. ^ "Long march: Walking in the name of ‘revolution’". 15 January 2013. 
  24. ^ a b "Pakistanis protest ‘corrupt’ government". 3 News NZ. 15 January 2013. 
  25. ^ Declan Walsh (15 January 2013). "Internal Forces Besiege Pakistan Ahead of Voting". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  26. ^ Anita Joshua. "Qadri’s picketing ends with ‘Long March Declaration’". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  27. ^ Arab News, "Pak crisis deepends: PM arrest ordered as rally shakes capital," front page, Vol. XXXVIII, #45. Wednesday, 16 January 2013.
  28. ^ Rodriguez, Alex (14 January 2013). "Pakistan 'Long March' protest draws tens of thousands to capital". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  29. ^ "‘Long march’ show not in millions, but not a flop". The News International. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 16 January2013. 
  30. ^ Abdul Manan. "Two steps back: Qadri capitulates on earlier demands". Express Tribue. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  31. ^ Minhaj-ul-Quran - a Sufi-based organisation
  32. ^ Qadiriyya sufi saint Tahir Allauddin - spiritual founder of Minhaj-ul-Quran
  33. ^ Mihaj-ul-Quran - a Sufi-based organisation
  34. ^ Report of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations on its 2011 regular session
  35. ^ Minhaj-ul-Quran - a Sufi organisation
  36. ^ Minhaj Welfare Foundation
  37. ^ About Shaykh-ul-Islam
  38. ^ Islam on Peace Integration & Human Rights
  39. ^ Top Islamic scholar issues 'absolute' fatwa against terror
  40. ^ Abdul Sattar Minhajian (2010-03-02). "Al Jazeera English, Interview with David Frost - Minhaj-ul-Quran International". Minhaj.org. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  41. ^ Muslim leader's edict decries terrorism: U.S. hails 'taking back Islam'
  42. ^ Sheikh to Terrorists: Go to Hell
  43. ^ Muslim summer camp preaches 'anti-terror' message
  44. ^ Muslim group Minhaj ul-Quran runs 'anti-terrorism' camp
  45. ^ http://www.irfan-ul-quran.com/quran/english/tid/41/Shaykh-ul-Islam%20Dr%20Muhammad%20Tahir-ul-Qadri.html
  46. ^ Tahir-ul-Qadri to deliver speech at 2010 Global Peace and Unity event
  47. ^ "Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan's Premier NEWS Agency ) - Muslims urged to stand up against terrorism". App.com.pk. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  48. ^ Tahir-ul-Qadri’s Struggle Against Radicalism in Islam
  49. ^ Indian Express
  50. ^ Participants of U.S.-Islamic World Forum
  51. ^ Tahir-ul-Qadri at U.S.-Islamic World Forum
  52. ^ Muslim Scholar to Present Solution to Counter Home-Grown Terrorism and Islamophobia at U.S. Islamic World Forum
  53. ^ Qadri at 2011 World Economic Forum
  54. ^ Full Day Hansard Transcript (Legislative Council, 5 August 2011, Corrected Copy)
  55. ^ Tahir-ul-Qadri at NSW Parliament House in Sydney, Australia
  56. ^ Interview With Jim Middleton News Line Australia
  57. ^ SBS TV Interview with Tahir-ul-Qadri
  58. ^ "Sign The Declaration". London Declaration. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  59. ^ [1]
  60. ^ More than 120 Muslim leaders Commit to the Future of Afghanistan during International Conference in Turkey
  61. ^ Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri speaks at an international conference on 'Peaceful Future in Afghanistan'
  62. ^ Coming: Pak Islamic scholar who pulls no punches against terror
  63. ^ Qadri given honour in India
  64. ^ a b Pakistani scholar thanks Modi for security
  65. ^ Terrorism has no place in Islam: Sufi scholar
  66. ^ Islam a Religion of Human Rights: Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
  67. ^ Pak scholar debunks Islamic stereotypes
  68. ^ Stay away from communal clashes in future: Pak Islamic scholar
  69. ^ Pak scholar to speak on Sufism in dargah
  70. ^ Adequate security in place for Pak prof’s programme: State