List of deadliest Atlantic hurricanes

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This is a list of the deadliest known Atlantic hurricanes that caused at least 1,000 direct deaths, the deadliest being the Great Hurricane of 1780, with over 27,500 deaths.

Pre HURDAT era[edit]

Name Dates active Areas affected Deaths Refs
Gulf of Mexico 1590 1,000
Nicaragua 1605 1300
Straits of Florida 1622 1090
Cuba and Florida 1644 1500
Caribbean 1666 2000
Barbados 1694 1000+
Bahamas 1715 1,000 – 2,500
Martinique 1767 1,600
Havana 1768 43 – 1,000
Newfoundland August 29 – September 9, 1775 North Carolina, Virginia, Newfoundland 4,000 – 4,163
Pointe-à-Pitre Bay 1776 6,000+
San Calixto October 9–20, 1780 Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Bermuda 27,501+
Gulf of Mexico 1780 2,000
Jamaica and Cuba 1780 42 – 1,090
Florida 1781 2,000+
Central Atlantic 1782 3,000+
“Cuba” Hurricane 1791 30 – 3,000
“Martinique 1813 3,000+
Caribbean 1824 372 – 1,300+
Barbados–Louisiana August 10–17, 1831 Barbados, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Louisiana 1,500 – 2,500

HURDAT Era[edit]

All of these tropical cyclones are featured within the Atlantic hurricane database. Data on these cyclones is generally considered accurate.

Name Dates active SSHWS Category Sustained
wind speeds
Pressure Areas affected Damage
(US$)
Deaths Refs
San Marcos October 5 – 14, 1870 Category 3 hurricane 115 mph (185 km/h) 959 hPa (28.32 inHg) Cuba, Florida, Bahamas $12 million 800-2000 [1]
Sea Islands August 15 – September 2, 1893 Category 3 hurricane 120 mph (195 km/h) 954 hPa (28.17 inHg) Georgia, South Carolina 1000 – 2000
Chenier Caminanda September 27 – October 5, 1893 Category 4 hurricane 135 mph (215 km/h) 948 hPa (27.99 inHg) Yucatán Peninsula, Louisiana, Mississippi 1800 – 2000
San Ciriaco August 3 – September 4, 1899 Category 4 hurricane 150 mph (240 km/h) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) 3433
Galveston August 27 - September 15, 1900 Category 4 hurricane 145 mph (230 km/h) 936 hPa (27.64 inHg) Antilles, Eastern United States 8000 – 12000
Monterrey August 20 - 28, 1909 Category 3 hurricane 120 mph (195 km/h) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) 4000
Okeechobee September 6 – 20, 1928 Category 5 hurricane 160 mph (260 km/h) 924 hPa (27.29 inHg) 4075
San Zenon August 29 - September 17, 1930 2000 – 8000
Belize 1931 1500 – 2500
Cuba 1932 2500 – 3107
Central America June 4 – 18, 1934 2000 – 3000
Jérémie 1935 2,150
Flora September 26 – October 12, 1963 Category 4 hurricane 145 mph (230 km/h) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) The Caribbean, Florida $529 million 7,193 [2]
Fifi-Orlene September 14 – 24, 1974 Category 2 hurricane 110 mph (180 km/h) 971 hPa (28.67 inHg) Jamaica, Central America, Mexico $1.8 billion 8000 [3][4]
David August 25 – September 8, 1979 Category 5 hurricane 175 mph (280 km/h) 924 hPa (27.29 inHg) The Caribbean, United States East coast $1.54 billion 2068 [5][6]
Gordon November 8 – 21, 1994 Category 1 hurricane 85 mph (140 km/h) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Central America, Greater Antilles, Florida $6.2 billion 1152
Mitch October 22 – November 5, 1998 Category 5 hurricane 180 mph (285 km/h) 905 hPa (26.72 inHg) Central America, Yucatán Peninsula, South Florida $6.2 billion 11,000 [7][8][9]
Jeanne September 13 – 28, 2004 Category 3 hurricane 120 mph (195 km/h) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) The Caribbean, Eastern United States $7.66 billion 3035 [5][10][11][12]
Katrina August 23 – 30, 2005 Category 5 hurricane 175 mph (280 km/h) 902 hPa (26.64 inHg) Bahamas, United States Gulf Coast $108 billion 1,836 [13]
Stan October 1 – 5, 2005 Category 1 hurricane 80 mph (130 km/h) 977 hPa (28.85 inHg) Mexico, Central America $3.96 billion 1,668 [5][14]
[nb 1][nb 2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Unless otherwise noted, all of the damage totals in this article are in the original year USD.
  2. ^ Reference for dates, season, wind speeds and pressure.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guadalupe, Luis Enrique Ramos. Bezanilla, Alejandro, ed. "The Hurricane of Matanzas". Bulletin of the Cuban Meteorological Society 6 (2). Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Dunn, Gordon E; Staff (March 1, 1964). "The hurricane season of 1963". Monthly Weather Review 92 (3): 128. doi:10.1175/1520-0493-92.3.128. Retrieved December 4, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Aid Efforts Start For Honduras, Fifi Deaths Soar". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. September 24, 1974. Retrieved November 8, 2009. 
  4. ^ Rappaport, Edward N; Fernandez-Partagas, Jose; National Hurricane Center (January 1995). The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492 – 1994 (NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS NHC-47). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. p. 23. Archived from the original on January 13, 2013. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/NWS-NHC-1995-47.pdf. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters. "EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database". Université catholique de Louvain. Retrieved 2012-11-30. 
  6. ^ Hebert, Paul J (July 1, 1980). "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1979". Monthly Weather Review (American Meteorological Society) 108 (7): 976. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<0973:AHSO>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 1520-0493. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  7. ^ National Climatic Data Center (2004). "Mitch: The Deadliest Atlantic Hurricane Since 1780". United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  8. ^ Inter-American Development Bank. "Central America After Hurricane Mitch- Costa Rica". Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  9. ^ Inter-American Development Bank. "Central America After Hurricane Mitch- El Salvador". Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  10. ^ Hurricane Committee (August 12, 2005) (PDF). Twenty-seventh Session (March 31 to April 5, 2005) (Final Report). World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on November 27, 2012. http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/www/tcp/documents/FinalHC27Report-English.pdf. Retrieved August 4, 2013.
  11. ^ Lawrence, Miles B; Cobb, Hugh D; National Hurricane Center (November 22, 2004). Hurricane Jeanne: September 13 – 28 (Tropical Cyclone Report). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2004jeanne.shtml. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  12. ^ Blake, Eric S; Landsea, Christopher W; Gibney, Ethan J; National Hurricane Center (August 2011). The Deadliest, Costliest, and Most Intense United States Tropical Cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (And Other Frequently Requested Hurricane Facts) (NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS NHC-6). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. Archived from the original on November 27, 2012. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/nws-nhc-6.pdf. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
  13. ^ Knabb, Richard D; Rhome, Jamie R; Brown, Daniel P; National Hurricane Center (December 20, 2005) (PDF). Hurricane Katrina: August 23 – 30, 2005 (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL122005_Katrina.pdf. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  14. ^ Pasch, Richard J; Roberts, David P; National Hurricane Center (February 4, 2006). Hurricane Stan: October 1 - 5, 2005 (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL202005_Stan.pdf. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  15. ^ National Hurricane Center; Hurricane Research Division (April 1, 2014). "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)". United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 

External links[edit]