Los Angeles City Fire Department

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Not to be confused with Los Angeles County Fire Department.
Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD)
Los angeles fire department seal.jpg
"Serving With Courage, Integrity, and Pride"
Operational Area
Country United States
State California
City Los Angeles
Agency Overview
Established February 1, 1886
Annual calls 406,088 (2013)
Employees As of 2011:
3,586 uniformed
353 support[1]
Annual budget $513,444,773 (2012-13)[2]
Commissioner Delia Ibarra, Esq.[3]
IAFF 112
Facilities & Equipment
Divisions 2[4]
Battalions 14[5]
Stations 106[6]
Engines 132[7]
Trucks 42[7]
Squads 4 (Haz-Mat.)[7]
Rescues 1[7]
Bulldozers 1[7]
Helicopters 6[7]
Fireboats 5[7]
Ambulances 93 ALS & 43 BLS[7]
EMS Level ALS & BLS
USAR 5[7]
Website
www.lafd.org
www.uflac.org

The Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD/LA City Fire) provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of Los Angeles, California,United States.[8]

The Los Angeles Fire Department is currently one of the largest municipal fire departments in the United States, after the New York City Fire Department and the Chicago Fire Department. It may be unofficially referred to as the Los Angeles City Fire Department to distinguish it from the Los Angeles County Fire Department which also serves some sections of the city.

History[edit]

LAFD on the scene of a fire in the Bradbury Building, Downtown Los Angeles in 1947.
Firefighters Mural at LAFD Fire Station #83.

The Los Angeles Fire Department has it origins in the year 1871.[9][10][11] In September of that year, George M. Fall, the County Clerk for Los Angeles County organized Engine Company No. 1. It was a volunteer firefighting force with an Amoskeag fire engine and a hose jumper (cart). The equipment was hand-drawn to fires. In the spring of 1874, the fire company asked the Los Angeles City Council to purchase horses to pull the engine. The Council refused and the fire company disbanded.[12]

Many of the former members of Engine Company No. 1 reorganized under the name of Thirty-Eights No. 1 in May 1875, Engine Co. No. 2 was organized under the name Confidence Engine Company.[12]

Los Angeles acquired its first "hook and ladder" truck for the Thirty-Eights. It proved to be too cumbersome and was ill-adapted to the needs of the city. It was sold to the city of Wilmington. In 1876, another "hook and ladder" truck was purchased, serving in the city until 1881.[12]

In 1878, a third fire company was formed by the residents in the neighborhood of Sixth Street and Park. It was given the name of "Park Hose Co. No. 1". East Los Angeles formed a hose company named "East Los Angeles Hose Co. No. 2" five years later. The final volunteer company was formed in the fall of 1883 in the Morris Vineyard area. This company was called "Morris Vineyard Hose Co. No.3."[12]

All of these companies remained in service until February 1, 1886, when the present paid fire department came into existence.[12]

In 1877, the first horses were bought for the city fire department. The department would continue to use horses for its equipment for almost fifty years, phasing out the last horse drawn equipment on July 19, 1921.[13]

By 1900, the Department had grown to 18 fire stations with 123 full-time paid firefighters and 80 fire horses.[13] The city had also installed 194 fire-alarm boxes allowing citizens to sound the alarm if a fire was spotted. 660 fire hydrants were placed throughout the city, giving firefighters access to a reliable water source.[14]

In 1955 Station 78 in Studio City became the first racially integrated station in the department.[15]

In 2007, LAFD had nearly 3,600 uniformed personnel operating from 106 fire stations who offer fire prevention, firefighting, emergency medical care, technical rescue, hazardous materials mitigation, disaster response, public education and community service to a resident population of more than 4 million people who live in the agency's 471 square mile (1,220 km²) jurisdiction.[16]

Chief Engineers/Fire Chiefs[edit]

Below is a complete listing of all of the chief engineers/fire chiefs in the history of the Los Angeles Fire Department.

  • Walter S. Moore (1886–1887)
  • Thomas Strohm (1887–1888)
  • Dan A. Moriarty (1888–1889)
  • Thomas Strohm (1889–1891)
  • Walter S. Moore (1891–1893)
  • Michael Curran (1893–1893)
  • Dan A. Moriarty (1893–1895)
  • Walter S. Moore (1895–1900)
  • Thomas Strohm (1900–1905)
  • Walter Lips (1905–1910)
  • Archibald J. Eley (1910–1919)
  • R. J. Scott (1919–1940; the longest in LAFD history)[17]
  • John H. Alderson (1940–1955)
  • Frank H. Rothermel (1955–1956; emergency appointment)
  • William L. Miller (1956–1965)
  • Raymond M. Hill (1966–1975)
  • Kenneth R. Long (1975–1977)
  • John C. Gerard (1977–1982)
  • Donald O. Manning (1983–1995)
  • William R. Bamattre (1996–2007)
  • Douglas R. Barry (2007–2009)
  • Millage Peaks (2009–2011)
  • Brian Cummings (2011–2013)
  • James G. Featherstone (2013–2014)
  • Ralph Terrazas (2014–)

Organization[edit]

LAFD Firefighters at the scene of a structure fire.
LAFD Firefighters battling a house fire.

The Los Angeles Fire Department is currently organized into several Bureaus of Operation and 2 Divisions of Operations: The South Division(formerly Division 2), and the North Division(formerly Division 3). Each Bureau is commanded by a Deputy Chief. Each Division is commanded by an Assistant Chief, who in turn commands a total of 7 Battalions. Each Battalion, a grouping or district comprising approximately 7-11 Fire Stations, is commanded by a Battalion Chief or Battalion Commander per shift. The Los Angeles Fire Department currently operates 106 Fire Stations, organized into 14 Battalions, located throughout the city.[18]

Operations[edit]

LAFD on the scene of a "Major Emergency Structure Fire".

Resources[edit]

Engines, Pump Engines, Trucks, Rescue Ambulances, Hazardous Materials (Haz-Mat) Squads, Urban Search and Rescue Units, Brush Patrol Units, Swift Water Rescue Units, as well as many other special, support, and reserve units, and Battalion and Division Chiefs as well Paramedic Supervisors are quartered in the 106 Fire Stations located across the city. A unit, while operating by itself, is considered one company, or "Resource". A "Resource" is one defined unit or company in the LAFD, but can be made up of several pieces of apparatus.[19]

Light Forces and Task Forces[edit]

Additionally, the LAFD utilizes the concepts of Task Forces and Light Forces, which originated during the Watts Riots. A Task Force or Light Force can be considered one "Resource", although comprising more than one unit or company. This method of firefighting operation differs very much from that of other large U.S. city fire departments, such as the New York City Fire Department and the Chicago Fire Department.

A Light Force is composed of a Pump Engine (200 Series, i.e. Engine 201, etc.) and a Ladder Truck (i.e., Truck 1, etc.). A Light Force responds to nearly all calls as a single unit or "Resource", therefore the two pieces of apparatus respond together.

A Task Force is simply a Light Force coupled with an Engine. An Engine is considered a single unit or "resource" when responding to incidents on its own. A Task Force usually responds to larger incidents, such as structural fires, and is made up of an Engine, a 200 Series Pump Engine, and a Truck, all operating together. While a standard Engine is always staffed with a full crew, a 200 Series Pump Engine is only staffed by a driver (and one other firefighter if responding as part of a Task Force). The purpose of the 200 Series Pump Engine is to provide support and equipment to the Truck in a Light Force, and either the Truck or the Engine in a Task Force.[20]

Rescue Ambulances[edit]

Rescue Ambulances, or "Rescues", or "R.A.'s" for short, can be considered either advanced life support (ALS), or basic life support (BLS). Rescue Ambulances numbered 1–112, as well as those in the 200 Series are considered ALS Rescue Ambulances, as they are staffed by Firefighter/Paramedics. 800 and 900 Series Rescue Ambulances are considered BLS Rescue Ambulances, as they are staffed by Firefighter/EMTs. Generally, each Battalion is assigned an EMS Paramedic Captain who supervises the operations of the individual Rescue Ambulances in their district.[21]

Fireboats[edit]

The Port of Los Angeles is under the jurisdiction of the LAFD which operates 5 fireboats to provide fire protection for ships and dockside structures.

Fireboat No. 1, No. 3 and No. 5 are identical 39-foot-3-inch (12 m) long aluminum fireboats capable of a top-end speed of 29 knots (53.7 km/h; 33.4 mph) while fully loaded. They are equipped with a 2,400 US gallons per minute (0.151 m3/s) pump and a 1,000-US-gallon-per-minute (0.063 m3/s) fire monitor. These fireboats also have a 50-US-gallon (189 L) firefighting foam capacity. These three boats operate as rapid response vessels for a variety of missions including firefighting and rescue, patrol and inspection, emergency medical service, and homeland security patrol.[22]

Fireboat No. 4, the Bethel F. Gifford, is the oldest of the fleet, was commissioned in 1962. It is capable of pumping water at 9,000 US gallons per minute (0.568 m3/s) and carries 550 US gallons (2,082 L) of foam solution for petrochemical fires. It is equipped with jet-stream nozzles to allow for increased maneuverability.[23]

The newest and most technologically advanced of the fireboats is the 105-foot (32 m) long Fireboat No. 2, the Warner Lawrence, which has the capability to pump up to 38,000 US gallons per minute (2.397 m3/s) up to 400 feet (121.9 m) in the air. #2 also has an onboard area for treatment and care of rescued persons.[24]

Apparatus Profile (2014)[edit]

LAFD Bell 412 Helicopter.

Below is a complete listing of all in-service fire apparatus in the LAFD.[7]

Frontline Fire Resources[edit]

  • 91 Engines (100 Series)
  • 41 Pump Engines (200 Series & 300 Series)
  • 42 Trucks
  • 6 Urban Search & Rescue (USAR) Units (UR3, UR5, UR27, UR85, UR88, UR89)
  • 4 Hazardous Materials (Haz-Mat.) Squads (SQ21, SQ48, SQ87, SQ95)
  • 1 Heavy Rescue Tow Truck (HR56)

Medical Resources[edit]

  • 93 ALS Rescue Ambulances (100 Series & 200 Series)
  • 43 BLS Rescue Ambulances (800 Series & 900 Series)

Command Units and Chiefs[edit]

  • 14 Battalion Chief's Units (BC1, BC2, BC4, BC5, BC6, BC8, BC9, BC10, BC11, BC12, BC13, BC15, BC17, BC18)
  • 2 Assistant Division Chief's Units (AC-South & AC-North) (Formerly Division 2 & Division 3)

Special and Support Units[edit]

  • 4 Hazardous Materials (Haz-Mat.) Support Tenders (HMT17, HMT21, HMT38, HMT75)
  • 3 Decontamination (Decon.) Tenders (DT29, DT40, DT98)
  • 4 Foam Tenders (FT17, FT36, FT60, FT100)
  • 5 Swift Water Rescue Units (SW5, SW44, SW86, SW88, SW100)
  • 4 Rehabilitation (Rehab.) & Air Tender (EA1, RAT40, RAT59, RAT83)
  • 4 Command Post Units (CP1, CP2, CP3, CP4)
  • 15 Brush Patrol Units (BP8, BP19, BP23, BP24, BP28, BP35, BP41, BP44, BP47, BP74, BP78, BP83, BP84, BP94, BP109)
  • 5 Fireboats (FB1, FB2, FB3, FB4, FB5)
  • 6 Helicopters (Fire 1, Fire 2, Fire 3, Fire 4, Fire 5, Fire 6)
  • 4 Arson Investigation Units (AR1, AR2, AR3, AR4)
  • 2 Fuel Tenders (FD1, FD2)
  • 1 Fuel Resource (FD106)

Ready Reserve Units[edit]

  • Multiple Ready Reserve Engines (400 Series)
  • Multiple Ready Reserve Ambulances (600 Series)

Fire Station Locations and Apparatus[edit]

Below is a complete listing of all 106 Fire Stations in the city of Los Angeles, as well as their assigned units, according to Battalion and Division.[7][18][25][26] There are currently two divisions in the LAFD: the South Division and the North Division. Each division commands a total of seven battalions.

South Division[edit]

The South Division is commanded by an Assistant Chief per shift and supervises a total of 7 Battalions and 55 Fire Stations. The Headquarters for the South Division is located at Fire Station # 3, 108 N. Fremont Ave., Civic Center/Bunker Hill.

Fire Station Engine Light Force Rescue Ambulance Special Unit Chief Battalion Address Neighborhood
1 LF1 RA1, RA801 2 2230 Pasadena Ave. Lincoln Heights
2 E2 LF2 RA2 1 1962 E. Cesar Chavez Ave. Boyle Heights
3 E3 LF3 RA3, RA803 USAR3, CP4 AC-South 1 108 N. Fremont Ave. Civic Center/Bunker Hill
4 E4 RA4, RA804 BC1 1 450 E. Temple St. Little Tokyo/Chinatown
5 E5 LF5 RA5 USAR5 BC4, EMS4 4 8900 S. Emerson Ave. Westchester/LAX Area
6 E6 RA6 11 326 N. Virgil Ave. Angeleno Heights
9 E9 T9 RA9, RA209, RA809 1 430 E. 7th St. Central City East/Skid Row
10 E10 LF10 RA10, RA810 1 1335 S. Olive St. Convention Center District
11 E11 LF11 RA11, RA811 11 1819 W. 7th St. Westlake/MacArthur Park
12 E12 LF12 RA12 2 5921 N. Figueroa St. Highland Park/Arroyo Seco
13 E13 RA13 BC11, EMS11 11 2401 W. Pico Blvd. Pico-Union/Koreatown
14 E14 RA14, RA814 1 3401 S. Central Ave. Newton
15 E15 LF15 RA15 11 915 W. Jefferson Blvd. University Village/USC
16 E16 2 2011 N. Eastern Ave. South El Sereno
17 E17 RA17 HMT17, FT17, AR1 1 1601 S. Santa Fe Ave. Industrial East Side
20 LF20 RA20 11 2144 W. Sunset Blvd. Echo Park
21 E21 LF21 RA20, RA821 SQ21, HMT21 13 1192 E. 51st St. South Los Angeles
25 E25 RA25 1 2927 Whittier Blvd. South Boyle Heights
26 E26 LF26 RA26, RA826 11 2009 S. Western Ave. West Adams
29 E29 LF29 RA29, RA829 DT29 11 4029 W. Wilshire Blvd. Hancock Park
33 E33 LF33 RA33, RA833 B13 13 6406 S. Main St. South Central
34 E34 RA34, RA834 MST34 18 3661 7th Ave. Crenshaw District
36 E36 RA36 FT36 6 1005 N. Gaffey St. North San Pedro
38 E38 RA38 HMT38 6 124 E. "I" St. Wilmington
40 E40 RAT40, DT40 6 330 Ferry St. Terminal Island
42 E42 RA842 2 2021 Colorado Blvd. Eagle Rock
43 E43 RA43 18 3690 Motor Ave. Palms
44 E44 RA844 BP44, SW44 EMS2 2 1410 Cypress Ave. Cypress Park
46 E46 RA46,RA246, RA846 13 4370 S. Hoover St. Coliseum Area
47 E47 RA47 BP47 2 4575 Huntington Dr. S. El Sereno
48 E47 LF48 RA848 SQ48 6 1601 S. Grand Ave. San Pedro
49 E49 FB3, FB4 BC6 6 400 Yacht St., Berth 194 East Harbor Basin
50 LF50 RA850 2 3036 Fletcher Dr. Glassell Park/Atwater Village
51 E51 RA51 4 10435 Sepulveda Blvd. LAX Terminal Area
55 E55 RA55 2 4455 E. York Blvd. Eagle Rock
57 E57 RA57, RA257, RA857 13 7800 S. Vermont Ave. South Central
58 E58 RA58, RA858 18 1556 S. Robertson Blvd. Pico-Robertson
61 E61 LF61 RA61, RA861 18 5821 W. 3rd St. Fairfax
62 E62 RA62 SW62 4 11970 Venice Ave. Mar Vista
63 E63 LF63 RA63 4 1930 Shell Ave. Venice
64 E64 LF64 RA64, RA264, RA864 EMS 13 13 10811 S. Main St. Southwest Los Angeles/Hyde Park
65 E65 RA65, RA865 13 1801 E. Century Blvd. Watts
66 E66 LF66 RA66, RA266 RA866 13 1909 W. Slauson Blvd. Watts
67 E67 RA867 4 5451 Playa Vista Dr. Playa Vista
68 E68 RA68 BC18 18 5023 Washington Blvd. Mid-City
79 E79 RA79 6 18030 S. Vermont Ave. Harbor Gateway
80 CR80, F180, F280, F380, Stairs 80 4 7250 World Way W. LAX (ARFF Crash Rescue)
85 E85 LF85 RA85 USAR85, MST85 6 1331 W. 253rd St. Harbor City
92 LF92 RA92, RA892 18 10556 W. Pico Blvd. Century City
94 E94 LF94 RA94, RA894 BP94 18 4470 Coliseum St. Crenshaw District/Baldwin Hills
95 E95 LF95 RA95 SQ95 4 10010 International Rd. LAX Area/Hotel District
101 E101 RA101 6 1414 25th St. San Pedro/South Shores
110 FB5 6 2945 Miner St., Berth 44-A Fort MacArthur Area
111 FB1 6 954 S. Seaside Ave., Berth 260 Fish Harbor
112 E112 RA112 FB2, MST112, EL112 EMS6 6 444 S. Harbor Blvd., Berth 86 Ports of Call/Cruise Terminal

North Division[edit]

The North Division is commanded by an Assistant Chief per shift and supervises a total of 7 Battalions and 51 Fire Stations. The Headquarters for the North Division is located at Fire Station # 88, 5101 North Sepulveda Blvd., Sherman Oaks.

Fire Station Engine Light Force Rescue Ambulance Special Unit Chief Battalion Address Neighborhood
7 E7 RA7 12 14123 Nordhoff St. Arleta
8 E8 BP8 15 11351 Tampa Ave. Porter Ranch
18 E18 RA18 15 12050 Balboa Blvd. Knollwood/Granada Hills
19 E19 RA19 BP19 9 12229 W. Sunset Blvd. Brentwood
23 E23 RA23 BP23 9 17281 Sunset Blvd. Palisades Highlands
24 E24 BP24 12 9411 Wentworth St. Shadow Hills/Sunland
27 E27 LF27 RA27, RA827 USAR27 BC5 5 1327 N. Cole Ave. Hollywood
28 E28 RA828 BP28 15 11641 Corbin Ave. Porter Ranch
35 LF35 RA35, RA835 BP35 5 1601 N. Hillhurst Ave. Los Feliz
37 E37 LF37 RA37 MST37 BC9 9 1090 Veteran Ave. Westwood/UCLA
39 E39 LF39 RA39, RA839 BC10 10 14415 Sylvan St. Van Nuys
41 E41 RA41, RA841 BP41 5 1439 N. Gardner St. Hollywood (Hills and Northwest)
52 E52 RA52 EMS5 5 4957 Melrose Ave. Hollywood (Southeast)
56 E56 RA56 HR56 5 2759 Rowena Ave. Silver Lake
59 E59 RA59 RAT59 EMS9 9 11505 Olympic Blvd. West Los Angeles
60 E60 LF60 RA60, RA860 FT60 BC14 14 5320 Tujunga Ave. North Hollywood
69 LF69 RA69 9 15045 Sunset Blvd. Pacific Palisades
70 E70 RA70 EMS15, BC15 15 9861 Reseda Blvd. Northridge
71 E71 RA71 9 107 S. Beverly Glen Blvd. Bel Air/Holmby Hills
72 E72 RA72, RA872 ELT72 17 6811 De Soto Ave. Canoga Park
73 LF73 RA73, RA873 17 7419 Reseda Blvd. Reseda
74 LF74 RA74, RA874 BP24 12 7777 Foothill Blvd. Tujunga/Sunland
75 LF75 RA75, RA875 HMT75 12 15345 San Fernando Mission Mission Hills
76 E76 RA76 5 3111 N. Cahuenga Blvd. Cahuenga Pass
77 E77 RA77 WT77, CP77 EMS12 12 9224 Sunland Blvd. Sun Valley
78 LF78 RA78, RA878 BP78, AR2 EMS14 14 4041 Whitsett Ave. Studio City/Valley Village
81 E81 RA81, RA881 10 14355 Arminta St. Panorama City
82 E82 RA82 5 5769 Hollywood Blvd. Hollywood (Hills and Northeast)
83 E83 RA83 BP83, ELT83, MST83, RAT83 EMS10 10 4960 Balboa Blvd. Encino
84 E84 RA84 BP84 EMS17, BC17 17 21050 Burbank Blvd. Woodland Hills
86 E86 RA86 SW86 14 4305 Vineland Ave. Toluca Lake
87 E87 LF87 RA87 SQ87 15 10124 Balboa Blvd. Granada Hills
88 E88 LF88 RA88, RA888 USAR88, SW88, CP88, WT88, TR88, BRC3 AC-North, EMS88 10 5101 North Sepulveda Blvd. Sherman Oaks
89 E89 LF89 RA89, RA889 USAR89, MST89 14 7063 Laurel Canyon Blvd. North Hollywood
90 E90 LF90 RA90, RA890 FD1, FD2 10 7921 Woodley Ave. Van Nuys Airport Area
91 E91 RA91 12 14430 Polk St. Sylmar
93 E93 LF93 RA93 17 19059 Ventura Blvd. Tarzana
96 LF96 RA96, RA896 15 21800 Marilla St. Chatsworth
97 E97 RA97 HC97 14 8021 Mulholland Dr. Laurel Canyon/Mulholland
98 E98 LF98 RA98, RA898 DU98 BC12 12 13035 Van Nuys Blvd. Pacoima
99 E99 RA99 10 14145 Mulholland Dr. Beverly Glenn
100 E100 RA100 SW100, FT100 10 6751 Louise Ave. West Van Nuys/Lake Balboa
102 E102 RA102 14 13200 Burbank Blvd. South Van Nuys/Valley Glenn
103 E103 RA903 15 18143 Parthenia St. Northridge/CSUN
104 E104 RA104 17 8349 Winnetka Ave. Winnetka
105 E105 LF105 RA105 17 6345 Fallbrook Ave. Woodland Hills
106 E106 RA106 FD106 17 23004 Roscoe Blvd. West Hills
107 E107 RA107 15 20225 Devonshire St. Chatsworth
108 E108 14 12520 Mulholland Dr. Franklin Canyon
109 E109 RA909 BP109 10 16500 Mulholland Dr. Encino Hills
114 Fire 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, C114, F114, RH114 10 16617 Arminta St. Van Nuys Airport (Air Operations)

Media depictions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Department Overview". LAFD. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Budget 2012-2013". City of Los Angeles. p. 114. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Delia Ibarra, ESQ". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  4. ^ "Glossary". LAFD. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Battalions". LAFD. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Stations List". LAFD. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Los Angeles County (CA) Los Angeles - The RadioReference Wiki". Wiki.radioreference.com. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  8. ^ "Welcome to the Los Angeles Fire Department". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  9. ^ "LAFD History". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  10. ^ "LAFD History". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  11. ^ "The Origins of the LAFD". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "The Volunteers, 1871 to 1885". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  13. ^ a b "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  14. ^ "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  15. ^ Company, Johnson Publishing (January 13, 1955). "Los Angeles Ends Jim Crow Fire Department". Jet 7 (10). Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  16. ^ "About the LAFD". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved February 20, 2007. 
  17. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive" (Press release). Los Angeles Fire Department longest Fire Chief. March 28, 2003. Retrieved 2009-12-01. 
  18. ^ a b "Station List". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  19. ^ "Apparatus". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  20. ^ "Apparatus". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  21. ^ "Apparatus". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  22. ^ "Los Angeles City Fire Boats No. 1, 3 and 5". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  23. ^ "Fire Boat No. 4 – BETHEL F. GIFFORD". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006. 
  24. ^ "Los Angeles Fire Department New Fireboat Fleet Dedication" (Press release). Los Angeles Fire Department. March 28, 2003. Retrieved 2006-09-05. 
  25. ^ http://www.cert-la.com/Battalion-map.pdf
  26. ^ http://www.lafire.com/stations/PhotoGallery.htm

General references[edit]

External links[edit]