Los Angeles Fire Department
|Los Angeles Fire Department|
|"Serving With Courage, Integrity, and Pride"|
|Established||February 1, 1886|
|Annual calls||406,088 (2013)|
|Annual budget||$565,123,831 (2014)|
|Fire chief||Ralph Terrazas|
|EMS level||ALS & BLS|
|Facilities & Equipment|
|Ambulances||89 ALS & 34 BLS (24 reserve)|
|Wildland||15 - Type 6|
The Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD/LA City Fire) provides fire prevention, firefighting, emergency medical services, technical rescue, hazardous materials to the city of Los Angeles, California,United States. The LAFD is responsible for approximately 4 million people who live in the agency's 471 square miles (1,220 km2) jurisdiction.
The Los Angeles Fire Department is one of the largest municipal fire departments in the United States, after the New York City Fire Department and the Chicago Fire Department. It may be unofficially referred to as the Los Angeles City Fire Department to distinguish it from the Los Angeles County Fire Department which also serves some sections of the city.
The Los Angeles Fire Department has it origins in the year 1871. In September of that year, George M. Fall, the County Clerk for Los Angeles County organized Engine Company No. 1. It was a volunteer firefighting force with an Amoskeag fire engine and a hose jumper (cart). The equipment was hand-drawn to fires. In the spring of 1874, the fire company asked the Los Angeles City Council to purchase horses to pull the engine. The Council refused and the fire company disbanded.
Many of the former members of Engine Company No. 1 reorganized under the name of Thirty-Eights No. 1 in May 1875, Engine Co. No. 2 was organized under the name Confidence Engine Company.
Los Angeles acquired its first "hook and ladder" truck for the Thirty-Eights. It proved to be too cumbersome and was ill-adapted to the needs of the city. It was sold to the city of Wilmington. In 1876, another "hook and ladder" truck was purchased, serving in the city until 1881.
In 1878, a third fire company was formed by the residents in the neighborhood of Sixth Street and Park. It was given the name of "Park Hose Co. No. 1". East Los Angeles formed a hose company named "East Los Angeles Hose Co. No. 2" five years later. The final volunteer company was formed in the fall of 1883 in the Morris Vineyard area. This company was called "Morris Vineyard Hose Co. No.3."
All of these companies remained in service until February 1, 1886, when the present paid fire department came into existence.
In 1877, the first horses were bought for the city fire department. The department would continue to use horses for its equipment for almost fifty years, phasing out the last horse drawn equipment on July 19, 1921.
By 1900, the Department had grown to 18 fire stations with 123 full-time paid firefighters and 80 fire horses. The city had also installed 194 fire-alarm boxes allowing citizens to sound the alarm if a fire was spotted. 660 fire hydrants were placed throughout the city, giving firefighters access to a reliable water source. In 1955 Station 78 in Studio City became the first racially integrated station in the department.
The Air Operations division of the LAFD operates out of Fire Station 114 at Van Nuys Airport. The division has 6 helicopters available for both aerial firefighting and air medical services. Copter 1 and Copter 4 are both Bell 412s. Copter 2, Copter 3 and Copter 5 are all AgustaWestland AW139s. The final helo, Copter 6, is a Bell 206B.
Light Forces and Task Forces
The LAFD uses the concept of Light Forces and Task Forces which can be considered one "Resource", although comprising more than one unit or company.
A Task Force is simply a Light Force coupled with an Engine. An Engine is considered a single unit or "resource" when responding to incidents on its own. A Task Force usually responds to larger incidents, such as structural fires, and is made up of an Engine, a 200 Series Pump Engine, and a Truck, all operating together. While a standard Engine is always staffed with a full crew, a 200 Series Pump Engine is only staffed by a driver (and one other firefighter if responding as part of a Task Force). The purpose of the 200 Series Pump Engine is to provide support and equipment to the Truck in a Light Force, and either the Truck or the Engine in a Task Force.
Rescue Ambulances (RAs), often called 'rescues' for short, can be considered either advanced life support (ALS), or basic life support (BLS). Ambulances number 1-112 are frontline ALS staffed by a Firefighter and a Paramedics, while those in the 200 series are ALS reserves. Ambulances in the 800s are BLS first run staffed by a firefighter and an EMT, while those in the 900s are BLS reserves.
The Port of Los Angeles is under the jurisdiction of the LAFD which operates 5 fireboats to provide fire protection for ships and dockside structures. Fireboat 1, Fireboat 3 and Fireboat 5 are identical 39-foot (12 m) long aluminum fireboats capable of a top speed of 29 knots (33 mph; 54 km/h) while fully loaded. They are equipped with a 2,400 US gallons per minute (9,100 L/min) pump and a 1,000 US gallons per minute (3,800 L/min) deluge gun. They also have a 50 US gallons (190 L) firefighting foam capacity.
Fireboat 4, also known as the Bethel F. Gifford, was commissioned in 1962 and is the oldest of the fleet. It is capable of pumping water at 9,000 US gallons per minute (34,000 L/min) and carries 550 US gallons (2,082 L) of foam solution for petrochemical fires. It is equipped with jet-stream nozzles to allow for increased maneuverability.
The newest and most technologically advanced of the fireboats is the 105-foot (32 m) long Fireboat 2, also known as the Warner Lawrence, which has the capability to pump up to 38,000 US gallons per minute (140,000 L/min) up to 400 feet (120 m) in the air. Boat 2 also has an onboard area for treatment and care of rescued persons.
USAR Task Force 1
The Los Angeles Fire Department is the founding member of one of California's eight FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Force. California Task Force 1 (CA-TF1) is available to respond to natural or man-made disasters around the county and world and assist with search and rescue, medical support, damage assessment and communications.
Stations and apparatus
The LAFD is divided into two operations divisions: The South Division (formerly Division 2), and the North Division (formerly Division 3). Each Division is commanded by an Assistant Chief, who in turn commands a total of 7 Battalions with each battalion lead by a battalion chief. The Los Angeles Fire Department currently operates 106 Fire Stations, organized into 14 Battalions
The South Division comprises 7 battalions and 55 fire stations with its headquarters station 3. The North Division also has 7 battalions with 51 stations with its headquarters at station 88. Below is a list of the apparatus and stations of the LAFD.
Note that stations with both a truck and a 200 series engine (pumper) will usually respond the two apparatus together as a lightforce. So, for example, Truck 1 and Engine 201 will often respond together as Light Force 1.
|1||Lincoln Heights||Engine 201||Truck 1||Rescue 1||2|
|2||Boyle Heights||Engine 2||Engine 202||Truck 2||Rescue 2||1|
& Bunker Hill
|Engine 3||Engine 203||Truck 3||Rescue 3
|Command Van||USAR 3, Light Unit, Med Trailer||1|
|4||Chinatown||Engine 4||Rescue 4
|Battalion 1, EMS 1||1|
|5||Westchester||Engine 5||Truck 5||Rescue 5||Battalion 4||USAR 5||4|
|6||Angeleno Heights||Engine 6||Rescue 6
|8||Porter Ranch||Engine 8||Brush Patrol 8||15|
|9||Skid Row||Engine 9||Truck 9||Rescue 9
|10||Convention Center||Engine 10||Engine 210||Truck 10||Rescue 10
& MacArthur Park
|Engine 11||Engine 211||Truck 11||Rescue 11
|12||Highland Park||Engine 12||Engine 212||Truck 12||Rescue 12||2|
|13||Pico-Union||Engine 13||Rescue 13||Battalion 11||11|
|14||Newton||Engine 14||Rescue 14
|15||USC||Engine 15||Engine 215||Truck 15||Rescue 15||11|
|16||South El Sereno||Engine 16||Rescue 16||2|
|17||Industrial Eastside||Engine 17||EMS 5||Foam Tender, HazMat||1|
|19||Brentwood||Engine 19||Brush Patrol 19||9|
|20||Echo Park||Engine 220||Truck 20||Rescue 20
|21||South Los Angeles||Engine 21||Engine 221||Truck 21||Rescue 21
|Squad 21 HazMat||13|
|23||Palisades Highlands||Engine 23||9|
|24||Sunland||Engine 24||Brush Patrol 24||12|
|25||Boyle Heights||Engine 25||Rescue 25||Tunnel Utility, Arson Unit||1|
|26||West Adams||Engine 26||Engine 226||Truck 26||Rescue 26
|27||Hollywood||Engine 27||Engine 227||Truck 27||Rescue 27
|28||Porter Ranch||Engine 228||Truck 28||Rescue 828||Brush Patrol 28||15|
|29||Hancock Park||Engine 29||Truck 29||Rescue 29
|33||South Central||Engine 33||Engine 233||Truck 33||Rescue 33
|34||Crenshaw||Engine 34||Rescue 34
|35||Los Feliz||Engine 35||Engine 235||Truck 35||Rescue 235||5|
|36||San Pedro||Engine 36||Rescue 36||6|
|Engine 37||Engine 237||Truck 37||Rescue 37
|38||Wilmington||Engine 38||Rescue 38||Tender 38, HazMat||6|
|39||Van Nuys||Engine 39||Engine 239||Truck 39||Rescue 39
|40||Terminal Island||Engine 40||Rescue 40
|Air Tender, Rehab Unit||6|
|41||Hollywood Hills||Engine 41||Rescue 41
|Brush Patrol 41||5|
|42||Eagle Rock||Engine 42||Rescue 42
|43||Palms||Engine 43||Rescue 43||18|
|44||Cypress Park||Engine 44||Rescue 44||Brush Patrol 44, Swift Water Rescue||2|
|46||Coliseum Area||Engine 46||Rescue 46
|47||El Sereno||Engine 47||Rescue 47||Brush Patrol 47||2|
|48||San Pedro||Engine 48||Engine 248||Truck 48||Rescue 48
|Squad 48 HazMat||6|
|49||East Harbor||Engine 49||Rescue 49
|Battalion 6||Fireboat 3, Fireboat 4||6|
|50||Atwater Village||Engine 250||Truck 50||Rescue 50
|51||LAX||Engine 51||Rescue 51||4|
|52||Hollywood||Engine 52||Rescue 52||5|
|55||Eagle Rock||Engine 55||Rescue 55||Battalion 2||2|
|56||Silver Lake||Engine 56||Rescue 56||Heavy Rescue 56||5|
|57||South Central||Engine 57||Rescue 57
|58||Pico-Union||Engine 58||Rescue 58
|59||West Los Angeles||Engine 59||Rescue 59||Rehab, Air Tender||9|
|60||North Hollywood||Engine 60||Engine 260||Truck 60||Rescue 60
|61||Fairfax||Engine 61||Engine 261||Truck 61||Rescue 61
|62||Mar Vista||Engine 62||Rescue 62
|Swift Water Rescue||4|
|63||Venice||Engine 63||Engine 263||Truck 63||Rescue 63||4|
|64||South Los Angeles||Engine 64||Engine 264||Truck 64||Rescue 64
|65||Watts||Engine 65||Rescue 65
|66||South Los Angeles||Engine 66||Engine 266||Truck 66||Rescue 66
|Div 2 Command||13|
|67||Playa Vista||Engine 67||Rescue 67||4|
|68||Mid-City||Engine 68||Rescue 68||Battalion 18||18|
|69||Pacific Palisades||Engine 69||Truck 69||Rescue 69||9|
|70||Northridge||Engine 70||Engine 270||Truck 70||Rescue 70||Squad 70 HazMat||15|
|71||Bel Air||Engine 71||Rescue 71||9|
|72||Canoga Park||Engine 72||Truck 72||Rescue 72||17|
|73||Reseda||Engine 73||Rescue 73||17|
|74||Sunland-Tujunga||Engine 74||Engine 274||Truck 74||Rescue 74||12|
|75||Mission Hills||Engine 75||Engine 275||Truck 75||Rescue 75||12|
|76||Cahuenga Pass||Engine 76||5|
|77||Sun Valley||Engine 77||Rescue 77
|78||Studio City||Engine 78||Truck 78||Rescue 78||14|
|79||Harbor Gateway||Engine 79||Rescue 79||6|
|80||LAX||Crash 80, Crash 180, Crash 280
Crash 380, Foam 4, Stair 80
|81||Panorama City||Engine 81||Engine 481||Rescue 81
|82||Hollywood||Engine 82||Rescue 82||5|
|83||Encino||Engine 83||Rescue 83||10|
|84||Woodland Hills||Engine 84||Rescue 84||Brush Patrol 84||17|
|85||Harbor City||Engine 85||Engine 85||Truck 85||Rescue 85||Med Supply, Light Unit, USAR 85||6|
|86||Toluca Lake||Engine 86||Rescue 86||Foam Tender||14|
|87||Granada Hills||Engine 87||Rescue 87||Squad 87 HazMat||15|
|88||Sherman Oaks||Engine 88||Engine 288||Truck 88||Rescue 88||Water Tender, USAR 88
Swift Water Rescue
|89||North Hollywood||Engine 89||Rescue 89
|Med Supply, USAR 89||14|
|90||Van Nuys Airport||Engine 90||Engine 290||Truck 90||Rescue 890||ARFF ###??||10|
|91||Sylmar||Engine 91||Rescue 91||12|
|92||Century City||Engine 292||Truck 92||Rescue 92
|93||Tarzana||Engine 93||Truck 93||Rescue 93||17|
|94||Crenshaw||Engine 94||Engine 294||Truck 94||Rescue 94
|Brush Patrol 94||18|
|95||LAX||Engine 95||Engine 295||Truck 95||Rescue 95||Squad 95 HazMat||4|
|96||Chatsworth||Engine 96||Engine 296||Truck 96||Rescue 96||15|
|97||Laurel Canyon||Engine 97||Rescue 97||14|
|98||Pacoima||Engine 98||Truck 98||Rescue 98||12|
|99||Beverly Glen||Engine 99||Rescue 99||Brush Patrol 99||10|
|100||Lake Balboa||Engine 100||Rescue 100||Foam Tender||10|
|101||San Pedro||Engine 101||Rescue 101||Foam Tender||6|
|102||Valley Glen||Engine 102||Rescue 102||14|
|103||CSU Northridge||Engine 103||15|
|104||Winnetka||Engine 104||Rescue 104||17|
|105||Woodland Hills||Engine 105||Rescue 105||17|
|106||West Hills||Engine 106||17|
|107||Chatsworth||Engine 107||Rescue 107||15|
|108||Franklin Canyon Park||Engine 108||14|
|109||Encino Hills||Engine 109||Rescue 109||Brush Patrol 109||10|
|110||Fort MacArthur||Fireboat 5||6|
|111||Port of Los Angeles||Fireboat 1||6|
|112||Port of Los Angeles||Engine 112||Rescue 112||Fireboat 2||6|
|114||Van Nuys Airport||Crash 114, Foam 114
In pop culture
- (1974) Firehouse, starring James Drury
- (1981–1982) Code Red, starring Lorne Greene
- (1999) Rescue 77
- (2008) Quarantine, LAFD as the "Los Angeles Fire Rescue".
- Engine Company No. 28
- Engine House No. 18 (Los Angeles, California)
- Fire Station No. 14 (Los Angeles, California)
- Fire Station No. 23 (Los Angeles, California)
- Fire Station No. 30, Engine Company No. 30
- Los Angeles Fire Department Museum and Memorial
- Louis R. Nowell, fire captain who became a City Council member
- Ralph J. Scott, formerly known as Fireboat #2
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- "Fireboats 1, 3 & 5". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Fireboat 4". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Fireboat 2". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
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- "Emergency Operations". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
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- Map of all LAFD Fire Stations
- Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive
- Los Angeles Fire Department News & Information Web Log
- LAFD Recruiting