|Federzoni as a fascist Gerarca in Rome, 2 December 1934|
1913, 1922, 1924, 1926, 1929 – 1939
|Born||September 27, 1878
|Died||January 24, 1967
|Political party||Italian Fascist Party|
|Profession||Politician, President of the Royal Academy of Italy|
Among the founders of the Nationalist movement, which later on identified itself with fascism, he was elected a deputy for one of Rome's divisions, at the elections of 1913. In the chamber he never missed an opportunity to combat the Socialists, Republicans and Democrats.
He endorsed Italy joining World War I on the side of France and the United Kingdom against Austria-Hungary and Germany. As soon as Italy intervened in the war, he joined the army as a lieutenant of artillery and was awarded a medal for valour.
Federzoni supported Benito Mussolini when the latter issued his manifesto of 26 October 1922, announcing the march on Rome. In the cabinet formed by Mussolini five days later, Federzoni was minister for the colonies. After the Matteotti murder in June 1924, Mussolini selected Federzoni for the post of minister of the interior from 1924 to 1926 and he was president of the senate from 1929 to 1939. He was also president of the Royal Academy of Italy (founded by Mussolini).
Luigi Federzoni died in Rome on 24 January 1967.
"Italy has awaited this since 1866 her truly national war, in order to feel unified at last, renewed by the unanimous action and identical sacrifice of all her sons. Today, while Italy still wavers before the necessity imposed by history, the name of Garibaldi, resanctified by blood, rises again to warn her that she will not be able to defeat the revolution save by fighting and winning her national war." Federzoni, 1915, at memorial services being held for a relative of Italian national hero Giuseppe Garibaldi, who died on the battlefield in France, fighting for the French army against the invading German army.
- M. Blinkhorn, Mussolini and Fascist Italy, Routledge (1994), passim. See also L. Federzoni, Italia di ieri per la storia di domani, Verona (1967).
- Biography by A. Vittoria, Treccani (1995) (Italian)
- Mack Smith, Denis (1997), Modern Italy: A Political History, Yale University Press, p. 360, ISBN 0-300-04342-2.
- Mack Smith, p. 414. See also D. Grandi, 25 luglio. Quarant'anni dopo, R. De Felice (ed.), Bologna (1983), ad Indicem.
- Thayer, John A. (1964), Italy and the Great War, Madison and Milwaukee: University of Wisconsin Press, p. 279.
|Italian Minister of the Interior
|President of the Italian Senate