Outremont (electoral district)

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This article is about the federal district. For the provincial district, see Outremont (provincial electoral district).
Outremont
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec electoral district
Outremont, riding.png
Outremont in relation to other federal electoral districts in Montreal
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Thomas Mulcair
New Democratic
District created 1933
First contested 1935
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 95,357
Electors (2011) 64,566
Area (km²)[2] 14.15
Pop. density (per km²) 6,739
Census divisions Montreal Island
Census subdivisions Montreal

Outremont is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1935. It was known as Outremont—Saint-Jean from 1947 to 1966. Its population in 2006 was 95,711. Its current Member of Parliament is Thomas Mulcair, leader of the New Democratic Party and leader of the Official Opposition.

Demographics[edit]

According to the Canada 2011 Census
  • Mother tongue: French (42%),English (16%), Arabic (6%), Yiddish, (5%), Spanish (4%)

Geography[edit]

The district includes the Borough of Outremont, the eastern part of Côte-des-Neiges in the Borough of Côte-des-Neiges—Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, and the western part of the Mile End in Borough of Le Plateau-Mont-Royal, plus bits of upper Downtown Montreal in the borough of Ville-Marie, La Petite-Patrie in the borough of Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie, and Parc Extension in the borough of Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension.

Political geography[edit]

In the 2006 election, the Liberals had their strongest support in Côte-des-Neiges, on the eastern slopes of Mont-Royal and in the small part of the riding in the Parc-Extension neighbourhood. The Bloc had its support concentrated in the borough of Outremont, and around the Université de Montréal. The New Democratic Party (NDP) won all of its polls in Mile-End where it obtained most of its polls. The Conservatives won just three polls in the riding all of which were around the western border of the Outremont border.

In the 2007 by-election, the NDP almost swept the riding. Their strongest areas were in Mile-End, Jeanne-Mance, and around the Université de Montréal. It was not uncommon for the NDP win more than 70% of the vote in these polls. The Bloc Québécois vote had collapsed, most of which went to the NDP. They did not win a single poll. Liberal support was relegated to the small part of Parc-Extension in the riding, the area around Rue Jean-Talon and the area on the opposite side of Mount Royal along Avenue des Pins. The Conservatives held on to one of their three polls.

In the 2008 election, the NDP held on to Outremont, albeit with a lower percentage of overall support.

History[edit]

The electoral district was created in 1933 from parts of Laurier—Outremont and Mount Royal ridings.

2007 by-election[edit]

After the resignation of Jean Lapierre on 28 January 2007, a by-election was called for 17 September 2007. In the by-election, this riding was won by the NDP candidate Thomas Mulcair.

Mulcair retained the riding for the NDP in the 2008 federal election, marking the NDP's first re-election and first general election victory in Quebec.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Outremont
Riding created from Laurier—Outremont and Mount Royal
18th  1935 − 1940     Thomas Vien Liberal
19th  1940 − 1942
 1942 − 1945     Léo Richer Laflèche Liberal
20th  1945 − 1949     Édouard Rinfret Liberal
Riding renamed — Outremont—Saint-Jean
21st  1949 − 1952     Édouard Rinfret Liberal
 1952 − 1953     Romuald Bourque Liberal
22nd  1953 − 1957
23rd  1957 − 1958
24th  1958 − 1962
25th  1962 − 1963
26th  1963 − 1965     Maurice Lamontagne Liberal
27th  1965 − 1967
 1967 − 1968     Aurélien Noël Liberal
Riding renamed — Outremont
28th  1968 − 1972     Aurélien Noël Liberal
29th  1972 − 1974     Marc Lalonde Liberal
30th  1974 − 1979
31st  1979 − 1980
32nd  1980 − 1984
33rd  1984 − 1988     Lucie Pépin Liberal
34th  1988 − 1993     Jean-Pierre Hogue Progressive Conservative
35th  1993 − 1997     Martin Cauchon Liberal
36th  1997 − 2000
37th  2000 − 2004
38th  2004 − 2006     Jean Lapierre Liberal
39th  2006 − 2007
 2007 − 2008     Thomas Mulcair New Democratic
40th  2008 − 2011
41st  2011 − Present

Election results[edit]

1968-present[edit]

Until the 2011 election, this riding was the only riding in Quebec to be held by the NDP. Mulcair has held it since winning a by-election in 2007, winning a seat for the party for only the second time in history. He was challenged in 2011 by Liberal Martin Cauchon, who held this riding from 1993 to 2004 and was a cabinet minister.


Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Thomas Mulcair 21,906 56.37 +16.84 $80,457
Liberal Martin Cauchon 9,204 23.69 -9.39 $51,130
Conservative Rodolphe Husny 3,408 8.77 -1.76 $18,319
Bloc Québécois Élise Daoust 3,199 8.23 -4.32 $10,456
Green François Pilon 838 2.16 -2.15 $4,578
Rhinoceros Tommy Gaudet 160 0.41  
Communist Johan Boyden 143 0.37  
Total valid votes 38,858 100.00
Total rejected ballots 291 0.74 +0.05
Turnout 39,149 60.46 +4.35
Electors on the lists 65,573
Source: Official Voting Results, 41st General Election 2011, Elections Canada


Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Thomas Mulcair 14,348 39.53 -7.97 $69,072
Liberal Sébastien Dhavernas 12,005 33.08 +4.12 $45,118
Bloc Québécois Marcella Valdivia 4,554 12.55 +1.62 $48,279
Conservative Lulzim Laloshi 3,820 10.53 +1.96 $24,421
Green François Pilon 1,566 4.31 +2.10 not listed
Total valid votes 36,293 100.00
Total rejected ballots 253 0.69
Turnout 36,546 56.11 +18.68
Electors on the lists 64,556
New Democratic hold Swing -6.05
Source: Official Voting Results, 40th General Election 2008, Elections Canada


Canadian federal by-election, September 17, 2007
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Thomas Mulcair 11,374 47.50 +30.03 $76,194
Liberal Jocelyn Coulon 6,933 28.96 -6.22 $72,539
Bloc Québécois Jean-Paul Gilson 2,618 10.93 -18.08 $57,717
Conservative Gilles Duguay 2,052 8.57 -4.16 $66,401
Green François Pilon 529 2.21 -2.61 $169
neorhino.ca François Yo Gourd 145 0.61 $1,774
Independent Mahmood Raza Baig 78 0.33 $45
Independent Jocelyne Leduc 61 0.25 $6
Independent Romain Angeles 46 0.19 $157
Canadian Action Alexandre Amirizian 45 0.19 $0
Independent Régent Millette 32 0.13 +0.08 none listed
Independent John Turmel 30 0.13 none listed
Total valid votes 23,943 100.00
Total rejected ballots 175 0.73 +0.03
Turnout 24,118 37.43 -23.35
Electors on the lists 64,438
New Democratic gain Swing -18.3


Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Jean Lapierre 14,282 35.18 -5.76 $69,816
     Bloc Québécois Jacques Léonard 11,778 29.01 -4.24 $63,590
     New Democratic Party Léo-Paul Lauzon 6,984 17.20 +3.14 $26,625
     Conservative Daniel Fournier 5,168 12.73 +6.76 $73,991
Green François Pilon 1,957 4.82 +0.53 $425
     Independent Eric Roach Denis 101 0.25 $431
     Progressive Canadian Philip Paynter 94 0.23 none listed
     Marxist-Leninist Linda Sullivan 88 0.22 -0.09 none listed
     Independent Yan Lacombe 85 0.21 none listed
     Independent Xavier Rochon 34 0.08 $572
     Independent Régent Millette 22 0.05 none listed
Total valid votes 40,593 100.00
Total rejected ballots 282 0.69
Turnout 40,875 60.78 -4.65
Electors on the lists 67,253

Source: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.

Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Jean Lapierre 15,675 40.94 -6.74 $58,392
Bloc Québécois François Rebello 12,730 33.25 +4.96 $63,640
New Democratic Omar Aktouf 5,382 14.06 +8.48 $11,371
Conservative Marc Rousseau 2,284 5.97 -5.37 $38,835
Green Shaun Perceval-Maxwell 1,643 4.29 +0.54 $475
Marijuana Yan Lacombe 452 1.18 -1.39
Marxist–Leninist Linda Sullivan 120 0.31 -0.18
Total/Expense limit 38,286 100.00 $73,313


Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Martin Cauchon 18,796 47.68 -2.47 $52,920
Bloc Québécois Amir Khadir 11,151 28.29 -0.10 $50,207
Progressive Conservative Robert Archambault 3,190 8.09 -4.12 $3,360
New Democratic Peter Graefe 2,199 5.58 -0.86 $590
Green Jan Schotte 1,478 3.75 $260
Alliance Josée Duchesneau 1,283 3.25 $1,425
Marijuana Huguette Plourde 1,013 2.57 none listed
Marxist–Leninist Louise Charron 194 0.49 -0.36 $10
Communist Pierre Smith 118 0.30 $187
Total 39,422 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Martin Cauchon 22,271 50.15 +3.34
Bloc Québécois Michel Sarra-Bournet 12,608 28.39 -8.98
Progressive Conservative Marguerite Sicard 5,424 12.21 +3.30
New Democratic Tooker Gomberg 2,862 6.44 +1.89
Natural Law Denis Cauchon 868 1.95 +0.45
Marxist–Leninist Louise Charron 378 0.85 +0.46
Total 44,411 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Martin Cauchon 21,638 46.81 +12.10
Bloc Québécois Jean-Louis Hérivault 17,274 37.37 -
Progressive Conservative Jean Pierre Hogue 4,119 8.91 -29.52
New Democratic Catherine Kallos 2,104 4.55 -15.93
Natural Law Daniel Bergeron 694 1.50 -
Marxist–Leninist Michel Rocheleau 179 0.39 -
Abolitionist Sylvain M. Coulombe 131 0.28 -
Commonwealth of Canada Mamunor Rashid 89 0.19 -0.07
Total 46,228 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Jean-Pierre Hogue 17,597 38.43 +9.15
Liberal Lucie Pépin 15,895 34.71 -6.21
New Democratic Louise O'Neill 9,379 20.48 +1.82
Green Harriett Fels 1,342 2.93 +0.42
Rhinoceros Milenko P. Miljévic 1,077 2.35 -1.84
Communist Monique Marcotte 200 0.44 -0.07
Independent Fernand Deschamps 183 0.40 -
Commonwealth of Canada Guy Huard 117 0.26 -0.13
Total 45,790 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Lucie Pépin 14,508 40.92 -30.57
Progressive Conservative Anne-Marie Sylvestre 10,383 29.28 +21.96
New Democratic Johanne Beaudin 6,687 18.86 +6.44
Rhinoceros Claude V.U. Hamel 1,484 4.19 -2.235
Parti nationaliste Roger Lebeuf 1,185 3.34 -
Green François Lubrina 890 2.51 -
Communist Jocelyne Rioux 182 0.51 +0.04
Commonwealth of Canada Christiane Deland-Gervais 139 0.39 -
Total 35,458 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Marc Lalonde 23,004 71.4 -0.66
New Democratic Claire A. Brisson 3,996 12.42 +2.09
Progressive Conservative Diane Chevrette 2,355 7.32 +1.96
Rhinoceros Philippe Langlois 2,065 6.42 -0.02
Independent Danielle Trudel 277 0.86 -
Communist Jocelyne Rioux 150 0.47 +0.01
Independent H.-Georges Grenier 140 0.44 -
Union populaire Colette Picard-Desjardins 128 0.40 +0.13
Marxist–Leninist Robert Wallace 64 0.20 -0.03
Total 32,179 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Marc Lalonde 28,710 72.15 -0.15
New Democratic Claire A. Brisson 4,112 10.33 -1.91
Rhinoceros Serge Beauchemin 2,564 6.44 -
Progressive Conservative Henriette Guérin 2,134 5.36 -5.30
Social Credit Philippe Chartrand 1,765 4.44 +2.09
Communist Jocelyne Rioux 185 0.46 -
Independent Fred Haight 122 0.31
Union populaire G. Spooner 108 0.27
Marxist–Leninist Robert Wallace 91 0.23 -0.86
Total 39,791 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Marc Lalonde 20,400 72.30 +6.82
New Democratic Georges Louis Valois 3,453 12.24 -3.74
Progressive Conservative Symone Beaudin 3,007 10.66 +2.06
Social Credit Joseph-Endré De Csavossy 663 2.35 -1.95
Independent Vera Jackson 399 1.41 -
Marxist–Leninist Micheline Mélanson 292 1.03 -
Total 28,214 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Marc Lalonde 21,399 65.48 -13.18
New Democratic Henri-François Gautrin 5,223 15.98 +4.58
Progressive Conservative André Poitras 2,811 8.60 -1.34
Rhinoceros Réginald Martel 1,565 4.79 -
Social Credit Maurice Benoit 1,404 4.30 -
Independent Harold J. Glick 168 0.51 -
Independent H.-Georges Grenier 109 0.33 -
Total 32,679 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Aurélien Noël 24,219 78.66 +23.99
New Democratic Saul Handelman 3,511 11.40 -31.03
Progressive Conservative Neil Morrison 3,059 9.94
Total 30,789 100.00

1949-1968[edit]

Canadian federal by-election, 29 May 1967
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On Mr. Lamontagne's resignation, 4 June 1967
Liberal Aurélien Noël 6,262 54.67% +2.10%
New Democratic Denis Lazure 4,860 42.43% +25.89%
     Esprit social Henri-Georges Grenier 214 1.87% -0.19%
Rhinoceros F.-L.-M. Bonnier 118 1.03%
Total valid votes 11,454 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Maurice Lamontagne 11,855 52.57% -4.06%
New Democratic Monique Ferron 3,730 16.54% -1.45%
Progressive Conservative Albert Guilbeault 3,241 14.37% -5.56%
Ralliement créditiste André Poitras 3,259 14.45% +9.01% 2.06%
     Droit vital personnel Henri-Georges Grenier 465 2.06%
Total valid votes 22,550 100.00%

Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election.

Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Maurice Lamontagne 13,305 56.63% +9.55%
Progressive Conservative Marc Lacoste 4,684 19.94% -10.28%
New Democratic Thérèse Casgrain 4,227 17.99% -2.02%
Social Credit Léopold Savard 1,278 5.44% +2.76%
Total valid votes 23,494 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Romuald Bourque 10,134 47.08% -8.51%
Progressive Conservative Marc Lacoste 6,504 30.22% -8.72%
New Democratic Thérèse Casgrain 4,308 20.02% +14.55%
Social Credit Jean-Guy Laprise 577 2.68%
Total valid votes 21,523 100.00%

Note: NDP vote is compared to CCF vote in 1958 election.

Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Romuald Bourque 12,715 55.60% -17.10%
Progressive Conservative Conrad Archambault 8,906 38.94% +18.46%
Co-operative Commonwealth Gaston Miron 1,249 5.46% -1.36%
Total valid votes 22,870 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Romuald Bourque 13,840 72.70% +3.92%
Progressive Conservative René Dostaler 3,899 20.48% -4.65%
Co-operative Commonwealth Gaston Miron 1,299 6.82% +4.22%
Total valid votes 19,038 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Romuald Bourque 11,536 68.77% +12.75%
Progressive Conservative Gaston Sylvestre 4,216 25.13% -3.37%
Co-operative Commonwealth Pierre-D. Gagnon 436 2.60% -7.50%
Labor–Progressive Anne Eizner 406 2.42%
     Independent Progressive Conservative Homère Louiselle 180 1.07%
Total valid votes 16,774 100.00%
Canadian federal by-election, 6 October 1952
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On Mr. Rinfret being appointed Puisne Judge, Court of Queen's Bench, Quebec, 12 February 1952
Liberal Romuald Bourque 6,294 56.02% -20.30%
Progressive Conservative Claude Nolin 3,203 28.51% +4.83%
Co-operative Commonwealth Thérèse Casgrain 1,135 10.10%
     Independent Liberal Raymond Bourque 442 3.93%
Independent Ben Ash 161 1.43%
Total valid votes 11,235 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Édouard Rinfret 16,215 76.32% +20.28%
Progressive Conservative Alphonse Bélanger 5,030 23.68% +9.51%
Total valid votes 21,245 100.00%

1935-1949[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Édouard-Gabriel Rinfret 14,836 56.04% -8.01%
Progressive Conservative Joseph Hector Bender 3,750 14.17%
Bloc populaire Joseph-Alfred Goyer 3,259 12.31%
Independent Liberal John P. Callaghan 1,762 6.66%
Co-operative Commonwealth Abraham Jacob Rosenstein 1,639 6.19%
Labor–Progressive Gertrude Partridge 1,227 4.63%
Total valid votes 26,473 100.00%
Canadian federal by-election, 30 November 1942
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On Mr. Vien's resignation, 5 October 1942
Liberal Léo Richer La Flèche 12,378 64.05% -2.35%
Bloc populaire Jean Drapeau 6,948 35.95%
Total valid votes 19,326 100.00%
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Thomas Vien 14,511 66.40% 10.50%
National Government Joseph-Hector Bender 4,556 20.85% -14.10%
Independent Liberal Ernest Poulin 2,787 12.75%
Total valid votes 21,854 100.00%

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Thomas Vien 11,260 55.90%
Conservative Jean-Joseph Penverne 7,040 34.95%
Reconstruction Hervé Roch 1,844 9.15%
Total valid votes 20,144 100.00%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]