December 20, 1964 |
Fremont, Ohio, United States
|Other names||The Hammer|
|Height||6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)|
|Weight||205 lb (93 kg; 14 st 9 lb)|
|Division||Light Heavyweight (2009 – present)
|Reach||75 in (191 cm)|
|Fighting out of||Columbus, Ohio|
|Team||Team Hammer House|
|Rank||NCAA Division I Wrestling
Olympian Freestyle Wrestling
|Years active||1996 – present (MMA)|
|Mixed martial arts record|
|University||Ohio State University
|Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog|
|Competitor for United States|
|Men's Freestyle wrestling|
|Pan American Championships|
|Gold||1990 Colorado Springs||-90 kg|
|Pan American Games|
|Gold||1991 Havana||-100 kg|
|Silver||1991 Varna||-100 kg|
Mark Daniel Coleman (born December 20, 1964) is a retired American mixed martial artist, professional wrestler, former NCAA collegiate wrestler and former Olympic amateur wrestler. Known as The Hammer, he was the UFC 10 and UFC 11 tournament champion, the first Ultimate Fighting Championship heavyweight champion, and the Pride Fighting Championships 2000 Open Weight Grand Prix champion. At UFC 82 Coleman was inducted into the UFC Hall of Fame.
Coleman is credited with proving the ability of wrestlers to dominate in the developing sport of mixed martial arts, and with being one of the first in American MMA to successfully use the strategy that came to be known as ground-and-pound, earning him the distinction as "The Godfather of Ground & Pound".
Coleman was born in Fremont, Ohio, U.S. in 1964. He began freestyle wrestling as a teenager, and wrestled for Miami University, in Ohio, where he was a two time Mid-American Conference wrestling champion. In his senior year, he transferred to Ohio State University and won an NCAA championship. Out of college, he was awarded a spot on the US Wrestling team, placing second (100 kg) at the 1991 FILA Wrestling World Championships in Varna, Bulgaria, and placing seventh overall in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.
Mixed martial arts career
Ultimate Fighting Championship
Following his amateur career, Coleman made the transition to the then-new sport of mixed martial arts, winning his first two tournaments in dominating fashion, including a win over UFC 8 champion Don Frye at UFC 10 in 1996, and becoming the first UFC Heavyweight Champion after submitting UFC Superfight Champion Dan Severn via neck crank submission at UFC 12.
Coleman made his first UFC Heavyweight Championship title defense at UFC 14, facing kickboxer (and heavy underdog) Maurice Smith. In what turned out to be a long battle, Coleman lost a decision after 21:00 (regulation plus two overtimes). This was considered to be one of the largest upsets in UFC history at that time, largely because of the way Coleman had dominated his opponents in his previous fights.
Coleman took nearly a year off after having to get ACL surgery and returned at UFC 17. Coleman was originally scheduled to face Randy Couture in a title match for the UFC Heavyweight Championship, but Couture was injured during training and was forced to pull out of the fight. Coleman instead faced a relatively unknown (at that time) last minute replacement fighter, up and coming Lion's Den product Pete Williams. In what turned out to be another long and strenuous battle, Coleman appeared to be completely exhausted after 10 minutes; he was fatigued to the point of resting his hands on his knees during the fight. Williams took advantage of Coleman's fatigue and landed a heavy kick to the face, knocking 'The Hammer' out for the first time in his career.
After his loss to Pete Williams, Coleman went to train with former UFC champion Ken Shamrock and his Lion's Den training camp for his upcoming bout with feared Brazilian striker Pedro Rizzo at UFC 18. The fight with Rizzo was part of the "Road to the Heavyweight Title", which was a four man tournament between Coleman, Rizzo, Bas Rutten and Tsuyoshi Kosaka that would crown the next UFC Heavyweight Champion. After 15:00 the fight went to the judges, and they awarded a split decision win to Rizzo. This bout was a source of controversy to many, including Coleman himself, who felt that he was robbed of the decision win. In a recent interview, Coleman said he still feels the effects of the controversial decision loss to Rizzo.
Pride Fighting Championships
At Pride 5, Coleman fought Nobuhiko Takada, HUSTLE's owner and booker. Though thought to be the much better fighter, Coleman was caught by a heel hook from Takada and submitted. The validity of this fight has been questioned by many fans. In response to questions about the fight's legitimacy, Coleman said, "It was what it was. I needed to support my family. They guaranteed me another fight after that and I needed that security. It was what it was. I'm going to leave it at that."
Coleman won the Pride 2000 Open Weight Grand Prix tournament defeating Masaaki Satake, Akira Shoji, Kazuyuki Fujita, and Igor Vovchanchyn. The Hammer's training and 2000 tournament victory are depicted in the documentary The Smashing Machine: The Life and Times of Extreme Fighter Mark Kerr.
After a quick TKO victory over Allan Goes at Pride 13, Coleman faced possibly his toughest challenge ever in Antonio Rodrigo Nogueira at Pride 16. "Minotauro" was able to catch the Hammer in a triangle/armbar at 6:10 of the first round, breaking Coleman's six fight winning streak.
Coleman would take nearly two years off following the fight with Nogueira, spending time with his wife and children, and focusing on developing his martial arts training facility and stable of fighters at Team Hammer House. Training such notable fighters as Kevin Randleman, Wes Sims and Phil Baroni, Team Hammer House quickly gained a reputation of turning out world class fighters.
Mark Coleman returned to MMA competition at Pride 26 to face Don Frye in a rematch of their meeting at UFC 10; this proved to be a much tougher battle. Coming back from a career threatening neck injury, Coleman ultimately won a unanimous decision victory after 20 minutes. Following the fight, Coleman apologised to the fans for the lack of action during the fight, in which he had spent the majority of the time in taking down and maintaining positional dominace of Frye with his superior wrestling ability.
Between training fighters and spending time with his family, the Hammer was now fighting roughly once a year. He returned to competition to take place in the Pride 2004 Heavyweight Grand Prix, as the returning Grand Prix champion in the Open Weight Division. His first round match at Pride Total Elimination 2004 was against Pride heavyweight champion Fedor Emelianenko. In what turned out to be a short bout, Coleman was submitted by armbar at 2:11 of the first round, eliminating him from the tournament.
Coleman returned to the Pride ring in February 2005, this time facing Mirko "Cro Cop" Filipović at Pride 29: Fists of Fire. Suffering the second knockout of his career, the Hammer fell to strikes by "Cro Cop" in the first round. In November 2005, Mark Coleman appeared in Bushido Europe-Rotterdam Rumble, Europe's first Bushido event, and choked out Milco Voorn at 0:56 of the first round.
The Hammer returned to action at Pride 31 with a victory over Chute Boxe team member Mauricio "Shogun" Rua after the fight was stopped when Shogun suffered a dislocated elbow during a Coleman takedown. With Team Hammer House member Phil Baroni in his corner, Coleman began the match by taking Shogun to the ground. At 0:49 of the first round, Rua got up and as he took the first step Coleman grabbed his feet. Rua fell and broke his arm. Coleman then started peppering Rua with strikes before the referee stopped the fight.
Backstage in his post-fight interview, Coleman stated that the whole melee happened in the heat of the moment and that he did not blame the Chute Boxe team for coming in and backing their fighter. He then added that similar to Chute Boxe, Hammer House is also like a family, and thanked Baroni for coming in and watching his back. An outraged Chute Boxe refused to accept Coleman's backstage apology. The Chute Boxe team was assigned a yellow card for instigating this infraction.
On October 21, 2006, Mark Coleman again faced Pride heavyweight champion Fedor Emelianenko at Pride's first American show, Pride 32: The Real Deal, and lost via submission (armbar) at 1:17 of round two.
Return to UFC (2008–2010)
At UFC 82, Mark Coleman was inducted into the UFC Hall of Fame, making him the 5th inductee. Coleman announced that he was not retiring and would return to the octagon to fight Brock Lesnar on August 9 in Minneapolis at UFC 87. However, Coleman injured his knee while training, and was forced to pull out of the event. Heath Herring replaced Coleman for the fight.
At UFC 109, Coleman faced fellow UFC Hall of Famer Randy Couture, after originally being scheduled to meet at UFC 17 in 1998 twelve years prior, in which an injury forced Couture to drop out of the fight. Coleman went on record, multiple times during the build-up for the fight, in which he claimed this was his dream bout. After being outboxed on the feet, Coleman was taken down and defeated shortly after by (Rear Naked Choke) at 1:09 in round 2. The bout marked the first time two UFC Hall of Fame inductees had fought.
Retirement from MMA
Coleman has two daughters.
He appeared in the documentary The Smashing Machine: The Life and Times of Mark Kerr alongside fellow fighter and former friend Mark Kerr.
Mixed martial arts record
|Professional record breakdown|
|26 matches||16 wins||10 losses|
|Loss||16–10||Randy Couture||Submission (rear-naked choke)||UFC 109||February 6, 2010||2||1:09||Las Vegas, Nevada, United States||Light Heavyweight bout; First UFC Hall of Famer vs. UFC Hall of Famer in UFC history.|
|Win||16–9||Stephan Bonnar||Decision (unanimous)||UFC 100||July 11, 2009||3||5:00||Las Vegas, Nevada, United States|
|Loss||15–9||Maurício Rua||TKO (punches)||UFC 93||January 17, 2009||3||4:36||Dublin, Ireland||Won Fight of the Night; Light Heavyweight debut.|
|Loss||15–8||Fedor Emelianenko||Submission (armbar)||Pride 32||October 21, 2006||2||1:15||Las Vegas, Nevada, United States||Final PRIDE Fight.|
|Win||15–7||Maurício Rua||TKO (broken arm)||Pride 31||February 26, 2006||1||0:49||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Win||14–7||Milco Voorn||Submission (arm-triangle choke)||Bushido Europe: Rotterdam Rumble||October 9, 2005||1||0:56||Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands|
|Loss||13–7||Mirko Filipović||KO (punches)||Pride 29||February 20, 2005||1||3:40||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Loss||13–6||Fedor Emelianenko||Submission (armbar)||Pride Total Elimination 2004||April 25, 2004||1||2:11||Saitama, Saitama, Japan||Pride FC 2004 Heavyweight Grand Prix Opening Round.|
|Win||13–5||Don Frye||Decision (unanimous)||Pride 26||June 8, 2003||3||5:00||Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan|
|Loss||12–5||Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira||Submission (triangle armbar)||Pride 16||September 24, 2001||1||6:10||Osaka, Osaka, Japan|
|Win||12–4||Allan Goes||TKO (knees)||Pride 13||March 25, 2001||1||1:19||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Win||11–4||Igor Vovchanchyn||Submission (knees)||Pride Grand Prix 2000 Finals||May 1, 2000||2||3:09||Tokyo, Japan||Won Pride FC 2000 Openweight Grand Prix.|
|Win||10–4||Kazuyuki Fujita||TKO (corner stoppage)||Pride Grand Prix 2000 Finals||May 1, 2000||1||0:02||Tokyo, Japan||Pride FC 2000 Openweight Grand Prix semifinal.|
|Win||9–4||Akira Shoji||Decision (unanimous)||Pride Grand Prix 2000 Finals||May 1, 2000||1||15:00||Tokyo, Japan||Pride FC 2000 Openweight Grand Prix quarterfinal.|
|Win||8–4||Masaaki Satake||Submission (neck crank)||Pride Grand Prix 2000 Opening Round||January 30, 2000||1||1:14||Tokyo, Japan||Pride FC 2000 Openweight Grand Prix Opening Round.|
|Win||7–4||Ricardo Morais||Decision (unanimous)||Pride 8||November 21, 1999||2||10:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Loss||6–4||Nobuhiko Takada||Submission (heel hook)||Pride 5||April 29, 1999||2||1:44||Nagoya, Aichi, Japan|
|Loss||6–3||Pedro Rizzo||Decision (split)||UFC 18||January 8, 1999||1||15:00||New Orleans, Louisiana, United States|
|Loss||6–2||Pete Williams||KO (head kick)||UFC 17||May 15, 1998||1||12:38||Mobile, Alabama, United States|
|Loss||6–1||Maurice Smith||Decision (unanimous)||UFC 14||July 27, 1997||1||21:00||Birmingham, Alabama, United States||Lost UFC Heavyweight Championship; Fight of the Year (1997).|
|Win||6–0||Dan Severn||Submission (neck crank)||UFC 12||February 7, 1997||1||2:57||Dothan, Alabama, United States||Won UFC Heavyweight Championship unified with UFC Superfight Championship.|
|Win||5–0||Brian Johnston||Submission (strikes)||UFC 11||September 20, 1996||1||2:20||Augusta, Georgia, United States||Won UFC 11 Tournament.|
|Win||4–0||Julian Sanchez||Submission (choke)||UFC 11||September 20, 1996||1||0:45||Augusta, Georgia, United States|
|Win||3–0||Don Frye||TKO (punches)||UFC 10||July 12, 1996||1||11:34||Birmingham, Alabama, United States||Won UFC 10 Tournament.|
|Win||2–0||Gary Goodridge||Submission (exhaustion)||UFC 10||July 12, 1996||1||7:00||Birmingham, Alabama, United States|
|Win||1–0||Moti Horenstein||Submission (punches)||UFC 10||July 12, 1996||1||2:43||Birmingham, Alabama, United States|
Championships and accomplishments
- 1986 NCAA Division I Championships: (190 lbs 4th Place)
- 1988 NCAA Big Ten Championships: (190 lbs 1st Place)
- 1988 NCAA Division I Championships: (190 lbs 1st Place)
- 1990 Pan American Championships Freestyle Wrestling: (90 kg 1st Place)
- 1991 Pan American Championships Freestyle Wrestling: (100 kg 1st Place)
- 1991 Pan American Games Freestyle Wrestling: (100 kg 1st Place)
- 1991 U.S.A. National Freestyle Wrestling Championships: (100 kg 1st Place)
- 1991 FILA World Freestyle Wrestling Championships: (100 kg 2nd Place)
- 1992 Pan American Championships Freestyle Wrestling: (100 kg 1st place)
- 1992 Summer Olympics Freestyle Wrestling: (100 kg 7th Place)
Mixed martial arts
- Pride 2000 Grand Prix Openweight Tournament Winner
- Fastest win in PRIDE Fighting Championships History (0:02)
- Fought in the first and only UFC Hall of Famer vs. UFC Hall of Famer fight in UFC History at UFC 109
- UFC 10 Tournament Champion
- UFC 11 Tournament Champion
- UFC Heavyweight Championship (1 Time, First)
- UFC Hall of Fame
- UFC Viewer's Choice Award
- "Fight Finder: Mark Coleman". Sherdog. 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- Barry, Dan. "Rules Upheld, So a Bout Leaves New York." New York Times. (Feb,7 1997): n. page. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/1997/02/07/nyregion/rules-upheld-so-a-bout-leaves-new-york.html>.
- "In fact, he's known as the "Godfather of Ground & Pound". Mark Coleman has got such a long list of wrestling titles, but it's when he stepped into mixed martial arts that he really proved the dominance of wrestlers who can go into the guard and strike or take you down and strike. He is the man responsible for coining the term 'ground and pound'" referring to his ability to takedown and then punch, elbow, and knee his way to victory (Stephen Quadros, Pride 16, 2001)
- "UFC 10: Birth of ground 'n' pound". Yahoo. Retrieved 2010-01-19.
- Sherdog.com Mark "The Hammer" Coleman Interview-Part 3 of 4 December 18, 2000
- Sherdog.com Mark "The Hammer" Coleman Interview-Part 2 of 4 December 18, 2000
- "Mark Coleman discusses his UFC 109 fight with Randy Couture". Heavy.com. 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
- Heavy interview with Mark Coleman: Bottom Line, I Can Still Fight
- Chute Boxe-Hammer House Rivalry Reaches Boiling Point
- "Pride: The Real Deal Results & Photos". MMAweekly.com. 2006-10-22.
- "Mark Coleman Released By UFC After UFC 109 Loss; Phillipe Nover and Tim Hague Also Cut". mmafrenzy.com. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- Here Today, Gone Tomorrow: UFC Headliner Cut from His Contract, 10 February 2010
- MMAjunkie.com Staff (March 6, 2013). "Former UFC champ Mark Coleman officially retires from MMA". mmajunkie.com.
- (Living Legend: The Antidote with his daughters after losing to Fedor Emelianenko, 2006.)
- UFC.com Hall of Fame Profile
- Professional MMA record for Mark Coleman from Sherdog
- Olympic profile at sports-reference.com
- Mark Coleman at wrestlinghalloffame.org
- IMDB entry for Smashing Machine
|UFC 10 Heavyweight Tournament winner
July 12, 1996
|UFC 11 Heavyweight Tournament winner
September 20, 1996
|New championship||1st UFC Heavyweight Champion
February 7, 1997 – July 27, 1997
|New championship||Pride Grand Prix Tournament winner