|This article relies on references to primary sources. (January 2009)|
|Latin: Universitas Masarykiana Brunensis|
|Rector||Assoc. Prof. Mikuláš Bek|
|Location||Brno, Moravia, Czech Republic (EU)|
Masaryk University (Czech: Masarykova univerzita; Latin: Universitas Masarykiana Brunensis) is the second largest university in the Czech Republic, a member of the Compostela Group and the Utrecht Network. Founded in 1919 in Brno as the third Czech university (after Charles University 1348, Palacký University 1573), it now consists of nine faculties and 42,182 students. It is named after Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, the first president of an independent Czechoslovakia as well as the leader of the movement for a third Czech university.
Masaryk University was founded on 28 January 1919 with four faculties: Law, Medicine, Science, and Arts. The founding of the third Czech university was possible only after the fall of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy because of the resistance of the German-controlled city council, which feared giving power to the Czech residents of Brno. Brno was at that time a bilingual city. One notable demonstration in favour of establishing a university in Brno happened in 1905.
From the beginning, the university suffered from a lack of money for development. The fragile state of public finances in 1923–1925 and 1933–1934 led to proposals of abolishing both the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Science. Both faculties eventually survived until 17 November 1939 when the whole university was closed following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia. A number of professors of Masaryk University were executed or tortured; for example, the Faculty of Science lost one quarter of its teaching staff. Many of the executions took place in the Mauthausen concentration camp in 1942.
The renewal of university life after the end of World War II was interrupted by the Communist takeover. The percentage of students expelled in various faculties ranged from 5 percent at the Faculty of Education to 46 percent at the Faculty of Law, which was completely closed in 1950. In 1953, the Faculty of Education (founded in 1946) was separated from the university. In August 1960, a government decree abolished the Pharmaceutical Faculty and the University was renamed Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Brno.
Relaxation occurred in 1964 with the reintegration of the Faculty of Education into the university and with the reestablishment of the Faculty of Law in 1969. But conditions changed again rapidly with the Normalization of the 1970s after the 1968 invasion of Warsaw Pact troops into Czechoslovakia.
The University was renamed Masaryk University in Brno in 1990, then regaining its original name by dropping the "in Brno" from the title in 2006. A new era of development began after the Velvet Revolution of 1989 and the establishment of the Faculty of Economics and Administration in 1991, the Faculty of Informatics in 1994, the Faculty of Social Studies in 1998, and the Faculty of Sports Studies in 2002. A new University campus has been under construction in Brno Bohunice since 2002. The last stage of development should be completed in 2015.
The colors are the official faculty colors:
Faculty of Medicine (1919)
Faculty of Law (1919)
Faculty of Science (1919)
Faculty of Arts (1919)
Faculty of Education (1946)
- Pharmaceutical Faculty (1952–1960)
Faculty of Economics and Administration (1991)
Faculty of Informatics (1994)
Faculty of Social Studies (1998)
Faculty of Sports Studies (2002)
- Josef Augusta (1903–1968) - paleontologist
- Otakar Borůvka (1899–1995) - mathematician
- Leo Eitinger (1912–1996) - psychiatrist
- Ivan Blatný (1919–1990) - poet, member of Skupina 42
- Jaroslav Šabata (1927–2012) - politician, dissident, human rights activist
- Jiří Grygar (b. 1936) - astronomer
- Renata Laxova (b. 1930) - paediatric geneticist
- Tomáš Julínek (b. 1956) - politician
- Luboš Kohoutek (b. 1935) - astronomer
- Jan Skácel (1922–1989) - poet
- Antonín Tučapský (b. 1928) - composer
- Milan Uhde (b. 1936) - playwright and politician
- František Vláčil (1924–1999) - film director
- Josef Augusta (b. 1946) - ice hockey player and coach
- Jiří Holík (b. 1944) - ice hockey player
- Jaroslav Malina (b. 1945) - anthropologist
- Martin Palouš (b. 1950) - Permanent Representative to the United Nations (2006- ) and Ambassador to the United States for the Czech Republic (2001–2005)
- Petr Nečas (b. 1964) - politician
- Šárka Kašpárková (b. 1971) - athlete, specialised in the triple jump
- Ondřej Liška (b. 1977) - politician
- Eduard Čech (1893–1960) - mathematician
- Roman Jakobson (1896–1982) - linguist and literary theorist
- Jaroslav Krejčí (1892–1956) - lawyer and politician
- Matyáš Lerch (1860–1922) - mathematician
- Arne Novák (1880–1939) - literary historian
- Antonín Bartoněk (b. 1926) - linguist (ancient Greek)
- Erazim Kohák (b. 1933) - philosopher and writer
- Edward N. Trifonov (b. 1937) - molecular biophysicist and bioinformatician
- "Detailed Statistical Data". Masaryk University. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
- "MU Brief History". Masaryk University. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- "MU Important Dates in the History". Masaryk University. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- "Podprogram 233 332 – Výstavba univerzitního kampusu MU v Brně-Bohunicích (UKB)" (in Czech). Masaryk University. Retrieved 2007-01-31.
- http://www.muni.cz/general/legal_standards/statute, Appendix N. 9
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Masaryk University.|
- Masaryk University website
- Masaryk University News Portal
- Masaryk University, Medical faculty website
- Masaryk University, Faculty of Informatics website
- Central European Institute of Technology, CEITEC