Mazar-e-Quaid

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Mazar-e-Quaid
مزار قائد
MazareQuad.jpeg
Mazar-e-Quaid
Mazar-e-Quaid is located in Karachi
Mazar-e-Quaid
Mazar-e-Quaid
Location Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Coordinates 24°52′31.53″N 67°02′27.88″E / 24.8754250°N 67.0410778°E / 24.8754250; 67.0410778Coordinates: 24°52′31.53″N 67°02′27.88″E / 24.8754250°N 67.0410778°E / 24.8754250; 67.0410778
Area 61 acre (3100 m²)
Established June 2, 1970
Visitors 10,000 (approximately per day)
Governing body Mazar Management Board

Mazar-e-Quaid (Urdu: مزار قائد‎), also known as the Jinnah Mausoleum or the National Mausoleum, is the final resting place of Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader) Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, as well as his sister, Māder-e Millat (Mother of the Nation) Fatima Jinnah, and Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. Located in the Jamshed Quarters neighborhood of Karachi, the mausoleum (Urdu/Persian/Arabic: mazār), completed in the 1960s, is an iconic symbol of Karachi throughout the world.

The location is usually calm and tranquil which is significant considering that it is in the heart of one of the largest global megalopolises. The glowing tomb can be seen for miles at night. Official and military ceremonies take place here on special occasions, such as on the 23rd of March (Pakistan Day), the 14th of August (Independence Day), the 11th of September (the anniversary of Jinnah's death) and the 25th of December (Jinnah's birthday). Dignitaries and officials from foreign countries also visit the mausoleum during official tours.

Architecture[edit]

The Mausoleum building was designed by famous architect Yahya Merchant. .[1] It is made of white marble with curved Moorish arches and copper grills reset on an elevated 54 square meters platform.[2] The mausoleum is located in a 53 hectare park and the size of the building is 75x75m on ground and 43m high, built on an 4m high platform. In each wall is placed an entrance. Fifteen successive fountains lead to the platform from one side and from all sides terraced avenues lead to the gates. The cool inner sanctum reflects the green of a four-tiered crystal chandelier gifted by the people of China. Around the mausoleum is a park fitted with strong beamed spot-lights which at night project light on the white mausoleum.[3]

In the interior of the grave complex, there are three graves in a row and one to the north. The northern one, which is decorated with a series of black floral design at the base, belongs to Miss Fatima Jinnah, Jinnah's sister. Out of the three graves, the northern one belongs to Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. The extreme southern grave belongs to Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar. In the middle lies buried Nurul Amin, who rose to be the Vice-President of Pakistan. All these graves are made of Italian white marble, and they are of the box type, like the sarcophagus of Jinnah, placed on a triple base. But the sides of these graves are tapering inward while that of Jinnah are diverging outward. These are all plain graves, except that of Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah, which has a basal floral ornamentation.

Misconduct by the mausoleum management[edit]

On 22nd, February, 2014, it was revealed, in an ARY Digital program, Sar e Aam, that the very room where the actual grave of Muhammad Ali Jinnah exists in the Mausoleum building was being rented out to young couples so that they can perform sexual acts there. It is alleged that not only the guards, but the entire management was involved in the misconduct of the Quaid's grave. The program used volunteers with cameras who disguised as couples to capture the misconduct and to show how easy it is to bribe the security guards to be allowed to have sex in that room.[4][5] Just minutes after the TV channel broke the news, the government promised to take strict action against the management and the security guards[6][7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]