Montgomery County, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Montgomery County, Iowa
Montgomery County Courthouse, Red Oak.jpg
Montgomery County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for Richard Montgomery
Seat Red Oak
Largest city Red Oak
Area
 • Total 425 sq mi (1,101 km2)
 • Land 424 sq mi (1,098 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 10,740
 • Density 25/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.montgomerycountyiowa.com

Montgomery County is a county located in the southwestern area of the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,740.[1] Its population has declined since a peak in 1900, since urbanization and decline of family farms. The county seat is Red Oak.[2] The county was founded by European-American migrants from eastern areas in 1851.[3] It was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while trying to capture Quebec City, Canada.

The county has been largely rural and devoted to agriculture. It is famous as the location of the unsolved Villisca Axe Murders committed in 1912.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 425 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 424 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,256
1870 5,934 372.5%
1880 15,895 167.9%
1890 15,848 −0.3%
1900 17,803 12.3%
1910 16,604 −6.7%
1920 17,048 2.7%
1930 16,752 −1.7%
1940 15,697 −6.3%
1950 15,685 −0.1%
1960 14,467 −7.8%
1970 12,781 −11.7%
1980 13,413 4.9%
1990 12,076 −10.0%
2000 11,771 −2.5%
2010 10,740 −8.8%
Est. 2013 10,424 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 10,740 in the county, with a population density of 25.337/sq mi (9.783/km2). There were 5,239 housing units, of which 4,558 were occupied.[9]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Montgomery County

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 11,771 people, 4,886 households, and 3,258 families residing in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 5,399 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.20% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,886 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 20.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,214, and the median income for a family was $40,129. Males had a median income of $28,531 versus $20,835 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,373. About 6.50% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ William Walace Merritt (1906). A History of the County of Montgomery. The Express Publishing Company. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 22, 2011. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°01′45″N 95°09′05″W / 41.02917°N 95.15139°W / 41.02917; -95.15139