Madison County, Iowa

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Madison County, Iowa
Madison County, Iowa Courthouse.jpg
Madison County courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1846
Named for James Madison
Seat Winterset
Largest city Winterset
Area
 • Total 562.30 sq mi (1,456 km2)
 • Land 561.14 sq mi (1,453 km2)
 • Water 1.16 sq mi (3 km2), 0.21%
Population
 • (2010) 15,679
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.madisoncoia.us

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. The population was 15,679 in the 2010 census, an increase from 14,019 in the 2000 census.[1] The county seat is Winterset.[2]

Madison County is one of the five counties that make up the Des MoinesWest Des Moines Metropolitan Statistical Area.[3]

Madison County is famous for being the county where John Wayne was born, and for a number of covered bridges. These bridges were featured in the 1992 book, 1995 movie, and 2014 musical The Bridges of Madison County.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 562.30 square miles (1,456.4 km2), of which 561.14 square miles (1,453.3 km2) (or 99.79%) is land and 1.16 square miles (3.0 km2) (or 0.21%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Madison County was formed on January 13, 1846. It has been self-governed since 1849. It was named after James Madison (1751–1836), the fourth President of the United States (between 1809 and 1817). Hiram Hurst, a suspected murderer, arsonist and hog thief was the first white settler in Madison County, having come from Missouri about April 15th, 1846.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,179
1860 7,339 522.5%
1870 13,884 89.2%
1880 17,224 24.1%
1890 15,977 −7.2%
1900 17,710 10.8%
1910 15,621 −11.8%
1920 15,020 −3.8%
1930 14,331 −4.6%
1940 14,525 1.4%
1950 13,131 −9.6%
1960 12,295 −6.4%
1970 11,558 −6.0%
1980 12,597 9.0%
1990 12,483 −0.9%
2000 14,019 12.3%
2010 15,679 11.8%
Est. 2012 15,654 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 15,679 in the county, with a population density of 27.9413/sq mi (10.7882/km2). There were 6,554 housing units, of which 6,025 were occupied.[1]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Madison County

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 14,019 people, 5,326 households, and 3,925 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 5,661 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.57% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Madison County was mentioned as an "Extreme Whitopia" in Rich Benjamin's book, "Searching for Whitopia: An Improbable Journey to the heart of White America"[9]

There were 5,326 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.90% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 22.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,845, and the median income for a family was $48,289. Males had a median income of $31,126 versus $24,095 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,357. About 4.60% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Covered bridges[edit]

Hogback Bridge, one of the six remaining covered bridges in Madison County

There are only six extant bridges in Madison County:

The bridges were built by Benton Jones with the exception of the Imes Bridge which was built by Eli Cox.

Tunnel[edit]

Madison county is home to the only highway tunnel in Iowa, Harmon Tunnel, through the neck of an incised meander of the Middle River in Pammel Park.[10]

Communities[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 23, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original on 2006-05-14. Retrieved 2006-07-21. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ Mueller, Herman A. (1915). History of Madison County, Iowa, and its People, Volume I. New York Public Library: The S.J. Clark Publishing Company. pp. 20–21. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ http://www.richbenjamin.com/whitopia.html
  10. ^ Pammel Park web page of the Madison County Conservation Board.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°20′N 94°01′W / 41.33°N 94.01°W / 41.33; -94.01