Noise pop is a subgenre of alternative rock developed in the mid-1980s in the UK and US that mixes dissonant noise or feedback, or both, with the melodic instrumentation and production elements more often found in pop music, making it more melodic than noise rock.
Noise pop has been described as "the halfway point between bubblegum and the avant-garde". It combines conventional pop songwriting with white noise, distorted guitars and drones. The Velvet Underground were a major influence on the genre, with their experiments with feedback and distortion on their early albums. Early 1980s underground band the Membranes coined the term "pop noise" to describe a noisier precursor to this scene. Early American alternative rock bands like Sonic Youth, Yo La Tengo and Dinosaur Jr., who mixed rock song structures with guitar distortion, were immediate forerunners. The Jesus and Mary Chain's 1985 debut, Psychocandy, was considered the archetype for the noise pop genre. Kareem Estefan of Stylus Magazine cited the album for "transforming the use of distortion in indie rock with its screeching abrasion, yet managing to feature some of the catchiest melodies of the 80s." Later in the '80s, noise pop was a major inspiration for the British shoegazing movement. Noise pop continued to be influential in the indie rock scene into the 1990s.