Norfolk Island Airport
|Norfolk Island Airport|
|IATA: NLK – ICAO: YSNF|
|Owner||Government of Norfolk Island|
|Operator||Administration of Norfolk Island|
|Elevation AMSL||371 ft / 113 m|
Sources: Australian AIP and aerodrome chart
Passenger and aircraft movements from the Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE)
Norfolk Island Airport (IATA: NLK, ICAO: YSNF) is the only airport on Norfolk Island, an external territory of Australia. The island is located in the Pacific Ocean between Australia, New Zealand, and New Caledonia. The airport is operated by the Administration of Norfolk Island.
The airstrip was built by the United States Army Air Forces during World War II as a defensive measure to counter feared Japanese operations in the South Pacific. As Norfolk Island did not have enough flat ground, in 1942 several bulldozers were used to knock the tops off several hills, and fill in the valleys between them. Steel mesh was then used to make a solid surface.
Initially used for bomber patrols and for a transport service to Bougainville Island, the airfield was never used as a major base and became a stopover for aircraft travelling between Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand and the Solomon Islands. The Royal New Zealand Air Force left the airfield in July 1946. At the airfield was an air-sea rescue unit, a servicing section and a radar unit installation at Mount Bates.
Light aircraft transit
Norfolk Island is an important transit and refueling point for light aircraft flying between Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands.
Located 852 km (529 mi) southeast of Norfolk is Kaitaia Airport the most northerly airfield in New Zealand, 754 km (469 mi) north is Nouméa Airport in New Caledonia, and 900 km (560 mi) west is Lord Howe Island Airport which is 600 km (370 mi) to the Australian mainland.
These distances are within the range of many light aircraft when fitted with long range tanks, while the direct distance without using Norfolk Island as a stepping stone, is usually beyond their capabilities.
The airport is at an elevation of 371 ft (113 m) above sea level. It has two asphalt paved runways: 11/29 measuring 1,950 m × 45 m (6,398 ft × 148 ft) and 04/22 measuring 1,435 m × 30 m (4,708 ft × 98 ft). The airport is staff by a single air traffic control.
The airport has a small passenger terminal building which includes waiting areas as well as processing areas for check in (4 counters), security, emigration control, customs control (Norfolk Customs), baggage reclaim and immigration control (Norfolk Immigration Office). A small cafe (Airport Cafe) is open prior to departing flights.
A small cargo terminal building is located next to passenger terminal.
Airport power is provided by the onsite Norfolk Airport Diesel Power Station.
A small carpark is located at the front entrance of the terminal.
Rescue and fire services
Aviation Rescue and Fire Fighting Service of the Norfolk Island Fire Service provides firefighting service for the airport.
The airport fire and rescue has two airport fire tenders. Two new Rosenbauer Panther ARFF replaced two 1960s era Thornycroft Nubian Mk 1 6x6 airport tenders in 2009. A new fire station is being built to replace the current building to house the new fire engines.
Airlines and destinations
|Air New Zealand||Auckland, Brisbane, Sydney|
Norfolk Air operated from the airport from 2006 to 2012.
The airport is connected to the rest of the island by Douglas Drive.
Transportation to and from the airport can be made by taxi, private car hires or local hotel shuttles.
|Year||Revenue passengers||Aircraft movements|
- Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
- PDF). AIP En Route Supplement from Airservices Australia, effective 29 May 2014, Aeronautical Chart (
- "Airport Traffic Data 1985-86 to 2010-11". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). May 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2012. Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
- James A. Michener's short story Mutiny from the Tales of the South Pacific collection, roughly and fictionally portrays the decision making process of cutting down obstructing pine trees.
- Norfolk Island