Novosokolniki

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Novosokolniki (English)
Новосокольники (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Novosokolniki is located in Pskov Oblast
Novosokolniki
Novosokolniki
Location of Novosokolniki in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°20′N 30°10′E / 56.333°N 30.167°E / 56.333; 30.167Coordinates: 56°20′N 30°10′E / 56.333°N 30.167°E / 56.333; 30.167
Coat of Arms of Novosokolniki (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of February 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative district Novosokolnichesky District[1]
Administrative center of Novosokolnichesky District[2]
Municipal status (as of February 2013)
Municipal district Novosokolnichesky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Novosokolniki Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Novosokolnichesky Municipal District,[4] Novosokolniki Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 8,119 inhabitants[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Founded 1901[7]
Town status since 1925[8]
Postal code(s)[9] 182200
Novosokolniki on WikiCommons

Novosokolniki (Russian: Новосоко́льники) is a town and the administrative center of Novosokolnichesky District in Pskov Oblast, Russia, located on the Maly Udray River at the junction of the St. PetersburgKiev and MoscowRiga railways, 287 kilometers (178 mi) southeast of Pskov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 8,119 (2010 Census);[5] 9,757 (2002 Census);[10] 10,689 (1989 Census).[11]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1901 due to construction of the railway between Moscow and Riga.[7] At the time, it was a part of Velikoluksky Uyezd in Pskov Governorate.[citation needed] The name is due to the nearby locality then known as Sokolniki, whose name in turn is derived from the Russian word "Russian: сокол" (sokol, meaning "falcon"), since the residents specialized on breeding falcons for hunting.[7] Novosokolniki was granted town status in 1925.[8]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds and governorates were abolished and Novosokolnichesky District, with the administrative center in Novosokolniki, was established as a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[12] It included parts of former Velikoluksky and Nevelsky Uyezds.[13] On June 3, 1929, Novosokolnichesky District was transferred to Western Oblast.[13] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[12] On January 29, 1935, Western Oblast was abolished and the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast,[citation needed] and on February 5 of the same year, Novosokolnichesky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast,[12] one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 4, 1938, the district was subordinated directly to the oblast.[12] Between July 25, 1941 and January 29, 1944, Novosokolniki was occupied by German troops.[8] On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast.[12] On October 2, 1957, Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished and Novosokolnichesky District was transferred to Pskov Oblast.[12]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Novosokolniki serves as the administrative center of Novosokolnichesky District,[2] to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Novosokolniki is incorporated within Novosokolnichesky Municipal District as Novosokolniki Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Novosokolniki has enterprises of textile and food industries.[14]

The Novosokolniki guyed TV mast is 360 meters (1,180 ft) tall and was built in 1995.

Transportation[edit]

The railway station in Novosokolniki

Novosokolniki is an important railway hub, located at the crossing of two lines. One railway connects Moscow and Velikiye Luki with Riga and runs in the east-west direction. Another railway, running in the north-south direction, connects St. Petersburg and Dno with Nevel. In Nevel, south of Novosokolniki, it splits into two railway lines, both running southeast into Belarus: one line to Vitebsk and another one to Grodno via Polotsk and Maladzyechna.

Novosokolniki has an easy access to the M9 Highway which connects Moscow and Riga. It is furthermore connected by roads with Velikiye Luki and Nevel. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Novosokolniki contains six objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[15] The monuments are the railway station, protected as the site of events of the Revolution of 1905, as well as monuments to soldiers fallen in World War II.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #833-oz stipulates that the borders of the administrative districts are identical to the borders of the municipal districts. The Law #420-oz, which describes the borders and the composition of the municipal districts, lists the town of Novosokolniki as a part of Novosokolnichesky District.
  2. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 226», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 58 226, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c d Law #420-oz
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Федеральное агентство по технологическому регулированию и метрологии. №ОК 033-2013 1 января 2014 г. «Общероссийский классификатор территорий муниципальных образований. Код 58 626». (Federal State Statistics Service. Federal Agency on Technological Regulation and Metrology. #OK 033-2013 January 1, 2014 Russian Classification of Territories of Municipal Formations. Code 58 626. ).
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ a b c История (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 316. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast, pp. 11–14
  13. ^ a b Новосокольнический район (август 1927 г. - июнь 1929 г.) (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  14. ^ Промышленность (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved September 25, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Архивный отдел Псковского облисполкома. Государственный архив Псковской области. "Административно-территориальное деление Псковской области (1917–1988 гг.). Справочник". (Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast (1917–1988). Reference.) Книга I. Лениздат, 1988.