Dedovichsky District

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Dedovichsky District
Дедовичский район (Russian)
Location of Dedovichsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location of Dedovichsky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°33′N 29°57′E / 57.550°N 29.950°E / 57.550; 29.950Coordinates: 57°33′N 29°57′E / 57.550°N 29.950°E / 57.550; 29.950
Coat of Arms of Dedovichi rayon (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2011)
Administrative center work settlement of Dedovichi[2]
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 332
Municipal structure (as of April 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Dedovichsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 5
Statistics
Area 2,188 km2 (845 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 14,692 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 59.9%
- Rural 40.1%
Density 6.71/km2 (17.4/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Official website
Dedovichsky District on WikiCommons

Dedovichsky District (Russian: Де́довичский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast and borders with Dnovsky District in the north, Volotovsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the northeast, Poddorsky District, also of Novgorod Oblast, in the east, Bezhanitsky District in the south, Novorzhevsky District in the southwest, and with Porkhovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,188 square kilometers (845 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Dedovichi.[2] Population: 14,692 (2010 Census);[4] 17,881 (2002 Census);[7] 18,948 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Dedovichi accounts for 59.9% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

Almost the whole area of the district lies in the basin of the Shelon River and thus of the Neva River and of the Baltic Sea. The Shelon crosses the district, entering it from the northeast, flowing southwest, and then making a turn to the northwest. The principal tributary of the Shelon within the district is the Sudoma (left). Minor areas in the southwest of the district are in the basin of the Sorot River, a tributary of the Velikaya River, and thus in the basin of the Narva River. There are many lakes in the west of the district, the biggest of which are Lakes Ivankovskoye, Gorodnovskoye, Uzskoye, Lokno, Glubokoye, Naverezhskoye (the source of the Sudoma), and Sevo.

Forests cover 32.8% of the district's territory. The western part of the district is occupied by humid spruce woods, while in the eastern part dry forests, such as spruce and pine, dominate. 7.7% of the district's territory is occupied by bush. Swamps are common in the south and the southeast.[9]

History[edit]

The area was first mentioned in the chronicles in relation to the events of 1021, when the army of the Kievan prince Yaroslav the Wise defeated the troops of the prince of Polotsk, Bryachislav of Polotsk, at the Sudoma River. Subsequently, the area went under control of the Novgorod Republic. A prominent fortress of the time, located on the Shelon, was Vyshgorod. Later, the area was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. It was a part of Shelonskaya Pyatina, one of the five pyatinas into which Novgorod lands were divided.[10] In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, and in 1772, Pskov Governorate (which between 1777 and 1796 existed as Pskov Viceroyalty) was established. In 1776, Porkhovsky Uyezd was transferred from Novgorod Governorate to Pskov Governorate. The area was a part of Porkhovsky Uyezd.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Dedovichsky District was established, with the administrative center in the settlement of Dedovichi. It included parts of former Porkhovsky Uyezd. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. Between August 1941 and February 1944, Dedovichsky District was occupied by German troops. It was an area where intense partisan operations were taking place; in particular, the partisans were even operating an airfield. On August 23, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast.[11]

On August 1, 1927, Chikhachyovsky District was established as well, with the administrative center in the selo of Chikhachyovo. It included parts of former Novorzhevsky and Porkhovsky Uyezds. The district was a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On January 1, 1932, the district was abolished and split between Dedovichsky and Bezhanitsky Districts.[12]

Another district established on August 1, 1927 was Belebyolkovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Belebyolka. It was a part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On September 20, 1931, Belebyolkovsky District was abolished and merged into Poddorsky District. On March 11, 1941, the district was re-established, and its territory included parts of Poddorsky and Dedovichsky Districts. Between August 1941 and February 1944, the district was occupied by German troops. On July 5, 1944, Belebyolkovsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[13] On July 22, 1961, Belebyolkovsky District was abolished and merged into Poddorsky District.[14]

On August 3, 1939, Pozherevitsky District with the administrative center in the village of Pozherevitsy was established. It included areas formerly belonging to Dedovichsky District. Between August 1941 and February 1944, the district was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast.[15] In 1958, the district was abolished and split between Dedovichsky and Ashevsky Districts.[16]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

In the district, there are a linum factory,[17] a plant producing pipes,[18] enterprises of food industry, as well as the Pskov power station.[3]

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural specializations within the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, and hay and crops growing.[19]

Transportation[edit]

The railway connecting St. Petersburg and Vitebsk crosses the district from north to south. Dedovichi is the most important railway station in the district.

Dedovichi is connected by road with Porkhov, Dno, and Bezhanitsy. There are also local roads with bus traffic originating from Dedovichi.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains six cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally sixty objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[20] The federally protected monuments are archeological sites.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b c О районе (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 2, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Географическая характеристика (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  10. ^ История Дедовичского района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 8, 2012. 
  11. ^ Дедовичский район (авг. 1927 - авг. 1944) (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  12. ^ Чихачёвский район (авг. 1927 г. – янв. 1932 г.) (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved July 8, 2012. 
  13. ^ Snytko et al., p. 95
  14. ^ Snytko et al., p. 157
  15. ^ Пожеревицский район (авг. 1939 - авг. 1944) (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  16. ^ Лобачёв, А. И. (2007). Пожеревицкий район. Псковская энциклопедия (in Russian). Псковское региональное общественное учреждение — издательство "Псковская энциклопедия". Retrieved July 8, 2012. 
  17. ^ Дедовичский льнозавод (in Russian). B2B-Navigator.ru. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  18. ^ Дедовичский промкомбинат (in Russian). B2B-Navigator.ru. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  19. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  20. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1478-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1478-OZ of December 29, 2014 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Снытко, О. В. et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (PDF) (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved June 18, 2012.