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Okhla, is a neighbourhood around the old village in South Delhi district, though it is most known as the Okhla Industrial Area (OIA) or Okhla Industrial Estate, an industrial suburb of New Delhi in South Delhi and mainly divided in three phases. Okhla in the past has also lends its name to the New Okhla Industrial Development Area, or NOIDA.
The Okhla barrage, which was developed by Britishers, is also the starting point of the Agra Canal built in 1874, today it is also the location of the Okhla Sanctuary, and further down the canal towards Agra, the Keetham Lake, National Bird Sanctuary. OKHLA is an acronym for Old Kanal Housing & Land Authority. K for Canal was used since CH would have a different sound.
The present campus of Jamia Millia Islamia university was established here in 1925. The Okhla Mandi is an important wholesale markets in Delhi, NSIC, IIIT Delhi, Govind Ballabh Pant Engineering College, Meera Bai Institute of Technology, Kalkaji Temple, Lotus Temple, Okhla vihar, Okhla Railway Station, Surya Hotel, C.C and the Okhla Water Works.
Okhla Industrial Estate
Okhla Industrial Estate, an industrial suburb of New Delhi in South Delhi was established by National Small Industries Corporation and was one of the 12 such estates being developed across India to encourage small industries. Construction work at the site began in 1952 and it was finally inaugurated in 1958, and in time became synonymous to growth of small scale industries in region. Today it is divided in three phases. The Okhla village became an important theatre centre of Delhi in 1950s, when veteran theatre director, started establish "Okhla Theatre" here, using many local artists as actors, starting longing tradition of theatre here.
Extension of Okhla
Apart from Industrial Estate, Okhla also has an extension of residential area which includes Jamia Nagar, Abul Fazal Enclave, Okhla Head, Jamia Nagar and Shaheen Bagh, Okhla Vihar, Noor Nagar,Etc. Basically it includes the colonies situated on the bank of river Yamuna.
- Okhla Industrial Phase I and Phase II is one of the 28 notified industrial areas of Delhi, as per the Master Plan of 2001. And revenue earners from this base include ready-made garment exporters and leather garment exporters, besides other segments of industry such as pharmaceutical manufacturing units, plastic and packaging industries, printing presses, machinery manufacturers, call center, MNCs Office, Bank and others
- Okhla Industrial Estate Ph 3
The Okhla Industrial Estate or Phase III spreads over 110 acres (0.45 km2) and is a modest industrial beginning laid out British architect Mr Walter George, also famous for the planning and construction of Parliament House, North and South Blocks.
Today, there are a host of MNCs, Call center, BPO, Showrooms and Media Group operations in the area.
The whole industrial area is named after the main area Okhla Village, in South Delhi, with nearby areas now as its own parts like Batla House, Okhla Vihar, Zakir Nagar, Zakir Bagh, Jamia Nagar, Abul Fazal Enclave, Shaheen Bagh, Kalindi Colony, and Kalindi Kunj.
The Okhla area has a high density of Muslim population areas of Delhi, and show high linguistic literacy rate. It is a state assembly constituency part of the South Delhi Lok Sabha constituency constituency.
New Friends Colony, Nehru Place, Kalkaji, Abul Fazal Enclave, Sukhdev Vihar, Greater Kailash, Govindpuri, Sriniwaspuri, Tughlakabad, Sarita Vihar, Jasola, Shaheen Bagh, Jaitpur, Madanpur, Badarpur,Zakir Nagar, Okhla Vihar, Ghaffar Manzil Colony, Batla House and Harkesh Nagar(a village attached with Okhla Phase 2 & 3)
- Okhla Sanctuary, a Bird Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, where during the month of September thousands of migratory birds including shovellers, pintail, common teal, gadwall and blue winged teal visit the area and is ideal for nature lovers.
Kalindi Kunj,Okhla Head is the most famous public garden close to the river of Yamuna. The main attractions are the fountains adorned with colorful lights. A large number of tourists arrive in the evening to enjoy the breathtaking view of the fountains. Delhi Ride Park also open in kalindi kunj park (also known as No.9)
It is well connected by road and rail and is not far from the airport, as it is located in the centre of the National Capital Territory. Business districts such as Nehru Place and Connaught Place are not far and even the inland container terminal of the Container Corporation of India is also close at hand.
By the end of September 2010, Okhla is also getting connected to the Delhi Metro Network. The okhla metro station on the Violet Line (Delhi Metro) is upcoming near Harkesh Nagar in Phase-II. In 2014 Main Okhla will connects with Delhi Metro Rail. These Station will be Jamia Nagar, Okhla Vihar (Abul Fazal Enclave), Jasola and Kalindi Kunj.
The entire Industrial Area Phase-1,2 and 3 allotted by DDA, DSIDC and Directorate of Industries, this area known for Industrial establishments however [www.mcdonline.gov.in/notifications/conversion%20charges.doc Municipal Corporation Delhi] permitted commercial activities in this vicinity and Delhi Development Authority sold commercial plots by auction to Unity Group known as Aggarwal Builders, Vardman, Todays Realty etc in result private builders and Govt real estate company NBCC as well todays Group, DLF, Access Realty Solutions, Nagpal Indiabulls, godrej involve in to the vicinity their commercial and hotel project in the Area, being a prime locality of South Delhi most economical place in the capital Indian business houses as well MNCs and investor have interest in this vicinity, two Metro station connectivity and underpass connected Mathura Road become a strong point for locality. due to small and medium size industrial and commercial establishments and space availability in this vicinity through Access Realty Solutions buildup medium size space buildings and NBCC, DLF, Nagpal build large project with small size units connect this locality with medium entrepreneurs and well connectivity attract to corporate.
- Ram, Paras (1967). A study of the export potential of Okhla industrial estate. Indian Institute of Foreign Trade.
- Jain, L. C. (1998). The city of hope: the Faridabad story. Concept Publishing Company. p. 100. ISBN 81-7022-748-8.
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- Bandyopadhyaya, Kalyani (1969). Industrialization through industrial estates: a pattern of economic decentralization. Bookland. p. 94.
- Ahmad, Aijazuddin; Hamdard Education Society (1993). Muslims in India: National capital territory of Delhi. Inter-India Publications. pp. 111–112. ISBN 81-210-0346-6.