Persecution of Muslims by the Meccans

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In the early days of Islam at Mecca, the new Muslims were often subjected to abuse and persecution.[citation needed]


Some were killed, such as Sumayyah bint Khabbab, the seventh convert to Islam,[citation needed] who was tortured first by Abu Jahl. Muhammad was protected somewhat by the influence of his family, but even he was subjected to such abuse;[citation needed] while he was praying near the Kaaba, Abu Lahab threw the entrails of a sacrificed camel over him,[citation needed] and Abu Lahab's wife Umm Jamil would regularly dump filth outside his door.[citation needed] The master of the slave Bilal ibn Rabah (who would become the first muezzin) would take him out into the desert in the heat of midday and place a heavy rock on his chest, demanding that he forswear his religion[citation needed] and pray to the polytheists' gods and goddesses,[citation needed] until Abu Bakr bought him and freed him.

Migration age[edit]

613 - 614[edit]

The physical assaults began in 613.[1] In 614, a group of Muslims were on their way to the hills of Mecca to hold a meeting with Muhammad, when a group of polytheists observed their gathering and began to abuse and fight them.[citation needed] Sa'ad defended himself from a polytheist and accidentally shed his blood,[citation needed] reportedly the first instance of bloodshed in the history of Islam.[citation needed]

7 BH (614–615 CE)[edit]

In seventh Islamic month (Rajab) of 7 BH (614–615 CE) twelve male and twelve female Sahaba, the Muslims who originally converted in Mecca, migrated to Aksum seeking refuge from persecution.

6 BH (615–616 CE)[edit]

Following the return from the First migration to Abyssinia, the Muslims continued to suffer Persecution by the Meccans.[1] This time, in 6 BH (616 CE) almost one hundred Muslims made a second migration back to Abyssinia where they stayed protected. After the Muslims in Arabia had migrated to Medina in AH 7 (628/629) and attained security, the Muslims in Abyssinia migrated back to Arabia and reunited with them in Medina [1] after six years absence.

5 BH (616–617 CE)[edit]

The Meccan boycott of the Hashemites by the Quraish was proclaimed in 617.

3 BH (618–619 CE)[edit]

Main article: Year of Sorrow

2 BH (619–620 CE)[edit]

In 620, after the Year of Sorrow when his main source of support, Abu Talib had died did the persecution increased exponentially,[citation needed] so he tried to seek support from the neighboring city of Tai'f.

AH 1 (622/623)[edit]

Main article: Migration to Medina

This persecution ultimately provoked the Migration to Medina.[citation needed]

Post Migration age and response[edit]

Invasion of Safwan[edit]

Main article: Invasion of Safwan

Muhammad ordered an attack to pursue Kurz bin Jabir Al-Fihri who led a small group that looted Muhammad's animals[2]

Invasion of Sawiq[edit]

Main article: Invasion of Sawiq

Muhammad ordered Muslims to pursue Abu Sufyan for killing 2 Muslims and burning a corn field[3]

List of Specific Recorded Instances[edit]

Slaves who were Muslims[edit]



Free Muslims[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f The Sealed Nectar The Second ‘Aqabah Pledge on
  2. ^ Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar p. 128
  3. ^ Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, pp.150-151. (online)
  4. ^ a b c d e Millennium_Biography
  5. ^ a b