Place of origin
|Varies by type|
|Cookbook:Petit four Petit four|
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A petit four (plural: petits fours, also known as mignardises) is a small confectionery or savoury appetizer. The name is French, petit four (French pronunciation: [pø.ti.fur]), meaning "small oven".
Petits fours were traditionally made in a smaller oven next to the main oven. In the 18th century some bakers made them during the cooling process of coal-fired brick ovens to take advantage of their stored heat, thus exploiting coal's high burning temperature and economizing on its high expense relative to wood.
Petits fours come in three varieties:
- Glacé ("glazed"), iced or decorated tiny cakes covered in fondant or icing, small éclairs, and tartlets
- Salé ("salted"), savoury bite-sized appetizers usually served at cocktail parties or buffets
- Sec ("dry"), dainty biscuits, baked meringues, macarons, and puff pastries
In a French patisserie, assorted small desserts are usually called mignardises, while hard, buttery biscuits are called petit fours.
- French Fancy, a similar British variety
- Punschkrapfen, a similar Austrian dessert
- List of French desserts
- Food portal
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petits fours.|
- Garrett, Toba. Professional Cake Decorating. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2007. Page 226.
- Kingslee, John. A Professional Text to Bakery and Confectionary. New Delhi, India: New Age International, 2006. Page 244.
- Maxfield, Jaynie. Cake Decorating for the First Time. New York: Sterling Pub, 2003. Page 58.
- Rinsky, Glenn, and Laura Halpin Rinsky. The Pastry Chef's Companion: A Comprehensive Resource Guide for the Baking and Pastry Professional. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2009. Page 214.
- http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodcookies.html 2 January 2014