Port Angeles, Washington

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Port Angeles
City
Port Angeles harbor and the Olympic Mountains
Port Angeles harbor and the Olympic Mountains
Motto: The Center of it All on the Olympic Peninsula
Location of Port Angeles, Washington
Location of Port Angeles, Washington
Coordinates: 48°06′47″N 123°26′27″W / 48.11306°N 123.44083°W / 48.11306; -123.44083Coordinates: 48°06′47″N 123°26′27″W / 48.11306°N 123.44083°W / 48.11306; -123.44083
Country United States
State Washington
County Clallam
Incorporated 1890
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Dan DiGuilio
Area[1]
 • Total 14.52 sq mi (37.61 km2)
 • Land 10.70 sq mi (27.71 km2)
 • Water 3.82 sq mi (9.89 km2)
Elevation 32 ft (17 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 19,038
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 19,190
 • Density 1,779.3/sq mi (687.0/km2)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 98362, 98363
Area code(s) 360
FIPS code 53-55365
GNIS feature ID 1524581[4]
Website City of Port Angeles

Port Angeles is a city in, and the county seat of, Clallam County, Washington, United States.[5] The population was 19,038 as of the 2010 census,[6] and was put at 19,090 by a 2014 estimate from the Office of Financial Management. The City's harbor was dubbed Puerto de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles (Port of Our Lady of the Angels) by Spanish explorer Francisco de Eliza in 1791, but by the mid-19th century the name had been shortened and partially anglicized to its current form,[7] Port Angeles Harbor.[8]

Port Angeles is home to Peninsula College and is the birthplace of football hall of famer John Elway. The city is served by William R. Fairchild International Airport, and ferry service is provided across the Strait of Juan de Fuca to Victoria, British Columbia, Canada on the M/V Coho.

History[edit]

Port Angeles is the site of the "largest prehistoric Indian village and burial ground found in the United States," according to a senior archaeologist for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in Seattle.[citation needed] In August 2003, a 275 million dollar construction project [9] was started in P.A. The construction site ultimately uncovered about 300 graves and 785 pieces of human bones in addition to numerous ritual and ceremonial Indian artifacts of the former Tse-whit-zen village. Some of the unearthed remains date back between 1,700 to 2,700 years.

Many of the graves uncovered held entire families that seemed to have died suddenly. Archeologists project that this was likely the result of pandemics of smallpox and other illnesses brought by European immigrants to North America that caused massive death tolls in 1780 and 1835. Interactions with European fur traders purportedly wiped out about 90 percent of the Indians living in the Northwest.

Geography[edit]

The coordinates of Port Angeles are 48°06′47″N 123°26′27″ (48.112969, -123.440713).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.52 square miles (37.61 km2), of which, 10.70 square miles (27.71 km2) is land and 3.82 square miles (9.89 km2) is water.[1]

The city is situated on the northern edge of the Olympic Peninsula along the shore of the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Port Angeles features a long and narrow natural sandspit named Ediz Hook that projects north-easterly nearly three miles into the Strait. Ediz Hook creates a large, natural deep-water harbor shielded from the storms and swells that move predominantly eastward down the Strait from the Pacific Ocean. Coast Guard Air Station / Sector Field Office (SFO) Port Angeles is situated on the end of Ediz Hook. The harbor is deep enough to provide anchorage for large ocean-going ships such as tankers and cruise ships. The south shore of Vancouver Island and the city of Victoria, British Columbia are visible across the Strait to the north.

Port Angeles is located in the rain shadow of the Olympic Mountains, which means the city gets significantly less rain than other areas of western Washington. The average annual precipitation total is approximately 25 inches (640 mm), compared to Seattle's 38 inches (970 mm). Temperatures are heavily modified by the maritime location, with winter lows rarely below 25 degrees Fahrenheit (−4 °C), and summer highs rarely above 80 degrees F (27 °C). However, in winter the city can be vulnerable to windstorms and Arctic cold fronts that sweep across the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Port Angeles receives about 4 inches (100 mm) of snow each year, but it rarely stays on the ground for long.

Port Angeles is also the location of the headquarters of Olympic National Park, which encompasses most of the Olympic Mountains, and was established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1938.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Port Angeles, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
71
(22)
68
(20)
82
(28)
86
(30)
90
(32)
94
(34)
94
(34)
85
(29)
73
(23)
67
(19)
67
(19)
94
(34)
Average high °F (°C) 44.9
(7.2)
47.4
(8.6)
50.2
(10.1)
54.9
(12.7)
60.3
(15.7)
64.2
(17.9)
67.9
(19.9)
67.8
(19.9)
65.0
(18.3)
57.1
(13.9)
49.6
(9.8)
45.9
(7.7)
56.3
(13.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 39.5
(4.2)
41.4
(5.2)
43.6
(6.4)
47.6
(8.7)
52.6
(11.4)
56.6
(13.7)
59.8
(15.4)
59.7
(15.4)
56.9
(13.8)
50.3
(10.2)
43.9
(6.6)
40.7
(4.8)
49.38
(9.65)
Average low °F (°C) 34.1
(1.2)
35.4
(1.9)
36.9
(2.7)
40.3
(4.6)
44.9
(7.2)
49.1
(9.5)
51.7
(10.9)
51.6
(10.9)
48.7
(9.3)
43.4
(6.3)
38.2
(3.4)
35.5
(1.9)
42.5
(5.8)
Record low °F (°C) 7
(−14)
10
(−12)
15
(−9)
25
(−4)
30
(−1)
36
(2)
40
(4)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
24
(−4)
6
(−14)
6
(−14)
6
(−14)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.91
(99.3)
2.69
(68.3)
2.11
(53.6)
1.26
(32)
0.97
(24.6)
0.86
(21.8)
0.53
(13.5)
0.72
(18.3)
1.09
(27.7)
2.51
(63.8)
4.01
(101.9)
4.34
(110.2)
25.00
(635)
Snowfall inches (cm) 1.7
(4.3)
0.9
(2.3)
0.4
(1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
0.8
(2)
4.1
(10.4)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 17 14 14 11 9 8 5 6 8 13 17 18 140
Source #1: WRCC (normals 1933–2008)[11]
Source #2: The Weather Channel[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 2,321
1910 2,286 −1.5%
1920 5,351 134.1%
1930 10,188 90.4%
1940 9,409 −7.6%
1950 11,233 19.4%
1960 12,653 12.6%
1970 16,367 29.4%
1980 17,311 5.8%
1990 17,710 2.3%
2000 18,397 3.9%
2010 19,038 3.5%
Est. 2013 19,190 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 19,038 people, 8,459 households, and 4,808 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,779.3 inhabitants per square mile (687.0/km2). There were 9,272 housing units at an average density of 866.5 per square mile (334.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.9% White, 0.8% African American, 3.2% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.0% of the population.

There were 8,459 households of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the city was 41.6 years. 20.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 18% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 18,397 people, 8,053 households, and 4,831 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,823.1 people per square mile (704.0/km2). There were 8,682 housing units at an average density of 860.4 per square mile (332.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.35% White, 0.69% Black, 3.26% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.34% of the population.

There were 8,053 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 23.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was US$33,130, and the median income for a family was $41,450. Males had a median income of $33,351 versus $25,215 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,903. About 9.9% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Media[edit]

The local newspaper is the Peninsula Daily News, originally the Port Angeles Evening News (founded 1916). The Peninsula Daily News publishes 6 days a week and hosts the North Olympic Peninsula's most popular website.[citation needed]

Newsradio 1450 KONP is the local radio station offering news, sports, information and talk programming on AM 1450. The station is also broadcast on FM 101.7 (founded 1945).[14]

Port Angeles is the home base of Rygaard Logging, one of the logging companies featured in the second season of the History Channel program, Ax Men.

Port Angeles was also used in the last scene of the 1994 movie of Wyatt Earp when Wyatt and Josie were on the boat out from the harbor with the Olympic Mountains in the distance.

Education[edit]

Public school education is provided by the Port Angeles School District which operates five elementary schools, one middle school, a high school, an alternative high school and a vocational school.

Peninsula College is a community college based in Port Angeles that serves the Olympic Peninsula.

Sister city[edit]

The city of Mutsu, Aomori, Japan, is a sister city of Port Angeles. The cities have an exchange student program set up through the Port Angeles School District. Port Angeles is also in close proximity to Sequim, Joyce, and Forks, Washington.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 23 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "Port Angeles Federal Building". Historic Federal Buildings. General Services Administration. Retrieved 2007-04-30. 
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Port Angeles Harbor
  9. ^ http://www.wstc.wa.gov/PolicyPlanning/TPAB/HCBFinalReport.pdf
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "General Climate Summary Tables". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 25, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Monthly Averages for Port Angeles, Washington". Weather.com. 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-16. 
  13. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  14. ^ KONP radio

External links[edit]