Provinces of Laos

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politics and government of
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Laos is divided into provinces (Lao ແຂວງ, pronounced [kʰwɛ̌ːŋ], khoeng, qwang or khoueng) and 1 prefecture (kampheng nakhon) plus the Vientiane Capital city municipality (ນະຄອນຫຼວງ, nakhon louang, or Na Kone Luang Vientiane). The special administrative zone (ເຂດພິເສດ, khet phiset) Xaisomboun created in 1994 was dissolved on January 13 2006. [1]

Distribution of provinces[edit]

Phongsaly Province Luang Prabang Province Oudomxay Province Luang Namtha Province Bokeo Province Sainyabuli Province Vientiane Province Vientiane Capital Houaphanh Province Xiangkhoang Province Bolikhamxai Province Khammouane Province Savannakhet Province Salavan Province Champasak Province Sekong Province Attapeu ProvinceA clickable map of Laos exhibiting its provinces.
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Location Name Capital Population Area (km²) Population Density ISO
Attapeu Province-Laos.svg Attapu Province
Samakkhixay District
(Attapeu)
112,097 10,320 11 LA-AT
Bokeo Province-Laos.svg Bokèo Province
Houayxay District
(Ban Houayxay)
145,216 6,196 24 LA-BK
Bolikhamsai Province-Laos.svg Bolikhamxai Province
Paksane District
(Pakxan)
225,272 14,863 14 LA-BL
Champasak Province-Laos.svg Champasak Province
Pakse District
(Pakse)
607,333 15,415 37 LA-CH
Houaphanh Province-Laos.svg Houaphan Province
Xamneua District
(Xam Neua)
280,898 16,500 20 LA-HO
Khammouane Province-Laos.svg Khammouan Province
Thakhek District
(Thakhek)
337,314 16,315 22 LA-KH
Laos Provinces Luang Namtha.svg Luang Namtha Province
Namtha District
(Luang Namtha)
145,289 9,325 16 LA-LM
Luang Prabang Province-Laos.svg Louangphabang Province
Louangphrabang District
(Luang Prabang)
407,012 16,875 24 LA-LP
Oudomxay Province-Laos.svg Oudômxai Province
Xay District
(Muang Xay)
265,128 15,370 18 LA-OU
Phôngsali Province-Laos.svg Phôngsali Province
Phongsaly District
(Phongsali)
165,926 16,270 12 LA-PH
Salavan Province-Laos.svg Salavan Province
Salavan District
(Salavan)
324,303 10,691 31 LA-SL
Savannakhet Province-Laos.svg Savannakhét Province Khanthabouly District
(Savannakhet)
825,879 21,774 33 LA-SV
Vientiane Province-Laos.svg Vientiane Province Phonhong District
(Phonhong)
388,833 15,927 23 LA-VI
Vientiane Prefecture-Laos.svg Vientiane (Viengchan) Capital Vientiane 698,254 3,920 180 LA-VT
Sainyabuli Province-Laos.svg Xaignabouli Province
Xayabury District
(Sainyabuli)
338,646 16,389 23 LA-XA
Sekong Province-Laos.svg Xékong Province
Lamarm District
(Sekong)
84,985 7,665 11 LA-XE
Xiangkhouang Province-Laos.svg Xiangkhouang Province
Pek District
(Phonsavan)
229,521 15,880 17 LA-XI

Prior to 2006 dissolution of Xaisomboun in 2006[edit]

Provinces of Laos
  1. Attapu
  2. Bokeo
  3. Bolikhamxai
  4. Champasak
  5. Houaphan (Houaphanh)
  6. Khammouan
  7. Loung Namtha
  8. Louangphabang
  9. Oudomxai
  10. Phongsali
  11. Salavan
  12. Savannakhet
  13. Vientiane Prefecture and Vientiane Capital (municipality)
  14. Vientiane Province
  15. Sainyabuli
  16. Xaisomboun (Province was created in the late 2013)
  17. Sekong
  18. Xiangkhoang

While transliterates spelling may differ, the nomenclature used in the 2005 census is as follows: Phongsaly, Luangnamtha, Oudomxay, Bokeo, Luangprabang, Huaphanh, Xayaboury, Xiengkhuang, Vientiane Province, Borikhamxay, Khammuane, Savannakhet, Saravane, Sekong, Champasack, Attapeu, Xaysomboon. [2]

Population[edit]

The population of each province in 2005 is given in the census data, [3] ranging from the largest (Savannakhet) to smallest (Sekong).

History[edit]

In 1989 Vientiane prefecture was split from Vientiane province and the capital of Vientiane province moved from Vientiane to Muang Phôn-Hông. In 1994 Xaisômboun khetphiset (special region) was formed from parts of Bolikhamxai, Vientiane, and Xiangkhoang provinces. In 2006 Xaisomboun special region was dissolved and the Longsan, Xaysomboun, Phun, and Hom districts added to Vientiane province, while Thathon district was transferred to Xiengkhuang province.

Further divisions[edit]

The provinces are then subdivided into districts (muang) and villages (baan).

Geography[edit]

The provinces are grouped geographically into 3 strata, North (from Phongsaly to Saiyabouly, Luang Prabang and Xiengkhuang), Central (Vientiane and Bolikhamxay) South (from Khammuane to Champasack).

References[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]