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Rangoli, also known as kolam, is a folk art from India. Rangoli are decorative designs made on living room and courtyard floors during Hindu festivals typically consisting of bright colors. They are meant to be sacred welcoming areas for the Hindu deities. The ancient symbols have been passed down through the ages, from each generation to the next, keeping both the art form and the tradition alive. The patterns are typically created with materials including colored rice, dry flour, (colored) sand or even flower petals. Similar practices are followed in different Indian states: in Tamil Nadu, there is Kolam; Mandana in Rajasthan; Chowkpurna in Northern India; Alpana in West Bengal; Aripana in Bihar; chowk pujan in Uttar Pradesh; and others.
The purpose of rangoli is decoration, and it is thought to bring good luck. Design depictions may also vary as they reflect traditions, folklore and practices that are unique to each area. Over the years modern additions have been adopted. It is traditionally done by women. Generally, this practice is showcased during occasions such as festivals, auspicious observances, celebrations of marriages and other similar milestones and gatherings.
Rangoli designs can be simple geometric shapes, deity impressions, or flower and petal shapes (appropriate for the given celebrations), but they can also become very elaborate designs crafted by numerous people. The base material is usually dry or wet granulated rice or dry flour, to which sindoor (vermilion), haldi (turmeric) and other natural colors can be added. Chemical colors are a modern variation. Other materials include colored sand and even flowers and petals, as in the case of flower rangolis.
Purpose of Rangoli 
Rangoli is used as a symbol of religious and cultural beliefs, specifically Hindu. It is considered an important part of the spiritual process; it might be called the purification of the spirit and the prosperity that lies behind such purification. Moreover, it represents a philosophy of life that enthusiastically celebrates the impermanence of knowing and devotes itself to a constant wish to live in the present. The idea that tomorrow will be renewed, which is the purpose of the rangoli, is one of the greatest concerning this symbol. Additional house festivals or family occasions inspire the art of crafting rangoli. Women may make rangoli at the entrance to every room of the house. The hobby itself is a basic symbol of eternal innovative creation, thus symbolic of the spirit. Rangoli created with icons, such as the swastika, lotus flower, Lakshmiji step (Pegalie), etc., are considered indicators of prosperity. Many homes today craft rangoli daily. The art has become a part of the modern family. It is a symbol of human spirit and an important means to realize cultural feelings. Rangoli symbolizes joy and happiness.
Rangoli in different provinces 
Rangoli art is an adornment or decoration that has different names in different provinces of India; for example, purna in Uttar Pradesh, mmandn in Rajasthan, aripan in Bihar, Bengal alpana in Maharashtra, rangavallie in Karnataka, kKollam in Tamil Nadu, muggu in Andhra Pradesh, alikhthap in Kumaon, kolam in Kerala, and saathiyo in Gujarat. There are many variations on these rangolioan. In Maharashtra, rangoli are drawn on the doors of homes so that evil forces attempting to enter are repelled. During the festival of Onam in Kerala, flowers are laid down for each of the ten days of the celebration, the design growing larger and more complex every day. In Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, the kolam is drawn upon the ground or floor daily. The designs are geometric and symmetrical मूल्यतः shapes but the materials used are similar rangoli: rice flour or slurry is used. In Rajasthan the mandana are painted on walls. Mmandne, various festivals, major festivals and ॠ can be categorized based on seasons. Different shapes depending on the size of it also can be shared. Kumaon's "writing beat 'or in a variety of plotting symbols Thapa, artistic designs, Bellbutoan is used. Alikhthap of society apart - separated by different groups - different icons and art media is used.
Key elements of Rangoli 
Rangoli India belong to any province, the folk art, so its elements are taken from the public are common. Rangoli's most important element Utswdhermita. For this auspicious symbols are selected. Thus the symbol for generations as they are made - and is required to make these symbols. Traditionally new generation learns the art and thus our - my family keeps the tradition intact. Rangoli major symbols of a lotus flower, its leaves, mango, Tue vase, fish, different kind birds, parrot, swan, peacock, human figures and foliage are found in almost all India's Rangolioan. Rangolioan to be made on special occasions also undermines some special shapes such as Diwali Rangoli in the Deep, Ganesha or Lakshmi. The second key element is using rangoli incoming material. The same material is used which is easily found everywhere. Therefore this art rich - poor is prevalent in all homes. Normally the major ingredients used to make rangoli - Pise rice solution, dried powder made from the leaves color, charcoal, burned soil was, wood sawdust, etc.. Rangoli is the third important element background. Rangoli for the background was clear floor or wall or Llype is used. Rangoli yard in the middle, corners, or as Bell is created around. Dehri gateway on the tradition of making rangoli. God's seat, depending on lamp, place of worship and sacrifice on the altar is the tradition of decorating rangoli. With time, imagination and innovative ideas in Rangoli art is also incorporated. Hospitality and tourism has also had its effect and it has been commercially developed. The colors also convenient because it places such as hotels is being built on its traditional charm, artistry and importance are still remain.
Colors of Rangoli 
Rangoli is a very popular form art in India. It is usually drawn by Indian women in front of their doors or gates. Although the basic color of Rangoli is white (known as "chirodi'), it is dyed different colors creating an attractive, multi-colored design.
Creation of Rangoli 
Rangoli is made in two ways. Dry and wet. Both a generous and is created by adding other points. The rangoli made by adding points to the first white paint on the ground in a particular size are made certain point then shaking the points is a beautiful figure takes shape. After creating the desired shape, there are full color. Freehand rangoli image is created directly on the ground. Traditional Mmandn make ocher and gray is used vertically. Rangoli rangoli colors to meet the market diversify the color can be made. Rangoli making trouble for those wanting the freedom to decorate your home Dehri 'Redimad rangoli' sticker found in the market, which desired pasting location for Rangoli patterns can be created. In addition, the market has emerged as plastic shapes but also get points, which put him on the floor putting up paint beautiful shape emerging from the ground comes. Rangoli is the practice of making these items can be used. See some of which cast the flour or colored powder that can be filled. There are small holes per sample. Slightly off the floor as they collide at certain locations Zrta colors and beautiful piece becomes manifest. Using plastic to make rangoli are also Stencils. wet Rangoli rice water mixed up in it Peiskara crafted. The solution to the ऐपण, ऐपन or Pithaar called. Use this colorful turmeric is also used to make. In addition to the market to meet colorful rangoli posters, crayons, fabric and are made from acrylic colors.
A newer trend of making rangoli involves using cement colors with marble powder. This is a rather precise method but requires some previous training. Beautiful portraits can be drawn using this method.
Faith and beliefs 
In Tamil Nadu there is a prevalent myth, that Andaal worshipped Lord Thirumal and was married to him in the month of Markazhi. So during this month, unmarried girls got up before dawn to welcome the god Thirumal rangoli are Sszati. Mentions of rangoli creation are found in Hindu mythology. The first Indian treatise on painting 'pictures symptoms "refers to a legend comes, she follows - the son of a king, priest died. Brahma said to the king that he built on land given sketches of the boy so he could be put to life. Some lines on the floor Akieanchian king, from here rangoli or Alpana was introduced. In this context is another story that Brahma created the craze for the common juice by removing trees that formed the shape of a woman on the floor. Monster was going to beat the beauty of woman, the woman later Urvashi Kaahalai. The shape of rangoli Akieanchian by Brahma was the first form. See also references to Rangoli in legend, such as in the - Ramayana at Sita's wedding pavilion where the discussion refers to rangoli there. Cultural development of Rangoli in the South originated in the era of the Chola rulers. Behind the use of rice flour to feed the perception that the ant should. Here it is considered that the columns of the shed to get food to animals other creatures protecting the natural cycle. Rangoli is not removed from the sweep or legs but they mixed with water fountains or mud is removed from the hands . Mithilaanchal no such festival - festival or (Upanan - someone like marriage) ceremony in the courtyard walls and painting the house is not done. Separately for each occasion of ढँग "Aripan" which made different - different spiritual meaning. On the occasion of marriage, groom - bride's cell wall targets "Kaohaber" and "Naina Jogin" such as pictures, which are actually based system, is the pattern of the specifics of painting. There are modern and traditional rangoli designs. The designs are usually inspired by nature, but they can also be in the form of abstract art.
- Selvamony, Nirmal (2006). "Kalam as Heterotopia". In Muthukumaraswamy, M. D. Folklore as discourse. Chennai, India: National Folklore Support Centre. ISBN 81-901481-6-8.
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