Reginald Ruggles Gates
|Reginald Ruggles Gates|
|Born||May 1, 1882|
|Died||August 12, 1962(aged 80)|
|Alma mater||McGill University|
|Notable awards||Fellow of the Royal Society|
|Author abbreviation (botany)|
|Spouse||Marie Stopes (1911-1914)
Reginald Ruggles Gates (May 1, 1882 – August 12, 1962), was a Canadian born anthropologist, botanist, and geneticist. He did most of his work in the United Kingdom and the United States. He received his Bachelor of Science from McGill University with further education in Chicago and London. He did botanical work in Missouri in 1910 and later worked in London. He alternated between work in Britain and the United States. He won various awards and in 1931 was elected to the Royal Society.
Gates had become known for his studies of Oenothera and other plants, but in 1923 he brought out Heredity and Eugenics. He had a long interest in eugenics, but it was after this book onward that his reputation as a eugenicist become prominent. He considered racial differences to be great, but did not necessarily believe in a pure form of Caucasian. That stated he believed African Americans to be mentally inferior and attempted to prove this. He maintained his ideas on race and eugenics long after World War II, into the era when these were deemed anachronistic. He was a founder of Mankind Quarterly, which at that time was associated to the International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics.
- Heredity in Man. (1929). Constable & Company.
- A botanist in the Amazon Valley. (1927). H. F. & G. Witherby.
- Human Genetics. (1946). The Macmillan company (2 volumes).
- "Racial elements in the aborigines of Queensland, Australia". (Jan. 1960). Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Anthropologie. Bd. 50. H. 2. pp. 150-166.
Awards and honours
Gates was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1931. His nomination reads
|“||Professor Gates enjoys a widespread reputation as a distinguished investigator of cytological problems and especially in connection with genetics. He has thrown much light on the behaviour of Olnothera, which formed the basis of De Vries well-known theory of mutations. He has trained a number of cytological students, some of whom now fill posts of importance. He is the author of over 100 papers and memoirs, some of which have been published by the Royal Society. Latterly he has paid attention to genetical anthropology and is the author of several books on this subject.||”|
- "Library and Archive Catalogue, Reginald Ruggles Gates". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2013-12-23.
- Roberts, J. A. F. (1964). "Reginald Ruggles Gates 1882-1962". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 10: 83–26. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1964.0006.
- "Author Query for 'R.R.Gates'". International Plant Names Index.
- Alan R. Rushton (2004). "Gates, Reginald Ruggles (1882–1962)". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33355.
- Mendel's Legacy: The Origin of Classical Genetics By Elof Axel Carlson, pg 128
- The Retreat of Scientific Racism By Elazar Barkan 168-175
- The Ruggles Gates Award
- The Ruggles Gates Chair In Biology