Religion in Slovenia

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The religious views of the people of Slovenia have been surveyed twice in the 1990s using different methods. According to the 1992 Slovene Public Opinion Survey, only 20% of adult Slovenes believed in a "personal God" (a further 39% said they believed in "God as an ethereal spirit" or "God as a life force").

In 1997: 24% of the Slovene population believed in the existence of God without any doubts; 29% of adult citizens believed in "the Resurrection"; 37.5% of Slovenes believed in Heaven and 24% in Hell.

About half of the respondents (57%) stated that they are religious in their own personal way.


Analysis[edit]

Using these data, Niko Toš [1] demonstrates (with an extensive analysis of 15 variables measuring three dimensions of religiosity: orthodoxy, belief in God and belief in life after death) that 50% of Slovenes practice Church religiosity, 20% practice autonomous religiosity, and 30% aren't religious.

Religious landscape[edit]

Religiosity of Slovene citizens according to population censuses 1991 and 2002.[2]




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Religion in Slovenia (2002)

  Catholic (57.8%)
  Islam (2.4%)
  Undeclared (15.7%)
  Non-religious (10.1%)
  Unknown (7.1%)
  Spiritual but not religious (3.5%)
  Other religions (1.1%)
Religion 1991 (%) 2002 (%)
Catholic 71.6 57.8
Lutheran 0.7 0.8
Orthodox 2.4 2.3
Other Christian 0.2 0.2
Islam 1.5 2.4
Believer without religion 0.2 3.5
Atheist 0.4 10.1
Didn't want to answer 4.2 15.7
Unknown 14.6 7.1

Controversies[edit]

From 2000 to 2003, new religious communities had great difficulty in getting registered. The new director of the Office for Religious Communities claimed that the current law offers no basis for registration of new religious communities.

In June 2003 the crisis reach its paroxysm. The matter has been covered - among other organisations - by Forum 18.[3] With the help of lawyers, religious communities did break through, and registration started again.[4]

New regulation[edit]

The draft of the new law has been made by Lovro Šturm (Knight of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta).[5] No consequent debate took place around this law. Many discussions, on TV, radio, newspapers, and a majority of people against the way the law is written. Several articles have been changed before it reached the Parliament, but that law has been described by many as poorly written, and unable to settle many issues, opening "Pandora's boxes" which are believed to be beneficial to the dominant churches. An alternative law was proposed to the parliament by MP Aleš Gulič. But the government of Janez Janša wanted absolutely to pass its law, and consequently didn't give much chance to Gulič's proposal, even though professionals found the later text much better, and especially much more in line with the principle of separation between Church and State, which is included into the Slovene Constitution. A large number of articles on the matter, clear and factual, can be found on the web site of a Slovene association named Vox Libera.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Toš, Niko (1999): (Ne)religioznost Slovencev v primerjavi z drugimi srednje-in vzhodnoevropskimi narodi. In Podobe o cerkvi in religiji (na Slovenskem v 90-ih), edited by N. Toš, pp. 11-80. Ljubljana: FDV - IDV. / (Non)religiosity among Slovenes in Comparison with Other Central and Eastern European Nations. In Church and Religion (in Slovenia in the '90s).
  2. ^ Census 2002 "population by religions"
  3. ^ http://forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=80 Slovenia: Pressure mounts on beleaguered senior religious official
  4. ^ http://forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=128 Slovenia: Registration breakthrough for minority faiths
  5. ^ http://forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=142 Slovenia: New religion bill will be neutral, drafter insists
  6. ^ http://vox-libera.org.uk/content/category/1/18/48
  7. ^ http://www.slowianskawiara.hekko.pl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=375&Itemid=34 Statua Peruna w Turno