Saskatchewan Highway 3

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Saskatchewan Highway 3 shieldCanAm Highway shield

Highway 3
CanAm Highway (segment)
Route information
Maintained by Ministry of Highways and Infrastructure
Length: 615 km[1] (382 mi)
Major junctions
West end: Alberta border near Onion Lake
continues west as Hwy 45
 

Hwy 21
Hwy 26
Hwy 4
Hwy 24
Hwy 12
Hwy 40
Hwy 240
Hwy 55
Hwy 2
Hwy 25
Hwy 20
Hwy 6
Hwy 41
Hwy 35
Hwy 23

Hwy 9
East end: Manitoba border near Armit
continues east as PTH 77
Location
Rural
municipalities:
Brittania, Frenchman Butte, Mervin, Parkdale, Medstead, Spiritwood, Canwood, Shellbrook, Buckland, Prince Albert, Birch Hills, Birch Hills Flett's Springs, Star City, Tisdale, Bjorkdale, Porcupine, Hudson Bay[1]
Major cities: Prince Albert, Melfort, Tisdale
Highway system

Provincial highways in Saskatchewan

Hwy 2 Hwy 4

Highway 3 is a major provincial paved undivided highway in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.[2][3] It runs from the Alberta border, continues west as Alberta Highway 45 to the Manitoba border, and then continues east as Highway 77. Highway 3 is about 615 km (382 mi.) long. The CanAm Highway[4] comprises Saskatchewan Highways 35, 39, 6, 2, as well as 2.[5] 59.7 miles (96.1 km) of Saskatchewan Highway 3 contribute to the CanAm Highway between Melfort and Prince Albert.[1]

Major communities that Highway 3 passes through are Prince Albert, Melfort, and Tisdale.

Travel route[edit]

Travel continues west as Alberta Highway 45 at the Alberta – Saskatchewan border. The Saskatchewan portion of the route begins in the northwestern area of the aspen parkland ecoregion, 27 kilometres (17 mi) north of Lloydminster the border city. Ttrembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) form bluffs (small islands or shelter belts) which are typical in this area.[6] This area also marks the northern most area of the Missouri Coteau which has produced the Thickwood Hills feature here.[7] Reverend Lloyd and Isaac Montgomery Barr lead the Barr colonists here to Brittania in the early 1900s.[8]

Hwy 3 proceeds east just to the south of the North Saskatchewan River. The river crossing is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) west of the Hwy 684 junction. Travel proceeds to the north east from here. Hwy 797 north provides access to Frenchman Butte and the Fort Pitt Provincial Historical Park (19 kilometres (12 mi)) off Hwy 3. There is still evidence of the North-West Rebellion, Battle of Frenchman's Butte when the Cree and Major General T.B. Strange met on May 28, 1885 here.[9] Paradise Hill, a village of about 500 people, had post office names of LeClair, Diggs and Archie before adopting the moniker Paradise Hill officially for the hamlet in 1928. Oil and gas plants provide the main employment to the area, followed by agriculture and farm machinery dealerships. A red river cart and ox statue are seen at the outskirts of the village commemorating the Carlton Trail which passed through this area en route between Fort Edmonton, and Fort Garry. The Trans Canada Trail is a walking or hiking trail crossing Canada and it makes its way here as well.[10]

2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) later is the junction with Hwy 21 north, the location of the Frenchman Butte No. 501 RM office. The Bronson provincial forest to the north provides incoming traffic during the fall hunting season. Cattle farming predominates the area, supplemented by grain crops and the oil & gas industry.[9] Hwy 21 forms a 10.3 kilometres (6.4 mi) concurrency with Hwy 3. Traveling north on Hwy 26 provides access to St. Walburg and Makwa Lake Provincial Park and Steele Narrow Provincial Historic Park.[1] Hwy 3 turn at the junction with Hwy 26 continuing south east. At the south east end of the 9.7 kilometres (6.0 mi) concurrency of Hwy 3 and Hwy 26 is the village of Spruce Lake and the junction with Hwy 796 west. The ecoregion has changed to boreal transition. Mixed wood boreal forest with jack pine, trembling aspen, white spruce, and tamarack (Larix laricina) furnish the forestry industry.[11][11]

Turtleford is a town at the junction of Hwy 3 and Hwy 26 and is located along the Turtle River. In 1983, Turtleford became a town with 500 residents, and built the nation's largest turtle. Ernie, a roadside attraction, is 8 feet (2.4 m) high.[12][13] Hwy 3 arrived in Turtleford from the north west and takes a V turn and leaves to the north east. After traveling 4.6 kilometres (2.9 mi), Hwy 3 turns and continues its route east. 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) from Turtleford, Hwy 26 north provides access to Livelong, 2.6 kilometres (1.6 mi) north of Hwy 3. The Westside Turtle Lake Resort Area, home of the Turtle Lake Monster is 18 kilometres (11 mi) north also along Hwy 26.[14]

Glaslyn is located south east at the Hwy 4 concurrency. The concurrency is 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) along the north east side of the village. The main economy of Glaslyn and area are agriculture, forestry, ecotourism, fishing, hunting and trapping. Glaslyn was a Welsh community which originally settled on the Meadow LakeBattleford Trail. Turtle Lake, Meadow Lake Provincial Park and Jackfish Provincial Park are all popular destinations near this access point.[15][16] After Glaslyn the highway continues on its route to the south east. Little Loon Regional Park is located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of Hwy 3.[14] Cater and Belbutte area both unincorporated areas within Medstead rural municipality (RM).[17] Hwy 696 north provides access in 46 kilometres (29 mi) to Chitek Lake Provincial Recreation Site.

The town of Spiritwood is in an agricultural community based in the north – central parkland area. Grain growing, ranching and tourism increase the traffic here.[18][19] Mildred is a small unincorporated area which belongs to Spiritwood RM.[17] The village of Shell Lake, the oasis of the parklands, is accessed 1.6 kilometres (0.99 mi) northeast of Hwy 3. The physiographic region is within the Saskatchewan plains region, more specifically the Saskatchewan River plain. The features include deep, terraced river valleys, as well as hillocky glacial debris.[20] The RM of Canwood provides civic governance to Hawkeye, and Ordale, both located just north of Hwy 3.[17] Shellbrook is located southwest of Shell Brook, at the junction of Hwy 240 and Hwy 3.[21][22]

Crutwell is a part of Shellbrook No. 493 RM south of the Hwy 55 – Hwy 3 concurrency. This concurrency at 43 kilometres (27 mi) is the longest of the route.[1] The city of Prince Albert, Gateway to the north, is the third largest in the province and is located on the banks of the North Saskatchewan River. Highways 55, 302, 2 and 3 all meet here. Agriculture, forestry, mining, and tourism are the largest employers in this sector. Waskesiu Lake in the Prince Albert National Park is located 88.6 kilometres (55.1 mi) north of the city on Hwy 2. This city is centrally located along the highway demarks the transition area between the shield boreal forest to the north and the prairie agricultural lands in the south benefiting from the best of both vegetative regions.[14][23][24]

Muskoday First Nation has reserved for itself the 9,686.8 hectare (23,936.6 acres) through which Hwy 3 travels from north west to south east. The South Saskatchewan River divides the reserve almost in half from north to south and also intersects with Hwy 3. Departure from the reserve is due south along Hwy 3. The town of Birch Hills, A Tradition of Pride and Prosperity, is located at the junction of Hwy 25 south west.[25][26] Travel from Birch Hills continues due east. Brancepeth is north of Hwy 3, a small hamlet of Birch Hills No. 460 RM.[17] At the junction with Hwy 778, Hwy 3 turns south east. Kinistino, a town of 649, is located at the junction of Hwy 778.[17][27] The Fort à la Corne Provincial Forest and the confluence of the North and South Saskatchewan Rivers are both located within the RM of Kinistino. SCAPE – the Study of Cultural Adaptations in the Prairie Ecozone – is studying the Forks of the Saskatchewan River area and Fort-à-la-Corne lands. The "Changing Opportunities & Challenges: Human-Environment Interaction in the Canadian Prairies Ecozone" program is delving into the archeology, ethnohistory, geomatics, geoarcheology, paleobotany, soil science, and oral traditions of the area.[28][29][30] The village of Beatty, first named Stoney Creek, is located at the junction of Hwy 368.[31]

The City of Northern Lights, Melfort is home to 5,192. The Agriculture Melfort Research Station is centered here along with many other agriculturally based industries. The Tiger Hills Uplands ecozone provides rich soil to grow a diversity of crops.[17][32][33] The concurrency of Hwy 3 and Hwy 6 is a 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) long concurrency at the Hwy 41 junction. Hwy 3 continues due east from Melfort.[1] The town of Star City is north of the Hwy 681 junction. The village of Valparaiso, one of the few Spanish settlements of the province is just north of Hwy 3.[34] The town of Tisdale, is surrounded by lakes Barrier Lake, Marean Lake, Tobin Lake, and Greenwater Lake Provincial Park. Agriculture and manufacturing are the dominant industries in the area. Besides the major provincial highways 35 and Hwy 3, both the Canadian National Railway (CNR) and the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) serve this town. Over 11,000 vehicles per day travel the two highways through Tisdale. At the intersection of Hwy 35 and 3 is the world's largest honey bee at 6 feet (1.8 m) high.[35][36]

Hwy 3 continues due east until the junction with Hwy 23 at the hamlet of Crooked River. The Hwy 23 concurrency is 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) in a north north east direction. At the end of the concurrency Hwy 3 continues due east.[1] The hamlet of Peesane is located at the beginning of the Hwy 679 concurrency which is 0.8 kilometres (0.50 mi) in length.[1] Mistatim a village which is Proud of its Past ..... and Planning for its Future, has an economy based on agricultural mixed farming, hunting trapping and forestry.[37] Mistatim is located south of the Pasquia Forest Reserve, and north of the Porcupine Forest Reserve.[38] The EDEN Regional Economic Development Authority (REDA) encourages tourism, investment, economic and recreational activities in the area.[39]

Hwy 3 continues south east from Mistatim for 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) then turns due east for 39.5 kilometres (24.5 mi) when there is a short stretch traveling north east. Prairie River of the Porcupine No. 395 RM lies to the north of this stretch of highway. Hwy 3 traveling east arrives at the junction of Hwy 9 at Hudson Bay. The Hwy 9 concurrency around the north west edge of the town is 1.3 kilometres (0.81 mi) long.[1] Hudson Bay is Moose Capital of the World due to the high presence of western moose (Alces alces anderson). At this site were a Hudson's Bay Company Upper Red Deer post, North West Company Upper Red Deer post. The Rendek Elm Forest is located north and the Hudson Bay Regional Park is located south of Hwy 3. Forestry is a main concern of the area served by Wizewood – MacMillan Bloedel – Weyerhaeuser for years.[40][41][42] The highway continues east as Highway 77 after the Manitoba – Saskatchewan border.

Other information[edit]

The time zone in Saskatchewan uses Central Standard Time which is different from the time zone of Alberta which combines Mountain Daylight Time or (Central Standard Time) with daylight saving time.[1]

CanAm Highway[edit]

The North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA super corridor CanAm Highway travels along U.S. Route 85 connecting Mexico to Canada. The CanAm highway in Canada comprises Saskatchewan Highways Hwy 35, Hwy 39, Hwy 6, Hwy 3, and Hwy 2 The total length of the CanAm highway is 4,122 kilometres (2,561 mi), of which Hwy 3 contributes a 97.8 miles (157.4 km) segment length.[5] The route designated as CanAm in the 1920s continues south in Mexico as Mexican Federal Highway 45, and north as SK 102 but are not labeled the CanAm highway.[5][43]

Intersections from west to east[edit]

Rural municipality Location km[1] Mile Destinations Notes
Brittania   0 0 Hwy 17 / Hwy 17 – Lloydminster, Onion Lake Alberta – Saskatchewan border
Continues west as Hwy 45
Hwy 3 begins
24.7 15.3
684
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 684 south – Waseca
Frenchman Butte   28.7 17.8
797
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 797 north – Frenchman Butte
39.4 24.5 Hwy 21 north – Pierceland Concurrency with Hwy 21 south begins
49.5 30.8 Hwy 21 south – Maidstone, Cut Knife, Unity Concurrency with Hwy 21 south ends
56.8 35.3 Hwy 26 north – St. Walburg, Loon Lake, Goodsoil Hwy 3 turns southwest
Concurrency with Hwy 26 south begins
  Spruce Lake 67.0 41.6
796
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 796 east – Turtle Lake
Mervin Turtleford 86.0 53.4 Hwy 26 south – Vawn, The Battlefords Hwy 3 turns northeast for 4.6 km before turning east
Concurrency with Hwy 26 south ends
Parkdale   115.9 72.0
795
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 795 north – Turtle Lake
Glaslyn 131.7 81.8 Hwy 4 north – Meadow Lake, Dorintosh Concurrency with Hwy 4 south begins
highway turns south shortly after junction
  132.7 82.5 Hwy 4 south – Cochin, The Battlefords Hwy 3 turns east
Concurrency with Hwy 4 south ends
Medstead   152.6 94.8
794
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 794 south – Medstead
Spiritwood   175.8 109.2
696
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 696 north
Spiritwood 188.1 116.9 Hwy 24 north – Leoville, Chitek Lake
188.4 117.1 Hwy 378 south – Rabbit Lake, The Battlefords
Shell Lake 220 137 Hwy 12 south – Blaine Lake, Martensville, Saskatoon
Canwood   246.8 153.4
694
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 694 north – Canwood
south of Ordale
Shellbrook   265.7 165.1 Hwy 40 west – Blaine Lake, Hafford, The Battlefords
Shellbrook 269.4 167.4 Hwy 55 west – Canwood, Green Lake, Meadow Lake Concurrency with Hwy 55 east begins
Holbein 282.2 175.4
693
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 693 north – Sturgeon Valley
Buckland Prince Albert 311.9 193.8 CanAm Highway.svg Hwy 2 north – Prince Albert National Park, La Ronge Hwy 3 turns south
Begin CanAm Highway segment
Concurrency with Hwy 2 south begins.
City 313.4 194.7 Hwy 55 east – Choiceland, Nipawin Concurrency with Hwy 55 east ends.
314.5 195.4 Hwy 2 south – St. Louis, Wakaw, Moose Jaw
Hwy 302 west (15th Street W.)
Hwy 3 turns east
Concurrency with Hwy 2 south ends.
Concurrency with Hwy 302 east begins.
316.0 196.4 Hwy 302 east (15th Street E.) Hwy 3 turns south
Concurrency with Hwy 302 east ends.
Hwy 3 travels southeast between Prince Albert and Birch Hills.
  Muskoday First Nation Indian Reserve 337.8 209.9 South Saskatchewan River crosses Muskoday Bridge
Birch Hills Birch Hills 352.6 219.1 Hwy 25 west – St. Louis
  355.3 220.8 Hwy 20 south – Humboldt, Lanigan
Kinistino   368.6 229.0
682
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 682 north – Weldon
Concurrency with Hwy 682 south begins
Kinistino 379.6 235.9
778
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 778 south


682
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 682 south – Meskanaw
Concurrency with Hwy 682 south ends
Flett's Springs Beatty 395.4 245.7 Hwy 368 south – St. Brieux, Lake Lenore, Muenster
  408.0 253.5 Hwy 41A south – Hwy 41
City Melfort 409.1 254.2 Hwy 6 north – Gronlid, Choiceland Concurrency with Hwy 6 south begins
Highway turns south at east end of city
412.4 256.3 CanAm Highway.svg Hwy 6 south – Naicam, Watson, Regina
Hwy 41 west – Wakaw, Aberdeen, Saskatoon
Hwy 3 turns east
Concurrency with Hwy 6 south ends
End CanAm Highway segment
Star City   430.3 267.4
681
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 681 – Star City
Tisdale Tisdale 448.9 278.9 Hwy 35 – Nipawin, Rose Valley, Wadena
Bjorkdale Crooked River 470.4 292.3 Hwy 23 south – Porcupine Plain, Bertwell Hwy 3 turns north
Concurrency with Hwy 23 north begins
  473.6 294.3 Hwy 23 north – Carrot River Hwy 3 turns east
Concurrency with Hwy 23 north ends
  505.8 314.3
678
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 678 south – Porcupine Plain
Porcupine   523.6 325.3
677
MunicipalRoadSign.jpg
Hwy 677 south – Carragana
Hudson Bay Hudson Bay 564.4 350.7 Hwy 9 south – Bertwell, Preeceville, Canora, Yorkton Hwy 3 turns north
Concurrency with Hwy 9 north begins
565.7 351.5 Hwy 9 north – The Pas Hwy 3 turns east
Concurrency with Hwy 9 north ends
Armit 607.1 377.2 Hwy 980 south – Elbow Lake, Arran
  614.4 381.8 PTH 77 east – Baden, The Pas Manitoba – Saskatchewan border.
Hwy 3 ends
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Microsoft Corp.. Microsoft Streets and Tips (Map) (2004 ed.). Section Route Planner.
  2. ^ "TYPE ADMN_CLASS TOLL_RD RTE_NUM1 RTE_NUM2 ROUTE 1 Gravel ...". Government of Canada. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  3. ^ Stewart, Iain (2006). "Highway Network". The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. CANADIAN PLAINS RESEARCH CENTER, UNIVERSITY OF REGINA. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  4. ^ Macdonald, Julian (1999–2003). "Provincial Highways @ Saskatchewan Highways Website". Archived from the original on February 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "Western Canada Group Travel Planner: Getting to Western Canada". 1999–2003. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  6. ^ Scott, Geoffrey A. J. (1995). Canada's Vegetation: A World Perspective (Digitized online by Google books) (illustrated ed.). McGill-Queen's Press – MQUP. pp. 129–156. ISBN 9780773512405. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  7. ^ Coupland, R.T. (1969). "Physical Features". In J.H. Richards, K.I. Fung. Atlas of Saskatchewan. J.S. Rowe. Saskatoon, SK, CA: University of Saskatchewan. pp. 42–43. 
  8. ^ "Britannia No. 50". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  9. ^ a b "Frenchman Butte No. 501". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  10. ^ "Paradise Hill". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  11. ^ a b Thorpe, J. (1999). Kai-iu Fung, Bill Barry, Wilson, Michael, ed. Natural Vegetation. Atlas of Saskatchewan Celebrating the Millennium (Millennium ed.) (Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan). pp. 132–138. ISBN 0-88880-387-7. 
  12. ^ "Turtleford". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  13. ^ "Ernie – Canada's Largest Turtle – Turtleford, Saskatchewan". Roadside Attractions. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  14. ^ a b c "Saskatchewan Road Map RV Travel Guide: #3 Town of Turtleford to city of Prince Albert". Mile By Mile Media. 2007. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  15. ^ "Village of Glaslyn, Saskatchewan, Canada". 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  16. ^ "Glaslyn". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census,". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  18. ^ "Spiritwood". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  19. ^ "Town of Spiritwood community profile". 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  20. ^ Thorpe, J. (1999). Kai-iu Fung, Bill Barry, Wilson, Michael, ed. Physical Features of Saskatchewan. Atlas of Saskatchewan Celebrating the Millennium (Millennium ed.) (Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan). pp. 40–41. ISBN 0-88880-387-7. 
  21. ^ "Shellbrook". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  22. ^ "Shellbrook". 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  23. ^ "Prince Albert". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  24. ^ "City of Prince Albert". 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  25. ^ "Birch Hills". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  26. ^ "Town of Birch Hills". 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  27. ^ "Prince Albert". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  28. ^ "Kinistino No. 459". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  29. ^ "SCAPE The Project". Brandon University. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  30. ^ "RURAL MUNICIPALITY OF KINISTINO NO. 459". Town of Kinistino. 2007. Retrieved 2009-01-25. [dead link]
  31. ^ "Beatty". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  32. ^ "Melfort". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  33. ^ "City of Melfort". 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  34. ^ "Valparaiso". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  35. ^ "Tisdale". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  36. ^ "Town of Tisdale". 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  37. ^ "Mistatim". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  38. ^ Mistatim and Districts History Book Committee (1983). From forest to field, 1903–1983 : Mistatim and districts. Humboldt: Humboldt Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-919745-10-5. 
  39. ^ "EDEN REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY FORMED – Government of Saskatchewan". November 16, 1995. 
  40. ^ "Hudson Bay". Sask Biz. Government of Saskatchewan. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  41. ^ "Town of Hudson Bay". 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  42. ^ Kai-iu Fung, Bill Barry, Wilson, Michael, ed. (1999). Trading Posts Pre 1759 Post 1930. Atlas of Saskatchewan Celebrating the Millennium (Millennium ed.) (Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan). pp. 34–35. ISBN 0-88880-387-7. 
  43. ^ "'Super corridor' theories simply updated old idea". The StarPhoenix. August 28, 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing